J Orthop Surg Res. 2022 May 3;17(1):251. doi: 10.1186/s13018-022-03138-w.
BACKGROUND: We developed a mobile device application and dedicated pelvic positioner with the aim of improving the acetabular cup placement accuracy in patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA). The function of the application was to display the intra-operative cup angle. The accuracy and clinical usefulness of this combined method were verified through comparison with the conventional alignment guide method.
METHODS: In total, 60 patients who underwent cementless THA were included in this study. We compared the cup alignment when using this combined method with that when using the conventional alignment guide method. The absolute value error between the intra- and post-operative angles of inclination and anteversion of the cup was calculated.
RESULTS: The absolute value error of inclination was 2.4° ± 2.1° in the study group and 4.0° ± 3.3° in the control group (P = 0.107). The absolute value error of anteversion was 2.8° ± 2.6° in the study group and 7.4° ± 5.3° in the control group (P < 0.001).
CONCLUSION: Using the application and pelvic positioner is simple and can be introduced at a low cost. The more accurate measurement of the intra-operative cup angle using this combined method has improved the cup insertion accuracy compared with that of the conventional alignment guide method.