BMC Res Notes. 2022 Jun 25;15(1):222. doi: 10.1186/s13104-022-06101-4.
OBJECTIVE: Cognitive decline is an important and well-documented health problem. The Mini-Cog, a simple cognitive function test, is recommended as a potential early cognitive screening tool. Kanagawa Prefecture, one of the largest prefectures in Japan, developed this self-testing application on a smartphone to enable a large number of residents to assess their cognitive function. This study aimed to verify the validity and reliability of the Mini-Cog.
RESULTS: Twenty men and 20 women aged 65-85 years were enrolled. Criterion-related validity of the method tested by professional staff was found to have an acceptable positive association. The test-retest reliability was lower than the clinically expected intraclass correlation coefficient value because of the inclusion of learning and order effects. If the Mini-Cog score of this application is low, the system is equipped with a function that advises the users on preventing cognitive decline, directing them to the appropriate services, and recommending visits to a medical institution. Therefore, the system can be used continuously as a tool for health behaviors and promotions.