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Checking the validity and reliability of the Japanese version of the Mini-Cog using a smartphone application - medtigo

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Checking the validity and reliability of the Japanese version of the Mini-Cog using a smartphone application

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BMC Res Notes. 2022 Jun 25;15(1):222. doi: 10.1186/s13104-022-06101-4.

ABSTRACT

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OBJECTIVE: Cognitive decline is an important and well-documented health problem. The Mini-Cog, a simple cognitive function test, is recommended as a potential early cognitive screening tool. Kanagawa Prefecture, one of the largest prefectures in Japan, developed this self-testing application on a smartphone to enable a large number of residents to assess their cognitive function. This study aimed to verify the validity and reliability of the Mini-Cog.

RESULTS: Twenty men and 20 women aged 65-85 years were enrolled. Criterion-related validity of the method tested by professional staff was found to have an acceptable positive association. The test-retest reliability was lower than the clinically expected intraclass correlation coefficient value because of the inclusion of learning and order effects. If the Mini-Cog score of this application is low, the system is equipped with a function that advises the users on preventing cognitive decline, directing them to the appropriate services, and recommending visits to a medical institution. Therefore, the system can be used continuously as a tool for health behaviors and promotions.

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PMID:35752807 | PMC:PMC9233764 | DOI:10.1186/s13104-022-06101-4

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