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aminophylline

Brand Name :

Phyllocontin, Truphylline

Synonyms :

aminophylline

Class :

Methylxanthines





No data available for drug.

Actions and spectrum: 

  • Bronchodilation: aminophylline relaxes the smooth muscles of the bronchial tubes, helping to open up the airways. It is commonly used in the management of asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and respiratory conditions to relieve bronchospasm and improve breathing. 
  • Smooth muscle relaxation: aminophylline has a relaxing effect on smooth muscles throughout the body, including those in the bronchial tubes, blood vessels, and gastrointestinal tract. This can help alleviate symptoms related to smooth muscle spasms or constriction. 
  • Increased respiratory drive: aminophylline can stimulate the respiratory centers in the brain, leading to an increased respiratory drive and improved breathing. 
  • Anti-inflammatory effects: aminophylline has been reported to possess anti-inflammatory properties, although its exact mechanisms are not fully understood. This may contribute to its beneficial effects in respiratory conditions associated with inflammation. 
  • Cardiac stimulation: aminophylline can have a mild positive inotropic and chronotropic effect on the heart, meaning it can increase cardiac contractility and heart rate. This effect is more pronounced at higher doses. 
  • Diuresis: aminophylline can stimulate diuresis (increased urine production) by enhancing renal blood flow and promoting sodium and water excretion. This diuretic effect is often used in the management of certain conditions, such as congestive heart failure. 

DRUG INTERACTION

aminophylline

&

  • brinzolamide and timolol maleate
  • wormseed
  • wormwood
  • wood sorrel
  • carmellose sodium
  • ibandronic acid
  • cinnarizine and dimenhydrinate
  • ursodeoxycholic acid
  • rhubarb extract/salicylic acid
  • butamirate citrate
  • fumitory
  • taheebo
  • uva ursi
  • vervain
  • coleus
  • coltsfoot
  • crampbark
  • plantain
  • potassium nitrate and silver nitrate
  • gelsemium
  • gentian
  • glucomannan
  • walnut
  • meadowsweet
  • midomafetamine
  • pennyroyal
  • periwinkle
  • betony
  • bitter orange
  • bladderwrack
  • bloodroot
  • emu oil
  • garcinia
  • yellow dock
  • burdock
  • dehydroepiandrosterone
  • aucubin
  • jasmone
  • resacetophenone
  • ecamsule ditriethanolamine
  • feclobuzone
  • fenoprop triethanolamine
  • verdyl acetate
  • caffeic acid
  • cyclamen aldehyde
  • dicetyldimonium chloride
  • wogonin
  • impacarzine
  • laurylpyridinium chloride
  • stepronin
  • matrine
  • sakuranin
  • cannabichromene
  • sandalore
  • sabinene
  • oxypaeoniflora
  • ethylhexyl pelargonate
  • acrylonitrile
  • allyl alcohol
  • dipalmitoylethyl hydroxyethylmonium methosulfate
  • butidrine
  • clothiapine
  • propanediol dicaprylate
  • buchu
  • undecanol
  • enilconazole
  • xymenynic acid
  • angelica
  • nizubaglustat
  • resomelagon
  • ulecaciclib
  • apple cider vinegar
  • bacopa
  • barley grass
  • dandelion
  • deer velvet
  • dolomite
  • bugleweed
  • bupleurum
  • glyceryltrinitrate
  • pociredir
  • asnuciclib
  • actalycabtagene autoleucel
  • butantan–dengue vaccine
  • travoprost/timolol
  • furosemide/potassium chloride
  • amylamine
  • jaborandi
  • patritumab deruxtecan
  • jackfruit
  • sterculia
  • ascorbigen
  • ashitaba
  • androstenetrione
  • andrachne
  • cosibelimab
  • racecadotril
  • neomycin/chlorhexidine
  • octocog alfa
  • cetrimide
  • ispaghula husk
  • polyhexanide
  • octenidine
  • polygeline
  • heparinoid
  • jewelweed
  • boldo
  • anizatrectinib
  • alpinia
  • henbane
  • cynanchum vincetoxicum root and sulfur
  • boditrectinib
  • izumerogant
  • zavondemstat
  • abuta
  • fadogia agrestis
  • fly agaric mushroom
  • meptazinol
  • methoxyflurane
  • tramadol/dexketoprofen
  • betaine/polyhexanide
  • filgotinib
  • inosine acedoben dimepranol
  • alverine citrate
  • hyoscine butylbromide
  • senna+ ispaghula
  • cabbage palm
  • cajeput oil
  • calanus oil
  • calamint
  • canada balsam
  • carnosine
  • alverine citrate/simeticone
  • dihydroartemisinin/piperaquine
  • mebeverine/ispaghula
  • calcipotriol
  • tacalcitol
  • triethyl citrate/ethyl linoleate
  • sodium dilauramidoglutamide lysine
  • fazamorexant
  • avibactam tomilopil and ceftibuten
  • drostanolone
  • tigilanol tiglate
  • isorhynchophylline
  • rhynchophylline
  • crisugabalin
  • epigallocatechin gallate
  • clomocycline
  • corynoxeine
  • isocorynoxeine
  • Culmerciclib
  • Neladenoson
  • ambrein
  • hexylcaine
  • phensuximide
  • resencatinib (investigational)
  • rolusafine
  • pumecitinib
  • arhalofenic acid
  • berdazimer sodium
  • benzquinamide
  • clidinium
  • sulfametopyrazine
  • fulzerasib (Investigational Drug)
  • rovadicitinib (Investigational Drug)
  • Upleganan (Investigational Drug)
  • menthyl ethylamido oxalate
  • quaternium-90 montmorillonite
  • unecritinib (investigational drug)
  • etohexadiol
  • guaiol
  • proximadiol
  • verdinexor
  • sofnobrutinib
  • talbutal
  • ethoxzolamide
  • propiomazine
  • enprofylline
  • phenmetrazine
  • merigolix
  • pralurbactam
  • neracorvir
  • vonifimod
  • apaziquone hydroquinone
  • darizmetinib
  • zandelisib
  • xininurad
  • ritivixibat
  • amiselimod phosphate (investigational drug)
  • emzeltrectinib (investigational drug)
  • ficonalkib
  • cinalukast
  • ulobetasol
  • candoxatril
  • nitrofural
  • acetyldigitoxin
  • bentiromide
  • dextrothyroxine
  • chlorotrianisene
  • remikiren
  • pipobroman
  • vidarabine
  • immune globulin intravenous, human-stwk
  • spermine
  • serine
  • N-acetyl glucosamine
  • valine
  • adenine
  • asparagine
  • citrulline
  • adinazolam
  • interferon alfacon-1
  • interferon alfa-n1
  • felypressin
  • birch triterpenes
  • pyridoxal phosphate
  • technetium Tc-99m arcitumomab
  • beta-alanine
  • dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid
  • urea/hydrocortisone
  • R21/Matrix-M vaccine
  • povidone-iodine (ophthalmic)
  • pheniramine
  • hydrocortisone rectal
  • chloroxylenol/pramoxine/zinc acetate
  • chloroxylenol/pramoxine
  • dextrose/sucrose/vitamin C/zinc sulphate
  • furazolidone/metronidazole/dicyclomine
  • ergocalciferol (vitamin D2)
  • benoxaprofen (discontinued)
  • teicoplanin
  • carbomer
  • chromic chloride / iron (ii) chloride tetrahydrate / potassium iodide / manganese chloride / sodium fluoride / sodium selenite pentahydrate / sodium molybdate dihydrate / zinc chloride/ cupric chloride
  • bufylline
  • lidocaine/prilocaine
  • opium tincture, squill oxymel
  • dibrompropamidine
  • metronidazole/tetracycline/bismuth subsalicylate
  • agnus- castus
  • velaglucerase alfa
  • alendronic acid / colecalciferol
  • bimatoprost / timolol
  • efbemalenograstim alfa
  • dried ferrous sulfate/folic acid
  • dried ferrous sulfate / sodium ascorbate
  • nirogacestat
  • soya-bean oil, medium-chain triglycerides
  • demeclocycline hydrochloride and triamcinolone acetonide
  • fusidic acid / hydrocortisone acetate
  • macrogol
  • storax, benzoin
  • nomegestrol acetate/estradiol
  • flumetasone pivalate/ clioquinol
  • berdazimer topical (Pending FDA Approval)
  • buflomedil
  • butobarbital
  • andexanet alfa
  • methoxypolyethylene glycol-epoetin beta
  • viscum abietis
  • pramoxine vaginal
  • bupivacaine implant
  • cromolyn sodium, inhaled
  • pneumococcal vaccine 20-valent
  • bimatoprost ophthalmic implant
  • tick-borne encephalitis vaccine
  • chloroprocaine ophthalmic
  • travoprost intraocular implant (Pending FDA approval)
  • typhoid polysaccharide vaccine
  • sodium phosphate rectal
  • human papillomavirus vaccine, nonavalent
  • peanut immunotherapy epicutaneous (FDA approval pending)
  • cromolyn sodium, intranasal
  • red blood cells(Blood component)
  • oral mucoadhesive
  • clindamycin vaginal
  • whole blood (Blood Component)
  • fibrinogen/thrombin
  • levothyroxine/liothyronine
  • ipratropium intranasal
  • metronidazole vaginal
  • cyamemazine
  • brinase
  • reviparin
  • ulinastatin
  • saruplase
  • acepromazine
  • emylcamate
  • methionine
  • amino acids and electrolytes in dextrose with calcium
  • slippery elm
  • camostat
  • hemoglobin crosfumaril
  • moperone
  • chlormidazole
  • brilaroxazine
  • palopegteriparatide
  • diazepam buccal
  • benegrastim (pending for FDA approval)
  • COVID-19 vaccine, adjuvanted-Novavax
  • vestronidase alfa-vjbk
  • tebipenem (Pending FDA Approval)
  • tislelizumab (Pending FDA Approval)
  • zolbetuximab (Pending FDA Approval)
  • zoliflodacin (pending FDA approval)
  • zibotentan and dapagliflozin
  • fluorine F18 DCFPyL
  • debamestrocel
  • givinostat
  • amubarvimab and romlusevimab(Pending FDA Approval)
  • sabizabulin(Pending FDA approval)
  • fexapotide(Phase 3 Clinical trial)
  • diatrizoic acid
  • drotaverine
  • diethyl phthalate
  • enclomiphene
  • epalrestat
  • ethamsylate
  • flupirtine
  • imidurea
  • sodium glycolate
  • feracrylum
  • ethacridine
  • furazolidone/metronidazole
  • ozagrel hydrochloride
  • leptazol
  • l-glutamic acid /vitamin B complex
  • etizolam
  • etizolam/propranolol
  • ethoheptazine citrate
  • etophylline and theophylline
  • etophylline
  • finger millet
  • drotaverine/mefenamic acid
  • dichloroxylenol
  • pneumococcal 7-valent vaccine
  • diclofenac and metaxalone
  • dipivefrin ophthalmic
  • enbucrilate
  • potassium citrate and citric acid
  • potassium gluconate
  • aclarubicin
  • alfuzosin/dutasteride
  • adrenochrome monosemicarbazone
  • selenium sulfide topical
  • sertaconazole
  • amorolfine cream
  • amsacrine
  • amylmetacresol
  • sulfonated phenolics in aqueous solution
  • technetium Tc-99m sulfur colloid
  • raltitrexed
  • romiplostim
  • acediasulfone
  • azulene
  • acebrophylline
  • clonazepam/escitalopram oxalate
  • allylestrenol
  • andrographolide
  • artemotil
  • technetium Tc-99m sestamibi
  • rubidium Rb-82
  • somapacitan
  • sodium sulfate, magnesium sulfate and potassium sulfate
  • almitrine
  • gramicidin
  • nikethamide
  • technetium Tc-99m sodium pertechnetate
  • betiatide
  • prilocaine/epinephrine
  • amlexanox
  • acetaminophen/salicylamide/phenyltoloxamine
  • neomycin topical
  • zilucoplan
  • antazoline and xylometazoline
  • toripalimab
  • iron isomaltoside
  • meningococcal A C Y and W polysaccharide tetanus toxoid conjugate vaccine
  • meningococcal A C Y and W-135 diphtheria conjugate vaccine
  • tetradecyl Sulfuric Acid
  • benzoyl peroxide, clindamycin phosphate, adapalene
  • ethylephedrine
  • actarit
  • pyrantel tartrate
  • tenofovir disoproxil fumarate or tenofovir DF
  • melitracen
  • amitriptylinoxide(Phase 4 Clinical Trials)
  • threonine
  • ditiocarb zinc
  • epicriptine
  • levallorphan
  • kinetin
  • laurocapram
  • pentagastrin
  • parthenolide
  • nicoboxil
  • protionamide
  • prulifloxacin
  • proscillaridin
  • tizanidine and rofecoxib
  • tolnaftate, gentamicin, chinoform and betamethasone valerate
  • pine bark extract
  • pipenzolate methylbromide
  • bephenium hydroxynaphthoate
  • niclosamide
  • pyrvinium
  • pipenzolate methylbromide/phenobarbitone
  • piracetam/ginkgo biloba/vinpocetine
  • benzyl benzoate/disulfiram
  • benzyl benzoate
  • loperamide/simethicone
  • piroctone olamine
  • sodium fusidate
  • piroxicam topical/capsaicin/menthol/methyl salicylate
  • sodium metabisulfite
  • sodium lauryl sulfate
  • taspoglutide
  • glyclopyramide
  • tolnaftate, gentamicin, iodochlorohydroxyquinoline, chlorocresol, betamethasone valerate
  • serratiopeptidase
  • sodium antimony gluconate
  • triamterene / benzthiazide
  • tribenoside / lidocaine
  • triclocarban
  • triprolidine/dextromethorphan  
  • vitamins/minerals/omega-3 Fatty acids
  • soyabean oil
  • sucralfate/oxethazaine
  • sucralfate/tinidazole/povidone iodine
  • sodium cromoglycate
  • aloe vera/liquid paraffin/white soft paraffin
  • aloe vera/jojoba oil/vitamin E
  • allantoin/triclosan/vitamin e/zinc oxide
  • alpha-Lipoic acid/minerals/multivitamins
  • alprazolam/paracetamol
  • alprazolam/melatonin
  • azithromycin/ambroxol
  • atorvastatin/clopidogrel/aspirin
  • aceclofenac, paracetamol and serratiopeptidase
  • alfacalcidol, vitamin B-complex, minerals and antioxidants
  • alpha- lipoic acid, vitamin b complex and vitamin c
  • alpha-galactosidase and simethicone
  • alpha-galactosidase, amylase, proteases, lipase and lactase
  • amikacin and cefepime
  • aminophylline, ephedrine and phenobarbitone
  • artesunate, sulphadoxine and pyrimethamine
  • finasteride/tamsulosin
  • flavoxate/ofloxacin
  • fenofibrate/metformin
  • lignocaine, hydrocortisone topical and allantoin
  • linoleic acid and sodium lactate
  • troxerutin
  • meclizine/nicotinic acid
  • mecobalamin/ginkgo Biloba
  • spirulina
  • loperamide and furazolidone
  • ketoconazole/cetrimide
  • ketoconazole/zinc pyrithione
  • lercanidipine/atenolol
  • levocetirizine/montelukast/ambroxol
  • levarterenol
  • levocetirizine/phenylpropanolamine 
  • indapamide/amlodipine
  • itopride/methyl polysiloxane
  • mebendazole/levamisole
  • eberconazole/mometasone
  • gliclazide/metformin/pioglitazone
  • fluconazole/tinidazole
  • haemocoagulase
  • halometasone
  • hesperidin
  • imipramine/chlordiazepoxide
  • idebenone / l-arginine / zinc sulphate/selenium/proanthocyanidin
  • mecobalamin and piracetam
  • mesterolone
  • mosapride and pantoprazole
  • atorvastatin, co enzyme q10, vitamin e, zinc, and selenium
  • azithromycin and benzalkonium chloride
  • beta carotene, vitamin c, vitamin e, minerals, lutein, eicosapentaenoic acid, docosahexenoic acid and vit b12
  • alpha-galactosidase
  • aloe vera gel/vitamin e/lactic acid
  • aloe vera gel/jojoba/vitamin e/glycerine
  • famotidine and domperidone
  • faropenem medoxomil
  • nedosiran
  • fluconazole/ornidazole/azithromycin
  • ebastine/montelukast
  • eberconazole
  • dienogest/estradiol valerate
  • ambroxol/salbutamol
  • benzoic acid/salicylic acid/ichthammol/ triamcinolone acetonide
  • desloratadine/ambroxol
  • dexibuprofen/paracetamol
  • atorvastatin/ramipril
  • diastase
  • diastase and simethicone
  • diazepam and propranolol
  • dexrabeprazole / domperidone
  • dexrabeprazole
  • dexketoprofen /paracetamol
  • beta carotene/vitamin C/minerals
  • aloe vera gel/urea
  • aloe vera gel/glycerine
  • alpha-lipoic acid/benfotiamine/chromium/folic acid/mecobalamin / vit b6
  • alprazolam/propranolol
  • alprazolam /sertraline
  • ibuprofen/dextropropoxyphene
  • ambroxol/cetirizine/phenylephrine/ guaiphenesin/menthol
  • dextropropoxyphene/dexchlorpheniramine maleate/bromhexine
  • promegestone
  • batroxobin
  • bencyclane
  • benfluorex
  • acetylpheneturide
  • abarelix
  • abetimus
  • naftidrofuryl
  • nalorphine
  • oxiracetam
  • letosteine
  • lafutidine
  • leuprorelin
  • levodropropizine
  • glutaral
  • losartan/ramipril
  • gallopamil
  • lanatoside c
  • lauromacrogol
  • gestodene
  • aceclofenac/methyl salicylate/menthol/linseed oil/capsaicin
  • aceclofenac/paracetamol/tizanidine
  • alginic acid/magaldrate/simethicone
  • aceclofenac/paracetamol
  • aceclofenac/rabeprazole
  • alginic acid
  • pantoprazole and domperidone
  • urokinase
  • rimiterol
  • olanzapine/fluoxetine
  • normethadone/hydroxyephedrine
  • myrtol
  • moxonidine
  • propylhexedrine
  • sodium hypochlorite solution
  • sodium chloride/sodium citrate
  • Hepatitis B Vaccine (Recombinant [Adjuvanted])
  • Hepatitis B Vaccine (Recombinant)
  • aceclofenac and serratiopeptidase
  • levosulpiride
  • niaprazine
  • tromantadine
  • trimetazidine
  • vinburnine
  • mizoribine
  • molgramostim
  • mosapride
  • eugenol
  • tolperisone
  • etamsylate
  • etynodiol
  • mizolastine
  • metenolone
  • reproterol
  • rebamipide
  • mephenoxalone
  • metandienone
  • furosemide/spironolactone
  • hydroxycarbamide
  • tenonitrozole
  • fenoverine
  • fenquizone
  • tiapride
  • tibolone
  • furazolidone
  • furosemide & amiloride
  • fosfestrol
  • fluclorolone
  • flubendazole
  • tertatolol
  • tetracosactide
  • tetryzoline
  • tolciclate
  • trapidil
  • troxipide
  • temoporfin
  • telbivudine
  • teprenone
  • hexamidine
  • mebhydrolin
  • mepartricin
  • fencamfamin
  • medazepam
  • theodrenaline
  • thiamazole
  • thiocolchicoside
  • psilocybin
  • veralipride
  • pyritinol
  • opipramol
  • oprelvekin
  • betamethasone + gentamicin
  • betamethasone + neomycin
  • betamethasone + salicylic acid
  • oxedrine
  • bopindolol
  • orgotein (investigational)
  • oxaceprol
  • ormeloxifene
  • bevantolol
  • bifemelane
  • clebopride
  • demoxytocin
  • cicletanine
  • cefsulodin
  • chlortalidon
  • sisomicin
  • somatrem
  • carbazochrome
  • caroverine
  • cathine
  • ipriflavone
  • isepamicin
  • silymarin
  • simethicone
  • sermorelin
  • diloxanide
  • dimethindene
  • diosmin/hesperidin
  • calamine
  • canrenone
  • captodiame
  • imidapril
  • cefetamet
  • cefodizime
  • cefoperazone + sulbactam
  • ivermectin + albendazole
  • serrapeptase
  • bromisoval
  • beraprost
  • pridinol
  • proglumide
  • bamipine
  • barnidipine
  • bamifylline
  • benzbromarone
  • betamethasone/fusidic acid
  • para-chlorophenol
  • pantethine
  • nomifensine
  • pemoline
  • parnaparin
  • pentolinium
  • nialamide
  • novobiocin
  • nicergoline
  • octocrylene
  • octisalate
  • oftasceine
  • oxolamine
  • oxyphencyclimine
  • penfluridol
  • pentoxyverine
  • phenoxymethylpenicillin
  • picloxydine
  • pilsicainide hydrochloride
  • piperazine
  • pirarubicin
  • policresulen
  • prifinium bromide
  • prethcamide
  • pristinamycin
  • pirenzepine
  • piribedil
  • pimethixene
  • pargyline
  • phosphatidyl choline
  • phthalylsulfathiazole
  • phytomenadione
  • pranlukast
  • pinazepam
  • oxyphenonium
  • noxytiolin
  • periciazine
  • pethidine
  • phenindamine
  • histidine
  • isoleucine
  • proline
  • lauric acid
  • lymecycline
  • hypromellose
  • abiraterone acetate and niraparib
  • ichthammol
  • levamisole
  • naftazone
  • nefopam
  • oxprenolol
  • oxybuprocaine
  • elranatamab-bcmm
  • lapyrium
  • isoaminile
  • iotrolan
  • mazindol
  • masoprocol
  • lypressin
  • meradimate
  • molsidomine
  • monobenzone
  • mequinol/gluconolactone/ lactobionic acid/ arbutin
  • medifoxamine
  • mebutamate
  • metergoline
  • methantheline
  • methdilazine
  • metocurine
  • micronomicin
  • metaraminol
  • mephenesin
  • menadione
  • medrysone
  • metixene
  • levobetaxolol
  • guaiacol glycerol ether
  • eucalyptol
  • sodium tetradecyl sulfate
  • sugammadex
  • carbetocin
  • certoparin
  • chlorcyclizine/pseudoephedrine
  • cephapirin
  • indecainide
  • iobitridol
  • iomeprol
  • chlorphenesin
  • msud analog
  • msud maxamum
  • iceland moss
  • glutethimide
  • hexachlorophene
  • haloprogin
  • deferoxamine
  • ethchlorvynol
  • dexpanthenol topical
  • etilefrine
  • deslanoside
  • carbocromen
  • diazolidinylurea
  • dibenzepin
  • etofamide
  • guanoxan
  • halazepam
  • guanadrel sulfate
  • dapiprazole
  • soapwort
  • debrisoquine
  • l-tryptophan
  • chlormerodrin
  • chlorquinaldol
  • cetrimonium
  • carbocisteine
  • chlorcyclizine/codeine
  • technetium Tc-99m tetrofosmin
  • technetium Tc-99m disofenin
  • technetium Tc-99m gluceptate
  • technetium Tc-99m labeled red blood cells
  • amylmetacresol/dextromethorphan hydrobromide
  • anileridine phosphate
  • pyrethrins
  • pyrantel pamoate
  • quinagolide
  • spiramycin
  • standard hyperkalemic cardioplegia solution
  • technetium tc-99m mertiatide
  • technetium tc-99m medronate
  • bemotrizinol / bisoctrizole
  • benfotiamine
  • bemotrizinol + titanium dioxide + zinc oxide
  • technetium Tc-99m oxidronate
  • technetium Tc-99m pentetate
  • technetium Tc-99m pyrophosphate
  • benziodarone
  • octinoxate/bisoctrizole
  • bicisate dihydrochloride
  • technetium Tc-99m bicisate
  • norelgestromin/ethinyl estradiol
  • norgestimate/ethinyl estradiol
  • ximelagatran (investigational)
  • xamoterol
  • trioxsalen
  • poly-urea urethane
  • rilmenidine
  • pemirolast
  • oxitriptan
  • beclomethasone, intranasal
  • thimerosal
  • camphor gel
  • camphor
  • mumps virus vaccine, live
  • rubella virus vaccine, live
  • aluminum chloride (dental)
  • alum irrigation
  • framycetin, phenylephrine, and gramicidin
  • ombitasvir, paritaprevir, ritonavir, and dasabuvir
  • olipudase alfa
  • etonogestrel/ethinyl estradiol
  • mycophenolate
  • fluoroestradiol F 18
  • donor organ cardioplegia solution
  • fluciclovine F 18
  • fusidic acid (ophthalmic)
  • fusidic acid and hydrocortisone
  • framycetin, dexamethasone, and gramicidin
  • fludeoxyglucose F-18
  • fluorouracil/salicylic acid
  • indium In-111 oxyquinoline
  • indium In-111 pentetreotide
  • indium In-111 capromab pendetide
  • lusutrombopag
  • mitomycin (ophthalmic)
  • mifepristone and misoprostol
  • minoxidil (systemic)
  • methyl aminolevulinate (topical)
  • methyl folate, methylcobalamin, and acetylcysteine
  • ciclesonide/formoterol/tiotropium
  • nedocromil (Oral Inhalation)
  • batefenterol (Investigational)
  • neostigmine and glycopyrrolate
  • nepafenac ophthalmic
  • netupitant/palonosetron
  • meperidine and promethazine
  • mepivacaine and levonordefrin
  • maltodextrin
  • medical cannabis
  • medium chain triglycerides
  • mometasone/glycopyrrolate (glycopyrronium)/ indacaterol
  • moxifloxacin ophthalmic
  • neomycin/fluocinolone
  • nadroparin
  • iodine I-125 iothalamate
  • amikacin liposome (oral inhalation)
  • bupivacaine liposome
  • natamycin
  • lopinavir and ritonavir
  • lysine
  • macitentan and tadalafil
  • mitomycin pyelocalyceal
  • moclobemide
  • mometasone and indacaterol
  • efinaconazole
  • blue-green algae
  • indocyanine green
  • follitropin beta
  • lumasiran
  • glycerin/lidocaine
  • edrophonium/atropine
  • indigo carmine
  • lutropin alfa
  • instant glucose/intravenous dextrose
  • iobenguane I-123
  • ixekizumab
  • isosulfan blue dye
  • levofloxacin ophthalmic
  • levonorgestrel oral/ferrous bisglycinate/ ethinylestradiol
  • ethinyl estradiol/levonorgestrel transdermal
  • hydroquinone
  • hydroxypropyl methylcellulose
  • icodextrin
  • lipid emulsion (soybean, medium-chain triglyceride, olive, and fish oils; [SMOF])
  • iodinated I 125 albumin
  • iodinated I 131 albumin
  • lipid emulsion (plant oil-based)
  • levonorgestrel intrauterine
  • levonorgestrel oral/ethinyl estradiol
  • lactic acid and sodium-PCA
  • lactated Ringer solution
  • ketotifen (systemic)
  • lanolin
  • leuprolide and norethindrone
  • levodopa and benserazide
  • gonadorelin acetate
  • hemodialysis solutions
  • nirsevimab
  • gentian violet
  • gallium ga-68 dotatate
  • fusidic acid and betamethasone
  • gallium citrate Ga-67
  • gadopentetate dimeglumine
  • gadofosveset
  • follitropin delta
  • follitropin alfa and lutropin alfa
  • follitropin alfa
  • rocatinlimab
  • grass pollens allergen extract
  • flotufolastat F18
  • fluorescein ophthalmic
  • barium
  • balanced salt solution
  • air polymer type A intrauterine device
  • clodronate
  • bentoquatam
  • clobetasone
  • alfacalcidol
  • citric acid/glucono-delta-lactone/magnesium carbonate
  • benzoin
  • desirudin
  • immune globulin IV (IGIV)
  • dequalinium
  • pseudoephedrine/desloratadine
  • clofedanol
  • cyproterone and ethinyl estradiol
  • dextranomer and hyaluronic acid or derivatives
  • diatrizoate meglumine and diatrizoate sodium
  • glucosamine sulfate, chondroitin sulfate and Msm
  • squill
  • gotu kola
  • blessed thistle
  • bitter melon
  • apraclonidine
  • chlophedianol/dexbrompheniramine/pseudoephedrine
  • wild jujube
  • chitosan
  • cilazapril/hydrochlorothiazide
  • dexbrompheniramine and phenylephrine
  • diethylene triamine penta-acetic acid
  • dexchlorpheniramine and pseudoephedrine
  • lily of the valley
  • diflucortolone
  • corydalis
  • lemon balm
  • MSM
  • calcium polystyrene sulfonate
  • caprylidene
  • peppermint oil
  • efavirenz/lamivudine/tenofovir DF
  • emtricitabine/tenofovir DF /efavirenz
  • dutasteride/tamsulosin
  • milk thistle
  • centaury
  • horseweed
  • lycopus
  • agrimony
  • alfalfa
  • kava
  • cetrorelix
  • cetylpyridinium
  • chlophedianol and dexbrompheniramine
  • betahistine
  • choline C-11
  • boric acid vaginal suppository
  • aluminum acetate
  • aluminum chloride hexahydrate
  • 14-C urea breath test
  • absorbable collagen
  • valoctocogene roxaparvovec-rvox
  • amlodipine and celecoxib
  • aspirin and omeprazole
  • azilsartan and chlorthalidone
  • landiolol (Pending FDA approval)
  • isosorbide dinitrate/hydralazine
  • losartan/hydrochorothiazide
  • udenafil
  • dextromethorphan/quinidine
  • onasemnogene abeparvovec
  • orphenadrine/aspirin/caffeine
  • trace elements
  • sodium phenylbutyrate/ taurursodiol
  • fish oil triglycerides
  • infant formula
  • glutamine
  • chloroquine phosphate
  • afatinib
  • quinidine gluconate
  • methylergonovine
  • prothrombin complex concentrate, human
  • BCG intravesical live
  • capivasertib
  • cedazuridine
  • carbonyl iron
  • iron dextran complex
  • lovotibeglogene autotemcel (FDA Approval Pending)
  • sodium benzoate/sodium phenylacetate
  • mineral oil otic
  • zolmitriptan transdermal
  • midazolam intranasal
  • fosinopril/hydrochlorothiazide
  • caplacizumab
  • arginine
  • sodium phenylbutyrate
  • meloxicam/rizatriptan
  • manganese
  • acetaminophen/pamabrom/pyridoxine
  • varicella zoster immune globulin, human
  • amitriptyline/perphenazine
  • narsoplimab (Pending FDA Approval)
  • amlodipine/perindopril
  • imiglucerase
  • canagliflozin/metformin
  • tafamidis meglumine
  • somatrogon-ghla
  • glimepiride/rosiglitazone
  • becaplermin
  • lithium
  • loxapine inhaled
  • nicotine transdermal
  • tixagevimab and cilgavimab (Investigational)
  • muromonab CD3
  • ansuvimab
  • coal tar bath products
  • fibrin sealant
  • arimoclomol (FDA Approval Pending)
  • varenicline intranasal
  • aducanumab
  • oxycodone/naloxone
  • ritlecitinib
  • sodium polystyrene sulfonate
  • calcipotriene/betamethasone
  • calcium hydroxylapatite
  • cantharidin topical
  • doxepin cream
  • clocortolone
  • formaldehyde topical
  • sodium sulfide topical
  • collagenase
  • selegiline transdermal
  • foscarbidopa/foslevodopa (FDA approval pending)
  • saxagliptin/metformin
  • linagliptin/metformin
  • linzagolix (FDA approval pending)
  • efgartigimod/hyaluronidase SC
  • elamipretide (Pending FDA approval)
  • rozanolixizumab
  • diazoxide
  • glimepiride/pioglitazone
  • cipaglucosidase alfa
  • dihydroergotamine intranasal
  • delandistrogene moxeparvovec
  • beremagene geperpavec
  • hyaluronic acid and derivatives
  • hyaluronic acid, non-animal stabilized
  • eplontersen (FDA Approval Pending)
  • nitric oxide gas
  • sodium phenylbutyrate and taurursodiol
  • treprostinil SC
  • viltolarsen
  • albuterol/ipratropium
  • budesonide inhaled
  • budesonide rectal
  • palovarotene
  • sodium sulfate/potassium chloride/magnesium sulfate/polyethylene glycol
  • amino acids mixture
  • aminobenzoate potassium
  • elivaldogene autotemcel
  • naproxen and sumatriptan
  • sumatriptan intranasal
  • alglucerase
  • metformin/rosiglitazone
  • ertugliflozin/metformin
  • elosulfase alfa
  • calcium carbonate/magnesium hydroxide
  • starch suppository
  • abicipar pegol (FDA Approval Pending)
  • riboflavin 5′-phosphate ophthalmic
  • povidone ophthalmic
  • glycerin oropharyngeal
  • dimethicone topical
  • menthol topical, dimethicone topical
  • pramoxine topical, menthol topical and dimethicone topical
  • phosphorated carbohydrate
  • brilliant blue G ophthalmic
  • brolucizumab intravitreal
  • purified water, ophthalmic
  • hydroxyethyl cellulose ophthalmic
  • ranibizumab intravitreal implant
  • sodium chloride hypertonic, ophthalmic 
  • cetirizine ophthalmic
  • phentolamine ophthalmic
  • ganciclovir ophthalmic
  • triamcinolone intravitreal
  • ocriplasmin intravitreal
  • atoltivimab/maftivimab/odesivimab
  • pegcetacoplan intravitreal
  • triamcinolone acetonide extended-release injectable suspension
  • tobramycin/loteprednol ophthalmic
  • 2-octyl cyanoacrylate
  • vitamins A & D topical
  • diphenhydramine/allantoin topical
  • pyrethrins/piperonyl butoxide
  • lodoxamide ophthalmic
  • obeticholic acid
  • fluocinolone intravitreal implant
  • sincalide
  • linaclotide
  • nedocromil ophthalmic
  • cysteamine ophthalmic
  • avacincaptad pegol intravitreal
  • azelastine ophthalmic
  • bacitracin ophthalmic
  • propylene glycol ophthalmic
  • rimexolone ophthalmic
  • metoclopramide intranasal
  • mirikizumab
  • netarsudil ophthalmic
  • cenegermin
  • dexamethasone ophthalmic insert
  • prednisolone ophthalmic
  • phenylephrine and cocoa butter rectal
  • phenylephrine and witch hazel topical
  • phenylephrine, pramoxine, glycerin and petrolatum rectal
  • bisacodyl rectal
  • aluminum hydroxide/magnesium carbonate
  • aluminum hydroxide/magnesium hydroxide
  • hyoscyamine spray
  • methenamine/methylene blue/ hyoscyamine/ sodium phosphate monobasic/ phenyl salicylate
  • phenylephrine
  • chlorophyll
  • castor oil
  • cholic acid
  • phenol oropharyngeal
  • articaine/epinephrine
  • antithymocyte globulin equine
  • aluminum hydroxide/magnesium trisilicate
  • methenamine/hyoscyamine
  • hydrocortisone topical/pramoxine topical 
  • sodium fluoride topical
  • mesna
  • C1 esterase inhibitor recombinant
  • menthol and pectin
  • menthol oropharyngeal
  • pectin oropharyngeal
  • gepirone
  • Goldenseal
  • polyethylene glycol and electrolytes
  • polyethylene glycol/electrolytes/sodium ascorbate/ascorbic acid
  • brompheniramine/pseudoephedrine/dextromethorphan
  • brompheniramine phenylephrine
  • acetaminophen/doxylamine/phenylephrine
  • doxylamine/acetaminophen/pseudoephedrine/dextromethorphan
  • acetaminophen/doxylamine/dextromethorphan
  • acetaminophen/doxylamine/dextromethorphan/phenylephrine
  • eslicarbazepine
  • fluticasone and salmeterol
  • codeine, acetaminophen, butalbital and caffeine
  • codeine, chlorpheniramine and phenylephrine
  • iodine
  • povidone iodine
  • butalbital/aspirin/caffeine/codeine
  • polyethylene glycol 400/propylene glycol ophthalmic 
  • pegvaliase
  • amivantamab
  • iopamidol
  • codeine and pseudoephedrine
  • emtricitabine, rilpivirine, tenofovir DF
  • penicillin G aqueous
  • miconazole topical
  • miconazole vaginal
  • ciprofloxacin inhaled (Pending FDA approval)
  • ceftazidime/avibactam
  • ceftolozane/​tazobactam
  • aztreonam inhalation
  • amphotericin B cholesteryl sulfate
  • miconazole oral
  • elvitegravir/cobicistat/emtricitabine/tenofovir DF
  • isavuconazonium sulfate
  • dapivirine intravaginal (FDA Approval Pending)
  • lamivudine/raltegravir
  • codeine/triprolidine/pseudoephedrine
  • cadexomer iodine
  • brompheniramine/pseudoephedrine
  • codeine/acetaminophen
  • codeine/guaifenesin
  • beclomethasone inhaled
  • epoetin beta/methoxy polyethylene glycol
  • voreloxin(Orphan Drug)
  • rociletinib
  • pitcher plant
  • phosphatidylserine
  • telotristat ethyl
  • copper CU 64 dotatate
  • urea topical
  • exenatide subdermal implant
  • asenapine transdermal
  • ethiodized oil
  • urea oral
  • miglustat
  • acalisib(Investigational)
  • acetophenazine
  • guggul
  • aceneuramic acid
  • mestranol/norethindrone
  • reishi
  • lactitol
  • vonoprazan fumarate
  • motherwort
  • silver nitrate
  • salicylic acid/sulfur shampoo
  • salicylic acid topical
  • ketorolac ophthalmic
  • ketoconazole topical
  • Japanese encephalitis virus vaccine
  • dibucaine topical ointment
  • ketorolac intranasal
  • ketorolac/phenylephrine ophthalmic
  • rotavirus oral vaccine, live
  • guarana
  • hops
  • krill oil
  • salicylic acid/coal tar shampoo
  • sufentanil SL
  • pancrelipase
  • passion flower
  • pepdite one plus
  • nivolumab and relatlimab
  • relatlimab (Pending FDA Approval)
  • benzalkonium chloride/benzocaine
  • ketotifen, drug-eluting contact lens
  • calcitriol topical
  • oxymetazoline topical
  • alclometasone topical
  • capsaicin topical
  • diclofenac/misoprostol
  • diclofenac ophthalmic
  • diclofenac topical
  • pramoxine/calamine topical
  • veverimer
  • tolazoline
  • olopatadine ophthalmic
  • lutetium lu 177-dota-tate
  • lutetium lu 177 vipivotide tetraxetan
  • strontium 89 chloride
  • interferon alfa n3
  • lutetium Lu 177- Diethylenetriamine Pentaacetic acid-omburtamab (FDA Approval Pending)
  • samarium sm 153 lexidronam
  • cytomegalovirus immune globulin (CMV IG)
  • antithymocyte globulin rabbit
  • inolimomab (Pending FDA Approval)
  • olopatadine intranasal
  • olopatadine intranasal/​mometasone, intranasal
  • benzocaine/butamben/tetracaine topical
  • antipyrine/benzocaine/phenylephrine
  • dyclonine/menthol
  • surufatinib
  • fruquintinib
  • tepotinib 
  • dostarlimab
  • hepatitis B immune globulin (HBIG)
  • remestemcel-L
  • benzocaine/menthol oropharyngeal
  • interferon beta 1b
  • tetracaine/oxymetazoline intranasal
  • benzocaine oropharyngeal
  • benzalkonium chloride/menthol/petrolatum topical
  • inamrinone
  • alpha 1 proteinase inhibitor
  • potassium bicarbonate/potassium citrate
  • potassium phosphate/sodium acid phosphate
  • asparaginase Erwinia chrysanthemi recombinant
  • motixafortide
  • pegloticase
  • etesevimab
  • Rho(D) immune globulin
  • tetanus immune globulin (TIG)
  • reltecimod (pending FDA approval)
  • avasopasem
  • trimethoprim/polymyxin B ophthalmic
  • naphazoline ophthalmic
  • sulfacetamide topical
  • sirolimus intravitreal (pending FDA approval)
  • sirolimus protein bound
  • sirolimus topical
  • glycopyrronium tosylate topical
  • sofpironium
  • olmesartan, amlodipine and hydrochlorothiazide
  • dovitinib (Pending FDA Approval)
  • epinephrine inhaled
  • quizartinib (Pending FDA Approval)
  • ranibizumab intravitreal injection
  • sodium hyaluronate
  • bacitracin and lidocaine topical
  • brimonidine topical
  • benzoyl peroxide and tretinoin topical
  • talquetamab
  • betrixaban
  • acetaminophen/caffeine/pyrilamine
  • fentanyl transmucosal
  • bacitracin topical
  • buprenorphine,long-acting injection
  • buprenorphine buccal
  • nalmefene intranasal
  • sulbactam/durlobactam
  • metronidazole topical 
  • daratumumab/hyaluronidase
  • glofitamab
  • rituximab-hyaluronidase
  • drospirenone/ethinyl estradiol/levomefolate
  • loncastuximab tesirine
  • ingenol mebutate topical
  • momelotinib
  • trastuzumab/deruxtecan
  • trastuzumab/hyaluronidase
  • trastuzumab duocarmazine
  • lifileucel
  • umbralisib
  • eflornithine/sulindac
  • cytarabine/daunorubicin liposomal
  • doxorubicin liposomal
  • epcoritamab
  • lanadelumab  
  • esomeprazole/naproxen 
  • terbinafine topical
  • ravulizumab
  • clotrimazole topical
  • choline magnesium trisalicylate
  • tacrolimus ointment
  • mechlorethamine topical
  • donislecel
  • pozelimab (Pending FDA Approval)
  • human rabies immune globulin (HRIG)
  • melphalan flufenamide
  • sintilimab (Pending FDA Approval)
  • oportuzumab monatox (Pending FDA Approval)
  • sotorasib
  • irinotecan liposomal
  • sulfur topical
  • silver sulfadiazine
  • capsaicin transdermal
  • sutimlimab
  • tretinoin topical
  • acetaminophen rectal
  • menthol topical
  • naftifine
  • oatmeal, colloidal topical
  • oxiconazole
  • methylsalicylate/menthol topical
  • C1 inhibitor human
  • lifitegrast ophthalmic
  • prednisolone/sulfacetamide ophthalmic
  • mannitol inhalation
  • ofloxacin otic
  • petrolatum & mineral oil topical
  • clascoterone topical
  • gefapixant (Pending FDA Approval)
  • colesevelam
  • technetium Tc 99m succimer
  • nebivolol/valsartan
  • ciprofloxacin/fluocinolone acetonide, otic
  • finafloxacin otic
  • magnesium hydroxide/mineral oil
  • phenylephrine/mineral oil/petrolatum rectal
  • carbamide peroxide oral
  • atropine ophthalmic
  • sodium sulfacetamide/sulfur
  • sulfacetamide ophthalmic
  • lucinactant
  • benzonatate
  • besifloxacin ophthalmic
  • benzhydrocodone/acetaminophen
  • beractant
  • trimagnesium citrate anhydrous
  • vitamin b2
  • carbamide peroxide otic
  • mineral oil topical
  • ethyl alcohol intranasal
  • boric acid/alcohol otic
  • absorbable gelatin compressed sponge, USP
  • absorbable gelatin sponge, USP
  • vincristine liposomal
  • technetium Tc 99m albumin aggregated injection
  • metaproterenol
  • budesonide inhaled/formoterol/glycopyrrolate inhaled
  • epinephrine racemic
  • umeclidinium bromide/vilanterol inhaled
  • indacaterol, inhaled/glycopyrrolate inhaled
  • betaine  
  • laronidase 
  • estrogens esterified/methyltestosterone            
  • cerliponase alfa
  • ertugliflozin/sitagliptin
  • hawthorn
  • shepherd’s purse
  • thiamine
  • naphazoline/glycerin ophthalmic
  • oxymetazoline ophthalmic
  • dorzolamide
  • dexamethasone intraocular
  • dexamethasone/ciprofloxacin
  • dexamethasone ophthalmic
  • metipranolol ophthalmic
  • timolol ophthalmic
  • boron
  • fezolinetant
  • pegunigalsidase alfa-iwxj
  • biotin
  • pantothenic acid
  • silicon
  • sodium acid phosphate
  • hypochlorous acid topical
  • methenamine/sodium acid phosphate
  • aviptadil 
  • bremelanotide
  • glucagon intranasal
  • metformin and repaglinide
  • bai ji
  • pau d’arco
  • juzentaihoto
  • mistletoe
  • quercetin
  • rosemary
  • sheng di huang
  • chasteberry
  • maitake
  • grapefruit
  • lentinan
  • juniper
  • nettle
  • parsley
  • rose hips
  • tongkat ali
  • horny goat weed
  • damiana
  • yohimbe
  • insulin NPH
  • aprocitentan
  • noni Juice
  • sodium iodide I-131
  • green tea
  • sea cucumber
  • wheat germ extract
  • fenofibrate micronized 
  • rogisen
  • danshen
  • lutein
  • witch hazel
  • dextroamphetamine transdermal
  • amphetamine/dextroamphetamine
  • hoodia
  • kolanut
  • boswellia
  • opuntia ficus indica
  • lavender
  • nadh
  • tea tree oil
  • metformin/sitagliptin 
  • dapagliflozin/ metformin/saxagliptin  
  • antihemophilic factor recombinant
  • inclisiran
  • bempedoic acid/ezetimibe
  • volanesorsen  
  • omega 3 carboxylic acids
  • pericyazine
  • levomepromazine (methotrimeprazine)
  • betaxolol ophthalmic
  • respiratory syncytial virus vaccine, adjuvanted
  • phenylephrine hydrochloride and tropicamide ophthalmic
  • alirocumab
  • neomycin/polymyxin B/gramicidin ophthalmic
  • factor IX
  • gentamicin topical
  • ansofaxine (Pending FDA Approval)
  • zuranolone
  • factor IX, recombinant
  • factor IX complex
  • factor XIII A-subunit, recombinant
  • factor X, human
  • mesalamine rectal
  • etrasimod
  • anti-inhibitor coagulant complex
  • factor IX, recombinant/albumin fusion protein
  • fibrinogen, human
  • aminocaproic acid
  • metyrosine
  • nonoxynol-9 vaginal
  • progesterone intravaginal gel
  • ipecac syrup
  • botulinum antitoxin, heptavalent
  • pentetate calcium trisodium
  • crotalidae polyvalent immune FAB (ovine)
  • dehydrated alcohol injection 
  • gold sodium thiomalate (Discontinued)
  • lactic acid/citric acid/potassium bitartrate vaginal
  • von Willebrand factor, recombinant
  • luspatercept
  • digoxin immune FAB (Antidote)
  • crotalidae immune FAB (equine)
  • magnesium (Antidote)
  • pyridoxine (Antidote)
  • edetate calcium disodium
  • albumin IV
  • nitroglycerin sublingual
  • obiltoxaximab
  • anthrax immune globulin
  • nitroglycerin topical
  • dextrose
  • nesiritide
  • estradiol vaginal
  • bazedoxifene/conjugated estrogens
  • botulism immune globulin iv
  • amoxicillin/omeprazole/rifabutin
  • synthetic human angiotensin II
  • nitroglycerin IV
  • nitroglycerin translingual
  • nitroprusside sodium
  • tetrahydrozoline/zinc sulfate/hypromellose ophthalmic
  • sodium citrate/citric acid
  • pemetrexate
  • methicillin
  • plasminogen 
  • acai
  • american ginseng
  • cordyceps
  • tramadol/acetaminophen
  • belladonna alkaloids/phenobarbital
  • erythromycin topical/benzoyl peroxide
  • glucosamine sulfate
  • panax ginseng (suppl/herb)
  • tolnaftate
  • sulopenem etzadroxil/probenecid
  • sulfur hexafluoride
  • sotrovimab
  • arbaclofen
  • rifampin/isoniazid
  • clindamycin /tretinoin topical
  • benzoyl peroxide/clindamycin topical
  • apremilast
  • antivenins, centuroides (scorpion)
  • bamlanivimab and etesevimab
  • vilobelimab
  • gadobenate
  • pentosan polysulfate sodium
  • methylsalicylate/menthol/camphor topical
  • antivenin, black widow spider
  • benzoyl peroxide and hydrocortisone
  • clindamycin topical
  • isometheptene, dichloralphenazone and acetaminophen
  • acetaminophen and phenyltoloxamine
  • erythromycin topical
  • erythromycin ophthalmic
  • alpha hydroxy acids, topical
  • buprenorphine transdermal
  • butalbital/acetaminophen/caffeine
  • buprenorphine/samidorphan
  • buprenorphine subdermal implant
  • celecoxib/tramadol
  • drospirenone/ethinyl estradiol
  • resorcinol/sulfur
  • eflornithine
  • rifampin/isoniazid/pyrazinamide
  • tofersen
  • devil’s claw
  • ticarcillin/clavulanate
  • atropine/pralidoxime
  • aprepitant
  • suramin
  • phenelzine 
  • artichoke
  • american dogwood
  • attapulgite
  • atlantic cedar
  • axalimogene filolisbac
  • sodium thiosulfate & sodium nitrite
  • ataluren
  • omidubicel-onlv
  • capsicum
  • ginger
  • cryoprecipitate
  • bictegravir/emtricitabine/tenofovir DF
  • emtricitabine/tenofovir DF
  • fo-ti
  • siberian ginseng
  • granulocytes
  • zinc substituted heme C
  • zinc trihydroxide
  • ashwagandha 
  • cat’s claw
  • glandular products
  • SAMe
  • shark cartilage
  • altovis
  • feverfew
  • horse chestnut
  • magnesium aspartate
  • octacosanol
  • pleurisy root
  • star anise
  • butterbur
  • elderberry
  • licorice (Suppl/herb)
  • aconite
  • pentetate zinc trisodium
  • menthol topical/zinc oxide topical
  • corn-starch/kaolin/zinc oxide topical
  • 5-htp
  • butcher’s broom
  • articulin
  • bearberry
  • goldenrod
  • progesterone, natural
  • black cohosh
  • wild yam
  • cranberry
  • dong quai
  • phytoestrogens
  • norethindrone
  • false Unicorn Root
  • raspberry Leaf
  • asafoetida
  • turmeric
  • dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA)
  • hyaluronan
  • aliskiren/amlodipine
  • octreotide (Antidote)
  • tranexamic acid injection
  • duocal
  • neocate infant formula
  • pediatric Eo28
  • aloe
  • red clover
  • propolis
  • androstenedione
  • heartsease
  • comfrey
  • bilberry
  • chamomile
  • eyebright
  • calendula
  • sage
  • yucca
  • polypody
  • odevixibat
  • vinpocetine
  • olanzapine/samidorphan
  • creatine
  • yerba mate
  • spesolimab
  • azficel-T
  • tiludronate
  • estetrol and drospirenone
  • pseudoephedrine/fexofenadine
  • lincomycin
  • neomycin oral
  • fluocinolone acetonide, otic
  • tretinoin/ hydroquinone/ fluocinolone
  • halobetasol topical
  • hydrocortisone/​iodoquinol
  • penicillin G procaine /penicillin G benzathine
  • hydrocortisone probutate topical
  • colistin/neomycin/hydrocortisone/thonzonium otic
  • ebola zaire vaccine
  • hepatitis a/​b vaccine
  • vibegron
  • lindane
  • nystatin topical
  • respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) vaccine
  • chikungunya vaccine, live
  • tenecteplase
  • reteplase
  • anthrax vaccine adsorbed, adjuvanted
  • meningococcal ABCWY pentavalent vaccine
  • eculizumab
  • cholestyramine
  • tinzaparin
  • taurolidine/​citrate/​heparin
  • protein C concentrate
  • antithrombin alfa
  • antithrombin III
  • multivitamins, vision
  • ibuprofen/​chlorpheniramine/​pseudoephedrine
  • acetaminophen/ibuprofen
  • ibuprofen/pseudoephedrine
  • paclitaxel protein-bound
  • acetic acid vaginal
  • acetic acid otic
  • hydrocodone/ ibuprofen
  • methyl salicylate / isopropanol/ citronellyl acetate/ citric acid
  • ibuprofen and phenylephrine
  • acetylcysteine (Antidote)
  • iron/​folic acid/​vitamin/​mineral
  • iobenguane I-131
  • dolutegravir/rilpivirine
  • chlorhexidine topical
  • chlorhexidine oral
  • thyroid desiccated
  • proparacaine ophthalmic
  • podophyllum resin
  • phendimetrazine
  • phenoxybenzamine
  • polidocanol
  • phentermine and topiramate
  • piflufolastat F18
  • piperacillin/tazobactam
  • prednisolone and gentamicin ophthalmic
  • promethazine and codeine
  • poractant alfa
  • protamine sulfate
  • aflibercept intravitreal
  • prednicarbate
  • promethazine/dextromethorphan
  • codeine, phenylephrine, and promethazine
  • potassium phosphate
  • glatiramer acetate
  • gentamicin (Ophthalmic)
  • leniolisib
  • rezafungin
  • fluorometholone
  • dalfampridine
  • hydrocortisone topical 
  • empagliflozin and linagliptin
  • triamcinolone topical
  • minocycline topical
  • minocycline dental
  • ketotifen ophthalmic
  • darunavir and cobicistat
  • lidocaine topical
  • neomycin/polymyxin B/bacitracin/lidocaine (OTC)
  • lidocaine/ hydrocortisone
  • lidocaine anesthetic
  • lidocaine ophthalmic
  • lidocaine/tetracaine
  • desonide
  • dabigatran
  • fexofenadine
  • fluoride
  • decitabine and cedazuridine
  • dasiglucagon
  • hydroxypropyl cellulose ophthalmic
  • epoetin alfa
  • ibritumomab tiuxetan
  • trimethobenzamide
  • dexamethasone/ tobramycin
  • tafasitamab
  • valacyclovir
  • mebendazole
  • levoleucovorin
  • flaxseed
  • germanium
  • glutathione
  • lycopene
  • pygeum
  • horseradish
  • ziv-aflibercept
  • micafungin
  • trofinetide
  • taliglucerase alfa
  • tildrakizumab
  • sulopenem (Pending FDA Approval)
  • thyrotropin alfa
  • birch
  • thrombin, topical
  • tivozanib
  • tafluprost
  • methohexital
  • urea and hydrocortisone
  • unoprostone ophthalmic
  • trihexyphenidyl
  • ezetimibe
  • evolocumab
  • trifluridine and tipiracil
  • methenamine
  • misoprostol
  • miltefosine
  • rimantadine
  • maralixibat
  • coenzyme Q10
  • chlorella
  • garlic
  • forskolin
  • zavegepant
  • menotropins
  • margetuximab
  • meprobamate
  • melarsoprol
  • evening primrose oil
  • lemongrass
  • molindone
  • fenugreek
  • phytosterols
  • red yeast rice
  • uridine triacetate
  • tropicamide
  • incobotulinumtoxinA
  • Grape Seed Extract
  • carbachol ophthalmic
  • cosyntropin
  • cyclopentolate and phenylephrine
  • carteolol ophthalmic
  • pentazocine/naloxone
  • pentazocine/acetaminophen
  • casimersen
  • carisoprodol, aspirin, and codeine
  • carisoprodol
  • carboprost tromethamine
  • flurandrenolide
  • brinzolamide/brimonidine
  • betamethasone topical
  • omaveloxolone
  • bardoxolone
  • allogeneic processed thymus tissue
  • fluocinolone topical
  • tacrolimus topical
  • ruxolitinib topical
  • pimecrolimus topical
  • sofosbuvir, velpatasvir and voxilaprevir
  • sofosbuvir/velpatasvir
  • mitotane
  • elbasvir/​grazoprevir
  • wheat dextrin
  • vanadium
  • iron/folic acid/vitamin/mineral
  • molybdenum
  • sparsentan
  • velmanase alfa-tycv
  • pegcetacoplan
  • ferrous sulfate
  • cyclosporine ophthalmic
  • ferric pyrophosphate
  • ammonium lactate
  • etelcalcetide
  • iodoquinol
  • sucroferric oxyhydroxide
  • doxercalciferol
  • terconazole vaginal
  • cortisone
  • pyronaridine
  • tetrahydrozoline, ophthalmic
  • tenapanor
  • tesamorelin
  • benazepril/hydrochlorothiazide
  • nadolol and bendroflumethiazide
  • spironolactone and hydrochlorothiazide
  • COVID-19 Vaccine, mRNA
  • atosiban
  • bisoprolol and hydrochlorothiazide
  • ephedrine/guaifenesin
  • clonidine/chlorthalidone
  • captopril/hydrochlorothiazide
  • amlodipine/valsartan/hydrochlorothiazide
  • hydrochlorothiazide and irbesartan
  • candesartan/hydrochlorothiazide
  • ciclesonide intranasal
  • cromolyn sodium ophthalmic
  • methyldopa/hydrochlorothiazide
  • valsartan/hydrochlorothiazide
  • hydrochlorothiazide and triamterene
  • moexipril/hydrochlorothiazide
  • mometasone/intranasal
  • ofloxacin ophthalmic
  • cysteamine
  • metoprolol/hydrochlorothiazide
  • amlodipine/olmesartan
  • eprosartan/hydrochlorothiazide
  • amlodipine/telmisartan
  • hydrochlorothiazide/aliskiren
  • betamethasone/clotrimazole
  • telmisartan/hydrochlorothiazide
  • benazepril/amlodipine
  • bezlotoxumab
  • propranolol/hydrochlorothiazide
  • bupropion/naltrexone
  • burosumab
  • acetylcholine chloride intraocular solution
  • bupivacaine and meloxicam
  • budesonide and formoterol (inhalation)
  • valerian
  • entacapone/levodopa/carbidopa
  • carbidopa/levodopa
  • calaspargase pegol
  • cabotegravir
  • cefixime
  • calfactant
  • brinzolamide
  • daprodustat
  • brimonidine and timolol
  • brodalumab
  • buprenorphine and naloxone
  • hydrocortisone acetic acid otic
  • butorphanol
  • butoconazole
  • adapalene and benzoyl peroxide
  • acrivastine and pseudoephedrine
  • neomycin/polymyxin B/bacitracin topical
  • midodrine
  • baloxavir marboxil
  • bacitracin, neomycin, polymyxin B, and hydrocortisone topical
  • avatrombopag
  • glucagon
  • atenolol/chlorthalidone
  • adefovir
  • activated charcoal
  • avalglucosidase alfa
  • aclidinium and formoterol
  • iclaprim (Pending FDA Approval)
  • ampicillin/sulbactam
  • quinupristin/dalfopristin
  • lamivudine/zidovudine/abacavir
  • acetaminophen and caffeine
  • acetaminophen/pamabrom
  • abacavir and lamivudine
  • anifrolumab
  • elacestrant
  • anidulafungin
  • acetohydroxamic acid
  • alogliptin/pioglitazone
  • anthralin
  • pirtobrutinib
  • gabapentin
  • galsulfase
  • gadoterate meglumine
  • ferric gluconate
  • ferric derisomaltose
  • ethanolamine oleate
  • eteplirsen
  • vasopressin
  • desmopressin
  • meropenem/vaborbactam
  • ecallantide
  • econazole topical
  • dornase alfa
  • aspirin/dipyridamole
  • dipyridamole
  • difenoxin and atropine
  • diflorasone
  • difluprednate ophthalmic
  • eptinezumab
  • diethylpropion
  • dexchlorpheniramine
  • dexmethylphenidate
  • serdexmethylphenidate/​dexmethylphenidate
  • bexagliflozin
  • galcanezumab
  • fremanezumab
  • tapinarof topical
  • darifenacin
  • dalbavancin
  • darbepoetin alfa
  • azilsartan
  • colestipol
  • corticorelin
  • crotamiton
  • crofelemer
  • allogeneic cultured keratinocytes/fibroblasts in bovine collagen
  • tapentadol
  • cyclopentolate
  • polymyxin B/bacitracin topical
  • tavaborole
  • tagraxofusp
  • crisaborole
  • crizanlizumab
  • satralizumab
  • spinosad
  • sacubitril/valsartan
  • sargramostim
  • sebelipase alfa
  • regadenoson
  • ribociclib/letrozole
  • ragweed allergen extract
  • radium-223 dichloride
  • secnidazole
  • setmelanotide
  • polycarbophil
  • plecanatide
  • sacituzumab govitecan
  • pertuzumab
  • pertuzumab/trastuzumab/hyaluronidase
  • pamidronate
  • halcinonide
  • glecaprevir/​pibrentasvir
  • glucarpidase
  • golodirsen
  • dextrose (antidote)
  • hexaminolevulinate
  • iohexol
  • ferric citrate
  • elapegademase
  • emicizumab
  • erenumab
  • danaparoid
  • dantrolene
  • eflapegrastim
  • edaravone
  • amcinonide
  • carglumic acid
  • alcaftadine ophthalmic
  • agalsidase beta
  • afamelanotide
  • fosdenopterin
  • lidocaine and chlorhexidine
  • levorphanol
  • calcifediol
  • factor VIIa, recombinant
  • triheptanoin
  • peanut oral allergen powder
  • teprotumumab
  • poly-L-lactic acid/carboxymethylcellulose/mannitol
  • xenon Xe 129 hyperpolarized
  • ublituximab
  • anacaulase
  • glatiramer
  • peginterferon beta-1a
  • interferon beta-1a
  • onabotulinumtoxinA
  • cycloserine
  • ethionamide
aminophylline + 

aminoglutethimide 

aminoglutethimide increases the rate of metabolism of aminophylline

minoxidil topical

may have an increased vasodilatory effect when combined with vasodilators

nitroprusside

may have an increased vasodilatory effect when combined with vasodilators

nylidrin

may have an increased vasodilatory effect when combined with vasodilators

selexipag

may have an increased vasodilatory effect when combined with vasodilators

treprostinil

may have an increased vasodilatory effect when combined with vasodilators

alprostadil (IV)

may enhance the adverse/toxic effect of alprostadil

nitroprusside 

may have an increased hypotensive effect when combined with nitroprusside

macitentan and tadalafil 

may increase the vasodilatory effect of each other when combined

mibefradil

may enhance the hypotensive effect of Blood Pressure Lowering Agents

indoramin

may enhance the hypotensive effect of Blood Pressure Lowering Agents

amlodipine/atorvastatin

may enhance the hypotensive effect of Blood Pressure Lowering Agents

terazosin

may enhance the hypotensive effect of Blood Pressure Lowering Agents

atenolol

may enhance the hypotensive effect of Blood Pressure Lowering Agents

indoramin

alpha1-Blockers may enhance the hypotensive effect of phosphodiesterase 5 Inhibitors

bunazosin (Not available in the United States)

alpha1-Blockers may enhance the hypotensive effect of phosphodiesterase 5 Inhibitors

terazosin

alpha1-Blockers may enhance the hypotensive effect of phosphodiesterase 5 Inhibitors

prazosin

alpha1-Blockers may enhance the hypotensive effect of phosphodiesterase 5 Inhibitors

alfuzosin

alpha1-Blockers may enhance the hypotensive effect of phosphodiesterase 5 Inhibitors

captopril/hydrochlorothiazide

may have an increased hypotensive effect when combined with antihypertensive agents

mibefradil

may have an increased hypotensive effect when combined with antihypertensive agents

indoramin

may have an increased hypotensive effect when combined with antihypertensive agents

minoxidil topical

may have an increased hypotensive effect when combined with antihypertensive agents

amlodipine/atorvastatin

may have an increased hypotensive effect when combined with antihypertensive agents

batefenterol (Investigational) 

Combining aminophylline with batefenterol could increase the risk or severity of hypokalemia

levobetaxolol 

Combining levobetaxolol with aminophylline may enhance the risk or seriousness of adverse events

mibefradil 

The combination of mibefradil can lead to an elevation in the concentration serum of aminophylline

tolazoline

may have an increased hypotensive effect when combined with anti-hypertensive agents

tegafur 

Combining tegafur with aminophylline can reduce tegafur’s metabolism

etidronate

It may enhance the risk of adverse effects when combined with Phosphodiesterase inhibitors

zoledronic acid

It may enhance the risk of adverse effects when combined with Phosphodiesterase inhibitors

alendronic acid

It may enhance the risk of adverse effects when combined with Phosphodiesterase inhibitors

ibandronate

It may enhance the risk of adverse effects when combined with Phosphodiesterase inhibitors

pamidronic acid

It may enhance the risk of adverse effects when combined with Phosphodiesterase inhibitors

remimazolam

It may enhance the risk of adverse effects when combined with Platelets inhibitors

phenobarbital

It may enhance the risk of adverse effects when combined with Platelets inhibitors

hydroxyzine

It may enhance the risk of adverse effects when combined with Platelets inhibitors

thiamylal

It may enhance the risk of adverse effects when combined with Platelets inhibitors

zaleplon

It may enhance the risk of adverse effects when combined with Platelets inhibitors

pimecrolimus

It may enhance the risk of adverse effects when combined with platelet Inhibitors

tacrolimus

It may enhance the risk of adverse effects when combined with platelet Inhibitors

azatadine

It may enhance the risk of adverse effects when combined with platelet Inhibitors

dexbrompheniramine

It may enhance the risk of adverse effects when combined with platelet Inhibitors

dexchlorpheniramine, dextromethorphan, and phenylephrine

It may enhance the risk of adverse effects when combined with platelet Inhibitors

abametapir

It may enhance the risk of adverse effects when combined with platelet inhibitors

pheniramine

It may enhance the risk of adverse effects when combined with platelet inhibitors

fluconazole 

When aminophylline is used together with fluconazole, this leads to reduction in the aminophylline metabolism

somatotropin 

When aminophylline is used together with somatotropin, this leads to a rise in aminophylline’s metabolism

promazine 

When aminophylline is used together with promazine, this leads to a reduction in aminophylline metabolism

allylestrenol 

When aminophylline is used together with allylestrenol, this leads to a reduction in the aminophylline metabolism

oleandomycin 

When aminophylline is used together with oleandomycin, this leads to enhanced concentration serum of aminophylline

patupilone 

When aminophylline is used together with patupilone, this leads to enhanced concentration serum of aminophylline

ridaforolimus 

When aminophylline is used together with ridaforolimus, this leads to enhanced concentration serum of aminophylline

tolazoline

may have an increased hypotensive effect when combined with antihypertensive agents

captopril/hydrochlorothiazide

may have an increased hypotensive effect when combined with antihypertensive agents

mibefradil

may have an increased hypotensive effect when combined with antihypertensive agents

indoramin

may have an increased hypotensive effect when combined with antihypertensive agents

minoxidil topical

may have an increased hypotensive effect when combined with antihypertensive agents

fosnetupitant 

when coupled with fosnetupitant, the metabolism of aminophylline can be slowed down

sapropterin 

sapropterin may increase the hypotensive effect of phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitors

fenoterol 

may increase the risk or severity of adverse effects when combined

amphotericin B deoxycholate 

may increase the hypotensive effect of Blood Pressure Lowering Agents

rasagiline 

may increase the hypotensive effect of Blood Pressure Lowering Agents

isoflurane

It may enhance the risk of adverse effects when combined with general anesthesia

ketamine

It may enhance the risk of adverse effects when combined with general anesthesia

morphine

It may enhance the risk of adverse effects when combined with general anesthesia

propofol

It may enhance the risk of adverse effects when combined with general anesthesia

protokylol 

the risk of hypokalemia may be increased

interferon alfacon-1 

the rate of metabolism of aminophylline may be reduced

interferon alfa-n1 

the rate of metabolism of aminophylline may be reduced

insulin pork 

the metabolism of aminophylline can be raised when combined with insulin pork

 

Dosage Forms & Strengths 

Intravenous solution 

25 mg/mL (10 mL, 20 mL) 

Acute Asthma Exacerbation 

Loading dose:
Patients who have not previously taken aminophylline or theophylline: during the last 24 hrs: administer 5.7 mg/kg intravenous infusion
Patients who have taken aminophylline or theophylline during the last 24 hrs: Before administering a loading dose, determine the serum theophylline concentration
Maintenance dose:
Adults below 60 yrs: 0.5 mg/kg/hour intravenous continuous infusion; should not exceed more than 1,125 mg/day
Note: The doses are designed to attain 10 mcg/mL serum theophylline levels



Dose Adjustments

Dosing modifications
Renal impairment:

Dose adjustment is not required
Hepatic impairment: 0.25 mg/kg/hour of initial dose, should not exceed a maximum of 500 mg/day

 

Dosage Forms & Strengths 

Intravenous solution 

25 mg/mL (10 mL, 20 mL) 

Acute Asthma Exacerbation 

Loading dose:
Patients who have not previously taken aminophylline or theophylline: during the last 24 hrs: administer 5.7 mg/kg intravenous infusion
Patients who have taken aminophylline or theophylline during the last 24 hrs: Before administering a loading dose, determine the serum theophylline concentration
Maintenance dose:
Infants (4 to 6 weeks): 1.9 mg/kg/dosage intravenous every 2 times a day
Children 1 to 8 years: 1 mg/kg/hour continuous intravenous infusion
Children 9 to 11 years: 0.9 mg/kg/hour continuous intravenous infusion
Adolescents 12 to 16 years: 0.9 mg/kg/hour continuous intravenous infusion
Adolescents above 16 years: 0.5 mg/kg/hour continuous intravenous infusion; should not exceed more than 1,125 mg/day
Note: The doses are designed to attain 10 mcg/mL serum theophylline levels



Dose Adjustments

Dosing modifications
Renal impairment:

Dose adjustment is not required.
Hepatic impairment:
0.25 mg/kg/hour of initial dose, should not exceed a maximum of 500 mg/day

 

Dosage Forms & Strengths 

Intravenous solution 

25 mg/mL (10 mL, 20 mL) 

Acute Asthma Exacerbation 

Adults above 60yrs: 0.38 mg/kg/hour continuous intravenous infusion; should not exceed a maximum of 500 mg/day



Frequency not defined 

Diuresis 

insomnia 

Restlessness 

Tremor 

Headache 

irritability 

seizure 

Diarrhea 

vomiting 

Nausea  

Post marketing reports 

erythema multiforme 

skin photosensitivity 

Allergic skin reaction 

exfoliative dermatitis 

angioedema 

Hypersensitivity reactions 

Black Box Warning: 

aminophylline does not have a black box warning. 

Contraindication/Caution: 

Contraindication: 

  • Hypersensitivity: Individuals with a known hypersensitivity or allergy to aminophylline, theophylline, or any other components of the medication should not use aminophylline. 
  • Active peptic ulcer disease: aminophylline can increase gastric acid secretion and may worsen symptoms or lead to gastrointestinal bleeding in individuals with active peptic ulcer disease. 
  • Severe coronary artery disease: aminophylline can cause vasodilation and increase heart rate, which may be detrimental for individuals with severe coronary artery disease. 
  • Recent myocardial infarction: aminophylline may exacerbate the cardiovascular effects associated with recent myocardial infarction. 
  • Seizure disorders: aminophylline can lower the seizure threshold and increase the risk of seizures in individuals with a history of seizure disorders. 
  • Porphyria: aminophylline can potentially trigger or worsen symptoms of porphyria, a group of rare genetic disorders that affect the production of heme, a component of hemoglobin. 

Caution: 

  • Pre-existing cardiac conditions: aminophylline can increase heart rate and may cause arrhythmias or exacerbate pre-existing cardiac conditions. Close monitoring is required for individuals with heart failure, arrhythmias, or other cardiac disorders. 
  • Respiratory conditions: While aminophylline is used to treat respiratory conditions like asthma and COPD, caution should be exercised in individuals with severe respiratory impairment or acute respiratory distress, as aminophylline can cause respiratory stimulation or exacerbate respiratory symptoms. 
  • Hepatic impairment: aminophylline is primarily metabolized in the liver, and individuals with hepatic impairment may have reduced drug clearance.  
  • Renal impairment: Individuals with severe renal impairment or end-stage renal disease may have reduced drug clearance, and dosage adjustments may be necessary. 
  • Geriatric population: older adults may be more susceptible to the adverse effects of aminophylline due to age-related changes in drug metabolism and clearance. Close monitoring and dose adjustment may be required.

Comorbidities: 

  • Cardiovascular disease: aminophylline can increase heart rate and may cause arrhythmias. Individuals with pre-existing cardiovascular conditions, such as coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure, or arrhythmias, may require close monitoring during aminophylline therapy. 
  • Hypertension: aminophylline can increase blood pressure. Individuals with uncontrolled hypertension may experience further elevation in blood pressure during aminophylline treatment. Blood pressure should be closely monitored, and appropriate antihypertensive measures taken if necessary. 
  • Seizure disorders: aminophylline can lower the seizure threshold and may increase the risk of seizures, particularly in individuals with a history of seizure disorders. Close monitoring is important, and caution should be exercised when using aminophylline in these individuals. 
  • Peptic ulcer disease: aminophylline can increase gastric acid secretion, potentially worsening symptoms or leading to gastrointestinal bleeding in individuals with peptic ulcer disease. Caution should be exercised, and appropriate measures should be taken to minimize the risk of gastrointestinal complications. 
  • Thyroid disorders: aminophylline may affect thyroid function tests, leading to false results. Care should be taken in interpreting thyroid function tests in individuals receiving aminophylline, particularly those with known thyroid disorders. 

Pregnancy consideration: US FDA pregnancy category: Not assigned 

Lactation: Excreted into human milk: Yes  

Pregnancy category: 

  • Category A: well-controlled and Satisfactory studies show no risk to the fetus in the first or later trimester. 
  • Category B: there was no evidence of risk to the fetus in animal studies, and there were not enough studies on pregnant women. 
  • Category C: there was evidence of risk of adverse effects in animal reproduction studies, and no adequate evidence in human studies must take care of potential risks in pregnant women.   
  • Category D: adequate data with sufficient evidence of human fetal risk from various platforms, but despite the potential risk, and used only in emergency cases for potential benefits. 
  • Category X: Drugs listed in this category outweigh the risks over benefits. Hence these categories of drugs need to be avoided by pregnant women. 
  • Category N: There is no data available for the drug under this category. 

Pharmacology: 

aminophylline is a bronchodilator medication that is primarily used to treat of asthma and COPD. It is a combination of theophylline and ethylenediamine, which work together to produce its pharmacological effects. 

Theophylline acts as a non-selective phosphodiesterase inhibitor, which results in the relaxation of smooth muscles in the airways. It also has adenosine receptor antagonistic properties, which further contributes to bronchodilation. By dilating the bronchial smooth muscles, aminophylline improves airflow and eases breathing in individuals with respiratory conditions. 

Ethylenediamine, a metabolite of theophylline, enhances the solubility and absorption of theophylline in the body. This allows for better bioavailability and more consistent therapeutic effects. 

The pharmacological effects of aminophylline include bronchodilation, increased airflow, improved lung function, and relief of bronchospasm. It helps to reduce symptoms such as wheezing, shortness of breath, and coughing associated with asthma and COPD.  

Pharmacodynamics: 

  • Bronchodilation: aminophylline acts as a bronchodilator by relaxing the smooth muscles of the bronchial airways. It achieves this by inhibiting the enzyme phosphodiesterase, which leads to increased levels of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP). Elevated cAMP levels result in relaxation of bronchial smooth muscles, leading to bronchodilation and improved airflow in the lungs. 
  • Anti-inflammatory effects: aminophylline exhibits anti-inflammatory properties by inhibiting inflammatory mediators release, such as histamine and leukotrienes, from cells involved in the inflammatory response. This can help reduce airway inflammation associated with conditions like asthma and COPD. 
  • Central nervous system stimulation: aminophylline can stimulate the central respiratory centers in the brain, leading to an increase in respiratory drive. This results in enhanced ventilation and improved breathing. 
  • Cardiac effects: aminophylline has mild positive inotropic (increased contractility) and chronotropic (increased heart rate) effects on the heart. It accomplishes this by inhibiting phosphodiesterase and increasing the intracellular levels of cAMP in cardiac muscle cells. 
  • Diuresis: aminophylline can stimulate diuresis (increased urine production) by increasing renal blood flow and inhibiting the reabsorption of sodium and water. This diuretic effect can be useful in certain clinical situations, such as congestive heart failure. 

Pharmacokinetics: 

Absorption 

aminophylline can be administered orally or intravenously. When taken orally, it is rapidly and completely absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. The rate and extent of absorption can vary among individuals, and factors such as food intake and gastrointestinal motility can affect absorption. 

Distribution 

aminophylline is widely distributed throughout the body. It can cross the blood-brain barrier and placental barrier, and it is also present in breast milk. The drug has a large volume of distribution, indicating that it distributes extensively into tissues. 

Metabolism 

aminophylline is extensively metabolized in the liver. The primary metabolic pathway involves the conversion of aminophylline to its active component, theophylline, by hepatic enzymes. Theophylline is further metabolized by various cytochrome P450 enzymes, mainly CYP1A2, into multiple metabolites. The metabolism of aminophylline can be influenced by factors such as age, liver function, and concurrent use of other medications that interact with the hepatic enzymes. 

Elimination and excretion 

Both aminophylline and its metabolites are primarily excreted in the urine. The elimination half-life of aminophylline varies among individuals and can be affected by factors such as age and liver function. In individuals with normal renal function, the half-life ranges from 4 to 10 hours. In individuals with impaired renal function, the elimination half-life can be prolonged. 

Administration: 

  • Oral Administration: aminophylline tablets or capsules can be taken orally with or without food. It is important to follow the prescribed dosage and frequency as directed by the healthcare professional.  
  • Intravenous (IV) Administration: In some cases, aminophylline may be administered intravenously. This route is typically used when rapid onset of action is desired or when oral administration is not possible. Intravenous administration allows for precise control of the dose and immediate therapeutic effects. The infusion rate and dosage will be determined by the healthcare professional based on the individual’s condition and response to treatment. 

Patient information leaflet 

Generic Name: aminophylline 

Pronounced: (uh-min-uh-FIL-een)  

Why do we use aminophylline? 

  • Asthma: aminophylline is used as a bronchodilator in the treatment of acute bronchospasm or exacerbations of asthma. It helps in smooth muscle relaxation in the airways, allowing for improved airflow and easier breathing. 
  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: aminophylline may be used as a bronchodilator in individuals with COPD to relieve symptoms such as SOB and wheezing. 
  • Apnea of Prematurity: aminophylline is sometimes used in premature infants with apnea (brief pauses in breathing) to stimulate respiratory centers in the brain, promoting normal breathing patterns. 
  • Chronic Lung Disease: In some cases, aminophylline may be prescribed for individuals with chronic lung disease or restrictive lung disorders to improve lung function and alleviate symptoms. 
  • Congestive Heart Failure: aminophylline may be used as an adjunct therapy in individuals with congestive heart failure to help improve cardiac function and relieve symptoms of breathlessness. 

ADVERTISEMENT 

aminophylline

Brand Name :

Phyllocontin, Truphylline

Synonyms :

aminophylline

Class :

Methylxanthines




No data available for drug.

Dosage Forms & Strengths 

Intravenous solution 

25 mg/mL (10 mL, 20 mL) 

Acute Asthma Exacerbation 

Loading dose:
Patients who have not previously taken aminophylline or theophylline: during the last 24 hrs: administer 5.7 mg/kg intravenous infusion
Patients who have taken aminophylline or theophylline during the last 24 hrs: Before administering a loading dose, determine the serum theophylline concentration
Maintenance dose:
Adults below 60 yrs: 0.5 mg/kg/hour intravenous continuous infusion; should not exceed more than 1,125 mg/day
Note: The doses are designed to attain 10 mcg/mL serum theophylline levels



Dose Adjustments

Dosing modifications
Renal impairment:

Dose adjustment is not required
Hepatic impairment: 0.25 mg/kg/hour of initial dose, should not exceed a maximum of 500 mg/day

Dosage Forms & Strengths 

Intravenous solution 

25 mg/mL (10 mL, 20 mL) 

Acute Asthma Exacerbation 

Loading dose:
Patients who have not previously taken aminophylline or theophylline: during the last 24 hrs: administer 5.7 mg/kg intravenous infusion
Patients who have taken aminophylline or theophylline during the last 24 hrs: Before administering a loading dose, determine the serum theophylline concentration
Maintenance dose:
Infants (4 to 6 weeks): 1.9 mg/kg/dosage intravenous every 2 times a day
Children 1 to 8 years: 1 mg/kg/hour continuous intravenous infusion
Children 9 to 11 years: 0.9 mg/kg/hour continuous intravenous infusion
Adolescents 12 to 16 years: 0.9 mg/kg/hour continuous intravenous infusion
Adolescents above 16 years: 0.5 mg/kg/hour continuous intravenous infusion; should not exceed more than 1,125 mg/day
Note: The doses are designed to attain 10 mcg/mL serum theophylline levels



Dose Adjustments

Dosing modifications
Renal impairment:

Dose adjustment is not required.
Hepatic impairment:
0.25 mg/kg/hour of initial dose, should not exceed a maximum of 500 mg/day

Dosage Forms & Strengths 

Intravenous solution 

25 mg/mL (10 mL, 20 mL) 

Acute Asthma Exacerbation 

Adults above 60yrs: 0.38 mg/kg/hour continuous intravenous infusion; should not exceed a maximum of 500 mg/day



DRUG INTERACTION

aminophylline

&

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  • bromisoval
  • beraprost
  • pridinol
  • proglumide
  • bamipine
  • barnidipine
  • bamifylline
  • benzbromarone
  • betamethasone/fusidic acid
  • para-chlorophenol
  • pantethine
  • nomifensine
  • pemoline
  • parnaparin
  • pentolinium
  • nialamide
  • novobiocin
  • nicergoline
  • octocrylene
  • octisalate
  • oftasceine
  • oxolamine
  • oxyphencyclimine
  • penfluridol
  • pentoxyverine
  • phenoxymethylpenicillin
  • picloxydine
  • pilsicainide hydrochloride
  • piperazine
  • pirarubicin
  • policresulen
  • prifinium bromide
  • prethcamide
  • pristinamycin
  • pirenzepine
  • piribedil
  • pimethixene
  • pargyline
  • phosphatidyl choline
  • phthalylsulfathiazole
  • phytomenadione
  • pranlukast
  • pinazepam
  • oxyphenonium
  • noxytiolin
  • periciazine
  • pethidine
  • phenindamine
  • histidine
  • isoleucine
  • proline
  • lauric acid
  • lymecycline
  • hypromellose
  • abiraterone acetate and niraparib
  • ichthammol
  • levamisole
  • naftazone
  • nefopam
  • oxprenolol
  • oxybuprocaine
  • elranatamab-bcmm
  • lapyrium
  • isoaminile
  • iotrolan
  • mazindol
  • masoprocol
  • lypressin
  • meradimate
  • molsidomine
  • monobenzone
  • mequinol/gluconolactone/ lactobionic acid/ arbutin
  • medifoxamine
  • mebutamate
  • metergoline
  • methantheline
  • methdilazine
  • metocurine
  • micronomicin
  • metaraminol
  • mephenesin
  • menadione
  • medrysone
  • metixene
  • levobetaxolol
  • guaiacol glycerol ether
  • eucalyptol
  • sodium tetradecyl sulfate
  • sugammadex
  • carbetocin
  • certoparin
  • chlorcyclizine/pseudoephedrine
  • cephapirin
  • indecainide
  • iobitridol
  • iomeprol
  • chlorphenesin
  • msud analog
  • msud maxamum
  • iceland moss
  • glutethimide
  • hexachlorophene
  • haloprogin
  • deferoxamine
  • ethchlorvynol
  • dexpanthenol topical
  • etilefrine
  • deslanoside
  • carbocromen
  • diazolidinylurea
  • dibenzepin
  • etofamide
  • guanoxan
  • halazepam
  • guanadrel sulfate
  • dapiprazole
  • soapwort
  • debrisoquine
  • l-tryptophan
  • chlormerodrin
  • chlorquinaldol
  • cetrimonium
  • carbocisteine
  • chlorcyclizine/codeine
  • technetium Tc-99m tetrofosmin
  • technetium Tc-99m disofenin
  • technetium Tc-99m gluceptate
  • technetium Tc-99m labeled red blood cells
  • amylmetacresol/dextromethorphan hydrobromide
  • anileridine phosphate
  • pyrethrins
  • pyrantel pamoate
  • quinagolide
  • spiramycin
  • standard hyperkalemic cardioplegia solution
  • technetium tc-99m mertiatide
  • technetium tc-99m medronate
  • bemotrizinol / bisoctrizole
  • benfotiamine
  • bemotrizinol + titanium dioxide + zinc oxide
  • technetium Tc-99m oxidronate
  • technetium Tc-99m pentetate
  • technetium Tc-99m pyrophosphate
  • benziodarone
  • octinoxate/bisoctrizole
  • bicisate dihydrochloride
  • technetium Tc-99m bicisate
  • norelgestromin/ethinyl estradiol
  • norgestimate/ethinyl estradiol
  • ximelagatran (investigational)
  • xamoterol
  • trioxsalen
  • poly-urea urethane
  • rilmenidine
  • pemirolast
  • oxitriptan
  • beclomethasone, intranasal
  • thimerosal
  • camphor gel
  • camphor
  • mumps virus vaccine, live
  • rubella virus vaccine, live
  • aluminum chloride (dental)
  • alum irrigation
  • framycetin, phenylephrine, and gramicidin
  • ombitasvir, paritaprevir, ritonavir, and dasabuvir
  • olipudase alfa
  • etonogestrel/ethinyl estradiol
  • mycophenolate
  • fluoroestradiol F 18
  • donor organ cardioplegia solution
  • fluciclovine F 18
  • fusidic acid (ophthalmic)
  • fusidic acid and hydrocortisone
  • framycetin, dexamethasone, and gramicidin
  • fludeoxyglucose F-18
  • fluorouracil/salicylic acid
  • indium In-111 oxyquinoline
  • indium In-111 pentetreotide
  • indium In-111 capromab pendetide
  • lusutrombopag
  • mitomycin (ophthalmic)
  • mifepristone and misoprostol
  • minoxidil (systemic)
  • methyl aminolevulinate (topical)
  • methyl folate, methylcobalamin, and acetylcysteine
  • ciclesonide/formoterol/tiotropium
  • nedocromil (Oral Inhalation)
  • batefenterol (Investigational)
  • neostigmine and glycopyrrolate
  • nepafenac ophthalmic
  • netupitant/palonosetron
  • meperidine and promethazine
  • mepivacaine and levonordefrin
  • maltodextrin
  • medical cannabis
  • medium chain triglycerides
  • mometasone/glycopyrrolate (glycopyrronium)/ indacaterol
  • moxifloxacin ophthalmic
  • neomycin/fluocinolone
  • nadroparin
  • iodine I-125 iothalamate
  • amikacin liposome (oral inhalation)
  • bupivacaine liposome
  • natamycin
  • lopinavir and ritonavir
  • lysine
  • macitentan and tadalafil
  • mitomycin pyelocalyceal
  • moclobemide
  • mometasone and indacaterol
  • efinaconazole
  • blue-green algae
  • indocyanine green
  • follitropin beta
  • lumasiran
  • glycerin/lidocaine
  • edrophonium/atropine
  • indigo carmine
  • lutropin alfa
  • instant glucose/intravenous dextrose
  • iobenguane I-123
  • ixekizumab
  • isosulfan blue dye
  • levofloxacin ophthalmic
  • levonorgestrel oral/ferrous bisglycinate/ ethinylestradiol
  • ethinyl estradiol/levonorgestrel transdermal
  • hydroquinone
  • hydroxypropyl methylcellulose
  • icodextrin
  • lipid emulsion (soybean, medium-chain triglyceride, olive, and fish oils; [SMOF])
  • iodinated I 125 albumin
  • iodinated I 131 albumin
  • lipid emulsion (plant oil-based)
  • levonorgestrel intrauterine
  • levonorgestrel oral/ethinyl estradiol
  • lactic acid and sodium-PCA
  • lactated Ringer solution
  • ketotifen (systemic)
  • lanolin
  • leuprolide and norethindrone
  • levodopa and benserazide
  • gonadorelin acetate
  • hemodialysis solutions
  • nirsevimab
  • gentian violet
  • gallium ga-68 dotatate
  • fusidic acid and betamethasone
  • gallium citrate Ga-67
  • gadopentetate dimeglumine
  • gadofosveset
  • follitropin delta
  • follitropin alfa and lutropin alfa
  • follitropin alfa
  • rocatinlimab
  • grass pollens allergen extract
  • flotufolastat F18
  • fluorescein ophthalmic
  • barium
  • balanced salt solution
  • air polymer type A intrauterine device
  • clodronate
  • bentoquatam
  • clobetasone
  • alfacalcidol
  • citric acid/glucono-delta-lactone/magnesium carbonate
  • benzoin
  • desirudin
  • immune globulin IV (IGIV)
  • dequalinium
  • pseudoephedrine/desloratadine
  • clofedanol
  • cyproterone and ethinyl estradiol
  • dextranomer and hyaluronic acid or derivatives
  • diatrizoate meglumine and diatrizoate sodium
  • glucosamine sulfate, chondroitin sulfate and Msm
  • squill
  • gotu kola
  • blessed thistle
  • bitter melon
  • apraclonidine
  • chlophedianol/dexbrompheniramine/pseudoephedrine
  • wild jujube
  • chitosan
  • cilazapril/hydrochlorothiazide
  • dexbrompheniramine and phenylephrine
  • diethylene triamine penta-acetic acid
  • dexchlorpheniramine and pseudoephedrine
  • lily of the valley
  • diflucortolone
  • corydalis
  • lemon balm
  • MSM
  • calcium polystyrene sulfonate
  • caprylidene
  • peppermint oil
  • efavirenz/lamivudine/tenofovir DF
  • emtricitabine/tenofovir DF /efavirenz
  • dutasteride/tamsulosin
  • milk thistle
  • centaury
  • horseweed
  • lycopus
  • agrimony
  • alfalfa
  • kava
  • cetrorelix
  • cetylpyridinium
  • chlophedianol and dexbrompheniramine
  • betahistine
  • choline C-11
  • boric acid vaginal suppository
  • aluminum acetate
  • aluminum chloride hexahydrate
  • 14-C urea breath test
  • absorbable collagen
  • valoctocogene roxaparvovec-rvox
  • amlodipine and celecoxib
  • aspirin and omeprazole
  • azilsartan and chlorthalidone
  • landiolol (Pending FDA approval)
  • isosorbide dinitrate/hydralazine
  • losartan/hydrochorothiazide
  • udenafil
  • dextromethorphan/quinidine
  • onasemnogene abeparvovec
  • orphenadrine/aspirin/caffeine
  • trace elements
  • sodium phenylbutyrate/ taurursodiol
  • fish oil triglycerides
  • infant formula
  • glutamine
  • chloroquine phosphate
  • afatinib
  • quinidine gluconate
  • methylergonovine
  • prothrombin complex concentrate, human
  • BCG intravesical live
  • capivasertib
  • cedazuridine
  • carbonyl iron
  • iron dextran complex
  • lovotibeglogene autotemcel (FDA Approval Pending)
  • sodium benzoate/sodium phenylacetate
  • mineral oil otic
  • zolmitriptan transdermal
  • midazolam intranasal
  • fosinopril/hydrochlorothiazide
  • caplacizumab
  • arginine
  • sodium phenylbutyrate
  • meloxicam/rizatriptan
  • manganese
  • acetaminophen/pamabrom/pyridoxine
  • varicella zoster immune globulin, human
  • amitriptyline/perphenazine
  • narsoplimab (Pending FDA Approval)
  • amlodipine/perindopril
  • imiglucerase
  • canagliflozin/metformin
  • tafamidis meglumine
  • somatrogon-ghla
  • glimepiride/rosiglitazone
  • becaplermin
  • lithium
  • loxapine inhaled
  • nicotine transdermal
  • tixagevimab and cilgavimab (Investigational)
  • muromonab CD3
  • ansuvimab
  • coal tar bath products
  • fibrin sealant
  • arimoclomol (FDA Approval Pending)
  • varenicline intranasal
  • aducanumab
  • oxycodone/naloxone
  • ritlecitinib
  • sodium polystyrene sulfonate
  • calcipotriene/betamethasone
  • calcium hydroxylapatite
  • cantharidin topical
  • doxepin cream
  • clocortolone
  • formaldehyde topical
  • sodium sulfide topical
  • collagenase
  • selegiline transdermal
  • foscarbidopa/foslevodopa (FDA approval pending)
  • saxagliptin/metformin
  • linagliptin/metformin
  • linzagolix (FDA approval pending)
  • efgartigimod/hyaluronidase SC
  • elamipretide (Pending FDA approval)
  • rozanolixizumab
  • diazoxide
  • glimepiride/pioglitazone
  • cipaglucosidase alfa
  • dihydroergotamine intranasal
  • delandistrogene moxeparvovec
  • beremagene geperpavec
  • hyaluronic acid and derivatives
  • hyaluronic acid, non-animal stabilized
  • eplontersen (FDA Approval Pending)
  • nitric oxide gas
  • sodium phenylbutyrate and taurursodiol
  • treprostinil SC
  • viltolarsen
  • albuterol/ipratropium
  • budesonide inhaled
  • budesonide rectal
  • palovarotene
  • sodium sulfate/potassium chloride/magnesium sulfate/polyethylene glycol
  • amino acids mixture
  • aminobenzoate potassium
  • elivaldogene autotemcel
  • naproxen and sumatriptan
  • sumatriptan intranasal
  • alglucerase
  • metformin/rosiglitazone
  • ertugliflozin/metformin
  • elosulfase alfa
  • calcium carbonate/magnesium hydroxide
  • starch suppository
  • abicipar pegol (FDA Approval Pending)
  • riboflavin 5′-phosphate ophthalmic
  • povidone ophthalmic
  • glycerin oropharyngeal
  • dimethicone topical
  • menthol topical, dimethicone topical
  • pramoxine topical, menthol topical and dimethicone topical
  • phosphorated carbohydrate
  • brilliant blue G ophthalmic
  • brolucizumab intravitreal
  • purified water, ophthalmic
  • hydroxyethyl cellulose ophthalmic
  • ranibizumab intravitreal implant
  • sodium chloride hypertonic, ophthalmic 
  • cetirizine ophthalmic
  • phentolamine ophthalmic
  • ganciclovir ophthalmic
  • triamcinolone intravitreal
  • ocriplasmin intravitreal
  • atoltivimab/maftivimab/odesivimab
  • pegcetacoplan intravitreal
  • triamcinolone acetonide extended-release injectable suspension
  • tobramycin/loteprednol ophthalmic
  • 2-octyl cyanoacrylate
  • vitamins A & D topical
  • diphenhydramine/allantoin topical
  • pyrethrins/piperonyl butoxide
  • lodoxamide ophthalmic
  • obeticholic acid
  • fluocinolone intravitreal implant
  • sincalide
  • linaclotide
  • nedocromil ophthalmic
  • cysteamine ophthalmic
  • avacincaptad pegol intravitreal
  • azelastine ophthalmic
  • bacitracin ophthalmic
  • propylene glycol ophthalmic
  • rimexolone ophthalmic
  • metoclopramide intranasal
  • mirikizumab
  • netarsudil ophthalmic
  • cenegermin
  • dexamethasone ophthalmic insert
  • prednisolone ophthalmic
  • phenylephrine and cocoa butter rectal
  • phenylephrine and witch hazel topical
  • phenylephrine, pramoxine, glycerin and petrolatum rectal
  • bisacodyl rectal
  • aluminum hydroxide/magnesium carbonate
  • aluminum hydroxide/magnesium hydroxide
  • hyoscyamine spray
  • methenamine/methylene blue/ hyoscyamine/ sodium phosphate monobasic/ phenyl salicylate
  • phenylephrine
  • chlorophyll
  • castor oil
  • cholic acid
  • phenol oropharyngeal
  • articaine/epinephrine
  • antithymocyte globulin equine
  • aluminum hydroxide/magnesium trisilicate
  • methenamine/hyoscyamine
  • hydrocortisone topical/pramoxine topical 
  • sodium fluoride topical
  • mesna
  • C1 esterase inhibitor recombinant
  • menthol and pectin
  • menthol oropharyngeal
  • pectin oropharyngeal
  • gepirone
  • Goldenseal
  • polyethylene glycol and electrolytes
  • polyethylene glycol/electrolytes/sodium ascorbate/ascorbic acid
  • brompheniramine/pseudoephedrine/dextromethorphan
  • brompheniramine phenylephrine
  • acetaminophen/doxylamine/phenylephrine
  • doxylamine/acetaminophen/pseudoephedrine/dextromethorphan
  • acetaminophen/doxylamine/dextromethorphan
  • acetaminophen/doxylamine/dextromethorphan/phenylephrine
  • eslicarbazepine
  • fluticasone and salmeterol
  • codeine, acetaminophen, butalbital and caffeine
  • codeine, chlorpheniramine and phenylephrine
  • iodine
  • povidone iodine
  • butalbital/aspirin/caffeine/codeine
  • polyethylene glycol 400/propylene glycol ophthalmic 
  • pegvaliase
  • amivantamab
  • iopamidol
  • codeine and pseudoephedrine
  • emtricitabine, rilpivirine, tenofovir DF
  • penicillin G aqueous
  • miconazole topical
  • miconazole vaginal
  • ciprofloxacin inhaled (Pending FDA approval)
  • ceftazidime/avibactam
  • ceftolozane/​tazobactam
  • aztreonam inhalation
  • amphotericin B cholesteryl sulfate
  • miconazole oral
  • elvitegravir/cobicistat/emtricitabine/tenofovir DF
  • isavuconazonium sulfate
  • dapivirine intravaginal (FDA Approval Pending)
  • lamivudine/raltegravir
  • codeine/triprolidine/pseudoephedrine
  • cadexomer iodine
  • brompheniramine/pseudoephedrine
  • codeine/acetaminophen
  • codeine/guaifenesin
  • beclomethasone inhaled
  • epoetin beta/methoxy polyethylene glycol
  • voreloxin(Orphan Drug)
  • rociletinib
  • pitcher plant
  • phosphatidylserine
  • telotristat ethyl
  • copper CU 64 dotatate
  • urea topical
  • exenatide subdermal implant
  • asenapine transdermal
  • ethiodized oil
  • urea oral
  • miglustat
  • acalisib(Investigational)
  • acetophenazine
  • guggul
  • aceneuramic acid
  • mestranol/norethindrone
  • reishi
  • lactitol
  • vonoprazan fumarate
  • motherwort
  • silver nitrate
  • salicylic acid/sulfur shampoo
  • salicylic acid topical
  • ketorolac ophthalmic
  • ketoconazole topical
  • Japanese encephalitis virus vaccine
  • dibucaine topical ointment
  • ketorolac intranasal
  • ketorolac/phenylephrine ophthalmic
  • rotavirus oral vaccine, live
  • guarana
  • hops
  • krill oil
  • salicylic acid/coal tar shampoo
  • sufentanil SL
  • pancrelipase
  • passion flower
  • pepdite one plus
  • nivolumab and relatlimab
  • relatlimab (Pending FDA Approval)
  • benzalkonium chloride/benzocaine
  • ketotifen, drug-eluting contact lens
  • calcitriol topical
  • oxymetazoline topical
  • alclometasone topical
  • capsaicin topical
  • diclofenac/misoprostol
  • diclofenac ophthalmic
  • diclofenac topical
  • pramoxine/calamine topical
  • veverimer
  • tolazoline
  • olopatadine ophthalmic
  • lutetium lu 177-dota-tate
  • lutetium lu 177 vipivotide tetraxetan
  • strontium 89 chloride
  • interferon alfa n3
  • lutetium Lu 177- Diethylenetriamine Pentaacetic acid-omburtamab (FDA Approval Pending)
  • samarium sm 153 lexidronam
  • cytomegalovirus immune globulin (CMV IG)
  • antithymocyte globulin rabbit
  • inolimomab (Pending FDA Approval)
  • olopatadine intranasal
  • olopatadine intranasal/​mometasone, intranasal
  • benzocaine/butamben/tetracaine topical
  • antipyrine/benzocaine/phenylephrine
  • dyclonine/menthol
  • surufatinib
  • fruquintinib
  • tepotinib 
  • dostarlimab
  • hepatitis B immune globulin (HBIG)
  • remestemcel-L
  • benzocaine/menthol oropharyngeal
  • interferon beta 1b
  • tetracaine/oxymetazoline intranasal
  • benzocaine oropharyngeal
  • benzalkonium chloride/menthol/petrolatum topical
  • inamrinone
  • alpha 1 proteinase inhibitor
  • potassium bicarbonate/potassium citrate
  • potassium phosphate/sodium acid phosphate
  • asparaginase Erwinia chrysanthemi recombinant
  • motixafortide
  • pegloticase
  • etesevimab
  • Rho(D) immune globulin
  • tetanus immune globulin (TIG)
  • reltecimod (pending FDA approval)
  • avasopasem
  • trimethoprim/polymyxin B ophthalmic
  • naphazoline ophthalmic
  • sulfacetamide topical
  • sirolimus intravitreal (pending FDA approval)
  • sirolimus protein bound
  • sirolimus topical
  • glycopyrronium tosylate topical
  • sofpironium
  • olmesartan, amlodipine and hydrochlorothiazide
  • dovitinib (Pending FDA Approval)
  • epinephrine inhaled
  • quizartinib (Pending FDA Approval)
  • ranibizumab intravitreal injection
  • sodium hyaluronate
  • bacitracin and lidocaine topical
  • brimonidine topical
  • benzoyl peroxide and tretinoin topical
  • talquetamab
  • betrixaban
  • acetaminophen/caffeine/pyrilamine
  • fentanyl transmucosal
  • bacitracin topical
  • buprenorphine,long-acting injection
  • buprenorphine buccal
  • nalmefene intranasal
  • sulbactam/durlobactam
  • metronidazole topical 
  • daratumumab/hyaluronidase
  • glofitamab
  • rituximab-hyaluronidase
  • drospirenone/ethinyl estradiol/levomefolate
  • loncastuximab tesirine
  • ingenol mebutate topical
  • momelotinib
  • trastuzumab/deruxtecan
  • trastuzumab/hyaluronidase
  • trastuzumab duocarmazine
  • lifileucel
  • umbralisib
  • eflornithine/sulindac
  • cytarabine/daunorubicin liposomal
  • doxorubicin liposomal
  • epcoritamab
  • lanadelumab  
  • esomeprazole/naproxen 
  • terbinafine topical
  • ravulizumab
  • clotrimazole topical
  • choline magnesium trisalicylate
  • tacrolimus ointment
  • mechlorethamine topical
  • donislecel
  • pozelimab (Pending FDA Approval)
  • human rabies immune globulin (HRIG)
  • melphalan flufenamide
  • sintilimab (Pending FDA Approval)
  • oportuzumab monatox (Pending FDA Approval)
  • sotorasib
  • irinotecan liposomal
  • sulfur topical
  • silver sulfadiazine
  • capsaicin transdermal
  • sutimlimab
  • tretinoin topical
  • acetaminophen rectal
  • menthol topical
  • naftifine
  • oatmeal, colloidal topical
  • oxiconazole
  • methylsalicylate/menthol topical
  • C1 inhibitor human
  • lifitegrast ophthalmic
  • prednisolone/sulfacetamide ophthalmic
  • mannitol inhalation
  • ofloxacin otic
  • petrolatum & mineral oil topical
  • clascoterone topical
  • gefapixant (Pending FDA Approval)
  • colesevelam
  • technetium Tc 99m succimer
  • nebivolol/valsartan
  • ciprofloxacin/fluocinolone acetonide, otic
  • finafloxacin otic
  • magnesium hydroxide/mineral oil
  • phenylephrine/mineral oil/petrolatum rectal
  • carbamide peroxide oral
  • atropine ophthalmic
  • sodium sulfacetamide/sulfur
  • sulfacetamide ophthalmic
  • lucinactant
  • benzonatate
  • besifloxacin ophthalmic
  • benzhydrocodone/acetaminophen
  • beractant
  • trimagnesium citrate anhydrous
  • vitamin b2
  • carbamide peroxide otic
  • mineral oil topical
  • ethyl alcohol intranasal
  • boric acid/alcohol otic
  • absorbable gelatin compressed sponge, USP
  • absorbable gelatin sponge, USP
  • vincristine liposomal
  • technetium Tc 99m albumin aggregated injection
  • metaproterenol
  • budesonide inhaled/formoterol/glycopyrrolate inhaled
  • epinephrine racemic
  • umeclidinium bromide/vilanterol inhaled
  • indacaterol, inhaled/glycopyrrolate inhaled
  • betaine  
  • laronidase 
  • estrogens esterified/methyltestosterone            
  • cerliponase alfa
  • ertugliflozin/sitagliptin
  • hawthorn
  • shepherd’s purse
  • thiamine
  • naphazoline/glycerin ophthalmic
  • oxymetazoline ophthalmic
  • dorzolamide
  • dexamethasone intraocular
  • dexamethasone/ciprofloxacin
  • dexamethasone ophthalmic
  • metipranolol ophthalmic
  • timolol ophthalmic
  • boron
  • fezolinetant
  • pegunigalsidase alfa-iwxj
  • biotin
  • pantothenic acid
  • silicon
  • sodium acid phosphate
  • hypochlorous acid topical
  • methenamine/sodium acid phosphate
  • aviptadil 
  • bremelanotide
  • glucagon intranasal
  • metformin and repaglinide
  • bai ji
  • pau d’arco
  • juzentaihoto
  • mistletoe
  • quercetin
  • rosemary
  • sheng di huang
  • chasteberry
  • maitake
  • grapefruit
  • lentinan
  • juniper
  • nettle
  • parsley
  • rose hips
  • tongkat ali
  • horny goat weed
  • damiana
  • yohimbe
  • insulin NPH
  • aprocitentan
  • noni Juice
  • sodium iodide I-131
  • green tea
  • sea cucumber
  • wheat germ extract
  • fenofibrate micronized 
  • rogisen
  • danshen
  • lutein
  • witch hazel
  • dextroamphetamine transdermal
  • amphetamine/dextroamphetamine
  • hoodia
  • kolanut
  • boswellia
  • opuntia ficus indica
  • lavender
  • nadh
  • tea tree oil
  • metformin/sitagliptin 
  • dapagliflozin/ metformin/saxagliptin  
  • antihemophilic factor recombinant
  • inclisiran
  • bempedoic acid/ezetimibe
  • volanesorsen  
  • omega 3 carboxylic acids
  • pericyazine
  • levomepromazine (methotrimeprazine)
  • betaxolol ophthalmic
  • respiratory syncytial virus vaccine, adjuvanted
  • phenylephrine hydrochloride and tropicamide ophthalmic
  • alirocumab
  • neomycin/polymyxin B/gramicidin ophthalmic
  • factor IX
  • gentamicin topical
  • ansofaxine (Pending FDA Approval)
  • zuranolone
  • factor IX, recombinant
  • factor IX complex
  • factor XIII A-subunit, recombinant
  • factor X, human
  • mesalamine rectal
  • etrasimod
  • anti-inhibitor coagulant complex
  • factor IX, recombinant/albumin fusion protein
  • fibrinogen, human
  • aminocaproic acid
  • metyrosine
  • nonoxynol-9 vaginal
  • progesterone intravaginal gel
  • ipecac syrup
  • botulinum antitoxin, heptavalent
  • pentetate calcium trisodium
  • crotalidae polyvalent immune FAB (ovine)
  • dehydrated alcohol injection 
  • gold sodium thiomalate (Discontinued)
  • lactic acid/citric acid/potassium bitartrate vaginal
  • von Willebrand factor, recombinant
  • luspatercept
  • digoxin immune FAB (Antidote)
  • crotalidae immune FAB (equine)
  • magnesium (Antidote)
  • pyridoxine (Antidote)
  • edetate calcium disodium
  • albumin IV
  • nitroglycerin sublingual
  • obiltoxaximab
  • anthrax immune globulin
  • nitroglycerin topical
  • dextrose
  • nesiritide
  • estradiol vaginal
  • bazedoxifene/conjugated estrogens
  • botulism immune globulin iv
  • amoxicillin/omeprazole/rifabutin
  • synthetic human angiotensin II
  • nitroglycerin IV
  • nitroglycerin translingual
  • nitroprusside sodium
  • tetrahydrozoline/zinc sulfate/hypromellose ophthalmic
  • sodium citrate/citric acid
  • pemetrexate
  • methicillin
  • plasminogen 
  • acai
  • american ginseng
  • cordyceps
  • tramadol/acetaminophen
  • belladonna alkaloids/phenobarbital
  • erythromycin topical/benzoyl peroxide
  • glucosamine sulfate
  • panax ginseng (suppl/herb)
  • tolnaftate
  • sulopenem etzadroxil/probenecid
  • sulfur hexafluoride
  • sotrovimab
  • arbaclofen
  • rifampin/isoniazid
  • clindamycin /tretinoin topical
  • benzoyl peroxide/clindamycin topical
  • apremilast
  • antivenins, centuroides (scorpion)
  • bamlanivimab and etesevimab
  • vilobelimab
  • gadobenate
  • pentosan polysulfate sodium
  • methylsalicylate/menthol/camphor topical
  • antivenin, black widow spider
  • benzoyl peroxide and hydrocortisone
  • clindamycin topical
  • isometheptene, dichloralphenazone and acetaminophen
  • acetaminophen and phenyltoloxamine
  • erythromycin topical
  • erythromycin ophthalmic
  • alpha hydroxy acids, topical
  • buprenorphine transdermal
  • butalbital/acetaminophen/caffeine
  • buprenorphine/samidorphan
  • buprenorphine subdermal implant
  • celecoxib/tramadol
  • drospirenone/ethinyl estradiol
  • resorcinol/sulfur
  • eflornithine
  • rifampin/isoniazid/pyrazinamide
  • tofersen
  • devil’s claw
  • ticarcillin/clavulanate
  • atropine/pralidoxime
  • aprepitant
  • suramin
  • phenelzine 
  • artichoke
  • american dogwood
  • attapulgite
  • atlantic cedar
  • axalimogene filolisbac
  • sodium thiosulfate & sodium nitrite
  • ataluren
  • omidubicel-onlv
  • capsicum
  • ginger
  • cryoprecipitate
  • bictegravir/emtricitabine/tenofovir DF
  • emtricitabine/tenofovir DF
  • fo-ti
  • siberian ginseng
  • granulocytes
  • zinc substituted heme C
  • zinc trihydroxide
  • ashwagandha 
  • cat’s claw
  • glandular products
  • SAMe
  • shark cartilage
  • altovis
  • feverfew
  • horse chestnut
  • magnesium aspartate
  • octacosanol
  • pleurisy root
  • star anise
  • butterbur
  • elderberry
  • licorice (Suppl/herb)
  • aconite
  • pentetate zinc trisodium
  • menthol topical/zinc oxide topical
  • corn-starch/kaolin/zinc oxide topical
  • 5-htp
  • butcher’s broom
  • articulin
  • bearberry
  • goldenrod
  • progesterone, natural
  • black cohosh
  • wild yam
  • cranberry
  • dong quai
  • phytoestrogens
  • norethindrone
  • false Unicorn Root
  • raspberry Leaf
  • asafoetida
  • turmeric
  • dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA)
  • hyaluronan
  • aliskiren/amlodipine
  • octreotide (Antidote)
  • tranexamic acid injection
  • duocal
  • neocate infant formula
  • pediatric Eo28
  • aloe
  • red clover
  • propolis
  • androstenedione
  • heartsease
  • comfrey
  • bilberry
  • chamomile
  • eyebright
  • calendula
  • sage
  • yucca
  • polypody
  • odevixibat
  • vinpocetine
  • olanzapine/samidorphan
  • creatine
  • yerba mate
  • spesolimab
  • azficel-T
  • tiludronate
  • estetrol and drospirenone
  • pseudoephedrine/fexofenadine
  • lincomycin
  • neomycin oral
  • fluocinolone acetonide, otic
  • tretinoin/ hydroquinone/ fluocinolone
  • halobetasol topical
  • hydrocortisone/​iodoquinol
  • penicillin G procaine /penicillin G benzathine
  • hydrocortisone probutate topical
  • colistin/neomycin/hydrocortisone/thonzonium otic
  • ebola zaire vaccine
  • hepatitis a/​b vaccine
  • vibegron
  • lindane
  • nystatin topical
  • respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) vaccine
  • chikungunya vaccine, live
  • tenecteplase
  • reteplase
  • anthrax vaccine adsorbed, adjuvanted
  • meningococcal ABCWY pentavalent vaccine
  • eculizumab
  • cholestyramine
  • tinzaparin
  • taurolidine/​citrate/​heparin
  • protein C concentrate
  • antithrombin alfa
  • antithrombin III
  • multivitamins, vision
  • ibuprofen/​chlorpheniramine/​pseudoephedrine
  • acetaminophen/ibuprofen
  • ibuprofen/pseudoephedrine
  • paclitaxel protein-bound
  • acetic acid vaginal
  • acetic acid otic
  • hydrocodone/ ibuprofen
  • methyl salicylate / isopropanol/ citronellyl acetate/ citric acid
  • ibuprofen and phenylephrine
  • acetylcysteine (Antidote)
  • iron/​folic acid/​vitamin/​mineral
  • iobenguane I-131
  • dolutegravir/rilpivirine
  • chlorhexidine topical
  • chlorhexidine oral
  • thyroid desiccated
  • proparacaine ophthalmic
  • podophyllum resin
  • phendimetrazine
  • phenoxybenzamine
  • polidocanol
  • phentermine and topiramate
  • piflufolastat F18
  • piperacillin/tazobactam
  • prednisolone and gentamicin ophthalmic
  • promethazine and codeine
  • poractant alfa
  • protamine sulfate
  • aflibercept intravitreal
  • prednicarbate
  • promethazine/dextromethorphan
  • codeine, phenylephrine, and promethazine
  • potassium phosphate
  • glatiramer acetate
  • gentamicin (Ophthalmic)
  • leniolisib
  • rezafungin
  • fluorometholone
  • dalfampridine
  • hydrocortisone topical 
  • empagliflozin and linagliptin
  • triamcinolone topical
  • minocycline topical
  • minocycline dental
  • ketotifen ophthalmic
  • darunavir and cobicistat
  • lidocaine topical
  • neomycin/polymyxin B/bacitracin/lidocaine (OTC)
  • lidocaine/ hydrocortisone
  • lidocaine anesthetic
  • lidocaine ophthalmic
  • lidocaine/tetracaine
  • desonide
  • dabigatran
  • fexofenadine
  • fluoride
  • decitabine and cedazuridine
  • dasiglucagon
  • hydroxypropyl cellulose ophthalmic
  • epoetin alfa
  • ibritumomab tiuxetan
  • trimethobenzamide
  • dexamethasone/ tobramycin
  • tafasitamab
  • valacyclovir
  • mebendazole
  • levoleucovorin
  • flaxseed
  • germanium
  • glutathione
  • lycopene
  • pygeum
  • horseradish
  • ziv-aflibercept
  • micafungin
  • trofinetide
  • taliglucerase alfa
  • tildrakizumab
  • sulopenem (Pending FDA Approval)
  • thyrotropin alfa
  • birch
  • thrombin, topical
  • tivozanib
  • tafluprost
  • methohexital
  • urea and hydrocortisone
  • unoprostone ophthalmic
  • trihexyphenidyl
  • ezetimibe
  • evolocumab
  • trifluridine and tipiracil
  • methenamine
  • misoprostol
  • miltefosine
  • rimantadine
  • maralixibat
  • coenzyme Q10
  • chlorella
  • garlic
  • forskolin
  • zavegepant
  • menotropins
  • margetuximab
  • meprobamate
  • melarsoprol
  • evening primrose oil
  • lemongrass
  • molindone
  • fenugreek
  • phytosterols
  • red yeast rice
  • uridine triacetate
  • tropicamide
  • incobotulinumtoxinA
  • Grape Seed Extract
  • carbachol ophthalmic
  • cosyntropin
  • cyclopentolate and phenylephrine
  • carteolol ophthalmic
  • pentazocine/naloxone
  • pentazocine/acetaminophen
  • casimersen
  • carisoprodol, aspirin, and codeine
  • carisoprodol
  • carboprost tromethamine
  • flurandrenolide
  • brinzolamide/brimonidine
  • betamethasone topical
  • omaveloxolone
  • bardoxolone
  • allogeneic processed thymus tissue
  • fluocinolone topical
  • tacrolimus topical
  • ruxolitinib topical
  • pimecrolimus topical
  • sofosbuvir, velpatasvir and voxilaprevir
  • sofosbuvir/velpatasvir
  • mitotane
  • elbasvir/​grazoprevir
  • wheat dextrin
  • vanadium
  • iron/folic acid/vitamin/mineral
  • molybdenum
  • sparsentan
  • velmanase alfa-tycv
  • pegcetacoplan
  • ferrous sulfate
  • cyclosporine ophthalmic
  • ferric pyrophosphate
  • ammonium lactate
  • etelcalcetide
  • iodoquinol
  • sucroferric oxyhydroxide
  • doxercalciferol
  • terconazole vaginal
  • cortisone
  • pyronaridine
  • tetrahydrozoline, ophthalmic
  • tenapanor
  • tesamorelin
  • benazepril/hydrochlorothiazide
  • nadolol and bendroflumethiazide
  • spironolactone and hydrochlorothiazide
  • COVID-19 Vaccine, mRNA
  • atosiban
  • bisoprolol and hydrochlorothiazide
  • ephedrine/guaifenesin
  • clonidine/chlorthalidone
  • captopril/hydrochlorothiazide
  • amlodipine/valsartan/hydrochlorothiazide
  • hydrochlorothiazide and irbesartan
  • candesartan/hydrochlorothiazide
  • ciclesonide intranasal
  • cromolyn sodium ophthalmic
  • methyldopa/hydrochlorothiazide
  • valsartan/hydrochlorothiazide
  • hydrochlorothiazide and triamterene
  • moexipril/hydrochlorothiazide
  • mometasone/intranasal
  • ofloxacin ophthalmic
  • cysteamine
  • metoprolol/hydrochlorothiazide
  • amlodipine/olmesartan
  • eprosartan/hydrochlorothiazide
  • amlodipine/telmisartan
  • hydrochlorothiazide/aliskiren
  • betamethasone/clotrimazole
  • telmisartan/hydrochlorothiazide
  • benazepril/amlodipine
  • bezlotoxumab
  • propranolol/hydrochlorothiazide
  • bupropion/naltrexone
  • burosumab
  • acetylcholine chloride intraocular solution
  • bupivacaine and meloxicam
  • budesonide and formoterol (inhalation)
  • valerian
  • entacapone/levodopa/carbidopa
  • carbidopa/levodopa
  • calaspargase pegol
  • cabotegravir
  • cefixime
  • calfactant
  • brinzolamide
  • daprodustat
  • brimonidine and timolol
  • brodalumab
  • buprenorphine and naloxone
  • hydrocortisone acetic acid otic
  • butorphanol
  • butoconazole
  • adapalene and benzoyl peroxide
  • acrivastine and pseudoephedrine
  • neomycin/polymyxin B/bacitracin topical
  • midodrine
  • baloxavir marboxil
  • bacitracin, neomycin, polymyxin B, and hydrocortisone topical
  • avatrombopag
  • glucagon
  • atenolol/chlorthalidone
  • adefovir
  • activated charcoal
  • avalglucosidase alfa
  • aclidinium and formoterol
  • iclaprim (Pending FDA Approval)
  • ampicillin/sulbactam
  • quinupristin/dalfopristin
  • lamivudine/zidovudine/abacavir
  • acetaminophen and caffeine
  • acetaminophen/pamabrom
  • abacavir and lamivudine
  • anifrolumab
  • elacestrant
  • anidulafungin
  • acetohydroxamic acid
  • alogliptin/pioglitazone
  • anthralin
  • pirtobrutinib
  • gabapentin
  • galsulfase
  • gadoterate meglumine
  • ferric gluconate
  • ferric derisomaltose
  • ethanolamine oleate
  • eteplirsen
  • vasopressin
  • desmopressin
  • meropenem/vaborbactam
  • ecallantide
  • econazole topical
  • dornase alfa
  • aspirin/dipyridamole
  • dipyridamole
  • difenoxin and atropine
  • diflorasone
  • difluprednate ophthalmic
  • eptinezumab
  • diethylpropion
  • dexchlorpheniramine
  • dexmethylphenidate
  • serdexmethylphenidate/​dexmethylphenidate
  • bexagliflozin
  • galcanezumab
  • fremanezumab
  • tapinarof topical
  • darifenacin
  • dalbavancin
  • darbepoetin alfa
  • azilsartan
  • colestipol
  • corticorelin
  • crotamiton
  • crofelemer
  • allogeneic cultured keratinocytes/fibroblasts in bovine collagen
  • tapentadol
  • cyclopentolate
  • polymyxin B/bacitracin topical
  • tavaborole
  • tagraxofusp
  • crisaborole
  • crizanlizumab
  • satralizumab
  • spinosad
  • sacubitril/valsartan
  • sargramostim
  • sebelipase alfa
  • regadenoson
  • ribociclib/letrozole
  • ragweed allergen extract
  • radium-223 dichloride
  • secnidazole
  • setmelanotide
  • polycarbophil
  • plecanatide
  • sacituzumab govitecan
  • pertuzumab
  • pertuzumab/trastuzumab/hyaluronidase
  • pamidronate
  • halcinonide
  • glecaprevir/​pibrentasvir
  • glucarpidase
  • golodirsen
  • dextrose (antidote)
  • hexaminolevulinate
  • iohexol
  • ferric citrate
  • elapegademase
  • emicizumab
  • erenumab
  • danaparoid
  • dantrolene
  • eflapegrastim
  • edaravone
  • amcinonide
  • carglumic acid
  • alcaftadine ophthalmic
  • agalsidase beta
  • afamelanotide
  • fosdenopterin
  • lidocaine and chlorhexidine
  • levorphanol
  • calcifediol
  • factor VIIa, recombinant
  • triheptanoin
  • peanut oral allergen powder
  • teprotumumab
  • poly-L-lactic acid/carboxymethylcellulose/mannitol
  • xenon Xe 129 hyperpolarized
  • ublituximab
  • anacaulase
  • glatiramer
  • peginterferon beta-1a
  • interferon beta-1a
  • onabotulinumtoxinA
  • cycloserine
  • ethionamide
aminophylline + 

aminoglutethimide 

aminoglutethimide increases the rate of metabolism of aminophylline

minoxidil topical

may have an increased vasodilatory effect when combined with vasodilators

nitroprusside

may have an increased vasodilatory effect when combined with vasodilators

nylidrin

may have an increased vasodilatory effect when combined with vasodilators

selexipag

may have an increased vasodilatory effect when combined with vasodilators

treprostinil

may have an increased vasodilatory effect when combined with vasodilators

alprostadil (IV)

may enhance the adverse/toxic effect of alprostadil

nitroprusside 

may have an increased hypotensive effect when combined with nitroprusside

macitentan and tadalafil 

may increase the vasodilatory effect of each other when combined

mibefradil

may enhance the hypotensive effect of Blood Pressure Lowering Agents

indoramin

may enhance the hypotensive effect of Blood Pressure Lowering Agents

amlodipine/atorvastatin

may enhance the hypotensive effect of Blood Pressure Lowering Agents

terazosin

may enhance the hypotensive effect of Blood Pressure Lowering Agents

atenolol

may enhance the hypotensive effect of Blood Pressure Lowering Agents

indoramin

alpha1-Blockers may enhance the hypotensive effect of phosphodiesterase 5 Inhibitors

bunazosin (Not available in the United States)

alpha1-Blockers may enhance the hypotensive effect of phosphodiesterase 5 Inhibitors

terazosin

alpha1-Blockers may enhance the hypotensive effect of phosphodiesterase 5 Inhibitors

prazosin

alpha1-Blockers may enhance the hypotensive effect of phosphodiesterase 5 Inhibitors

alfuzosin

alpha1-Blockers may enhance the hypotensive effect of phosphodiesterase 5 Inhibitors

captopril/hydrochlorothiazide

may have an increased hypotensive effect when combined with antihypertensive agents

mibefradil

may have an increased hypotensive effect when combined with antihypertensive agents

indoramin

may have an increased hypotensive effect when combined with antihypertensive agents

minoxidil topical

may have an increased hypotensive effect when combined with antihypertensive agents

amlodipine/atorvastatin

may have an increased hypotensive effect when combined with antihypertensive agents

batefenterol (Investigational) 

Combining aminophylline with batefenterol could increase the risk or severity of hypokalemia

levobetaxolol 

Combining levobetaxolol with aminophylline may enhance the risk or seriousness of adverse events

mibefradil 

The combination of mibefradil can lead to an elevation in the concentration serum of aminophylline

tolazoline

may have an increased hypotensive effect when combined with anti-hypertensive agents

tegafur 

Combining tegafur with aminophylline can reduce tegafur’s metabolism

etidronate

It may enhance the risk of adverse effects when combined with Phosphodiesterase inhibitors

zoledronic acid

It may enhance the risk of adverse effects when combined with Phosphodiesterase inhibitors

alendronic acid

It may enhance the risk of adverse effects when combined with Phosphodiesterase inhibitors

ibandronate

It may enhance the risk of adverse effects when combined with Phosphodiesterase inhibitors

pamidronic acid

It may enhance the risk of adverse effects when combined with Phosphodiesterase inhibitors

remimazolam

It may enhance the risk of adverse effects when combined with Platelets inhibitors

phenobarbital

It may enhance the risk of adverse effects when combined with Platelets inhibitors

hydroxyzine

It may enhance the risk of adverse effects when combined with Platelets inhibitors

thiamylal

It may enhance the risk of adverse effects when combined with Platelets inhibitors

zaleplon

It may enhance the risk of adverse effects when combined with Platelets inhibitors

pimecrolimus

It may enhance the risk of adverse effects when combined with platelet Inhibitors

tacrolimus

It may enhance the risk of adverse effects when combined with platelet Inhibitors

azatadine

It may enhance the risk of adverse effects when combined with platelet Inhibitors

dexbrompheniramine

It may enhance the risk of adverse effects when combined with platelet Inhibitors

dexchlorpheniramine, dextromethorphan, and phenylephrine

It may enhance the risk of adverse effects when combined with platelet Inhibitors

abametapir

It may enhance the risk of adverse effects when combined with platelet inhibitors

pheniramine

It may enhance the risk of adverse effects when combined with platelet inhibitors

fluconazole 

When aminophylline is used together with fluconazole, this leads to reduction in the aminophylline metabolism

somatotropin 

When aminophylline is used together with somatotropin, this leads to a rise in aminophylline’s metabolism

promazine 

When aminophylline is used together with promazine, this leads to a reduction in aminophylline metabolism

allylestrenol 

When aminophylline is used together with allylestrenol, this leads to a reduction in the aminophylline metabolism

oleandomycin 

When aminophylline is used together with oleandomycin, this leads to enhanced concentration serum of aminophylline

patupilone 

When aminophylline is used together with patupilone, this leads to enhanced concentration serum of aminophylline

ridaforolimus 

When aminophylline is used together with ridaforolimus, this leads to enhanced concentration serum of aminophylline

tolazoline

may have an increased hypotensive effect when combined with antihypertensive agents

captopril/hydrochlorothiazide

may have an increased hypotensive effect when combined with antihypertensive agents

mibefradil

may have an increased hypotensive effect when combined with antihypertensive agents

indoramin

may have an increased hypotensive effect when combined with antihypertensive agents

minoxidil topical

may have an increased hypotensive effect when combined with antihypertensive agents

fosnetupitant 

when coupled with fosnetupitant, the metabolism of aminophylline can be slowed down

sapropterin 

sapropterin may increase the hypotensive effect of phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitors

fenoterol 

may increase the risk or severity of adverse effects when combined

amphotericin B deoxycholate 

may increase the hypotensive effect of Blood Pressure Lowering Agents

rasagiline 

may increase the hypotensive effect of Blood Pressure Lowering Agents

isoflurane

It may enhance the risk of adverse effects when combined with general anesthesia

ketamine

It may enhance the risk of adverse effects when combined with general anesthesia

morphine

It may enhance the risk of adverse effects when combined with general anesthesia

propofol

It may enhance the risk of adverse effects when combined with general anesthesia

protokylol 

the risk of hypokalemia may be increased

interferon alfacon-1 

the rate of metabolism of aminophylline may be reduced

interferon alfa-n1 

the rate of metabolism of aminophylline may be reduced

insulin pork 

the metabolism of aminophylline can be raised when combined with insulin pork

Actions and spectrum: 

  • Bronchodilation: aminophylline relaxes the smooth muscles of the bronchial tubes, helping to open up the airways. It is commonly used in the management of asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and respiratory conditions to relieve bronchospasm and improve breathing. 
  • Smooth muscle relaxation: aminophylline has a relaxing effect on smooth muscles throughout the body, including those in the bronchial tubes, blood vessels, and gastrointestinal tract. This can help alleviate symptoms related to smooth muscle spasms or constriction. 
  • Increased respiratory drive: aminophylline can stimulate the respiratory centers in the brain, leading to an increased respiratory drive and improved breathing. 
  • Anti-inflammatory effects: aminophylline has been reported to possess anti-inflammatory properties, although its exact mechanisms are not fully understood. This may contribute to its beneficial effects in respiratory conditions associated with inflammation. 
  • Cardiac stimulation: aminophylline can have a mild positive inotropic and chronotropic effect on the heart, meaning it can increase cardiac contractility and heart rate. This effect is more pronounced at higher doses. 
  • Diuresis: aminophylline can stimulate diuresis (increased urine production) by enhancing renal blood flow and promoting sodium and water excretion. This diuretic effect is often used in the management of certain conditions, such as congestive heart failure. 

Frequency not defined 

Diuresis 

insomnia 

Restlessness 

Tremor 

Headache 

irritability 

seizure 

Diarrhea 

vomiting 

Nausea  

Post marketing reports 

erythema multiforme 

skin photosensitivity 

Allergic skin reaction 

exfoliative dermatitis 

angioedema 

Hypersensitivity reactions 

Black Box Warning: 

aminophylline does not have a black box warning. 

Contraindication/Caution: 

Contraindication: 

  • Hypersensitivity: Individuals with a known hypersensitivity or allergy to aminophylline, theophylline, or any other components of the medication should not use aminophylline. 
  • Active peptic ulcer disease: aminophylline can increase gastric acid secretion and may worsen symptoms or lead to gastrointestinal bleeding in individuals with active peptic ulcer disease. 
  • Severe coronary artery disease: aminophylline can cause vasodilation and increase heart rate, which may be detrimental for individuals with severe coronary artery disease. 
  • Recent myocardial infarction: aminophylline may exacerbate the cardiovascular effects associated with recent myocardial infarction. 
  • Seizure disorders: aminophylline can lower the seizure threshold and increase the risk of seizures in individuals with a history of seizure disorders. 
  • Porphyria: aminophylline can potentially trigger or worsen symptoms of porphyria, a group of rare genetic disorders that affect the production of heme, a component of hemoglobin. 

Caution: 

  • Pre-existing cardiac conditions: aminophylline can increase heart rate and may cause arrhythmias or exacerbate pre-existing cardiac conditions. Close monitoring is required for individuals with heart failure, arrhythmias, or other cardiac disorders.