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chloroquine

Brand Name :

Chloroquine phosphate

Synonyms :

chloraquine, Chloroquinum, Cloroquina, Chlorochin

Class :

Antimalarials; Amino quinolones





No data available for drug.

Actions and Spectrum:

Actions:

chloroquine is a medication that is primarily used to treat and prevent malaria. It works by interfering with the body’s growth and reproduction of the malaria parasite.

In addition to its use for malaria, chloroquine has also been used for other medical conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus. It has been found to have anti-inflammatory properties and can help reduce pain and swelling associated with these conditions.

chloroquine is a member of a class of drugs known as antimalarials, which includes other medications such as quinine and mefloquine. It is effective against both the blood stage and liver stage of the malaria parasite.

Spectrum:

The spectrum of chloroquine refers to the range of organisms that it can be effective against. In addition to malaria, chloroquine has been used to treat other protozoal infections, such as amoebic dysentery and giardiasis. It has also been effective against certain viral infections, such as those caused by the Ebola virus.

DRUG INTERACTION

chloroquine

&

  • clomiphene
  • patisiran
  • imetelstat
  • phenylephrine ophthalmic
  • myoinositol
  • vasicinone
  • soda lime
  • fisetin
  • Reynoutria Japonica
  • Coco Monoethanolamide
  • Betadex
  • lithopone
  • cyperus rotundus
  • papaya juice
  • 1-naphthaleneacetic acid
  • Nordazepam
  • Glechoma hederacea
  • Alternanthera sessilis
  • nicofetamide
  • napthol asol
  • cocamidopropyl betaine
  • musa x paradisiaca
  • dicyclomine/mefenamic acid
  • Sorghum
  • Manganese citrate
  • tovorafenib
  • mefenamic acid/paracetamol
  • eschscholzia californica
  • canna indica root
  • tranexamic acid/mefenamic acid
  • dexverapamil
  • sitogluside
  • secalciferol
  • cefatrizine
  • Sedum Acre
  • Flurogestone
  • Fluocortin
  • Bifendate
  • piprozolin
  • aminacrine undecylate
  • ethylenediamine mandelate
  • pelubiprofen
  • hesperetin
  • butethamine
  • epitiostanol
  • androstenediol
  • Nitroxoline
  • Iocarmic acid
  • Capobenic acid
  • dordaviprone (investigational drug)
  • Vitexin
  • Friluglanstat (investigational drug)
  • scorias spongiosa
  • Luseogliflozin
  • indoxacarb
  • prademagene zamikeracel
  • fidanacogene elaparvovec-dzkt
  • albifylline
  • idanpramine
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  • Sulfamazone
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  • malotilate
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  • Namilumab
  • Latrunculin B
  • stachyose
  • platinic oxide
  • iopronic acid
  • calcium chloride / potassium chloride/lactic acid/ sodium chloride/sodium hydroxide/sodium lactate solution
  • citric acid/ sodium bicarbonate/ sodium carbonate anhydrous
  • vadadustat
  • permethrin medical grade cis/trans isomers 25/75
  • lutetium, isotope of mass 177
  • human normal immunoglobulin
  • sacrosidase
  • apadamtase alfa, recombinant
  • acetyl hexapeptide-8 amide
  • pemivibart (Investigational)
  • govorestat
  • Zanidatamab
  • sotatеrcеpt
  • MV 140 vaccine
  • leuprorelin implant
  • cinchocaine hydrochloride/fluocortolone hexanoate/fluocortolone pivalate
  • Beautyberry
  • risedronate/calcium/vitamin D3
  • rhubarb extract/senna leaf/sulphur purified/wood charcoal
  • boric acid/kaolin/methyl salicylate/peppermint oil/thymol
  • docosahexaenoic acid/eicospentaenoic acid
  • aluminium hydroxide/magnesium hydroxide/simethicone
  • gentamicin/hydrocortisone
  • succinylcholine
  • sinefungin
  • letibotulinumtoxinA
  • coal tar/coconut oil/salicylic acid
  • camphor/camphor oil white/capsicum oleoresin /menthol/methyl salicylate
  • thioglycolic acid
  • acetic acid auricular
  • roluperidone
  • hydrocortisone/crotamiton topical
  • nystatin/chlorhexidine
  • aluminium chloride hexahydrate
  • ketoprofen topical
  • Chlormethine
  • podophyllotoxin
  • urea/lactic acid
  • autologous chondrocytes implant
  • afelimomab
  • gepotidacin
  • fludroxycortide
  • fentanyl transdermal
  • erythromycin/zinc acetate
  • dibotermin alfa powder
  • desferrioxamine mesilate
  • choline salicylate/magnesium salicylate
  • castor oil/peru balsam/trypsin
  • betamethasone/dexchlorpheniramine maleate
  • benzalkonium chloride solution/cetrimide
  • barzolvolimab
  • ascorbic acid / calcium laevulinate / nicotinamide / calcium pantothenate / calcium chloride / riboflavine / pyridoxine hydrochloride / thiamine hydrochloride
  • argipressin
  • arachis oil refined/chlorobutanol hemihydrate
  • arachis oil/eucalyptol/nutmeg oil/terpineol
  • ammonium chloride/diphenhydramine hydrochloride/levomenthol
  • amino acid mixture d / calcium chloride dihydrate / glucose monohydrate / glycine / magnesium chloride hexahydrate / olive oil / potassium chloride / sodium acetate trihydrate / sodium glycerophosphate pentahydrate / soya-bean oil
  • biotin/colecalciferol/copper (ii)sulfate dried/ cyanocobalamine/ dl-alpha tocopherol acetate/dibasic calcium phosphate anhydrous/folic acid/iron (ii)sulfate dried/ lecithin/ magnesium sulfate dried/ nicotinamide/ pyridoxine hydrochloride/ riboflavin
  • ampicillin sodium / cloxacillin sodium
  • undecylenic acid, undecylenate salts, zincundecate
  • omeprazole/sodium bicarbonate
  • efgartigimod alfa/hyaluronidase
  • xylometazoline/ipratropium
  • cefepime and enmetazobactam
  • isotonic sodium chloride
  • bee venom allergen injection
  • fentanyl intranasal
  • alglucosidase alfa
  • triprolidine/pseudoephedrine
  • pegademase bovine
  • castor oil and peru balsam
  • camphor/eucalyptus oil/menthol
  • oxyquinoline/sodium lauryl sulfate
  • somatorelin
  • menotrophin injection
  • menadiol
  • hylan g-f 20
  • cefepime and taniborbactum
  • water avens
  • camphor/menthol
  • acoramidis
  • elafibranor
  • arrowroot
  • miconazole nitrate/hydrocortisone
  • vildagliptin/metformin
  • dobesilic acid
  • aroxybutynin and atomoxetine
  • hygromycin
  • linvoseltamab
  • nemolizumab
  • aceprometazine
  • limaprost
  • oxazolam
  • trimegestone
  • teceleukin
  • beauty berry
  • dinotefuran
  • imiprothrin
  • transfluthrin
  • thymalfasin
  • technetium Tc 99m tilmanocept
  • glepaglutide
  • marstacimab
  • pixantrone
  • Andiroba
  • arabinoxylan
  • arenaria rubra
  • etripamil
  • jequirity
  • jiaogulan
  • dusquetide
  • rolipram
  • tradipitant
  • sinfungin
  • diclofenac/omeprazole
  • brinzolamide and timolol maleate
  • wormseed
  • wormwood
  • wood sorrel
  • carmellose sodium
  • ibandronic acid
  • cinnarizine and dimenhydrinate
  • ursodeoxycholic acid
  • rhubarb extract/salicylic acid
  • butamirate citrate
  • fumitory
  • taheebo
  • uva ursi
  • vervain
  • coleus
  • coltsfoot
  • crampbark
  • plantain
  • potassium nitrate and silver nitrate
  • gelsemium
  • gentian
  • glucomannan
  • walnut
  • meadowsweet
  • midomafetamine
  • pennyroyal
  • periwinkle
  • betony
  • bitter orange
  • bladderwrack
  • bloodroot
  • emu oil
  • garcinia
  • yellow dock
  • burdock
  • dehydroepiandrosterone
  • aucubin
  • jasmone
  • resacetophenone
  • ecamsule ditriethanolamine
  • feclobuzone
  • fenoprop triethanolamine
  • verdyl acetate
  • caffeic acid
  • cyclamen aldehyde
  • dicetyldimonium chloride
  • wogonin
  • impacarzine
  • laurylpyridinium chloride
  • stepronin
  • matrine
  • sakuranin
  • cannabichromene
  • sandalore
  • sabinene
  • oxypaeoniflora
  • ethylhexyl pelargonate
  • acrylonitrile
  • allyl alcohol
  • dipalmitoylethyl hydroxyethylmonium methosulfate
  • butidrine
  • clothiapine
  • propanediol dicaprylate
  • buchu
  • undecanol
  • enilconazole
  • xymenynic acid
  • angelica
  • nizubaglustat
  • resomelagon
  • ulecaciclib
  • apple cider vinegar
  • bacopa
  • barley grass
  • dandelion
  • deer velvet
  • dolomite
  • bugleweed
  • bupleurum
  • glyceryltrinitrate
  • pociredir
  • asnuciclib
  • actalycabtagene autoleucel
  • butantan–dengue vaccine
  • travoprost/timolol
  • furosemide/potassium chloride
  • amylamine
  • jaborandi
  • patritumab deruxtecan
  • jackfruit
  • sterculia
  • ascorbigen
  • ashitaba
  • androstenetrione
  • andrachne
  • cosibelimab
  • racecadotril
  • neomycin/chlorhexidine
  • octocog alfa
  • cetrimide
  • ispaghula husk
  • polyhexanide
  • octenidine
  • polygeline
  • heparinoid
  • jewelweed
  • boldo
  • anizatrectinib
  • alpinia
  • henbane
  • cynanchum vincetoxicum root and sulfur
  • boditrectinib
  • izumerogant
  • zavondemstat
  • abuta
  • fadogia agrestis
  • fly agaric mushroom
  • meptazinol
  • methoxyflurane
  • tramadol/dexketoprofen
  • betaine/polyhexanide
  • filgotinib
  • inosine acedoben dimepranol
  • alverine citrate
  • hyoscine butylbromide
  • senna+ ispaghula
  • cabbage palm
  • cajeput oil
  • calanus oil
  • calamint
  • canada balsam
  • carnosine
  • alverine citrate/simeticone
  • dihydroartemisinin/piperaquine
  • mebeverine/ispaghula
  • calcipotriol
  • tacalcitol
  • triethyl citrate/ethyl linoleate
  • sodium dilauramidoglutamide lysine
  • fazamorexant
  • avibactam tomilopil and ceftibuten
  • drostanolone
  • tigilanol tiglate
  • isorhynchophylline
  • rhynchophylline
  • crisugabalin
  • epigallocatechin gallate
  • clomocycline
  • corynoxeine
  • isocorynoxeine
  • Culmerciclib
  • Neladenoson
  • ambrein
  • hexylcaine
  • phensuximide
  • resencatinib (investigational)
  • rolusafine
  • pumecitinib
  • arhalofenic acid
  • berdazimer sodium
  • benzquinamide
  • clidinium
  • sulfametopyrazine
  • fulzerasib (Investigational Drug)
  • rovadicitinib (Investigational Drug)
  • Upleganan (Investigational Drug)
  • menthyl ethylamido oxalate
  • quaternium-90 montmorillonite
  • unecritinib (investigational drug)
  • etohexadiol
  • guaiol
  • proximadiol
  • verdinexor
  • sofnobrutinib
  • talbutal
  • ethoxzolamide
  • propiomazine
  • enprofylline
  • phenmetrazine
  • merigolix
  • pralurbactam
  • neracorvir
  • vonifimod
  • apaziquone hydroquinone
  • darizmetinib
  • zandelisib
  • xininurad
  • ritivixibat
  • amiselimod phosphate (investigational drug)
  • emzeltrectinib (investigational drug)
  • ficonalkib
  • cinalukast
  • ulobetasol
  • candoxatril
  • nitrofural
  • acetyldigitoxin
  • bentiromide
  • dextrothyroxine
  • chlorotrianisene
  • remikiren
  • pipobroman
  • vidarabine
  • immune globulin intravenous, human-stwk
  • spermine
  • serine
  • N-acetyl glucosamine
  • valine
  • adenine
  • asparagine
  • citrulline
  • adinazolam
  • interferon alfacon-1
  • interferon alfa-n1
  • felypressin
  • birch triterpenes
  • pyridoxal phosphate
  • technetium Tc-99m arcitumomab
  • beta-alanine
  • dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid
  • urea/hydrocortisone
  • R21/Matrix-M vaccine
  • povidone-iodine (ophthalmic)
  • pheniramine
  • hydrocortisone rectal
  • chloroxylenol/pramoxine/zinc acetate
  • chloroxylenol/pramoxine
  • dextrose/sucrose/vitamin C/zinc sulphate
  • furazolidone/metronidazole/dicyclomine
  • ergocalciferol (vitamin D2)
  • benoxaprofen (discontinued)
  • teicoplanin
  • carbomer
  • chromic chloride / iron (ii) chloride tetrahydrate / potassium iodide / manganese chloride / sodium fluoride / sodium selenite pentahydrate / sodium molybdate dihydrate / zinc chloride/ cupric chloride
  • bufylline
  • lidocaine/prilocaine
  • opium tincture, squill oxymel
  • dibrompropamidine
  • metronidazole/tetracycline/bismuth subsalicylate
  • agnus- castus
  • velaglucerase alfa
  • alendronic acid / colecalciferol
  • bimatoprost / timolol
  • efbemalenograstim alfa
  • dried ferrous sulfate/folic acid
  • dried ferrous sulfate / sodium ascorbate
  • nirogacestat
  • soya-bean oil, medium-chain triglycerides
  • demeclocycline hydrochloride and triamcinolone acetonide
  • fusidic acid / hydrocortisone acetate
  • macrogol
  • storax, benzoin
  • nomegestrol acetate/estradiol
  • flumetasone pivalate/ clioquinol
  • berdazimer topical (Pending FDA Approval)
  • buflomedil
  • butobarbital
  • andexanet alfa
  • methoxypolyethylene glycol-epoetin beta
  • viscum abietis
  • pramoxine vaginal
  • bupivacaine implant
  • cromolyn sodium, inhaled
  • pneumococcal vaccine 20-valent
  • bimatoprost ophthalmic implant
  • tick-borne encephalitis vaccine
  • chloroprocaine ophthalmic
  • travoprost intraocular implant (Pending FDA approval)
  • typhoid polysaccharide vaccine
  • sodium phosphate rectal
  • human papillomavirus vaccine, nonavalent
  • peanut immunotherapy epicutaneous (FDA approval pending)
  • cromolyn sodium, intranasal
  • red blood cells(Blood component)
  • oral mucoadhesive
  • clindamycin vaginal
  • whole blood (Blood Component)
  • fibrinogen/thrombin
  • levothyroxine/liothyronine
  • ipratropium intranasal
  • metronidazole vaginal
  • cyamemazine
  • brinase
  • reviparin
  • ulinastatin
  • saruplase
  • acepromazine
  • emylcamate
  • methionine
  • amino acids and electrolytes in dextrose with calcium
  • slippery elm
  • camostat
  • hemoglobin crosfumaril
  • moperone
  • chlormidazole
  • brilaroxazine
  • palopegteriparatide
  • diazepam buccal
  • benegrastim (pending for FDA approval)
  • COVID-19 vaccine, adjuvanted-Novavax
  • vestronidase alfa-vjbk
  • tebipenem (Pending FDA Approval)
  • tislelizumab (Pending FDA Approval)
  • zolbetuximab (Pending FDA Approval)
  • zoliflodacin (pending FDA approval)
  • zibotentan and dapagliflozin
  • fluorine F18 DCFPyL
  • debamestrocel
  • givinostat
  • amubarvimab and romlusevimab(Pending FDA Approval)
  • sabizabulin(Pending FDA approval)
  • fexapotide(Phase 3 Clinical trial)
  • diatrizoic acid
  • drotaverine
  • diethyl phthalate
  • enclomiphene
  • epalrestat
  • ethamsylate
  • flupirtine
  • imidurea
  • sodium glycolate
  • feracrylum
  • ethacridine
  • furazolidone/metronidazole
  • ozagrel hydrochloride
  • leptazol
  • l-glutamic acid /vitamin B complex
  • etizolam
  • etizolam/propranolol
  • ethoheptazine citrate
  • etophylline and theophylline
  • etophylline
  • finger millet
  • drotaverine/mefenamic acid
  • dichloroxylenol
  • pneumococcal 7-valent vaccine
  • diclofenac and metaxalone
  • dipivefrin ophthalmic
  • enbucrilate
  • potassium citrate and citric acid
  • potassium gluconate
  • aclarubicin
  • alfuzosin/dutasteride
  • adrenochrome monosemicarbazone
  • selenium sulfide topical
  • sertaconazole
  • amorolfine cream
  • amsacrine
  • amylmetacresol
  • sulfonated phenolics in aqueous solution
  • technetium Tc-99m sulfur colloid
  • raltitrexed
  • romiplostim
  • acediasulfone
  • azulene
  • acebrophylline
  • clonazepam/escitalopram oxalate
  • allylestrenol
  • andrographolide
  • artemotil
  • technetium Tc-99m sestamibi
  • rubidium Rb-82
  • somapacitan
  • sodium sulfate, magnesium sulfate and potassium sulfate
  • almitrine
  • gramicidin
  • nikethamide
  • technetium Tc-99m sodium pertechnetate
  • betiatide
  • prilocaine/epinephrine
  • amlexanox
  • acetaminophen/salicylamide/phenyltoloxamine
  • neomycin topical
  • zilucoplan
  • antazoline and xylometazoline
  • toripalimab
  • iron isomaltoside
  • meningococcal A C Y and W polysaccharide tetanus toxoid conjugate vaccine
  • meningococcal A C Y and W-135 diphtheria conjugate vaccine
  • tetradecyl Sulfuric Acid
  • benzoyl peroxide, clindamycin phosphate, adapalene
  • ethylephedrine
  • actarit
  • pyrantel tartrate
  • tenofovir disoproxil fumarate or tenofovir DF
  • melitracen
  • amitriptylinoxide(Phase 4 Clinical Trials)
  • threonine
  • ditiocarb zinc
  • epicriptine
  • levallorphan
  • kinetin
  • laurocapram
  • pentagastrin
  • parthenolide
  • nicoboxil
  • protionamide
  • prulifloxacin
  • proscillaridin
  • tizanidine and rofecoxib
  • tolnaftate, gentamicin, chinoform and betamethasone valerate
  • pine bark extract
  • pipenzolate methylbromide
  • bephenium hydroxynaphthoate
  • niclosamide
  • pyrvinium
  • pipenzolate methylbromide/phenobarbitone
  • piracetam/ginkgo biloba/vinpocetine
  • benzyl benzoate/disulfiram
  • benzyl benzoate
  • loperamide/simethicone
  • piroctone olamine
  • sodium fusidate
  • piroxicam topical/capsaicin/menthol/methyl salicylate
  • sodium metabisulfite
  • sodium lauryl sulfate
  • taspoglutide
  • glyclopyramide
  • tolnaftate, gentamicin, iodochlorohydroxyquinoline, chlorocresol, betamethasone valerate
  • serratiopeptidase
  • sodium antimony gluconate
  • triamterene / benzthiazide
  • tribenoside / lidocaine
  • triclocarban
  • triprolidine/dextromethorphan  
  • vitamins/minerals/omega-3 Fatty acids
  • soyabean oil
  • sucralfate/oxethazaine
  • sucralfate/tinidazole/povidone iodine
  • sodium cromoglycate
  • aloe vera/liquid paraffin/white soft paraffin
  • aloe vera/jojoba oil/vitamin E
  • allantoin/triclosan/vitamin e/zinc oxide
  • alpha-Lipoic acid/minerals/multivitamins
  • alprazolam/paracetamol
  • alprazolam/melatonin
  • azithromycin/ambroxol
  • atorvastatin/clopidogrel/aspirin
  • aceclofenac, paracetamol and serratiopeptidase
  • alfacalcidol, vitamin B-complex, minerals and antioxidants
  • alpha- lipoic acid, vitamin b complex and vitamin c
  • alpha-galactosidase and simethicone
  • alpha-galactosidase, amylase, proteases, lipase and lactase
  • amikacin and cefepime
  • aminophylline, ephedrine and phenobarbitone
  • artesunate, sulphadoxine and pyrimethamine
  • finasteride/tamsulosin
  • flavoxate/ofloxacin
  • fenofibrate/metformin
  • lignocaine, hydrocortisone topical and allantoin
  • linoleic acid and sodium lactate
  • troxerutin
  • meclizine/nicotinic acid
  • mecobalamin/ginkgo Biloba
  • spirulina
  • loperamide and furazolidone
  • ketoconazole/cetrimide
  • ketoconazole/zinc pyrithione
  • lercanidipine/atenolol
  • levocetirizine/montelukast/ambroxol
  • levarterenol
  • levocetirizine/phenylpropanolamine 
  • indapamide/amlodipine
  • itopride/methyl polysiloxane
  • mebendazole/levamisole
  • eberconazole/mometasone
  • gliclazide/metformin/pioglitazone
  • fluconazole/tinidazole
  • haemocoagulase
  • halometasone
  • hesperidin
  • imipramine/chlordiazepoxide
  • idebenone / l-arginine / zinc sulphate/selenium/proanthocyanidin
  • mecobalamin and piracetam
  • mesterolone
  • mosapride and pantoprazole
  • atorvastatin, co enzyme q10, vitamin e, zinc, and selenium
  • azithromycin and benzalkonium chloride
  • beta carotene, vitamin c, vitamin e, minerals, lutein, eicosapentaenoic acid, docosahexenoic acid and vit b12
  • alpha-galactosidase
  • aloe vera gel/vitamin e/lactic acid
  • aloe vera gel/jojoba/vitamin e/glycerine
  • famotidine and domperidone
  • faropenem medoxomil
  • nedosiran
  • fluconazole/ornidazole/azithromycin
  • ebastine/montelukast
  • eberconazole
  • dienogest/estradiol valerate
  • ambroxol/salbutamol
  • benzoic acid/salicylic acid/ichthammol/ triamcinolone acetonide
  • desloratadine/ambroxol
  • dexibuprofen/paracetamol
  • atorvastatin/ramipril
  • diastase
  • diastase and simethicone
  • diazepam and propranolol
  • dexrabeprazole / domperidone
  • dexrabeprazole
  • dexketoprofen /paracetamol
  • beta carotene/vitamin C/minerals
  • aloe vera gel/urea
  • aloe vera gel/glycerine
  • alpha-lipoic acid/benfotiamine/chromium/folic acid/mecobalamin / vit b6
  • alprazolam/propranolol
  • alprazolam /sertraline
  • ibuprofen/dextropropoxyphene
  • ambroxol/cetirizine/phenylephrine/ guaiphenesin/menthol
  • dextropropoxyphene/dexchlorpheniramine maleate/bromhexine
  • promegestone
  • batroxobin
  • bencyclane
  • benfluorex
  • acetylpheneturide
  • abarelix
  • abetimus
  • naftidrofuryl
  • nalorphine
  • oxiracetam
  • letosteine
  • lafutidine
  • leuprorelin
  • levodropropizine
  • glutaral
  • losartan/ramipril
  • gallopamil
  • lanatoside c
  • lauromacrogol
  • gestodene
  • aceclofenac/methyl salicylate/menthol/linseed oil/capsaicin
  • aceclofenac/paracetamol/tizanidine
  • alginic acid/magaldrate/simethicone
  • aceclofenac/paracetamol
  • aceclofenac/rabeprazole
  • alginic acid
  • pantoprazole and domperidone
  • urokinase
  • rimiterol
  • olanzapine/fluoxetine
  • normethadone/hydroxyephedrine
  • myrtol
  • moxonidine
  • propylhexedrine
  • sodium hypochlorite solution
  • sodium chloride/sodium citrate
  • Hepatitis B Vaccine (Recombinant [Adjuvanted])
  • Hepatitis B Vaccine (Recombinant)
  • aceclofenac and serratiopeptidase
  • levosulpiride
  • niaprazine
  • tromantadine
  • trimetazidine
  • vinburnine
  • mizoribine
  • molgramostim
  • mosapride
  • eugenol
  • tolperisone
  • etamsylate
  • etynodiol
  • mizolastine
  • metenolone
  • reproterol
  • rebamipide
  • mephenoxalone
  • metandienone
  • furosemide/spironolactone
  • hydroxycarbamide
  • tenonitrozole
  • fenoverine
  • fenquizone
  • tiapride
  • tibolone
  • furazolidone
  • furosemide & amiloride
  • fosfestrol
  • fluclorolone
  • flubendazole
  • tertatolol
  • tetracosactide
  • tetryzoline
  • tolciclate
  • trapidil
  • troxipide
  • temoporfin
  • telbivudine
  • teprenone
  • hexamidine
  • mebhydrolin
  • mepartricin
  • fencamfamin
  • medazepam
  • theodrenaline
  • thiamazole
  • thiocolchicoside
  • psilocybin
  • veralipride
  • pyritinol
  • opipramol
  • oprelvekin
  • betamethasone + gentamicin
  • betamethasone + neomycin
  • betamethasone + salicylic acid
  • oxedrine
  • bopindolol
  • orgotein (investigational)
  • oxaceprol
  • ormeloxifene
  • bevantolol
  • bifemelane
  • clebopride
  • demoxytocin
  • cicletanine
  • cefsulodin
  • chlortalidon
  • sisomicin
  • somatrem
  • carbazochrome
  • caroverine
  • cathine
  • ipriflavone
  • isepamicin
  • silymarin
  • simethicone
  • sermorelin
  • diloxanide
  • dimethindene
  • diosmin/hesperidin
  • calamine
  • canrenone
  • captodiame
  • imidapril
  • cefetamet
  • cefodizime
  • cefoperazone + sulbactam
  • ivermectin + albendazole
  • serrapeptase
  • bromisoval
  • beraprost
  • pridinol
  • proglumide
  • bamipine
  • barnidipine
  • bamifylline
  • benzbromarone
  • betamethasone/fusidic acid
  • para-chlorophenol
  • pantethine
  • nomifensine
  • pemoline
  • parnaparin
  • pentolinium
  • nialamide
  • novobiocin
  • nicergoline
  • octocrylene
  • octisalate
  • oftasceine
  • oxolamine
  • oxyphencyclimine
  • penfluridol
  • pentoxyverine
  • phenoxymethylpenicillin
  • picloxydine
  • pilsicainide hydrochloride
  • piperazine
  • pirarubicin
  • policresulen
  • prifinium bromide
  • prethcamide
  • pristinamycin
  • pirenzepine
  • piribedil
  • pimethixene
  • pargyline
  • phosphatidyl choline
  • phthalylsulfathiazole
  • phytomenadione
  • pranlukast
  • pinazepam
  • oxyphenonium
  • noxytiolin
  • periciazine
  • pethidine
  • phenindamine
  • histidine
  • isoleucine
  • proline
  • lauric acid
  • lymecycline
  • hypromellose
  • abiraterone acetate and niraparib
  • ichthammol
  • levamisole
  • naftazone
  • nefopam
  • oxprenolol
  • oxybuprocaine
  • elranatamab-bcmm
  • lapyrium
  • isoaminile
  • iotrolan
  • mazindol
  • masoprocol
  • lypressin
  • meradimate
  • molsidomine
  • monobenzone
  • mequinol/gluconolactone/ lactobionic acid/ arbutin
  • medifoxamine
  • mebutamate
  • metergoline
  • methantheline
  • methdilazine
  • metocurine
  • micronomicin
  • metaraminol
  • mephenesin
  • menadione
  • medrysone
  • metixene
  • levobetaxolol
  • guaiacol glycerol ether
  • eucalyptol
  • sodium tetradecyl sulfate
  • sugammadex
  • carbetocin
  • certoparin
  • chlorcyclizine/pseudoephedrine
  • cephapirin
  • indecainide
  • iobitridol
  • iomeprol
  • chlorphenesin
  • msud analog
  • msud maxamum
  • iceland moss
  • glutethimide
  • hexachlorophene
  • haloprogin
  • deferoxamine
  • ethchlorvynol
  • dexpanthenol topical
  • etilefrine
  • deslanoside
  • carbocromen
  • diazolidinylurea
  • dibenzepin
  • etofamide
  • guanoxan
  • halazepam
  • guanadrel sulfate
  • dapiprazole
  • soapwort
  • debrisoquine
  • l-tryptophan
  • chlormerodrin
  • chlorquinaldol
  • cetrimonium
  • carbocisteine
  • chlorcyclizine/codeine
  • technetium Tc-99m tetrofosmin
  • technetium Tc-99m disofenin
  • technetium Tc-99m gluceptate
  • technetium Tc-99m labeled red blood cells
  • amylmetacresol/dextromethorphan hydrobromide
  • anileridine phosphate
  • pyrethrins
  • pyrantel pamoate
  • quinagolide
  • spiramycin
  • standard hyperkalemic cardioplegia solution
  • technetium tc-99m mertiatide
  • technetium tc-99m medronate
  • bemotrizinol / bisoctrizole
  • benfotiamine
  • bemotrizinol + titanium dioxide + zinc oxide
  • technetium Tc-99m oxidronate
  • technetium Tc-99m pentetate
  • technetium Tc-99m pyrophosphate
  • benziodarone
  • octinoxate/bisoctrizole
  • bicisate dihydrochloride
  • technetium Tc-99m bicisate
  • norelgestromin/ethinyl estradiol
  • norgestimate/ethinyl estradiol
  • ximelagatran (investigational)
  • xamoterol
  • trioxsalen
  • poly-urea urethane
  • rilmenidine
  • pemirolast
  • oxitriptan
  • beclomethasone, intranasal
  • thimerosal
  • camphor gel
  • camphor
  • mumps virus vaccine, live
  • rubella virus vaccine, live
  • aluminum chloride (dental)
  • alum irrigation
  • framycetin, phenylephrine, and gramicidin
  • ombitasvir, paritaprevir, ritonavir, and dasabuvir
  • olipudase alfa
  • etonogestrel/ethinyl estradiol
  • mycophenolate
  • fluoroestradiol F 18
  • donor organ cardioplegia solution
  • fluciclovine F 18
  • fusidic acid (ophthalmic)
  • fusidic acid and hydrocortisone
  • framycetin, dexamethasone, and gramicidin
  • fludeoxyglucose F-18
  • fluorouracil/salicylic acid
  • indium In-111 oxyquinoline
  • indium In-111 pentetreotide
  • indium In-111 capromab pendetide
  • lusutrombopag
  • mitomycin (ophthalmic)
  • mifepristone and misoprostol
  • minoxidil (systemic)
  • methyl aminolevulinate (topical)
  • methyl folate, methylcobalamin, and acetylcysteine
  • ciclesonide/formoterol/tiotropium
  • nedocromil (Oral Inhalation)
  • batefenterol (Investigational)
  • neostigmine and glycopyrrolate
  • nepafenac ophthalmic
  • netupitant/palonosetron
  • meperidine and promethazine
  • mepivacaine and levonordefrin
  • maltodextrin
  • medical cannabis
  • medium chain triglycerides
  • mometasone/glycopyrrolate (glycopyrronium)/ indacaterol
  • moxifloxacin ophthalmic
  • neomycin/fluocinolone
  • nadroparin
  • iodine I-125 iothalamate
  • amikacin liposome (oral inhalation)
  • bupivacaine liposome
  • natamycin
  • lopinavir and ritonavir
  • lysine
  • macitentan and tadalafil
  • mitomycin pyelocalyceal
  • moclobemide
  • mometasone and indacaterol
  • efinaconazole
  • blue-green algae
  • indocyanine green
  • follitropin beta
  • lumasiran
  • glycerin/lidocaine
  • edrophonium/atropine
  • indigo carmine
  • lutropin alfa
  • instant glucose/intravenous dextrose
  • iobenguane I-123
  • ixekizumab
  • isosulfan blue dye
  • levofloxacin ophthalmic
  • levonorgestrel oral/ferrous bisglycinate/ ethinylestradiol
  • ethinyl estradiol/levonorgestrel transdermal
  • hydroquinone
  • hydroxypropyl methylcellulose
  • icodextrin
  • lipid emulsion (soybean, medium-chain triglyceride, olive, and fish oils; [SMOF])
  • iodinated I 125 albumin
  • iodinated I 131 albumin
  • lipid emulsion (plant oil-based)
  • levonorgestrel intrauterine
  • levonorgestrel/ethinyl estradiol
  • lactic acid and sodium-PCA
  • lactated Ringer solution
  • ketotifen (systemic)
  • lanolin
  • leuprolide and norethindrone
  • levodopa and benserazide
  • gonadorelin acetate
  • hemodialysis solutions
  • nirsevimab
  • gentian violet
  • gallium ga-68 dotatate
  • fusidic acid and betamethasone
  • gallium citrate Ga-67
  • gadopentetate dimeglumine
  • gadofosveset
  • follitropin delta
  • follitropin alfa and lutropin alfa
  • follitropin alfa
  • rocatinlimab
  • grass pollens allergen extract
  • flotufolastat F18
  • fluorescein ophthalmic
  • barium
  • balanced salt solution
  • air polymer type A intrauterine device
  • clodronate
  • bentoquatam
  • clobetasone
  • alfacalcidol
  • citric acid/glucono-delta-lactone/magnesium carbonate
  • benzoin
  • desirudin
  • immune globulin IV (IGIV)
  • dequalinium
  • pseudoephedrine/desloratadine
  • clofedanol
  • cyproterone and ethinyl estradiol
  • dextranomer and hyaluronic acid or derivatives
  • diatrizoate meglumine and diatrizoate sodium
  • glucosamine sulfate, chondroitin sulfate and Msm
  • squill
  • gotu kola
  • blessed thistle
  • bitter melon
  • apraclonidine
  • chlophedianol/dexbrompheniramine/pseudoephedrine
  • wild jujube
  • chitosan
  • cilazapril/hydrochlorothiazide
  • dexbrompheniramine and phenylephrine
  • diethylene triamine penta-acetic acid
  • dexchlorpheniramine and pseudoephedrine
  • lily of the valley
  • diflucortolone
  • corydalis
  • lemon balm
  • MSM
  • calcium polystyrene sulfonate
  • caprylidene
  • peppermint oil
  • efavirenz/lamivudine/tenofovir DF
  • emtricitabine/tenofovir DF /efavirenz
  • dutasteride/tamsulosin
  • milk thistle
  • centaury
  • horseweed
  • lycopus
  • agrimony
  • alfalfa
  • kava
  • cetrorelix
  • cetylpyridinium
  • chlophedianol and dexbrompheniramine
  • betahistine
  • choline C-11
  • boric acid vaginal suppository
  • aluminum acetate
  • aluminum chloride hexahydrate
  • 14-C urea breath test
  • absorbable collagen
  • valoctocogene roxaparvovec-rvox
  • amlodipine and celecoxib
  • aspirin and omeprazole
  • azilsartan and chlorthalidone
  • landiolol (Pending FDA approval)
  • isosorbide dinitrate/hydralazine
  • losartan/hydrochorothiazide
  • udenafil
  • dextromethorphan/quinidine
  • onasemnogene abeparvovec
  • orphenadrine/aspirin/caffeine
  • trace elements
  • sodium phenylbutyrate/ taurursodiol
  • fish oil triglycerides
  • infant formula
  • glutamine
  • chloroquine phosphate
  • afatinib
  • quinidine gluconate
  • methylergonovine
  • prothrombin complex concentrate, human
  • BCG intravesical live
  • capivasertib
  • cedazuridine
  • carbonyl iron
  • iron dextran complex
  • lovotibeglogene autotemcel (FDA Approval Pending)
  • sodium benzoate/sodium phenylacetate
  • mineral oil otic
  • zolmitriptan transdermal
  • midazolam intranasal
  • fosinopril/hydrochlorothiazide
  • caplacizumab
  • arginine
  • sodium phenylbutyrate
  • meloxicam/rizatriptan
  • manganese
  • acetaminophen/pamabrom/pyridoxine
  • varicella zoster immune globulin, human
  • amitriptyline/perphenazine
  • narsoplimab (Pending FDA Approval)
  • amlodipine/perindopril
  • imiglucerase
  • canagliflozin/metformin
  • tafamidis meglumine
  • somatrogon-ghla
  • glimepiride/rosiglitazone
  • becaplermin
  • lithium
  • loxapine inhaled
  • nicotine transdermal
  • tixagevimab and cilgavimab (Investigational)
  • muromonab CD3
  • ansuvimab
  • coal tar bath products
  • fibrin sealant
  • arimoclomol (FDA Approval Pending)
  • varenicline intranasal
  • aducanumab
  • oxycodone/naloxone
  • ritlecitinib
  • sodium polystyrene sulfonate
  • calcipotriene/betamethasone
  • calcium hydroxylapatite
  • cantharidin topical
  • doxepin cream
  • clocortolone
  • formaldehyde topical
  • sodium sulfide topical
  • collagenase
  • selegiline transdermal
  • foscarbidopa/foslevodopa (FDA approval pending)
  • saxagliptin/metformin
  • linagliptin/metformin
  • linzagolix (FDA approval pending)
  • efgartigimod/hyaluronidase SC
  • elamipretide (Pending FDA approval)
  • rozanolixizumab
  • diazoxide
  • glimepiride/pioglitazone
  • cipaglucosidase alfa
  • dihydroergotamine intranasal
  • delandistrogene moxeparvovec
  • beremagene geperpavec
  • hyaluronic acid and derivatives
  • hyaluronic acid, non-animal stabilized
  • eplontersen (FDA Approval Pending)
  • nitric oxide gas
  • sodium phenylbutyrate and taurursodiol
  • treprostinil SC
  • viltolarsen
  • albuterol/ipratropium
  • budesonide inhaled
  • budesonide rectal
  • palovarotene
  • sodium sulfate/potassium chloride/magnesium sulfate/polyethylene glycol
  • amino acids mixture
  • aminobenzoate potassium
  • elivaldogene autotemcel
  • naproxen and sumatriptan
  • sumatriptan intranasal
  • alglucerase
  • metformin/rosiglitazone
  • ertugliflozin/metformin
  • elosulfase alfa
  • calcium carbonate/magnesium hydroxide
  • starch suppository
  • abicipar pegol (FDA Approval Pending)
  • riboflavin 5′-phosphate ophthalmic
  • povidone ophthalmic
  • glycerin oropharyngeal
  • dimethicone topical
  • menthol topical, dimethicone topical
  • pramoxine topical, menthol topical and dimethicone topical
  • phosphorated carbohydrate
  • brilliant blue G ophthalmic
  • brolucizumab intravitreal
  • purified water, ophthalmic
  • hydroxyethyl cellulose ophthalmic
  • ranibizumab intravitreal implant
  • sodium chloride hypertonic, ophthalmic 
  • cetirizine ophthalmic
  • phentolamine ophthalmic
  • ganciclovir ophthalmic
  • triamcinolone intravitreal
  • ocriplasmin intravitreal
  • atoltivimab/maftivimab/odesivimab
  • pegcetacoplan intravitreal
  • triamcinolone acetonide extended-release injectable suspension
  • tobramycin/loteprednol ophthalmic
  • 2-octyl cyanoacrylate
  • vitamins A & D topical
  • diphenhydramine/allantoin topical
  • pyrethrins/piperonyl butoxide
  • lodoxamide ophthalmic
  • obeticholic acid
  • fluocinolone intravitreal implant
  • sincalide
  • linaclotide
  • nedocromil ophthalmic
  • cysteamine ophthalmic
  • avacincaptad pegol intravitreal
  • azelastine ophthalmic
  • bacitracin ophthalmic
  • propylene glycol ophthalmic
  • rimexolone ophthalmic
  • metoclopramide intranasal
  • mirikizumab
  • netarsudil ophthalmic
  • cenegermin
  • dexamethasone ophthalmic insert
  • prednisolone ophthalmic
  • phenylephrine and cocoa butter rectal
  • phenylephrine and witch hazel topical
  • phenylephrine, pramoxine, glycerin and petrolatum rectal
  • bisacodyl rectal
  • aluminum hydroxide/magnesium carbonate
  • aluminum hydroxide/magnesium hydroxide
  • hyoscyamine spray
  • methenamine/methylene blue/ hyoscyamine/ sodium phosphate monobasic/ phenyl salicylate
  • phenylephrine
  • chlorophyll
  • castor oil
  • cholic acid
  • phenol oropharyngeal
  • articaine/epinephrine
  • antithymocyte globulin equine
  • aluminum hydroxide/magnesium trisilicate
  • methenamine/hyoscyamine
  • hydrocortisone topical/pramoxine topical 
  • sodium fluoride topical
  • mesna
  • C1 esterase inhibitor recombinant
  • menthol and pectin
  • menthol oropharyngeal
  • pectin oropharyngeal
  • gepirone
  • Goldenseal
  • polyethylene glycol and electrolytes
  • polyethylene glycol/electrolytes/sodium ascorbate/ascorbic acid
  • brompheniramine/pseudoephedrine/dextromethorphan
  • brompheniramine phenylephrine
  • acetaminophen/doxylamine/phenylephrine
  • doxylamine/acetaminophen/pseudoephedrine/dextromethorphan
  • acetaminophen/doxylamine/dextromethorphan
  • acetaminophen/doxylamine/dextromethorphan/phenylephrine
  • eslicarbazepine
  • fluticasone and salmeterol
  • codeine, acetaminophen, butalbital and caffeine
  • codeine, chlorpheniramine and phenylephrine
  • iodine
  • povidone iodine
  • butalbital/aspirin/caffeine/codeine
  • polyethylene glycol 400/propylene glycol ophthalmic 
  • pegvaliase
  • amivantamab
  • iopamidol
  • codeine and pseudoephedrine
  • emtricitabine, rilpivirine, tenofovir DF
  • penicillin G aqueous
  • miconazole topical
  • miconazole vaginal
  • ciprofloxacin inhaled (Pending FDA approval)
  • ceftazidime/avibactam
  • ceftolozane/​tazobactam
  • aztreonam inhalation
  • amphotericin B cholesteryl sulfate
  • miconazole oral
  • elvitegravir/cobicistat/emtricitabine/tenofovir DF
  • isavuconazonium sulfate
  • dapivirine intravaginal (FDA Approval Pending)
  • lamivudine/raltegravir
  • codeine/triprolidine/pseudoephedrine
  • cadexomer iodine
  • brompheniramine/pseudoephedrine
  • codeine/acetaminophen
  • codeine/guaifenesin
  • beclomethasone inhaled
  • epoetin beta/methoxy polyethylene glycol
  • voreloxin(Orphan Drug)
  • rociletinib
  • pitcher plant
  • phosphatidylserine
  • telotristat ethyl
  • copper CU 64 dotatate
  • urea topical
  • exenatide subdermal implant
  • asenapine transdermal
  • ethiodized oil
  • urea oral
  • miglustat
  • acalisib(Investigational)
  • acetophenazine
  • guggul
  • aceneuramic acid
  • mestranol/norethindrone
  • reishi
  • lactitol
  • vonoprazan fumarate
  • motherwort
  • silver nitrate
  • salicylic acid/sulfur shampoo
  • salicylic acid topical
  • ketorolac ophthalmic
  • ketoconazole topical
  • Japanese encephalitis virus vaccine
  • dibucaine topical ointment
  • ketorolac intranasal
  • ketorolac/phenylephrine ophthalmic
  • rotavirus oral vaccine, live
  • guarana
  • hops
  • krill oil
  • salicylic acid/coal tar shampoo
  • sufentanil SL
  • pancrelipase
  • passion flower
  • pepdite one plus
  • nivolumab and relatlimab
  • relatlimab (Pending FDA Approval)
  • benzalkonium chloride/benzocaine
  • ketotifen, drug-eluting contact lens
  • calcitriol topical
  • oxymetazoline topical
  • alclometasone topical
  • capsaicin topical
  • diclofenac/misoprostol
  • diclofenac ophthalmic
  • diclofenac topical
  • pramoxine/calamine topical
  • veverimer
  • tolazoline
  • olopatadine ophthalmic
  • lutetium lu 177-dota-tate
  • lutetium lu 177 vipivotide tetraxetan
  • strontium 89 chloride
  • interferon alfa n3
  • lutetium Lu 177- Diethylenetriamine Pentaacetic acid-omburtamab (FDA Approval Pending)
  • samarium sm 153 lexidronam
  • cytomegalovirus immune globulin (CMV IG)
  • antithymocyte globulin rabbit
  • inolimomab (Pending FDA Approval)
  • olopatadine intranasal
  • olopatadine intranasal/​mometasone, intranasal
  • benzocaine/butamben/tetracaine topical
  • antipyrine/benzocaine/phenylephrine
  • dyclonine/menthol
  • surufatinib
  • fruquintinib
  • dostarlimab
  • hepatitis B immune globulin (HBIG)
  • remestemcel-L
  • benzocaine/menthol oropharyngeal
  • interferon beta 1b
  • tetracaine/oxymetazoline intranasal
  • benzocaine oropharyngeal
  • benzalkonium chloride/menthol/petrolatum topical
  • inamrinone
  • alpha 1 proteinase inhibitor
  • potassium bicarbonate/potassium citrate
  • potassium phosphate/sodium acid phosphate
  • asparaginase Erwinia chrysanthemi recombinant
  • motixafortide
  • pegloticase
  • etesevimab
  • Rho(D) immune globulin
  • tetanus immune globulin (TIG)
  • reltecimod (pending FDA approval)
  • avasopasem
  • trimethoprim/polymyxin B ophthalmic
  • naphazoline ophthalmic
  • sulfacetamide topical
  • sirolimus intravitreal (pending FDA approval)
  • sirolimus protein bound
  • sirolimus topical
  • glycopyrronium tosylate topical
  • sofpironium
  • olmesartan, amlodipine and hydrochlorothiazide
  • dovitinib (Pending FDA Approval)
  • epinephrine inhaled
  • quizartinib (Pending FDA Approval)
  • ranibizumab intravitreal injection
  • sodium hyaluronate
  • bacitracin and lidocaine topical
  • brimonidine topical
  • benzoyl peroxide and tretinoin topical
  • talquetamab
  • betrixaban
  • acetaminophen/caffeine/pyrilamine
  • fentanyl transmucosal
  • bacitracin topical
  • buprenorphine,long-acting injection
  • buprenorphine buccal
  • nalmefene intranasal
  • sulbactam/durlobactam
  • metronidazole topical 
  • daratumumab/hyaluronidase
  • glofitamab
  • rituximab-hyaluronidase
  • drospirenone/ethinyl estradiol/levomefolate
  • loncastuximab tesirine
  • ingenol mebutate topical
  • momelotinib
  • trastuzumab/deruxtecan
  • trastuzumab/hyaluronidase
  • trastuzumab duocarmazine
  • lifileucel
  • umbralisib
  • eflornithine/sulindac
  • cytarabine/daunorubicin liposomal
  • doxorubicin liposomal
  • epcoritamab
  • lanadelumab  
  • esomeprazole/naproxen 
  • terbinafine topical
  • ravulizumab
  • clotrimazole topical
  • choline magnesium trisalicylate
  • tacrolimus ointment
  • mechlorethamine topical
  • donislecel
  • pozelimab (Pending FDA Approval)
  • human rabies immune globulin (HRIG)
  • melphalan flufenamide
  • sintilimab (Pending FDA Approval)
  • oportuzumab monatox (Pending FDA Approval)
  • sotorasib
  • irinotecan liposomal
  • sulfur topical
  • silver sulfadiazine
  • capsaicin transdermal
  • sutimlimab
  • tretinoin topical
  • acetaminophen rectal
  • menthol topical
  • naftifine
  • oatmeal, colloidal topical
  • oxiconazole
  • methylsalicylate/menthol topical
  • C1 inhibitor human
  • lifitegrast ophthalmic
  • prednisolone/sulfacetamide ophthalmic
  • mannitol inhalation
  • ofloxacin otic
  • petrolatum & mineral oil topical
  • clascoterone topical
  • gefapixant (Pending FDA Approval)
  • colesevelam
  • technetium Tc 99m succimer
  • nebivolol/valsartan
  • ciprofloxacin/fluocinolone acetonide, otic
  • finafloxacin otic
  • magnesium hydroxide/mineral oil
  • phenylephrine/mineral oil/petrolatum rectal
  • carbamide peroxide oral
  • atropine ophthalmic
  • sodium sulfacetamide/sulfur
  • sulfacetamide ophthalmic
  • lucinactant
  • benzonatate
  • besifloxacin ophthalmic
  • benzhydrocodone/acetaminophen
  • beractant
  • trimagnesium citrate anhydrous
  • vitamin b2
  • carbamide peroxide otic
  • mineral oil topical
  • ethyl alcohol intranasal
  • boric acid/alcohol otic
  • absorbable gelatin compressed sponge, USP
  • absorbable gelatin sponge, USP
  • vincristine liposomal
  • technetium Tc 99m albumin aggregated injection
  • metaproterenol
  • budesonide inhaled/formoterol/glycopyrrolate inhaled
  • epinephrine racemic
  • umeclidinium bromide/vilanterol inhaled
  • indacaterol, inhaled/glycopyrrolate inhaled
  • betaine  
  • laronidase 
  • estrogens esterified/methyltestosterone            
  • cerliponase alfa
  • ertugliflozin/sitagliptin
  • hawthorn
  • shepherd’s purse
  • thiamine
  • naphazoline/glycerin ophthalmic
  • oxymetazoline ophthalmic
  • dorzolamide
  • dexamethasone intraocular
  • dexamethasone/ciprofloxacin
  • dexamethasone ophthalmic
  • metipranolol ophthalmic
  • timolol ophthalmic
  • boron
  • fezolinetant
  • pegunigalsidase alfa-iwxj
  • biotin
  • pantothenic acid
  • silicon
  • sodium acid phosphate
  • hypochlorous acid topical
  • methenamine/sodium acid phosphate
  • aviptadil 
  • bremelanotide
  • glucagon intranasal
  • metformin and repaglinide
  • bai ji
  • pau d’arco
  • juzentaihoto
  • mistletoe
  • quercetin
  • rosemary
  • sheng di huang
  • chasteberry
  • maitake
  • grapefruit
  • lentinan
  • juniper
  • nettle
  • parsley
  • rose hips
  • tongkat ali
  • horny goat weed
  • damiana
  • yohimbe
  • insulin NPH
  • aprocitentan
  • noni Juice
  • sodium iodide I-131
  • green tea
  • sea cucumber
  • wheat germ extract
  • fenofibrate micronized 
  • rogisen
  • danshen
  • lutein
  • witch hazel
  • dextroamphetamine transdermal
  • amphetamine/dextroamphetamine
  • hoodia
  • kolanut
  • boswellia
  • opuntia ficus indica
  • lavender
  • nadh
  • tea tree oil
  • metformin/sitagliptin 
  • dapagliflozin/ metformin/saxagliptin  
  • antihemophilic factor recombinant
  • inclisiran
  • bempedoic acid/ezetimibe
  • volanesorsen  
  • omega 3 carboxylic acids
  • pericyazine
  • levomepromazine (methotrimeprazine)
  • betaxolol ophthalmic
  • respiratory syncytial virus vaccine, adjuvanted
  • phenylephrine hydrochloride and tropicamide ophthalmic
  • alirocumab
  • neomycin/polymyxin B/gramicidin ophthalmic
  • factor IX
  • gentamicin topical
  • ansofaxine (Pending FDA Approval)
  • zuranolone
  • factor IX, recombinant
  • factor IX complex
  • factor XIII A-subunit, recombinant
  • factor X, human
  • mesalamine rectal
  • etrasimod
  • anti-inhibitor coagulant complex
  • factor IX, recombinant/albumin fusion protein
  • fibrinogen, human
  • aminocaproic acid
  • metyrosine
  • nonoxynol-9 vaginal
  • progesterone intravaginal gel
  • ipecac syrup
  • botulinum antitoxin, heptavalent
  • pentetate calcium trisodium
  • crotalidae polyvalent immune FAB (ovine)
  • dehydrated alcohol injection 
  • gold sodium thiomalate (Discontinued)
  • lactic acid/citric acid/potassium bitartrate vaginal
  • von Willebrand factor, recombinant
  • luspatercept
  • digoxin immune FAB (Antidote)
  • crotalidae immune FAB (equine)
  • magnesium (Antidote)
  • pyridoxine (Antidote)
  • edetate calcium disodium
  • albumin IV
  • nitroglycerin sublingual
  • obiltoxaximab
  • anthrax immune globulin
  • nitroglycerin topical
  • dextrose
  • nesiritide
  • estradiol vaginal
  • bazedoxifene/conjugated estrogens
  • botulism immune globulin iv
  • amoxicillin/omeprazole/rifabutin
  • synthetic human angiotensin II
  • nitroglycerin IV
  • nitroglycerin translingual
  • nitroprusside sodium
  • tetrahydrozoline/zinc sulfate/hypromellose ophthalmic
  • sodium citrate/citric acid
  • pemetrexate
  • methicillin
  • plasminogen 
  • acai
  • american ginseng
  • cordyceps
  • tramadol/acetaminophen
  • belladonna alkaloids/phenobarbital
  • erythromycin topical/benzoyl peroxide
  • glucosamine sulfate
  • panax ginseng (suppl/herb)
  • tolnaftate
  • sulopenem etzadroxil/probenecid
  • sulfur hexafluoride
  • sotrovimab
  • arbaclofen
  • rifampin/isoniazid
  • clindamycin /tretinoin topical
  • benzoyl peroxide/clindamycin topical
  • apremilast
  • antivenins, centuroides (scorpion)
  • bamlanivimab and etesevimab
  • vilobelimab
  • gadobenate
  • pentosan polysulfate sodium
  • methylsalicylate/menthol/camphor topical
  • antivenin, black widow spider
  • benzoyl peroxide and hydrocortisone
  • clindamycin topical
  • isometheptene, dichloralphenazone and acetaminophen
  • acetaminophen and phenyltoloxamine
  • erythromycin topical
  • erythromycin ophthalmic
  • alpha hydroxy acids, topical
  • buprenorphine transdermal
  • butalbital/acetaminophen/caffeine
  • buprenorphine/samidorphan
  • buprenorphine subdermal implant
  • celecoxib/tramadol
  • drospirenone/ethinyl estradiol
  • resorcinol/sulfur
  • eflornithine
  • rifampin/isoniazid/pyrazinamide
  • tofersen
  • devil’s claw
  • ticarcillin/clavulanate
  • atropine/pralidoxime
  • aprepitant
  • suramin
  • phenelzine 
  • artichoke
  • american dogwood
  • attapulgite
  • atlantic cedar
  • axalimogene filolisbac
  • sodium thiosulfate & sodium nitrite
  • ataluren
  • omidubicel-onlv
  • capsicum
  • ginger
  • cryoprecipitate
  • bictegravir/emtricitabine/tenofovir DF
  • emtricitabine/tenofovir DF
  • fo-ti
  • siberian ginseng
  • granulocytes
  • zinc substituted heme C
  • zinc trihydroxide
  • ashwagandha 
  • cat’s claw
  • glandular products
  • SAMe
  • shark cartilage
  • altovis
  • feverfew
  • horse chestnut
  • magnesium aspartate
  • octacosanol
  • pleurisy root
  • star anise
  • butterbur
  • elderberry
  • licorice (Suppl/herb)
  • aconite
  • pentetate zinc trisodium
  • menthol topical/zinc oxide topical
  • corn-starch/kaolin/zinc oxide topical
  • 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-htp)
  • butcher’s broom
  • articulin
  • bearberry
  • goldenrod
  • progesterone, natural
  • black cohosh
  • wild yam
  • cranberry
  • dong quai
  • phytoestrogens
  • norethindrone
  • false Unicorn Root
  • raspberry Leaf
  • asafoetida
  • turmeric
  • dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA)
  • hyaluronan
  • aliskiren/amlodipine
  • octreotide (Antidote)
  • tranexamic acid injection
  • duocal
  • neocate infant formula
  • pediatric Eo28
  • aloe
  • red clover
  • propolis
  • androstenedione
  • heartsease
  • comfrey
  • bilberry
  • chamomile
  • eyebright
  • calendula
  • sage
  • yucca
  • polypody
  • odevixibat
  • vinpocetine
  • olanzapine/samidorphan
  • creatine
  • yerba mate
  • spesolimab
  • azficel-T
  • tiludronate
  • estetrol and drospirenone
  • pseudoephedrine/fexofenadine
  • lincomycin
  • neomycin oral
  • fluocinolone acetonide, otic
  • tretinoin/ hydroquinone/ fluocinolone
  • halobetasol topical
  • hydrocortisone/​iodoquinol
  • penicillin G procaine /penicillin G benzathine
  • hydrocortisone probutate topical
  • colistin/neomycin/hydrocortisone/thonzonium otic
  • ebola zaire vaccine
  • hepatitis a/​b vaccine
  • vibegron
  • lindane
  • nystatin topical
  • respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) vaccine
  • chikungunya vaccine, live
  • tenecteplase
  • reteplase
  • anthrax vaccine adsorbed, adjuvanted
  • meningococcal ABCWY pentavalent vaccine
  • eculizumab
  • cholestyramine
  • tinzaparin
  • taurolidine/​citrate/​heparin
  • protein C concentrate
  • antithrombin alfa
  • antithrombin III
  • multivitamins, vision
  • ibuprofen/​chlorpheniramine/​pseudoephedrine
  • acetaminophen/ibuprofen
  • ibuprofen/pseudoephedrine
  • paclitaxel protein-bound
  • acetic acid vaginal
  • acetic acid otic
  • hydrocodone/ ibuprofen
  • methyl salicylate / isopropanol/ citronellyl acetate/ citric acid
  • ibuprofen and phenylephrine
  • acetylcysteine (Antidote)
  • iron/​folic acid/​vitamin/​mineral
  • iobenguane I-131
  • dolutegravir/rilpivirine
  • chlorhexidine topical
  • chlorhexidine oral
  • thyroid desiccated
  • proparacaine ophthalmic
  • podophyllum resin
  • phendimetrazine
  • phenoxybenzamine
  • polidocanol
  • phentermine and topiramate
  • piflufolastat F18
  • piperacillin/tazobactam
  • prednisolone and gentamicin ophthalmic
  • promethazine and codeine
  • poractant alfa
  • protamine sulfate
  • aflibercept intravitreal
  • prednicarbate
  • promethazine/dextromethorphan
  • codeine, phenylephrine, and promethazine
  • potassium phosphate
  • glatiramer acetate
  • gentamicin (Ophthalmic)
  • leniolisib
  • rezafungin
  • fluorometholone
  • dalfampridine
  • hydrocortisone topical 
  • empagliflozin and linagliptin
  • triamcinolone topical
  • minocycline topical
  • minocycline dental
  • ketotifen ophthalmic
  • darunavir and cobicistat
  • lidocaine topical
  • neomycin/polymyxin B/bacitracin/lidocaine (OTC)
  • lidocaine/ hydrocortisone
  • lidocaine anesthetic
  • lidocaine ophthalmic
  • lidocaine/tetracaine
  • desonide
  • dabigatran
  • fexofenadine
  • fluoride
  • decitabine and cedazuridine
  • dasiglucagon
  • hydroxypropyl cellulose ophthalmic
  • epoetin alfa
  • ibritumomab tiuxetan
  • trimethobenzamide
  • dexamethasone/ tobramycin
  • tafasitamab
  • valacyclovir
  • mebendazole
  • levoleucovorin
  • flaxseed
  • germanium
  • glutathione
  • lycopene
  • pygeum
  • horseradish
  • ziv-aflibercept
  • micafungin
  • trofinetide
  • taliglucerase alfa
  • tildrakizumab
  • sulopenem (Pending FDA Approval)
  • thyrotropin alfa
  • birch
  • thrombin, topical
  • tivozanib
  • tafluprost
  • methohexital
  • urea and hydrocortisone
  • unoprostone ophthalmic
  • trihexyphenidyl
  • ezetimibe
  • evolocumab
  • trifluridine and tipiracil
  • methenamine
  • misoprostol
  • miltefosine
  • rimantadine
  • maralixibat
  • coenzyme Q10
  • chlorella
  • garlic
  • forskolin
  • zavegepant
  • menotropins
  • margetuximab
  • meprobamate
  • melarsoprol
  • evening primrose oil
  • lemongrass
  • molindone
  • fenugreek
  • phytosterols
  • red yeast rice
  • uridine triacetate
  • tropicamide
  • incobotulinumtoxinA
  • Grape Seed Extract
  • carbachol ophthalmic
  • cosyntropin
  • cyclopentolate and phenylephrine
  • carteolol ophthalmic
  • pentazocine/naloxone
  • pentazocine/acetaminophen
  • casimersen
  • carisoprodol, aspirin, and codeine
  • carisoprodol
  • carboprost tromethamine
  • flurandrenolide
  • brinzolamide/brimonidine
  • betamethasone topical
  • omaveloxolone
  • bardoxolone
  • allogeneic processed thymus tissue
  • fluocinolone topical
  • tacrolimus topical
  • ruxolitinib topical
  • pimecrolimus topical
  • sofosbuvir, velpatasvir and voxilaprevir
  • sofosbuvir/velpatasvir
  • mitotane
  • elbasvir/​grazoprevir
  • wheat dextrin
  • vanadium
  • iron/folic acid/vitamin/mineral
  • molybdenum
  • sparsentan
  • velmanase alfa-tycv
  • pegcetacoplan
  • ferrous sulfate
  • cyclosporine ophthalmic
  • ferric pyrophosphate
  • ammonium lactate
  • etelcalcetide
  • iodoquinol
  • sucroferric oxyhydroxide
chloroquine + 

mibefradil

may have an increased QTc-prolonging effect when combined with chloroquine

apomorphine

may have an increased QTc-prolonging effect when combined with chloroquine

octreotide

may have an increased QTc-prolonging effect when combined with chloroquine

atomoxetine

may have an increased QTc-prolonging effect when combined with chloroquine

olanzapine

may have an increased QTc-prolonging effect when combined with chloroquine

calcium carbonate

chloroquine: they may diminish the serum concentration of antacids

magaldrate

chloroquine: they may diminish the serum concentration of antacids

magnesium trisilicate

chloroquine: they may diminish the serum concentration of antacids

omeprazole

chloroquine: they may diminish the serum concentration of antacids

tiludronic acid

chloroquine: they may diminish the serum concentration of antacids

almasilate

chloroquine: they may diminish the serum concentration of antacids

aluminum hydroxide

chloroquine: they may diminish the serum concentration of antacids

magnesium glucoheptonate

chloroquine: they may diminish the serum concentration of magnesium salts

magnesium citrate

chloroquine: they may diminish the serum concentration of magnesium salts

magnesium gluconate

chloroquine: they may diminish the serum concentration of magnesium salts

magnesium carbonate

chloroquine: they may diminish the serum concentration of magnesium salts

magnesium chloride

chloroquine: they may diminish the serum concentration of magnesium salts

fluconazole

chloroquine: they may increase the QTc-prolonging effect of QTc-prolonging Agents

ritonavir

chloroquine: they may increase the QTc-prolonging effect of QTc-prolonging Agents

foscarnet

chloroquine: they may increase the QTc-prolonging effect of QTc-prolonging Agents

sorafenib

chloroquine: they may increase the QTc-prolonging effect of QTc-prolonging Agents

ampicillin

Chloroquine reduces the serum concentrations of ampicillin. Apply at least 2 hours of gap between administration of chloroquine and ampicillin.

agalsidase beta 

may decrease the therapeutic effect, when combined

lanthanum carbonate 

may diminish the serum concentration when combined with chloroquine

ibutilide 

may increase the QTc prolonging effect of QT-prolonging Class III Antiarrhythmics

aluminum hydroxide 

may diminish the serum concentration of Antacids

edoxaban 

edoxaban: it may enhance the toxic effect of Anti-Inflammatory Agents

caplacizumab 

caplacizumab: it may enhance the toxic effect of Anti-Inflammatory Agents

clobetasol propionate 

may enhance the metabolism of clobetasol propionate.

lithium 

It may enhance QTc interval when combined with lithium

cisapride 

cisapride's toxicity is increased by chloroquine’s effect on the QTc interval

vandetanib

may increase the QT-prolonging effect and enhance the risk of ventricular arrhythmias

kaolin

kaolin decreases the absorption of chloroquine and reduces the serum concentration

olodaterol/tiotropium 

may increase the QTc interval

acipimox 

may have an increased risk of rhabdomyolysis & myoglobinuria when combined with chloroquine

ouabain

may increase the serum concentration of cardiac glycosides

digitoxin

may increase the serum concentration of cardiac glycosides

digoxin

may increase the serum concentration of cardiac glycosides

5-htp

may increase the risk of adverse effects

desvenlafaxine

may increase the risk of adverse effects

tranylcypromine

may increase the risk of adverse effects

isocarboxazid

may increase the risk of adverse effects

esketamine intranasal

may increase the risk of adverse effects

tranylcypromine

may increase the risk of adverse effects

dextromethorphan/bupropion

may increase the risk of adverse effects

amitriptyline

may increase the risk of adverse effects

brexanolone

may increase the risk of adverse effects

butriptyline

may increase the risk of adverse effects

mirtazapine

may increase the risk of adverse effects

nefazodone

may increase the risk of adverse effects

trazodone

may increase the risk of adverse effects

protriptyline

may increase the risk of adverse effects

imipramine

may increase the risk of adverse effects

protriptyline

may increase the risk of adverse effects

trimipramine

may increase the risk of adverse effects

moexipril

QT-prolonging Miscellaneous Agents may increase the QTc-prolonging effect of chloroquine

voriconazole

QT-prolonging Miscellaneous Agents may increase the QTc-prolonging effect of chloroquine

nelfinavir

QT-prolonging Miscellaneous Agents may increase the QTc-prolonging effect of chloroquine

alfuzosin

QT-prolonging Miscellaneous Agents may increase the QTc-prolonging effect of chloroquine

ibandronate

may have an increased QTc-prolonging effect when combined with chloroquine

trazodone

may have an increased QTc-prolonging effect when combined with chloroquine

isradipine

may have an increased QTc-prolonging effect when combined with chloroquine

treprostinil

may have an increased QTc-prolonging effect when combined with chloroquine

tamsulosin 

It may enhance the levels when combined with tamsulosin by affecting CYP2D6 metabolism

tamoxifen 

tamoxifen increases the toxic or adverse effects of chloroquine

ajmaline 

when ajmaline is used together with chloroquine, the risk or seriousness of QTc prolongation is enhanced

idebenone 

chloroquine has the potential to reduce the rate of excretion of idebenone, leading to an elevation in levels of serum

tegafur 

Combining tegafur with chloroquine can reduce tegafur’s metabolism

encainide 

chloroquine When encainide is used together with chloroquine, this leads to a reduction in the encainide’s metabolism

ouabain 

When chloroquine is used together with ouabain, this leads to a rise in the concentration serum of ouabain

ponesimod 

When ponesimod is used together with chloroquine, this leads to enhanced risk or seriousness of bradycardia

adenosine 

When chloroquine is used together with adenosine, this leads to enhanced risk or seriousness of QTc prolongation

givinostat 

When chloroquine is used together with givinostat, this leads to enhanced risk or seriousness of Qtc prolongation

acepromazine 

When chloroquine is used together with acepromazine, this leads to enhanced risk or seriousness of QTc prolongation

eucalyptus oil 

chloroquine leads to a reduction in the rate of excretion of eucalyptus oil which leads to increased level of serum

pentaerythritol tetranitrate 

chloroquine leads to a reduction in the rate of excretion of pentaerythritol tetranitrate, which leads to an increased level of serum

potassium acetate 

chloroquine leads to a reduction in the rate of excretion of potassium acetate, which leads to an increased level of serum

almasilate 

chloroquine's absorption may be reduced by almasilate, resulting in lower serum concentrations and potentially decreased efficacy

ziv-aflibercept

may increase the risk of adverse effects

sarilumab

may increase the risk of adverse effects

talimogene Laherparepvec

may increase the risk of adverse effects

lecanemab

may increase the risk of adverse effects

lyme disease vaccine

may increase the risk of adverse effects

cromolyn sodium

may increase the risk of adverse effects

mepolizumab

may increase the risk of adverse effects

dupilumab

may increase the risk of adverse effects

dimethyl fumarate

may increase the risk of adverse effects

nedocromil

may increase the risk of adverse effects

paclitaxel

when both drugs are combined, there may be a reduced metabolism of paclitaxel  

tamoxifen

tamoxifen may enhance the toxic effects of chloroquine and the risk of retinal toxicity

lenvatinib

QTc interval is increased both by lenvatinib and chloroquine

lorlatinib

the effect of chloroquine is decreased by lorlatinib, by altering intestinal or hepatic CYP3A4 enzyme metabolism

toremifene

it may increase the QT-c prolonging effect of QT-prolonging agents such as toremifene

osimertinib

osimertinib and chloroquine, when used simultaneously, increase the QTc interval

dapsone 

may enhance the risk of adverse/toxic effect of dapsone

fluspirilene 

may have an increased QTc prolongation when combined with chloroquine

mofebutazone 

the excretory rate of chloroquine may be reduced when taken with mofebutazone, resulting in increased serum levels of chloroquine

oliceridine 

When chloroquine is used together with oliceridine, this leads to enhanced concentration serum of oliceridine

rotavirus oral vaccine, live 

chloroquine exerts pharmacodynamic antagonism, leading to a reduction in the effectiveness of the live rotavirus oral vaccine

vorinostat

when both drugs are combined, there may be increased toxicity of vorinostat by QTC interval 

sorafenib

it alters the QTc interval and increases the toxicity of sorafenib

octreotide

it increases the toxicity of octreotide by affecting the QTc interval

 

Dosage Forms & Strengths

Tablet

250mg

500mg

16.6 mg of chloroquine phosphate is equivalent to 10 mg of chloroquine base

Malaria 

As prophylaxis for malaria in the areas where chloroquine resistance is not present
Do not exceed 500 mg salt (with 300 mg base) each week on the same day
Initiate the medicine 1-2 weeks before/during traveling and 4 weeks later, leaving the endemic area
Treatment-
Indicated for acute malarial attacks due to P.vivax, P.ovale, P.malariae and a few strains of P.falciparum
Acute attack-
1000 mg salt (with 600 mg base) orally, then
500 mg salt (with 300 mg base) orally after 6-8 hours, later
500 mg salt (with 300 mg base) orally at 1st and 2nd day after the initial dose
A total dose of 2500 mg (with 1500 mg base) in 3 days is indicated
Extraintestinal Amebiasis
1000 mg salt (with 600 mg base) orally each day for 2 days 500 mg salt (with 300 mg base) each day for 14-21 days



Porphyria Cutanea Tarda 

(Off-label)
125-250 mg salt (with 75-150 mg base) orally twice weekly



 

Dosage Forms & Strengths

Tablet

250mg

500mg

16.6 mg of chloroquine phosphate is equivalent to 10 mg of chloroquine base

Amebiasis 

Indicated for extraintestinal amebiasis
1000 mg salt (with 600 mg base) orally each day for 2 days
500 mg salt (with 300 mg base) each day for 14-21 days



Malaria 

As prophylaxis for malaria in the areas where chloroquine resistance is not present
5 mg/kg orally each week
Do not exceed 500 mg salt (with 300 mg base) each week on the same day
Initiate the medicine 1-2 weeks before/during traveling and 4 weeks later, leaving the endemic area

Treatment-
Indicated for acute malarial attacks due to P.vivax, P.ovale, P.malariae, and a few strains of P.falciparum
Acute attack-
1st dose- 10 mg base/kg (do not exceed 600 mg base/dose)
2nd dose- 6 hours later, 5 mg base/kg (do not exceed 300 mg base/dose)
3rd dose- 24 hours later the first dose, 5 mg base/kg (do not exceed 300 mg base/dose)
4th dose- 36 hours after the first dose, 5 mg base/kg (do not exceed 300 mg base/dose)
Total dose- 25 mg base/kg

Dose Modifications
Use chloroquine cautiously in hepatically impaired people who are alcoholic or conjunct with hepatotoxic drugs



 

Refer to the adult dosing

Frequency not defined

Severe headache

Nausea

Vomiting

Diarrhea

Blurred vision

Urticaria

Erythema multiforme

Psychosis

Hypertension

Hypoglycemia

Anorexia

Pancytopenia

Neutropenia

Polyneuropathy

Delirium

Insomnia

Depression

Suicidal behavior

Hallucinations

Hypoglycemia

Black-Box Warning:

None

Contraindication/Caution:

Some of the contraindications and precautions of chloroquine include:

  • Allergy: chloroquine should not be used in individuals with a known allergy to chloroquine or related compounds.
  • Eye disorders: chloroquine can cause vision changes and retinopathy, especially with long-term use or high doses. It should be cautiously in individuals with pre-existing eye disorders.
  • Liver disease: chloroquine can cause liver damage and should be used cautiously in individuals with pre-existing liver disease.
  • Kidney disease: chloroquine is eliminated from the body through the kidneys, and therefore should be used with caution in individuals with pre-existing kidney disease.
  • Drug interactions: chloroquine can interact with other medications, such as antacids and certain antibiotics, and should be used with caution in individuals taking these medications.

Allergy: chloroquine should not be used in individuals with a known allergy to chloroquine or related compounds.

Pregnancy consideration:  

Not suitable for pregnant females

Breastfeeding warnings:  

The benefits of lactation should outweigh the risks of the drug during the treatment.

Pregnancy category:
Category A: Satisfactory and well-controlled studies show no risk to the fetus in the first or later trimester.

Category B: No evidence of risk to the fetus is found in animal reproduction studies, and there are not enough studies on pregnant women.

Category C: Adverse effects on the fetus found with evidence in animal reproduction studies and no adequate evidence for a human product; Pregnant women must take care of the potential risks.

Category D: There is adequate data with sufficient evidence of human fetal risk from various platforms. However, despite potential dangers may be used only in emergencies for potential benefits.

Category X: Drugs listed in this category outweigh the risks over benefits. The drug is not for pregnant women.

Category N: No data is available for the drug under this category.

Pharmacology:

chloroquine is a medication that belongs to a class of drugs known as antimalarials. It works by interfering with the growth and reproduction of the malaria parasite in the body.

chloroquine acts by accumulating in the acidic environment of the parasite’s digestive vacuole, where it binds to heme, a by-product of the parasite’s digestion of hemoglobin, and prevents its conversion into a form that is toxic to the parasite. This leads to the accumulation of toxic heme within the parasite, which eventually kills it.

In addition to its antimalarial activity, chloroquine has been found to have anti-inflammatory properties and can help reduce pain and swelling associated with conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus. It is thought to achieve this effect by interfering with the activity of immune cells and cytokines involved in inflammation.

chloroquine is rapidly absorbed after oral administration and reaches peak levels in the blood within 1-3 hours. It is distributed throughout the body, including to the liver, spleen, and kidneys, where it accumulates in higher concentrations than in other tissues. chloroquine is metabolized in the liver and excreted primarily in the urine.

chloroquine has a relatively long half-life, ranging from 1-2 months, and can persist in the body for weeks after a single dose. This means that it can be used as a prophylactic medication to prevent malaria, as well as a treatment for acute episodes of the disease.

Pharmacodynamics:

The pharmacodynamics of chloroquine involves its mechanism of action and effects on the body.

chloroquine is a medication that works by interfering with the DNA synthesis of the parasites that cause malaria. Specifically, it binds to the heme molecules released by the parasites when they break down hemoglobin and prevent the polymerization of heme, which is toxic to the parasites. This accumulation of heme results in the death of the parasite.

In addition to its effects on parasites, chloroquine also has immunomodulatory properties. It can inhibit the production and release of pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines, which are involved in the immune response to infections and can contribute to tissue damage and inflammation.

chloroquine also inhibits the activity of enzymes involved in the glycosylation of proteins, which is a process that can be involved in viral entry into host cells. This is one of the reasons why chloroquine has been investigated as a potential treatment for viral infections such as COVID-19.

 

Pharmacokinetics:

Absorption

The bioavailability is 89%

The peak plasma concentration is achieved in 1-2 hours

Distribution

The drug gets widely distributed in body tissues (like, the heart, eyes, kidneys, lungs, and liver)

Metabolism

Partially metabolized in the liver

Elimination and Excretion

The half-life is 3-5 days

The drug is excreted in urine

Administration:

chloroquine is typically administered orally, in the form of tablets or syrup. The dosage and duration of treatment depend on the condition being treated, the severity of the symptoms, and other individual factors such as age, weight, and medical history.

Patient information leaflet

Generic Name: chloroquine

Pronounced: KLOR-oh-kwin

Why do we use chloroquine?

chloroquine is a medication that has been primarily used to prevent and treat malaria, a mosquito-borne disease caused by a parasite. chloroquine works by killing the parasites that cause malaria by accumulating in the parasite’s food vacuoles, which are essential for the parasite’s survival.

chloroquine has also been used to treat other diseases, including autoimmune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus, as well as certain types of infections caused by protozoa, such as amebiasis and giardiasis.

chloroquine

Brand Name :

Chloroquine phosphate

Synonyms :

chloraquine, Chloroquinum, Cloroquina, Chlorochin

Class :

Antimalarials; Amino quinolones




No data available for drug.

Dosage Forms & Strengths

Tablet

250mg

500mg

16.6 mg of chloroquine phosphate is equivalent to 10 mg of chloroquine base

Malaria 

As prophylaxis for malaria in the areas where chloroquine resistance is not present
Do not exceed 500 mg salt (with 300 mg base) each week on the same day
Initiate the medicine 1-2 weeks before/during traveling and 4 weeks later, leaving the endemic area
Treatment-
Indicated for acute malarial attacks due to P.vivax, P.ovale, P.malariae and a few strains of P.falciparum
Acute attack-
1000 mg salt (with 600 mg base) orally, then
500 mg salt (with 300 mg base) orally after 6-8 hours, later
500 mg salt (with 300 mg base) orally at 1st and 2nd day after the initial dose
A total dose of 2500 mg (with 1500 mg base) in 3 days is indicated
Extraintestinal Amebiasis
1000 mg salt (with 600 mg base) orally each day for 2 days 500 mg salt (with 300 mg base) each day for 14-21 days



Porphyria Cutanea Tarda 

(Off-label)
125-250 mg salt (with 75-150 mg base) orally twice weekly



Dosage Forms & Strengths

Tablet

250mg

500mg

16.6 mg of chloroquine phosphate is equivalent to 10 mg of chloroquine base

Amebiasis 

Indicated for extraintestinal amebiasis
1000 mg salt (with 600 mg base) orally each day for 2 days
500 mg salt (with 300 mg base) each day for 14-21 days



Malaria 

As prophylaxis for malaria in the areas where chloroquine resistance is not present
5 mg/kg orally each week
Do not exceed 500 mg salt (with 300 mg base) each week on the same day
Initiate the medicine 1-2 weeks before/during traveling and 4 weeks later, leaving the endemic area

Treatment-
Indicated for acute malarial attacks due to P.vivax, P.ovale, P.malariae, and a few strains of P.falciparum
Acute attack-
1st dose- 10 mg base/kg (do not exceed 600 mg base/dose)
2nd dose- 6 hours later, 5 mg base/kg (do not exceed 300 mg base/dose)
3rd dose- 24 hours later the first dose, 5 mg base/kg (do not exceed 300 mg base/dose)
4th dose- 36 hours after the first dose, 5 mg base/kg (do not exceed 300 mg base/dose)
Total dose- 25 mg base/kg

Dose Modifications
Use chloroquine cautiously in hepatically impaired people who are alcoholic or conjunct with hepatotoxic drugs



Refer to the adult dosing

DRUG INTERACTION

chloroquine

&

  • clomiphene
  • patisiran
  • imetelstat
  • phenylephrine ophthalmic
  • myoinositol
  • vasicinone
  • soda lime
  • fisetin
  • Reynoutria Japonica
  • Coco Monoethanolamide
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  • papaya juice
  • 1-naphthaleneacetic acid
  • Nordazepam
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  • Alternanthera sessilis
  • nicofetamide
  • napthol asol
  • cocamidopropyl betaine
  • musa x paradisiaca
  • dicyclomine/mefenamic acid
  • Sorghum
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  • tovorafenib
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  • eschscholzia californica
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  • dexverapamil
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  • secalciferol
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  • Vitexin
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  • argipressin
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  • amino acid mixture d / calcium chloride dihydrate / glucose monohydrate / glycine / magnesium chloride hexahydrate / olive oil / potassium chloride / sodium acetate trihydrate / sodium glycerophosphate pentahydrate / soya-bean oil
  • biotin/colecalciferol/copper (ii)sulfate dried/ cyanocobalamine/ dl-alpha tocopherol acetate/dibasic calcium phosphate anhydrous/folic acid/iron (ii)sulfate dried/ lecithin/ magnesium sulfate dried/ nicotinamide/ pyridoxine hydrochloride/ riboflavin
  • ampicillin sodium / cloxacillin sodium
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  • dusquetide
  • rolipram
  • tradipitant
  • sinfungin
  • diclofenac/omeprazole
  • brinzolamide and timolol maleate
  • wormseed
  • wormwood
  • wood sorrel
  • carmellose sodium
  • ibandronic acid
  • cinnarizine and dimenhydrinate
  • ursodeoxycholic acid
  • rhubarb extract/salicylic acid
  • butamirate citrate
  • fumitory
  • taheebo
  • uva ursi
  • vervain
  • coleus
  • coltsfoot
  • crampbark
  • plantain
  • potassium nitrate and silver nitrate
  • gelsemium
  • gentian
  • glucomannan
  • walnut
  • meadowsweet
  • midomafetamine
  • pennyroyal
  • periwinkle
  • betony
  • bitter orange
  • bladderwrack
  • bloodroot
  • emu oil
  • garcinia
  • yellow dock
  • burdock
  • dehydroepiandrosterone
  • aucubin
  • jasmone
  • resacetophenone
  • ecamsule ditriethanolamine
  • feclobuzone
  • fenoprop triethanolamine
  • verdyl acetate
  • caffeic acid
  • cyclamen aldehyde
  • dicetyldimonium chloride
  • wogonin
  • impacarzine
  • laurylpyridinium chloride
  • stepronin
  • matrine
  • sakuranin
  • cannabichromene
  • sandalore
  • sabinene
  • oxypaeoniflora
  • ethylhexyl pelargonate
  • acrylonitrile
  • allyl alcohol
  • dipalmitoylethyl hydroxyethylmonium methosulfate
  • butidrine
  • clothiapine
  • propanediol dicaprylate
  • buchu
  • undecanol
  • enilconazole
  • xymenynic acid
  • angelica
  • nizubaglustat
  • resomelagon
  • ulecaciclib
  • apple cider vinegar
  • bacopa
  • barley grass
  • dandelion
  • deer velvet
  • dolomite
  • bugleweed
  • bupleurum
  • glyceryltrinitrate
  • pociredir
  • asnuciclib
  • actalycabtagene autoleucel
  • butantan–dengue vaccine
  • travoprost/timolol
  • furosemide/potassium chloride
  • amylamine
  • jaborandi
  • patritumab deruxtecan
  • jackfruit
  • sterculia
  • ascorbigen
  • ashitaba
  • androstenetrione
  • andrachne
  • cosibelimab
  • racecadotril
  • neomycin/chlorhexidine
  • octocog alfa
  • cetrimide
  • ispaghula husk
  • polyhexanide
  • octenidine
  • polygeline
  • heparinoid
  • jewelweed
  • boldo
  • anizatrectinib
  • alpinia
  • henbane
  • cynanchum vincetoxicum root and sulfur
  • boditrectinib
  • izumerogant
  • zavondemstat
  • abuta
  • fadogia agrestis
  • fly agaric mushroom
  • meptazinol
  • methoxyflurane
  • tramadol/dexketoprofen
  • betaine/polyhexanide
  • filgotinib
  • inosine acedoben dimepranol
  • alverine citrate
  • hyoscine butylbromide
  • senna+ ispaghula
  • cabbage palm
  • cajeput oil
  • calanus oil
  • calamint
  • canada balsam
  • carnosine
  • alverine citrate/simeticone
  • dihydroartemisinin/piperaquine
  • mebeverine/ispaghula
  • calcipotriol
  • tacalcitol
  • triethyl citrate/ethyl linoleate
  • sodium dilauramidoglutamide lysine
  • fazamorexant
  • avibactam tomilopil and ceftibuten
  • drostanolone
  • tigilanol tiglate
  • isorhynchophylline
  • rhynchophylline
  • crisugabalin
  • epigallocatechin gallate
  • clomocycline
  • corynoxeine
  • isocorynoxeine
  • Culmerciclib
  • Neladenoson
  • ambrein
  • hexylcaine
  • phensuximide
  • resencatinib (investigational)
  • rolusafine
  • pumecitinib
  • arhalofenic acid
  • berdazimer sodium
  • benzquinamide
  • clidinium
  • sulfametopyrazine
  • fulzerasib (Investigational Drug)
  • rovadicitinib (Investigational Drug)
  • Upleganan (Investigational Drug)
  • menthyl ethylamido oxalate
  • quaternium-90 montmorillonite
  • unecritinib (investigational drug)
  • etohexadiol
  • guaiol
  • proximadiol
  • verdinexor
  • sofnobrutinib
  • talbutal
  • ethoxzolamide
  • propiomazine
  • enprofylline
  • phenmetrazine
  • merigolix
  • pralurbactam
  • neracorvir
  • vonifimod
  • apaziquone hydroquinone
  • darizmetinib
  • zandelisib
  • xininurad
  • ritivixibat
  • amiselimod phosphate (investigational drug)
  • emzeltrectinib (investigational drug)
  • ficonalkib
  • cinalukast
  • ulobetasol
  • candoxatril
  • nitrofural
  • acetyldigitoxin
  • bentiromide
  • dextrothyroxine
  • chlorotrianisene
  • remikiren
  • pipobroman
  • vidarabine
  • immune globulin intravenous, human-stwk
  • spermine
  • serine
  • N-acetyl glucosamine
  • valine
  • adenine
  • asparagine
  • citrulline
  • adinazolam
  • interferon alfacon-1
  • interferon alfa-n1
  • felypressin
  • birch triterpenes
  • pyridoxal phosphate
  • technetium Tc-99m arcitumomab
  • beta-alanine
  • dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid
  • urea/hydrocortisone
  • R21/Matrix-M vaccine
  • povidone-iodine (ophthalmic)
  • pheniramine
  • hydrocortisone rectal
  • chloroxylenol/pramoxine/zinc acetate
  • chloroxylenol/pramoxine
  • dextrose/sucrose/vitamin C/zinc sulphate
  • furazolidone/metronidazole/dicyclomine
  • ergocalciferol (vitamin D2)
  • benoxaprofen (discontinued)
  • teicoplanin
  • carbomer
  • chromic chloride / iron (ii) chloride tetrahydrate / potassium iodide / manganese chloride / sodium fluoride / sodium selenite pentahydrate / sodium molybdate dihydrate / zinc chloride/ cupric chloride
  • bufylline
  • lidocaine/prilocaine
  • opium tincture, squill oxymel
  • dibrompropamidine
  • metronidazole/tetracycline/bismuth subsalicylate
  • agnus- castus
  • velaglucerase alfa
  • alendronic acid / colecalciferol
  • bimatoprost / timolol
  • efbemalenograstim alfa
  • dried ferrous sulfate/folic acid
  • dried ferrous sulfate / sodium ascorbate
  • nirogacestat
  • soya-bean oil, medium-chain triglycerides
  • demeclocycline hydrochloride and triamcinolone acetonide
  • fusidic acid / hydrocortisone acetate
  • macrogol
  • storax, benzoin
  • nomegestrol acetate/estradiol
  • flumetasone pivalate/ clioquinol
  • berdazimer topical (Pending FDA Approval)
  • buflomedil
  • butobarbital
  • andexanet alfa
  • methoxypolyethylene glycol-epoetin beta
  • viscum abietis
  • pramoxine vaginal
  • bupivacaine implant
  • cromolyn sodium, inhaled
  • pneumococcal vaccine 20-valent
  • bimatoprost ophthalmic implant
  • tick-borne encephalitis vaccine
  • chloroprocaine ophthalmic
  • travoprost intraocular implant (Pending FDA approval)
  • typhoid polysaccharide vaccine
  • sodium phosphate rectal
  • human papillomavirus vaccine, nonavalent
  • peanut immunotherapy epicutaneous (FDA approval pending)
  • cromolyn sodium, intranasal
  • red blood cells(Blood component)
  • oral mucoadhesive
  • clindamycin vaginal
  • whole blood (Blood Component)
  • fibrinogen/thrombin
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  • ipratropium intranasal
  • metronidazole vaginal
  • cyamemazine
  • brinase
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  • ulinastatin
  • saruplase
  • acepromazine
  • emylcamate
  • methionine
  • amino acids and electrolytes in dextrose with calcium
  • slippery elm
  • camostat
  • hemoglobin crosfumaril
  • moperone
  • chlormidazole
  • brilaroxazine
  • palopegteriparatide
  • diazepam buccal
  • benegrastim (pending for FDA approval)
  • COVID-19 vaccine, adjuvanted-Novavax
  • vestronidase alfa-vjbk
  • tebipenem (Pending FDA Approval)
  • tislelizumab (Pending FDA Approval)
  • zolbetuximab (Pending FDA Approval)
  • zoliflodacin (pending FDA approval)
  • zibotentan and dapagliflozin
  • fluorine F18 DCFPyL
  • debamestrocel
  • givinostat
  • amubarvimab and romlusevimab(Pending FDA Approval)
  • sabizabulin(Pending FDA approval)
  • fexapotide(Phase 3 Clinical trial)
  • diatrizoic acid
  • drotaverine
  • diethyl phthalate
  • enclomiphene
  • epalrestat
  • ethamsylate
  • flupirtine
  • imidurea
  • sodium glycolate
  • feracrylum
  • ethacridine
  • furazolidone/metronidazole
  • ozagrel hydrochloride
  • leptazol
  • l-glutamic acid /vitamin B complex
  • etizolam
  • etizolam/propranolol
  • ethoheptazine citrate
  • etophylline and theophylline
  • etophylline
  • finger millet
  • drotaverine/mefenamic acid
  • dichloroxylenol
  • pneumococcal 7-valent vaccine
  • diclofenac and metaxalone
  • dipivefrin ophthalmic
  • enbucrilate
  • potassium citrate and citric acid
  • potassium gluconate
  • aclarubicin
  • alfuzosin/dutasteride
  • adrenochrome monosemicarbazone
  • selenium sulfide topical
  • sertaconazole
  • amorolfine cream
  • amsacrine
  • amylmetacresol
  • sulfonated phenolics in aqueous solution
  • technetium Tc-99m sulfur colloid
  • raltitrexed
  • romiplostim
  • acediasulfone
  • azulene
  • acebrophylline
  • clonazepam/escitalopram oxalate
  • allylestrenol
  • andrographolide
  • artemotil
  • technetium Tc-99m sestamibi
  • rubidium Rb-82
  • somapacitan
  • sodium sulfate, magnesium sulfate and potassium sulfate
  • almitrine
  • gramicidin
  • nikethamide
  • technetium Tc-99m sodium pertechnetate
  • betiatide
  • prilocaine/epinephrine
  • amlexanox
  • acetaminophen/salicylamide/phenyltoloxamine
  • neomycin topical
  • zilucoplan
  • antazoline and xylometazoline
  • toripalimab
  • iron isomaltoside
  • meningococcal A C Y and W polysaccharide tetanus toxoid conjugate vaccine
  • meningococcal A C Y and W-135 diphtheria conjugate vaccine
  • tetradecyl Sulfuric Acid
  • benzoyl peroxide, clindamycin phosphate, adapalene
  • ethylephedrine
  • actarit
  • pyrantel tartrate
  • tenofovir disoproxil fumarate or tenofovir DF
  • melitracen
  • amitriptylinoxide(Phase 4 Clinical Trials)
  • threonine
  • ditiocarb zinc
  • epicriptine
  • levallorphan
  • kinetin
  • laurocapram
  • pentagastrin
  • parthenolide
  • nicoboxil
  • protionamide
  • prulifloxacin
  • proscillaridin
  • tizanidine and rofecoxib
  • tolnaftate, gentamicin, chinoform and betamethasone valerate
  • pine bark extract
  • pipenzolate methylbromide
  • bephenium hydroxynaphthoate
  • niclosamide
  • pyrvinium
  • pipenzolate methylbromide/phenobarbitone
  • piracetam/ginkgo biloba/vinpocetine
  • benzyl benzoate/disulfiram
  • benzyl benzoate
  • loperamide/simethicone
  • piroctone olamine
  • sodium fusidate
  • piroxicam topical/capsaicin/menthol/methyl salicylate
  • sodium metabisulfite
  • sodium lauryl sulfate
  • taspoglutide
  • glyclopyramide
  • tolnaftate, gentamicin, iodochlorohydroxyquinoline, chlorocresol, betamethasone valerate
  • serratiopeptidase
  • sodium antimony gluconate
  • triamterene / benzthiazide
  • tribenoside / lidocaine
  • triclocarban
  • triprolidine/dextromethorphan  
  • vitamins/minerals/omega-3 Fatty acids
  • soyabean oil
  • sucralfate/oxethazaine
  • sucralfate/tinidazole/povidone iodine
  • sodium cromoglycate
  • aloe vera/liquid paraffin/white soft paraffin
  • aloe vera/jojoba oil/vitamin E
  • allantoin/triclosan/vitamin e/zinc oxide
  • alpha-Lipoic acid/minerals/multivitamins
  • alprazolam/paracetamol
  • alprazolam/melatonin
  • azithromycin/ambroxol
  • atorvastatin/clopidogrel/aspirin
  • aceclofenac, paracetamol and serratiopeptidase
  • alfacalcidol, vitamin B-complex, minerals and antioxidants
  • alpha- lipoic acid, vitamin b complex and vitamin c
  • alpha-galactosidase and simethicone
  • alpha-galactosidase, amylase, proteases, lipase and lactase
  • amikacin and cefepime
  • aminophylline, ephedrine and phenobarbitone
  • artesunate, sulphadoxine and pyrimethamine
  • finasteride/tamsulosin
  • flavoxate/ofloxacin
  • fenofibrate/metformin
  • lignocaine, hydrocortisone topical and allantoin
  • linoleic acid and sodium lactate
  • troxerutin
  • meclizine/nicotinic acid
  • mecobalamin/ginkgo Biloba
  • spirulina
  • loperamide and furazolidone
  • ketoconazole/cetrimide
  • ketoconazole/zinc pyrithione
  • lercanidipine/atenolol
  • levocetirizine/montelukast/ambroxol
  • levarterenol
  • levocetirizine/phenylpropanolamine 
  • indapamide/amlodipine
  • itopride/methyl polysiloxane
  • mebendazole/levamisole
  • eberconazole/mometasone
  • gliclazide/metformin/pioglitazone
  • fluconazole/tinidazole
  • haemocoagulase
  • halometasone
  • hesperidin
  • imipramine/chlordiazepoxide
  • idebenone / l-arginine / zinc sulphate/selenium/proanthocyanidin
  • mecobalamin and piracetam
  • mesterolone
  • mosapride and pantoprazole
  • atorvastatin, co enzyme q10, vitamin e, zinc, and selenium
  • azithromycin and benzalkonium chloride
  • beta carotene, vitamin c, vitamin e, minerals, lutein, eicosapentaenoic acid, docosahexenoic acid and vit b12
  • alpha-galactosidase
  • aloe vera gel/vitamin e/lactic acid
  • aloe vera gel/jojoba/vitamin e/glycerine
  • famotidine and domperidone
  • faropenem medoxomil
  • nedosiran
  • fluconazole/ornidazole/azithromycin
  • ebastine/montelukast
  • eberconazole
  • dienogest/estradiol valerate
  • ambroxol/salbutamol
  • benzoic acid/salicylic acid/ichthammol/ triamcinolone acetonide
  • desloratadine/ambroxol
  • dexibuprofen/paracetamol
  • atorvastatin/ramipril
  • diastase
  • diastase and simethicone
  • diazepam and propranolol
  • dexrabeprazole / domperidone
  • dexrabeprazole
  • dexketoprofen /paracetamol
  • beta carotene/vitamin C/minerals
  • aloe vera gel/urea
  • aloe vera gel/glycerine
  • alpha-lipoic acid/benfotiamine/chromium/folic acid/mecobalamin / vit b6
  • alprazolam/propranolol
  • alprazolam /sertraline
  • ibuprofen/dextropropoxyphene
  • ambroxol/cetirizine/phenylephrine/ guaiphenesin/menthol
  • dextropropoxyphene/dexchlorpheniramine maleate/bromhexine
  • promegestone
  • batroxobin
  • bencyclane
  • benfluorex
  • acetylpheneturide
  • abarelix
  • abetimus
  • naftidrofuryl
  • nalorphine
  • oxiracetam
  • letosteine
  • lafutidine
  • leuprorelin
  • levodropropizine
  • glutaral
  • losartan/ramipril
  • gallopamil
  • lanatoside c
  • lauromacrogol
  • gestodene
  • aceclofenac/methyl salicylate/menthol/linseed oil/capsaicin
  • aceclofenac/paracetamol/tizanidine
  • alginic acid/magaldrate/simethicone
  • aceclofenac/paracetamol
  • aceclofenac/rabeprazole
  • alginic acid
  • pantoprazole and domperidone
  • urokinase
  • rimiterol
  • olanzapine/fluoxetine
  • normethadone/hydroxyephedrine
  • myrtol
  • moxonidine
  • propylhexedrine
  • sodium hypochlorite solution
  • sodium chloride/sodium citrate
  • Hepatitis B Vaccine (Recombinant [Adjuvanted])
  • Hepatitis B Vaccine (Recombinant)
  • aceclofenac and serratiopeptidase
  • levosulpiride
  • niaprazine
  • tromantadine
  • trimetazidine
  • vinburnine
  • mizoribine
  • molgramostim
  • mosapride
  • eugenol
  • tolperisone
  • etamsylate
  • etynodiol
  • mizolastine
  • metenolone
  • reproterol
  • rebamipide
  • mephenoxalone
  • metandienone
  • furosemide/spironolactone
  • hydroxycarbamide
  • tenonitrozole
  • fenoverine
  • fenquizone
  • tiapride
  • tibolone
  • furazolidone
  • furosemide & amiloride
  • fosfestrol
  • fluclorolone
  • flubendazole
  • tertatolol
  • tetracosactide
  • tetryzoline
  • tolciclate
  • trapidil
  • troxipide
  • temoporfin
  • telbivudine
  • teprenone
  • hexamidine
  • mebhydrolin
  • mepartricin
  • fencamfamin
  • medazepam
  • theodrenaline
  • thiamazole
  • thiocolchicoside
  • psilocybin
  • veralipride
  • pyritinol
  • opipramol
  • oprelvekin
  • betamethasone + gentamicin
  • betamethasone + neomycin
  • betamethasone + salicylic acid
  • oxedrine
  • bopindolol
  • orgotein (investigational)
  • oxaceprol
  • ormeloxifene
  • bevantolol
  • bifemelane
  • clebopride
  • demoxytocin
  • cicletanine
  • cefsulodin
  • chlortalidon
  • sisomicin
  • somatrem
  • carbazochrome
  • caroverine
  • cathine
  • ipriflavone
  • isepamicin
  • silymarin
  • simethicone
  • sermorelin
  • diloxanide
  • dimethindene
  • diosmin/hesperidin
  • calamine
  • canrenone
  • captodiame
  • imidapril
  • cefetamet
  • cefodizime
  • cefoperazone + sulbactam
  • ivermectin + albendazole
  • serrapeptase
  • bromisoval
  • beraprost
  • pridinol
  • proglumide
  • bamipine
  • barnidipine
  • bamifylline
  • benzbromarone
  • betamethasone/fusidic acid
  • para-chlorophenol
  • pantethine
  • nomifensine
  • pemoline
  • parnaparin
  • pentolinium
  • nialamide
  • novobiocin
  • nicergoline
  • octocrylene
  • octisalate
  • oftasceine
  • oxolamine
  • oxyphencyclimine
  • penfluridol
  • pentoxyverine
  • phenoxymethylpenicillin
  • picloxydine
  • pilsicainide hydrochloride
  • piperazine
  • pirarubicin
  • policresulen
  • prifinium bromide
  • prethcamide
  • pristinamycin
  • pirenzepine
  • piribedil
  • pimethixene
  • pargyline
  • phosphatidyl choline
  • phthalylsulfathiazole
  • phytomenadione
  • pranlukast
  • pinazepam
  • oxyphenonium
  • noxytiolin
  • periciazine
  • pethidine
  • phenindamine
  • histidine
  • isoleucine
  • proline
  • lauric acid
  • lymecycline
  • hypromellose
  • abiraterone acetate and niraparib
  • ichthammol
  • levamisole
  • naftazone
  • nefopam
  • oxprenolol
  • oxybuprocaine
  • elranatamab-bcmm
  • lapyrium
  • isoaminile
  • iotrolan
  • mazindol
  • masoprocol
  • lypressin
  • meradimate
  • molsidomine
  • monobenzone
  • mequinol/gluconolactone/ lactobionic acid/ arbutin
  • medifoxamine
  • mebutamate
  • metergoline
  • methantheline
  • methdilazine
  • metocurine
  • micronomicin
  • metaraminol
  • mephenesin
  • menadione
  • medrysone
  • metixene
  • levobetaxolol
  • guaiacol glycerol ether
  • eucalyptol
  • sodium tetradecyl sulfate
  • sugammadex
  • carbetocin
  • certoparin
  • chlorcyclizine/pseudoephedrine
  • cephapirin
  • indecainide
  • iobitridol
  • iomeprol
  • chlorphenesin
  • msud analog
  • msud maxamum
  • iceland moss
  • glutethimide
  • hexachlorophene
  • haloprogin
  • deferoxamine
  • ethchlorvynol
  • dexpanthenol topical
  • etilefrine
  • deslanoside
  • carbocromen
  • diazolidinylurea
  • dibenzepin
  • etofamide
  • guanoxan
  • halazepam
  • guanadrel sulfate
  • dapiprazole
  • soapwort
  • debrisoquine
  • l-tryptophan
  • chlormerodrin
  • chlorquinaldol
  • cetrimonium
  • carbocisteine
  • chlorcyclizine/codeine
  • technetium Tc-99m tetrofosmin
  • technetium Tc-99m disofenin
  • technetium Tc-99m gluceptate
  • technetium Tc-99m labeled red blood cells
  • amylmetacresol/dextromethorphan hydrobromide
  • anileridine phosphate
  • pyrethrins
  • pyrantel pamoate
  • quinagolide
  • spiramycin
  • standard hyperkalemic cardioplegia solution
  • technetium tc-99m mertiatide
  • technetium tc-99m medronate
  • bemotrizinol / bisoctrizole
  • benfotiamine
  • bemotrizinol + titanium dioxide + zinc oxide
  • technetium Tc-99m oxidronate
  • technetium Tc-99m pentetate
  • technetium Tc-99m pyrophosphate
  • benziodarone
  • octinoxate/bisoctrizole
  • bicisate dihydrochloride
  • technetium Tc-99m bicisate
  • norelgestromin/ethinyl estradiol
  • norgestimate/ethinyl estradiol
  • ximelagatran (investigational)
  • xamoterol
  • trioxsalen
  • poly-urea urethane
  • rilmenidine
  • pemirolast
  • oxitriptan
  • beclomethasone, intranasal
  • thimerosal
  • camphor gel
  • camphor
  • mumps virus vaccine, live
  • rubella virus vaccine, live
  • aluminum chloride (dental)
  • alum irrigation
  • framycetin, phenylephrine, and gramicidin
  • ombitasvir, paritaprevir, ritonavir, and dasabuvir
  • olipudase alfa
  • etonogestrel/ethinyl estradiol
  • mycophenolate
  • fluoroestradiol F 18
  • donor organ cardioplegia solution
  • fluciclovine F 18
  • fusidic acid (ophthalmic)
  • fusidic acid and hydrocortisone
  • framycetin, dexamethasone, and gramicidin
  • fludeoxyglucose F-18
  • fluorouracil/salicylic acid
  • indium In-111 oxyquinoline
  • indium In-111 pentetreotide
  • indium In-111 capromab pendetide
  • lusutrombopag
  • mitomycin (ophthalmic)
  • mifepristone and misoprostol
  • minoxidil (systemic)
  • methyl aminolevulinate (topical)
  • methyl folate, methylcobalamin, and acetylcysteine
  • ciclesonide/formoterol/tiotropium
  • nedocromil (Oral Inhalation)
  • batefenterol (Investigational)
  • neostigmine and glycopyrrolate
  • nepafenac ophthalmic
  • netupitant/palonosetron
  • meperidine and promethazine
  • mepivacaine and levonordefrin
  • maltodextrin
  • medical cannabis
  • medium chain triglycerides
  • mometasone/glycopyrrolate (glycopyrronium)/ indacaterol
  • moxifloxacin ophthalmic
  • neomycin/fluocinolone
  • nadroparin
  • iodine I-125 iothalamate
  • amikacin liposome (oral inhalation)
  • bupivacaine liposome
  • natamycin
  • lopinavir and ritonavir
  • lysine
  • macitentan and tadalafil
  • mitomycin pyelocalyceal
  • moclobemide
  • mometasone and indacaterol
  • efinaconazole
  • blue-green algae
  • indocyanine green
  • follitropin beta
  • lumasiran
  • glycerin/lidocaine
  • edrophonium/atropine
  • indigo carmine
  • lutropin alfa
  • instant glucose/intravenous dextrose
  • iobenguane I-123
  • ixekizumab
  • isosulfan blue dye
  • levofloxacin ophthalmic
  • levonorgestrel oral/ferrous bisglycinate/ ethinylestradiol
  • ethinyl estradiol/levonorgestrel transdermal
  • hydroquinone
  • hydroxypropyl methylcellulose
  • icodextrin
  • lipid emulsion (soybean, medium-chain triglyceride, olive, and fish oils; [SMOF])
  • iodinated I 125 albumin
  • iodinated I 131 albumin
  • lipid emulsion (plant oil-based)
  • levonorgestrel intrauterine
  • levonorgestrel/ethinyl estradiol
  • lactic acid and sodium-PCA
  • lactated Ringer solution
  • ketotifen (systemic)
  • lanolin
  • leuprolide and norethindrone
  • levodopa and benserazide
  • gonadorelin acetate
  • hemodialysis solutions
  • nirsevimab
  • gentian violet
  • gallium ga-68 dotatate
  • fusidic acid and betamethasone
  • gallium citrate Ga-67
  • gadopentetate dimeglumine
  • gadofosveset
  • follitropin delta
  • follitropin alfa and lutropin alfa
  • follitropin alfa
  • rocatinlimab
  • grass pollens allergen extract
  • flotufolastat F18
  • fluorescein ophthalmic
  • barium
  • balanced salt solution
  • air polymer type A intrauterine device
  • clodronate
  • bentoquatam
  • clobetasone
  • alfacalcidol
  • citric acid/glucono-delta-lactone/magnesium carbonate
  • benzoin
  • desirudin
  • immune globulin IV (IGIV)
  • dequalinium
  • pseudoephedrine/desloratadine
  • clofedanol
  • cyproterone and ethinyl estradiol
  • dextranomer and hyaluronic acid or derivatives
  • diatrizoate meglumine and diatrizoate sodium
  • glucosamine sulfate, chondroitin sulfate and Msm
  • squill
  • gotu kola
  • blessed thistle
  • bitter melon
  • apraclonidine
  • chlophedianol/dexbrompheniramine/pseudoephedrine
  • wild jujube
  • chitosan
  • cilazapril/hydrochlorothiazide
  • dexbrompheniramine and phenylephrine
  • diethylene triamine penta-acetic acid
  • dexchlorpheniramine and pseudoephedrine
  • lily of the valley
  • diflucortolone
  • corydalis
  • lemon balm
  • MSM
  • calcium polystyrene sulfonate
  • caprylidene
  • peppermint oil
  • efavirenz/lamivudine/tenofovir DF
  • emtricitabine/tenofovir DF /efavirenz
  • dutasteride/tamsulosin
  • milk thistle
  • centaury
  • horseweed
  • lycopus
  • agrimony
  • alfalfa
  • kava
  • cetrorelix
  • cetylpyridinium
  • chlophedianol and dexbrompheniramine
  • betahistine
  • choline C-11
  • boric acid vaginal suppository
  • aluminum acetate
  • aluminum chloride hexahydrate
  • 14-C urea breath test
  • absorbable collagen
  • valoctocogene roxaparvovec-rvox
  • amlodipine and celecoxib
  • aspirin and omeprazole
  • azilsartan and chlorthalidone
  • landiolol (Pending FDA approval)
  • isosorbide dinitrate/hydralazine
  • losartan/hydrochorothiazide
  • udenafil
  • dextromethorphan/quinidine
  • onasemnogene abeparvovec
  • orphenadrine/aspirin/caffeine
  • trace elements
  • sodium phenylbutyrate/ taurursodiol
  • fish oil triglycerides
  • infant formula
  • glutamine
  • chloroquine phosphate
  • afatinib
  • quinidine gluconate
  • methylergonovine
  • prothrombin complex concentrate, human
  • BCG intravesical live
  • capivasertib
  • cedazuridine
  • carbonyl iron
  • iron dextran complex
  • lovotibeglogene autotemcel (FDA Approval Pending)
  • sodium benzoate/sodium phenylacetate
  • mineral oil otic
  • zolmitriptan transdermal
  • midazolam intranasal
  • fosinopril/hydrochlorothiazide
  • caplacizumab
  • arginine
  • sodium phenylbutyrate
  • meloxicam/rizatriptan
  • manganese
  • acetaminophen/pamabrom/pyridoxine
  • varicella zoster immune globulin, human
  • amitriptyline/perphenazine
  • narsoplimab (Pending FDA Approval)
  • amlodipine/perindopril
  • imiglucerase
  • canagliflozin/metformin
  • tafamidis meglumine
  • somatrogon-ghla
  • glimepiride/rosiglitazone
  • becaplermin
  • lithium
  • loxapine inhaled
  • nicotine transdermal
  • tixagevimab and cilgavimab (Investigational)
  • muromonab CD3
  • ansuvimab
  • coal tar bath products
  • fibrin sealant
  • arimoclomol (FDA Approval Pending)
  • varenicline intranasal
  • aducanumab
  • oxycodone/naloxone
  • ritlecitinib
  • sodium polystyrene sulfonate
  • calcipotriene/betamethasone
  • calcium hydroxylapatite
  • cantharidin topical
  • doxepin cream
  • clocortolone
  • formaldehyde topical
  • sodium sulfide topical
  • collagenase
  • selegiline transdermal
  • foscarbidopa/foslevodopa (FDA approval pending)
  • saxagliptin/metformin
  • linagliptin/metformin
  • linzagolix (FDA approval pending)
  • efgartigimod/hyaluronidase SC
  • elamipretide (Pending FDA approval)
  • rozanolixizumab
  • diazoxide
  • glimepiride/pioglitazone
  • cipaglucosidase alfa
  • dihydroergotamine intranasal
  • delandistrogene moxeparvovec
  • beremagene geperpavec
  • hyaluronic acid and derivatives
  • hyaluronic acid, non-animal stabilized
  • eplontersen (FDA Approval Pending)
  • nitric oxide gas
  • sodium phenylbutyrate and taurursodiol
  • treprostinil SC
  • viltolarsen
  • albuterol/ipratropium
  • budesonide inhaled
  • budesonide rectal
  • palovarotene
  • sodium sulfate/potassium chloride/magnesium sulfate/polyethylene glycol
  • amino acids mixture
  • aminobenzoate potassium
  • elivaldogene autotemcel
  • naproxen and sumatriptan
  • sumatriptan intranasal
  • alglucerase
  • metformin/rosiglitazone
  • ertugliflozin/metformin
  • elosulfase alfa
  • calcium carbonate/magnesium hydroxide
  • starch suppository
  • abicipar pegol (FDA Approval Pending)
  • riboflavin 5′-phosphate ophthalmic
  • povidone ophthalmic
  • glycerin oropharyngeal
  • dimethicone topical
  • menthol topical, dimethicone topical
  • pramoxine topical, menthol topical and dimethicone topical
  • phosphorated carbohydrate
  • brilliant blue G ophthalmic
  • brolucizumab intravitreal
  • purified water, ophthalmic
  • hydroxyethyl cellulose ophthalmic
  • ranibizumab intravitreal implant
  • sodium chloride hypertonic, ophthalmic 
  • cetirizine ophthalmic
  • phentolamine ophthalmic
  • ganciclovir ophthalmic
  • triamcinolone intravitreal
  • ocriplasmin intravitreal
  • atoltivimab/maftivimab/odesivimab
  • pegcetacoplan intravitreal
  • triamcinolone acetonide extended-release injectable suspension
  • tobramycin/loteprednol ophthalmic
  • 2-octyl cyanoacrylate
  • vitamins A & D topical
  • diphenhydramine/allantoin topical
  • pyrethrins/piperonyl butoxide
  • lodoxamide ophthalmic
  • obeticholic acid
  • fluocinolone intravitreal implant
  • sincalide
  • linaclotide
  • nedocromil ophthalmic
  • cysteamine ophthalmic
  • avacincaptad pegol intravitreal
  • azelastine ophthalmic
  • bacitracin ophthalmic
  • propylene glycol ophthalmic
  • rimexolone ophthalmic
  • metoclopramide intranasal
  • mirikizumab
  • netarsudil ophthalmic
  • cenegermin
  • dexamethasone ophthalmic insert
  • prednisolone ophthalmic
  • phenylephrine and cocoa butter rectal
  • phenylephrine and witch hazel topical
  • phenylephrine, pramoxine, glycerin and petrolatum rectal
  • bisacodyl rectal
  • aluminum hydroxide/magnesium carbonate
  • aluminum hydroxide/magnesium hydroxide
  • hyoscyamine spray
  • methenamine/methylene blue/ hyoscyamine/ sodium phosphate monobasic/ phenyl salicylate
  • phenylephrine
  • chlorophyll
  • castor oil
  • cholic acid
  • phenol oropharyngeal
  • articaine/epinephrine
  • antithymocyte globulin equine
  • aluminum hydroxide/magnesium trisilicate
  • methenamine/hyoscyamine
  • hydrocortisone topical/pramoxine topical 
  • sodium fluoride topical
  • mesna
  • C1 esterase inhibitor recombinant
  • menthol and pectin
  • menthol oropharyngeal
  • pectin oropharyngeal
  • gepirone
  • Goldenseal
  • polyethylene glycol and electrolytes
  • polyethylene glycol/electrolytes/sodium ascorbate/ascorbic acid
  • brompheniramine/pseudoephedrine/dextromethorphan
  • brompheniramine phenylephrine
  • acetaminophen/doxylamine/phenylephrine
  • doxylamine/acetaminophen/pseudoephedrine/dextromethorphan
  • acetaminophen/doxylamine/dextromethorphan
  • acetaminophen/doxylamine/dextromethorphan/phenylephrine
  • eslicarbazepine
  • fluticasone and salmeterol
  • codeine, acetaminophen, butalbital and caffeine
  • codeine, chlorpheniramine and phenylephrine
  • iodine
  • povidone iodine
  • butalbital/aspirin/caffeine/codeine
  • polyethylene glycol 400/propylene glycol ophthalmic 
  • pegvaliase
  • amivantamab
  • iopamidol
  • codeine and pseudoephedrine
  • emtricitabine, rilpivirine, tenofovir DF
  • penicillin G aqueous
  • miconazole topical
  • miconazole vaginal
  • ciprofloxacin inhaled (Pending FDA approval)
  • ceftazidime/avibactam
  • ceftolozane/​tazobactam
  • aztreonam inhalation
  • amphotericin B cholesteryl sulfate
  • miconazole oral
  • elvitegravir/cobicistat/emtricitabine/tenofovir DF
  • isavuconazonium sulfate
  • dapivirine intravaginal (FDA Approval Pending)
  • lamivudine/raltegravir
  • codeine/triprolidine/pseudoephedrine
  • cadexomer iodine
  • brompheniramine/pseudoephedrine
  • codeine/acetaminophen
  • codeine/guaifenesin
  • beclomethasone inhaled
  • epoetin beta/methoxy polyethylene glycol
  • voreloxin(Orphan Drug)
  • rociletinib
  • pitcher plant
  • phosphatidylserine
  • telotristat ethyl
  • copper CU 64 dotatate
  • urea topical
  • exenatide subdermal implant
  • asenapine transdermal
  • ethiodized oil
  • urea oral
  • miglustat
  • acalisib(Investigational)
  • acetophenazine
  • guggul
  • aceneuramic acid
  • mestranol/norethindrone
  • reishi
  • lactitol
  • vonoprazan fumarate
  • motherwort
  • silver nitrate
  • salicylic acid/sulfur shampoo
  • salicylic acid topical
  • ketorolac ophthalmic
  • ketoconazole topical
  • Japanese encephalitis virus vaccine
  • dibucaine topical ointment
  • ketorolac intranasal
  • ketorolac/phenylephrine ophthalmic
  • rotavirus oral vaccine, live
  • guarana
  • hops
  • krill oil
  • salicylic acid/coal tar shampoo
  • sufentanil SL
  • pancrelipase
  • passion flower
  • pepdite one plus
  • nivolumab and relatlimab
  • relatlimab (Pending FDA Approval)
  • benzalkonium chloride/benzocaine
  • ketotifen, drug-eluting contact lens
  • calcitriol topical
  • oxymetazoline topical
  • alclometasone topical
  • capsaicin topical
  • diclofenac/misoprostol
  • diclofenac ophthalmic
  • diclofenac topical
  • pramoxine/calamine topical
  • veverimer
  • tolazoline
  • olopatadine ophthalmic
  • lutetium lu 177-dota-tate
  • lutetium lu 177 vipivotide tetraxetan
  • strontium 89 chloride
  • interferon alfa n3
  • lutetium Lu 177- Diethylenetriamine Pentaacetic acid-omburtamab (FDA Approval Pending)
  • samarium sm 153 lexidronam
  • cytomegalovirus immune globulin (CMV IG)
  • antithymocyte globulin rabbit
  • inolimomab (Pending FDA Approval)
  • olopatadine intranasal
  • olopatadine intranasal/​mometasone, intranasal
  • benzocaine/butamben/tetracaine topical
  • antipyrine/benzocaine/phenylephrine
  • dyclonine/menthol
  • surufatinib
  • fruquintinib
  • dostarlimab
  • hepatitis B immune globulin (HBIG)
  • remestemcel-L
  • benzocaine/menthol oropharyngeal
  • interferon beta 1b
  • tetracaine/oxymetazoline intranasal
  • benzocaine oropharyngeal
  • benzalkonium chloride/menthol/petrolatum topical
  • inamrinone
  • alpha 1 proteinase inhibitor
  • potassium bicarbonate/potassium citrate
  • potassium phosphate/sodium acid phosphate
  • asparaginase Erwinia chrysanthemi recombinant
  • motixafortide
  • pegloticase
  • etesevimab
  • Rho(D) immune globulin
  • tetanus immune globulin (TIG)
  • reltecimod (pending FDA approval)
  • avasopasem
  • trimethoprim/polymyxin B ophthalmic
  • naphazoline ophthalmic
  • sulfacetamide topical
  • sirolimus intravitreal (pending FDA approval)
  • sirolimus protein bound
  • sirolimus topical
  • glycopyrronium tosylate topical
  • sofpironium
  • olmesartan, amlodipine and hydrochlorothiazide
  • dovitinib (Pending FDA Approval)
  • epinephrine inhaled
  • quizartinib (Pending FDA Approval)
  • ranibizumab intravitreal injection
  • sodium hyaluronate
  • bacitracin and lidocaine topical
  • brimonidine topical
  • benzoyl peroxide and tretinoin topical
  • talquetamab
  • betrixaban
  • acetaminophen/caffeine/pyrilamine
  • fentanyl transmucosal
  • bacitracin topical
  • buprenorphine,long-acting injection
  • buprenorphine buccal
  • nalmefene intranasal
  • sulbactam/durlobactam
  • metronidazole topical 
  • daratumumab/hyaluronidase
  • glofitamab
  • rituximab-hyaluronidase
  • drospirenone/ethinyl estradiol/levomefolate
  • loncastuximab tesirine
  • ingenol mebutate topical
  • momelotinib
  • trastuzumab/deruxtecan
  • trastuzumab/hyaluronidase
  • trastuzumab duocarmazine
  • lifileucel
  • umbralisib
  • eflornithine/sulindac
  • cytarabine/daunorubicin liposomal
  • doxorubicin liposomal
  • epcoritamab
  • lanadelumab  
  • esomeprazole/naproxen 
  • terbinafine topical
  • ravulizumab
  • clotrimazole topical
  • choline magnesium trisalicylate
  • tacrolimus ointment
  • mechlorethamine topical
  • donislecel
  • pozelimab (Pending FDA Approval)
  • human rabies immune globulin (HRIG)
  • melphalan flufenamide
  • sintilimab (Pending FDA Approval)
  • oportuzumab monatox (Pending FDA Approval)
  • sotorasib
  • irinotecan liposomal
  • sulfur topical
  • silver sulfadiazine
  • capsaicin transdermal
  • sutimlimab
  • tretinoin topical
  • acetaminophen rectal
  • menthol topical
  • naftifine
  • oatmeal, colloidal topical
  • oxiconazole
  • methylsalicylate/menthol topical
  • C1 inhibitor human
  • lifitegrast ophthalmic
  • prednisolone/sulfacetamide ophthalmic
  • mannitol inhalation
  • ofloxacin otic
  • petrolatum & mineral oil topical
  • clascoterone topical
  • gefapixant (Pending FDA Approval)
  • colesevelam
  • technetium Tc 99m succimer
  • nebivolol/valsartan
  • ciprofloxacin/fluocinolone acetonide, otic
  • finafloxacin otic
  • magnesium hydroxide/mineral oil
  • phenylephrine/mineral oil/petrolatum rectal
  • carbamide peroxide oral
  • atropine ophthalmic
  • sodium sulfacetamide/sulfur
  • sulfacetamide ophthalmic
  • lucinactant
  • benzonatate
  • besifloxacin ophthalmic
  • benzhydrocodone/acetaminophen
  • beractant
  • trimagnesium citrate anhydrous
  • vitamin b2
  • carbamide peroxide otic
  • mineral oil topical
  • ethyl alcohol intranasal
  • boric acid/alcohol otic
  • absorbable gelatin compressed sponge, USP
  • absorbable gelatin sponge, USP
  • vincristine liposomal
  • technetium Tc 99m albumin aggregated injection
  • metaproterenol
  • budesonide inhaled/formoterol/glycopyrrolate inhaled
  • epinephrine racemic
  • umeclidinium bromide/vilanterol inhaled
  • indacaterol, inhaled/glycopyrrolate inhaled
  • betaine  
  • laronidase 
  • estrogens esterified/methyltestosterone            
  • cerliponase alfa
  • ertugliflozin/sitagliptin
  • hawthorn
  • shepherd’s purse
  • thiamine
  • naphazoline/glycerin ophthalmic
  • oxymetazoline ophthalmic
  • dorzolamide
  • dexamethasone intraocular
  • dexamethasone/ciprofloxacin
  • dexamethasone ophthalmic
  • metipranolol ophthalmic
  • timolol ophthalmic
  • boron
  • fezolinetant
  • pegunigalsidase alfa-iwxj
  • biotin
  • pantothenic acid
  • silicon
  • sodium acid phosphate
  • hypochlorous acid topical
  • methenamine/sodium acid phosphate
  • aviptadil 
  • bremelanotide
  • glucagon intranasal
  • metformin and repaglinide
  • bai ji
  • pau d’arco
  • juzentaihoto
  • mistletoe
  • quercetin
  • rosemary
  • sheng di huang
  • chasteberry
  • maitake
  • grapefruit
  • lentinan
  • juniper
  • nettle
  • parsley
  • rose hips
  • tongkat ali
  • horny goat weed
  • damiana
  • yohimbe
  • insulin NPH
  • aprocitentan
  • noni Juice
  • sodium iodide I-131
  • green tea
  • sea cucumber
  • wheat germ extract
  • fenofibrate micronized 
  • rogisen
  • danshen
  • lutein
  • witch hazel
  • dextroamphetamine transdermal
  • amphetamine/dextroamphetamine
  • hoodia
  • kolanut
  • boswellia
  • opuntia ficus indica
  • lavender
  • nadh
  • tea tree oil
  • metformin/sitagliptin 
  • dapagliflozin/ metformin/saxagliptin  
  • antihemophilic factor recombinant
  • inclisiran
  • bempedoic acid/ezetimibe
  • volanesorsen  
  • omega 3 carboxylic acids
  • pericyazine
  • levomepromazine (methotrimeprazine)
  • betaxolol ophthalmic
  • respiratory syncytial virus vaccine, adjuvanted
  • phenylephrine hydrochloride and tropicamide ophthalmic
  • alirocumab
  • neomycin/polymyxin B/gramicidin ophthalmic
  • factor IX
  • gentamicin topical
  • ansofaxine (Pending FDA Approval)
  • zuranolone
  • factor IX, recombinant
  • factor IX complex
  • factor XIII A-subunit, recombinant
  • factor X, human
  • mesalamine rectal
  • etrasimod
  • anti-inhibitor coagulant complex
  • factor IX, recombinant/albumin fusion protein
  • fibrinogen, human
  • aminocaproic acid
  • metyrosine
  • nonoxynol-9 vaginal
  • progesterone intravaginal gel
  • ipecac syrup
  • botulinum antitoxin, heptavalent
  • pentetate calcium trisodium
  • crotalidae polyvalent immune FAB (ovine)
  • dehydrated alcohol injection 
  • gold sodium thiomalate (Discontinued)
  • lactic acid/citric acid/potassium bitartrate vaginal
  • von Willebrand factor, recombinant
  • luspatercept
  • digoxin immune FAB (Antidote)
  • crotalidae immune FAB (equine)
  • magnesium (Antidote)
  • pyridoxine (Antidote)
  • edetate calcium disodium
  • albumin IV
  • nitroglycerin sublingual
  • obiltoxaximab
  • anthrax immune globulin
  • nitroglycerin topical
  • dextrose
  • nesiritide
  • estradiol vaginal
  • bazedoxifene/conjugated estrogens
  • botulism immune globulin iv
  • amoxicillin/omeprazole/rifabutin
  • synthetic human angiotensin II
  • nitroglycerin IV
  • nitroglycerin translingual
  • nitroprusside sodium
  • tetrahydrozoline/zinc sulfate/hypromellose ophthalmic
  • sodium citrate/citric acid
  • pemetrexate
  • methicillin
  • plasminogen 
  • acai
  • american ginseng
  • cordyceps
  • tramadol/acetaminophen
  • belladonna alkaloids/phenobarbital
  • erythromycin topical/benzoyl peroxide
  • glucosamine sulfate
  • panax ginseng (suppl/herb)
  • tolnaftate
  • sulopenem etzadroxil/probenecid
  • sulfur hexafluoride
  • sotrovimab
  • arbaclofen
  • rifampin/isoniazid
  • clindamycin /tretinoin topical
  • benzoyl peroxide/clindamycin topical
  • apremilast
  • antivenins, centuroides (scorpion)
  • bamlanivimab and etesevimab
  • vilobelimab
  • gadobenate
  • pentosan polysulfate sodium
  • methylsalicylate/menthol/camphor topical
  • antivenin, black widow spider
  • benzoyl peroxide and hydrocortisone
  • clindamycin topical
  • isometheptene, dichloralphenazone and acetaminophen
  • acetaminophen and phenyltoloxamine
  • erythromycin topical
  • erythromycin ophthalmic
  • alpha hydroxy acids, topical
  • buprenorphine transdermal
  • butalbital/acetaminophen/caffeine
  • buprenorphine/samidorphan
  • buprenorphine subdermal implant
  • celecoxib/tramadol
  • drospirenone/ethinyl estradiol
  • resorcinol/sulfur
  • eflornithine
  • rifampin/isoniazid/pyrazinamide
  • tofersen
  • devil’s claw
  • ticarcillin/clavulanate
  • atropine/pralidoxime
  • aprepitant
  • suramin
  • phenelzine 
  • artichoke
  • american dogwood
  • attapulgite
  • atlantic cedar
  • axalimogene filolisbac
  • sodium thiosulfate & sodium nitrite
  • ataluren
  • omidubicel-onlv
  • capsicum
  • ginger
  • cryoprecipitate
  • bictegravir/emtricitabine/tenofovir DF
  • emtricitabine/tenofovir DF
  • fo-ti
  • siberian ginseng
  • granulocytes
  • zinc substituted heme C
  • zinc trihydroxide
  • ashwagandha 
  • cat’s claw
  • glandular products
  • SAMe
  • shark cartilage
  • altovis
  • feverfew
  • horse chestnut
  • magnesium aspartate
  • octacosanol
  • pleurisy root
  • star anise
  • butterbur
  • elderberry
  • licorice (Suppl/herb)
  • aconite
  • pentetate zinc trisodium
  • menthol topical/zinc oxide topical
  • corn-starch/kaolin/zinc oxide topical
  • 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-htp)
  • butcher’s broom
  • articulin
  • bearberry
  • goldenrod
  • progesterone, natural
  • black cohosh
  • wild yam
  • cranberry
  • dong quai
  • phytoestrogens
  • norethindrone
  • false Unicorn Root
  • raspberry Leaf
  • asafoetida
  • turmeric
  • dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA)
  • hyaluronan
  • aliskiren/amlodipine
  • octreotide (Antidote)
  • tranexamic acid injection
  • duocal
  • neocate infant formula
  • pediatric Eo28
  • aloe
  • red clover
  • propolis
  • androstenedione
  • heartsease
  • comfrey
  • bilberry
  • chamomile
  • eyebright
  • calendula
  • sage
  • yucca
  • polypody
  • odevixibat
  • vinpocetine
  • olanzapine/samidorphan
  • creatine
  • yerba mate
  • spesolimab
  • azficel-T
  • tiludronate
  • estetrol and drospirenone
  • pseudoephedrine/fexofenadine
  • lincomycin
  • neomycin oral
  • fluocinolone acetonide, otic
  • tretinoin/ hydroquinone/ fluocinolone
  • halobetasol topical
  • hydrocortisone/​iodoquinol
  • penicillin G procaine /penicillin G benzathine
  • hydrocortisone probutate topical
  • colistin/neomycin/hydrocortisone/thonzonium otic
  • ebola zaire vaccine
  • hepatitis a/​b vaccine
  • vibegron
  • lindane
  • nystatin topical
  • respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) vaccine
  • chikungunya vaccine, live
  • tenecteplase
  • reteplase
  • anthrax vaccine adsorbed, adjuvanted
  • meningococcal ABCWY pentavalent vaccine
  • eculizumab
  • cholestyramine
  • tinzaparin
  • taurolidine/​citrate/​heparin
  • protein C concentrate
  • antithrombin alfa
  • antithrombin III
  • multivitamins, vision
  • ibuprofen/​chlorpheniramine/​pseudoephedrine
  • acetaminophen/ibuprofen
  • ibuprofen/pseudoephedrine
  • paclitaxel protein-bound
  • acetic acid vaginal
  • acetic acid otic
  • hydrocodone/ ibuprofen
  • methyl salicylate / isopropanol/ citronellyl acetate/ citric acid
  • ibuprofen and phenylephrine
  • acetylcysteine (Antidote)
  • iron/​folic acid/​vitamin/​mineral
  • iobenguane I-131
  • dolutegravir/rilpivirine
  • chlorhexidine topical
  • chlorhexidine oral
  • thyroid desiccated
  • proparacaine ophthalmic
  • podophyllum resin
  • phendimetrazine
  • phenoxybenzamine
  • polidocanol
  • phentermine and topiramate
  • piflufolastat F18
  • piperacillin/tazobactam
  • prednisolone and gentamicin ophthalmic
  • promethazine and codeine
  • poractant alfa
  • protamine sulfate
  • aflibercept intravitreal
  • prednicarbate
  • promethazine/dextromethorphan
  • codeine, phenylephrine, and promethazine
  • potassium phosphate
  • glatiramer acetate
  • gentamicin (Ophthalmic)
  • leniolisib
  • rezafungin
  • fluorometholone
  • dalfampridine
  • hydrocortisone topical 
  • empagliflozin and linagliptin
  • triamcinolone topical
  • minocycline topical
  • minocycline dental
  • ketotifen ophthalmic
  • darunavir and cobicistat
  • lidocaine topical
  • neomycin/polymyxin B/bacitracin/lidocaine (OTC)
  • lidocaine/ hydrocortisone
  • lidocaine anesthetic
  • lidocaine ophthalmic
  • lidocaine/tetracaine
  • desonide
  • dabigatran
  • fexofenadine
  • fluoride
  • decitabine and cedazuridine
  • dasiglucagon
  • hydroxypropyl cellulose ophthalmic
  • epoetin alfa
  • ibritumomab tiuxetan
  • trimethobenzamide
  • dexamethasone/ tobramycin
  • tafasitamab
  • valacyclovir
  • mebendazole
  • levoleucovorin
  • flaxseed
  • germanium
  • glutathione
  • lycopene
  • pygeum
  • horseradish
  • ziv-aflibercept
  • micafungin
  • trofinetide
  • taliglucerase alfa
  • tildrakizumab
  • sulopenem (Pending FDA Approval)
  • thyrotropin alfa
  • birch
  • thrombin, topical
  • tivozanib
  • tafluprost
  • methohexital
  • urea and hydrocortisone
  • unoprostone ophthalmic
  • trihexyphenidyl
  • ezetimibe
  • evolocumab
  • trifluridine and tipiracil
  • methenamine
  • misoprostol
  • miltefosine
  • rimantadine
  • maralixibat
  • coenzyme Q10
  • chlorella
  • garlic
  • forskolin
  • zavegepant
  • menotropins
  • margetuximab
  • meprobamate
  • melarsoprol
  • evening primrose oil
  • lemongrass
  • molindone
  • fenugreek
  • phytosterols
  • red yeast rice
  • uridine triacetate
  • tropicamide
  • incobotulinumtoxinA
  • Grape Seed Extract
  • carbachol ophthalmic
  • cosyntropin
  • cyclopentolate and phenylephrine
  • carteolol ophthalmic
  • pentazocine/naloxone
  • pentazocine/acetaminophen
  • casimersen
  • carisoprodol, aspirin, and codeine
  • carisoprodol
  • carboprost tromethamine
  • flurandrenolide
  • brinzolamide/brimonidine
  • betamethasone topical
  • omaveloxolone
  • bardoxolone
  • allogeneic processed thymus tissue
  • fluocinolone topical
  • tacrolimus topical
  • ruxolitinib topical
  • pimecrolimus topical
  • sofosbuvir, velpatasvir and voxilaprevir
  • sofosbuvir/velpatasvir
  • mitotane
  • elbasvir/​grazoprevir
  • wheat dextrin
  • vanadium
  • iron/folic acid/vitamin/mineral
  • molybdenum
  • sparsentan
  • velmanase alfa-tycv
  • pegcetacoplan
  • ferrous sulfate
  • cyclosporine ophthalmic
  • ferric pyrophosphate
  • ammonium lactate
  • etelcalcetide
  • iodoquinol
  • sucroferric oxyhydroxide
chloroquine + 

mibefradil

may have an increased QTc-prolonging effect when combined with chloroquine

apomorphine

may have an increased QTc-prolonging effect when combined with chloroquine

octreotide

may have an increased QTc-prolonging effect when combined with chloroquine

atomoxetine

may have an increased QTc-prolonging effect when combined with chloroquine

olanzapine

may have an increased QTc-prolonging effect when combined with chloroquine

calcium carbonate

chloroquine: they may diminish the serum concentration of antacids

magaldrate

chloroquine: they may diminish the serum concentration of antacids

magnesium trisilicate

chloroquine: they may diminish the serum concentration of antacids

omeprazole

chloroquine: they may diminish the serum concentration of antacids

tiludronic acid

chloroquine: they may diminish the serum concentration of antacids

almasilate

chloroquine: they may diminish the serum concentration of antacids

aluminum hydroxide

chloroquine: they may diminish the serum concentration of antacids

magnesium glucoheptonate

chloroquine: they may diminish the serum concentration of magnesium salts

magnesium citrate

chloroquine: they may diminish the serum concentration of magnesium salts

magnesium gluconate

chloroquine: they may diminish the serum concentration of magnesium salts

magnesium carbonate

chloroquine: they may diminish the serum concentration of magnesium salts

magnesium chloride

chloroquine: they may diminish the serum concentration of magnesium salts

fluconazole

chloroquine: they may increase the QTc-prolonging effect of QTc-prolonging Agents

ritonavir

chloroquine: they may increase the QTc-prolonging effect of QTc-prolonging Agents

foscarnet

chloroquine: they may increase the QTc-prolonging effect of QTc-prolonging Agents

sorafenib

chloroquine: they may increase the QTc-prolonging effect of QTc-prolonging Agents

ampicillin

Chloroquine reduces the serum concentrations of ampicillin. Apply at least 2 hours of gap between administration of chloroquine and ampicillin.

agalsidase beta 

may decrease the therapeutic effect, when combined

lanthanum carbonate 

may diminish the serum concentration when combined with chloroquine

ibutilide 

may increase the QTc prolonging effect of QT-prolonging Class III Antiarrhythmics

aluminum hydroxide 

may diminish the serum concentration of Antacids

edoxaban 

edoxaban: it may enhance the toxic effect of Anti-Inflammatory Agents

caplacizumab 

caplacizumab: it may enhance the toxic effect of Anti-Inflammatory Agents

clobetasol propionate 

may enhance the metabolism of clobetasol propionate.

lithium 

It may enhance QTc interval when combined with lithium

cisapride 

cisapride's toxicity is increased by chloroquine’s effect on the QTc interval

vandetanib

may increase the QT-prolonging effect and enhance the risk of ventricular arrhythmias

kaolin

kaolin decreases the absorption of chloroquine and reduces the serum concentration

olodaterol/tiotropium 

may increase the QTc interval

acipimox 

may have an increased risk of rhabdomyolysis & myoglobinuria when combined with chloroquine

ouabain

may increase the serum concentration of cardiac glycosides

digitoxin

may increase the serum concentration of cardiac glycosides

digoxin

may increase the serum concentration of cardiac glycosides

5-htp

may increase the risk of adverse effects

desvenlafaxine

may increase the risk of adverse effects

tranylcypromine

may increase the risk of adverse effects

isocarboxazid

may increase the risk of adverse effects

esketamine intranasal

may increase the risk of adverse effects

tranylcypromine

may increase the risk of adverse effects

dextromethorphan/bupropion

may increase the risk of adverse effects

amitriptyline

may increase the risk of adverse effects

brexanolone

may increase the risk of adverse effects

butriptyline

may increase the risk of adverse effects

mirtazapine

may increase the risk of adverse effects

nefazodone

may increase the risk of adverse effects

trazodone

may increase the risk of adverse effects

protriptyline

may increase the risk of adverse effects

imipramine

may increase the risk of adverse effects

protriptyline

may increase the risk of adverse effects

trimipramine

may increase the risk of adverse effects

moexipril

QT-prolonging Miscellaneous Agents may increase the QTc-prolonging effect of chloroquine

voriconazole

QT-prolonging Miscellaneous Agents may increase the QTc-prolonging effect of chloroquine

nelfinavir

QT-prolonging Miscellaneous Agents may increase the QTc-prolonging effect of chloroquine

alfuzosin

QT-prolonging Miscellaneous Agents may increase the QTc-prolonging effect of chloroquine

ibandronate

may have an increased QTc-prolonging effect when combined with chloroquine

trazodone

may have an increased QTc-prolonging effect when combined with chloroquine

isradipine

may have an increased QTc-prolonging effect when combined with chloroquine

treprostinil

may have an increased QTc-prolonging effect when combined with chloroquine

tamsulosin 

It may enhance the levels when combined with tamsulosin by affecting CYP2D6 metabolism

tamoxifen 

tamoxifen increases the toxic or adverse effects of chloroquine

ajmaline 

when ajmaline is used together with chloroquine, the risk or seriousness of QTc prolongation is enhanced

idebenone 

chloroquine has the potential to reduce the rate of excretion of idebenone, leading to an elevation in levels of serum

tegafur 

Combining tegafur with chloroquine can reduce tegafur’s metabolism

encainide 

chloroquine When encainide is used together with chloroquine, this leads to a reduction in the encainide’s metabolism

ouabain 

When chloroquine is used together with ouabain, this leads to a rise in the concentration serum of ouabain

ponesimod 

When ponesimod is used together with chloroquine, this leads to enhanced risk or seriousness of bradycardia

adenosine 

When chloroquine is used together with adenosine, this leads to enhanced risk or seriousness of QTc prolongation

givinostat 

When chloroquine is used together with givinostat, this leads to enhanced risk or seriousness of Qtc prolongation

acepromazine 

When chloroquine is used together with acepromazine, this leads to enhanced risk or seriousness of QTc prolongation

eucalyptus oil 

chloroquine leads to a reduction in the rate of excretion of eucalyptus oil which leads to increased level of serum

pentaerythritol tetranitrate 

chloroquine leads to a reduction in the rate of excretion of pentaerythritol tetranitrate, which leads to an increased level of serum

potassium acetate 

chloroquine leads to a reduction in the rate of excretion of potassium acetate, which leads to an increased level of serum

almasilate 

chloroquine's absorption may be reduced by almasilate, resulting in lower serum concentrations and potentially decreased efficacy

ziv-aflibercept

may increase the risk of adverse effects

sarilumab

may increase the risk of adverse effects

talimogene Laherparepvec

may increase the risk of adverse effects

lecanemab

may increase the risk of adverse effects

lyme disease vaccine

may increase the risk of adverse effects

cromolyn sodium

may increase the risk of adverse effects

mepolizumab

may increase the risk of adverse effects

dupilumab

may increase the risk of adverse effects

dimethyl fumarate

may increase the risk of adverse effects

nedocromil

may increase the risk of adverse effects

paclitaxel

when both drugs are combined, there may be a reduced metabolism of paclitaxel  

tamoxifen

tamoxifen may enhance the toxic effects of chloroquine and the risk of retinal toxicity

lenvatinib

QTc interval is increased both by lenvatinib and chloroquine

lorlatinib

the effect of chloroquine is decreased by lorlatinib, by altering intestinal or hepatic CYP3A4 enzyme metabolism

toremifene

it may increase the QT-c prolonging effect of QT-prolonging agents such as toremifene

osimertinib

osimertinib and chloroquine, when used simultaneously, increase the QTc interval

dapsone 

may enhance the risk of adverse/toxic effect of dapsone

fluspirilene 

may have an increased QTc prolongation when combined with chloroquine

mofebutazone 

the excretory rate of chloroquine may be reduced when taken with mofebutazone, resulting in increased serum levels of chloroquine

oliceridine 

When chloroquine is used together with oliceridine, this leads to enhanced concentration serum of oliceridine

rotavirus oral vaccine, live 

chloroquine exerts pharmacodynamic antagonism, leading to a reduction in the effectiveness of the live rotavirus oral vaccine

vorinostat

when both drugs are combined, there may be increased toxicity of vorinostat by QTC interval 

sorafenib

it alters the QTc interval and increases the toxicity of sorafenib

octreotide

it increases the toxicity of octreotide by affecting the QTc interval

Actions and Spectrum:

Actions:

chloroquine is a medication that is primarily used to treat and prevent malaria. It works by interfering with the body’s growth and reproduction of the malaria parasite.

In addition to its use for malaria, chloroquine has also been used for other medical conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus. It has been found to have anti-inflammatory properties and can help reduce pain and swelling associated with these conditions.

chloroquine is a member of a class of drugs known as antimalarials, which includes other medications such as quinine and mefloquine. It is effective against both the blood stage and liver stage of the malaria parasite.

Spectrum:

The spectrum of chloroquine refers to the range of organisms that it can be effective against. In addition to malaria, chloroquine has been used to treat other protozoal infections, such as amoebic dysentery and giardiasis. It has also been effective against certain viral infections, such as those caused by the Ebola virus.

Frequency not defined

Severe headache

Nausea

Vomiting

Diarrhea

Blurred vision

Urticaria

Erythema multiforme

Psychosis

Hypertension

Hypoglycemia

Anorexia

Pancytopenia

Neutropenia

Polyneuropathy

Delirium

Insomnia

Depression

Suicidal behavior

Hallucinations

Hypoglycemia

Black-Box Warning:

None

Contraindication/Caution:

Some of the contraindications and precautions of chloroquine include:

  • Allergy: chloroquine should not be used in individuals with a known allergy to chloroquine or related compounds.
  • Eye disorders: chloroquine can cause vision changes and retinopathy, especially with long-term use or high doses. It should be cautiously in individuals with pre-existing eye disorders.
  • Liver disease: chloroquine can cause liver damage and should be used cautiously in individuals with pre-existing liver disease.
  • Kidney disease: chloroquine is eliminated from the body through the kidneys, and therefore should be used with caution in individuals with pre-existing kidney disease.
  • Drug interactions: chloroquine can interact with other medications, such as antacids and certain antibiotics, and should be used with caution in individuals taking these medications.

Allergy: chloroquine should not be used in individuals with a known allergy to chloroquine or related compounds.

Pregnancy consideration:  

Not suitable for pregnant females

Breastfeeding warnings:  

The benefits of lactation should outweigh the risks of the drug during the treatment.

Pregnancy category:
Category A: Satisfactory and well-controlled studies show no risk to the fetus in the first or later trimester.

Category B: No evidence of risk to the fetus is found in animal reproduction studies, and there are not enough studies on pregnant women.

Category C: Adverse effects on the fetus found with evidence in animal reproduction studies and no adequate evidence for a human product; Pregnant women must take care of the potential risks.

Category D: There is adequate data with sufficient evidence of human fetal risk from various platforms. However, despite potential dangers may be used only in emergencies for potential benefits.

Category X: Drugs listed in this category outweigh the risks over benefits. The drug is not for pregnant women.

Category N: No data is available for the drug under this category.

Pharmacology:

chloroquine is a medication that belongs to a class of drugs known as antimalarials. It works by interfering with the growth and reproduction of the malaria parasite in the body.

chloroquine acts by accumulating in the acidic environment of the parasite’s digestive vacuole, where it binds to heme, a by-product of the parasite’s digestion of hemoglobin, and prevents its conversion into a form that is toxic to the parasite. This leads to the accumulation of toxic heme within the parasite, which eventually kills it.

In addition to its antimalarial activity, chloroquine has been found to have anti-inflammatory properties and can help reduce pain and swelling associated with conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus. It is thought to achieve this effect by interfering with the activity of immune cells and cytokines involved in inflammation.

chloroquine is rapidly absorbed after oral administration and reaches peak levels in the blood within 1-3 hours. It is distributed throughout the body, including to the liver, spleen, and kidneys, where it accumulates in higher concentrations than in other tissues. chloroquine is metabolized in the liver and excreted primarily in the urine.

chloroquine has a relatively long half-life, ranging from 1-2 months, and can persist in the body for weeks after a single dose. This means that it can be used as a prophylactic medication to prevent malaria, as well as a treatment for acute episodes of the disease.

Pharmacodynamics:

The pharmacodynamics of chloroquine involves its mechanism of action and effects on the body.

chloroquine is a medication that works by interfering with the DNA synthesis of the parasites that cause malaria. Specifically, it binds to the heme molecules released by the parasites when they break down hemoglobin and prevent the polymerization of heme, which is toxic to the parasites. This accumulation of heme results in the death of the parasite.

In addition to its effects on parasites, chloroquine also has immunomodulatory properties. It can inhibit the production and release of pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines, which are involved in the immune response to infections and can contribute to tissue damage and inflammation.

chloroquine also inhibits the activity of enzymes involved in the glycosylation of proteins, which is a process that can be involved in viral entry into host cells. This is one of the reasons why chloroquine has been investigated as a potential treatment for viral infections such as COVID-19.

 

Pharmacokinetics:

Absorption

The bioavailability is 89%

The peak plasma concentration is achieved in 1-2 hours

Distribution

The drug gets widely distributed in body tissues (like, the heart, eyes, kidneys, lungs, and liver)

Metabolism

Partially metabolized in the liver

Elimination and Excretion

The half-life is 3-5 days

The drug is excreted in urine

Administration:

chloroquine is typically administered orally, in the form of tablets or syrup. The dosage and duration of treatment depend on the condition being treated, the severity of the symptoms, and other individual factors such as age, weight, and medical history.

Patient information leaflet

Generic Name: chloroquine

Pronounced: KLOR-oh-kwin

Why do we use chloroquine?

chloroquine is a medication that has been primarily used to prevent and treat malaria, a mosquito-borne disease caused by a parasite. chloroquine works by killing the parasites that cause malaria by accumulating in the parasite’s food vacuoles, which are essential for the parasite’s survival.

chloroquine has also been used to treat other diseases, including autoimmune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus, as well as certain types of infections caused by protozoa, such as amebiasis and giardiasis.