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gliclazide - View Uses, Side Effects and Medicines - medtigo

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gliclazide

Brand Name :

Diamicron [DSC], Gliclazide-80 [DSC], Sandoz Gliclazide MR, TARO-Gliclazide MR, MINT-Gliclazide MR

Synonyms :

gliclazidum, gliclazida

Class :

Antidiabetics, Sulfonylureas





No data available for drug.

Actions and Spectrum: 

The actions of gliclazide include the stimulation of insulin secretion from the beta cells in the pancreas and an increase in the sensitivity of target tissues, such as adipose tissue and muscle, to insulin. This results in increased glucose uptake and utilization in these tissues, which helps to lower blood sugar levels. 

gliclazide also has some additional beneficial effects, such as improving endothelial function and reducing oxidative stress, which may contribute to its cardiovascular protective effects. 

The spectrum of activity of gliclazide is primarily limited to the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. It is not effective for the treatment of type 1 diabetes mellitus, a condition in which the body does not produce insulin at all, and it is not recommended for use in patients with diabetic ketoacidosis. 

DRUG INTERACTION

gliclazide

&

  • interferon beta 1b
  • tetracaine/oxymetazoline intranasal
  • benzocaine oropharyngeal
  • benzalkonium chloride/menthol/petrolatum topical
  • inamrinone
  • alpha 1 proteinase inhibitor
  • potassium bicarbonate/potassium citrate
  • potassium phosphate/sodium acid phosphate
  • asparaginase Erwinia chrysanthemi recombinant
  • motixafortide
  • pegloticase
  • etesevimab
  • Rho(D) immune globulin
  • tetanus immune globulin (TIG)
  • reltecimod (pending FDA approval)
  • avasopasem
  • trimethoprim/polymyxin B ophthalmic
  • naphazoline ophthalmic
  • sulfacetamide topical
  • sirolimus intravitreal (pending FDA approval)
  • sirolimus protein bound
  • sirolimus topical
  • glycopyrronium tosylate topical
  • sofpironium
  • olmesartan, amlodipine and hydrochlorothiazide
  • dovitinib (Pending FDA Approval)
  • epinephrine inhaled
  • quizartinib (Pending FDA Approval)
  • ranibizumab intravitreal injection
  • sodium hyaluronate
  • bacitracin and lidocaine topical
  • brimonidine topical
  • benzoyl peroxide and tretinoin topical
  • talquetamab
  • betrixaban
  • acetaminophen/caffeine/pyrilamine
  • fentanyl transmucosal
  • bacitracin topical
  • buprenorphine,long-acting injection
  • buprenorphine buccal
  • nalmefene intranasal
  • sulbactam/durlobactam
  • metronidazole topical 
  • daratumumab/hyaluronidase
  • glofitamab
  • rituximab-hyaluronidase
  • drospirenone/ethinyl estradiol/levomefolate
  • loncastuximab tesirine
  • ingenol mebutate topical
  • momelotinib
  • trastuzumab/deruxtecan
  • trastuzumab/hyaluronidase
  • trastuzumab duocarmazine
  • lifileucel
  • umbralisib
  • eflornithine/sulindac
  • cytarabine/daunorubicin liposomal
  • doxorubicin liposomal
  • epcoritamab
  • lanadelumab  
  • esomeprazole/naproxen 
  • terbinafine topical
  • ravulizumab
  • clotrimazole topical
  • choline magnesium trisalicylate
  • tacrolimus ointment
  • mechlorethamine topical
  • donislecel
  • pozelimab (Pending FDA Approval)
  • rabies immune globulin, human (RIG)
  • melphalan flufenamide
  • sintilimab (Pending FDA Approval)
  • oportuzumab monatox (Pending FDA Approval)
  • sotorasib
  • irinotecan liposomal
  • sulfur topical
  • silver sulfadiazine
  • capsaicin transdermal
  • sutimlimab
  • tretinoin topical
  • acetaminophen rectal
  • menthol topical
  • naftifine
  • oatmeal, colloidal topical
  • oxiconazole
  • methylsalicylate/menthol topical
  • C1 inhibitor human
  • lifitegrast ophthalmic
  • prednisolone/sulfacetamide ophthalmic
  • mannitol inhalation
  • ofloxacin otic
  • petrolatum & mineral oil topical
  • clascoterone topical
  • gefapixant (Pending FDA Approval)
  • colesevelam
  • technetium Tc 99m succimer
  • nebivolol/valsartan
  • ciprofloxacin/fluocinolone acetonide, otic
  • finafloxacin otic
  • magnesium hydroxide/mineral oil
  • phenylephrine/mineral oil/petrolatum rectal
  • carbamide peroxide oral
  • atropine ophthalmic
  • sodium sulfacetamide/sulfur
  • sulfacetamide ophthalmic
  • lucinactant
  • benzonatate
  • besifloxacin ophthalmic
  • benzhydrocodone/acetaminophen
  • beractant
  • trimagnesium citrate anhydrous
  • vitamin b2
  • carbamide peroxide otic
  • mineral oil topical
  • ethyl alcohol intranasal
  • boric acid/alcohol otic
  • absorbable gelatin compressed sponge, USP
  • absorbable gelatin sponge, USP
  • vincristine liposomal
  • technetium Tc 99m albumin aggregated injection
  • metaproterenol
  • budesonide inhaled/formoterol/glycopyrrolate inhaled
  • epinephrine racemic
  • umeclidinium bromide/vilanterol inhaled
  • indacaterol, inhaled/glycopyrrolate inhaled
  • betaine  
  • laronidase 
  • estrogens esterified/methyltestosterone            
  • cerliponase alfa
  • ertugliflozin/sitagliptin
  • hawthorn
  • shepherd’s purse
  • thiamine
  • naphazoline/glycerin ophthalmic
  • oxymetazoline ophthalmic
  • dorzolamide
  • dexamethasone intraocular
  • dexamethasone/ciprofloxacin
  • dexamethasone ophthalmic
  • metipranolol ophthalmic
  • timolol ophthalmic
  • boron
  • fezolinetant
  • pegunigalsidase alfa-iwxj
  • biotin
  • pantothenic acid
  • silicon
  • sodium acid phosphate
  • hypochlorous acid topical
  • methenamine/sodium acid phosphate
  • aviptadil 
  • bremelanotide
  • glucagon intranasal
  • metformin and repaglinide
  • bai ji
  • pau d’arco
  • juzentaihoto
  • mistletoe
  • quercetin
  • rosemary
  • sheng di huang
  • chasteberry
  • maitake
  • grapefruit
  • lentinan
  • juniper
  • nettle
  • parsley
  • rose hips
  • tongkat ali
  • horny goat weed
  • damiana
  • yohimbe
  • insulin NPH
  • aprocitentan
  • noni Juice
  • sodium iodide I-131
  • green tea
  • sea cucumber
  • wheat germ extract
  • fenofibrate micronized 
  • rogisen
  • danshen
  • lutein
  • witch hazel
  • dextroamphetamine transdermal
  • amphetamine/dextroamphetamine
  • hoodia
  • kolanut
  • boswellia
  • opuntia ficus indica
  • lavender
  • nadh
  • tea tree oil
  • metformin/sitagliptin 
  • dapagliflozin/ metformin/saxagliptin  
  • antihemophilic factor recombinant
  • inclisiran
  • bempedoic acid/ezetimibe
  • volanesorsen  
  • omega 3 carboxylic acids
  • pericyazine
  • levomepromazine (methotrimeprazine)
  • betaxolol ophthalmic
  • respiratory syncytial virus vaccine, adjuvanted
  • phenylephrine hydrochloride and tropicamide ophthalmic
  • alirocumab
  • neomycin/polymyxin B/gramicidin ophthalmic
  • factor IX
  • gentamicin topical
  • ansofaxine (Pending FDA Approval)
  • zuranolone (Pending FDA Approval)
  • factor IX, recombinant
  • factor IX complex
  • factor XIII A-subunit, recombinant
  • factor X, human
  • mesalamine rectal
  • etrasimod
  • anti-inhibitor coagulant complex
  • factor IX, recombinant/albumin fusion protein
  • fibrinogen, human
  • aminocaproic acid
  • metyrosine
  • nonoxynol-9 vaginal
  • progesterone intravaginal gel
  • ipecac syrup
  • botulinum antitoxin, heptavalent
  • pentetate calcium trisodium
  • crotalidae polyvalent immune FAB (ovine)
  • dehydrated alcohol injection 
  • gold sodium thiomalate (Discontinued)
  • lactic acid/citric acid/potassium bitartrate vaginal
  • von Willebrand factor, recombinant
  • luspatercept
  • digoxin immune FAB (Antidote)
  • crotalidae immune FAB (equine)
  • magnesium (Antidote)
  • pyridoxine (Antidote)
  • edetate calcium disodium
  • albumin IV
  • nitroglycerin sublingual
  • obiltoxaximab
  • anthrax immune globulin
  • nitroglycerin topical
  • dextrose
  • nesiritide
  • estradiol vaginal
  • bazedoxifene/conjugated estrogens
  • botulism immune globulin iv
  • amoxicillin/omeprazole/rifabutin
  • synthetic human angiotensin II
  • nitroglycerin IV
  • nitroglycerin translingual
  • nitroprusside sodium
  • tetrahydrozoline/zinc sulfate/hypromellose ophthalmic
  • sodium citrate/citric acid
  • pemetrexate
  • methicillin
  • plasminogen 
  • acai
  • american ginseng
  • cordyceps
  • tramadol/acetaminophen
  • belladonna alkaloids/phenobarbital
  • erythromycin topical/benzoyl peroxide
  • glucosamine sulfate
  • panax ginseng (suppl/herb)
  • tolnaftate
  • sulopenem etzadroxil/probenecid (Pending FDA Approval)
  • sulfur hexafluoride
  • sotrovimab
  • arbaclofen
  • rifampin/isoniazid
  • clindamycin /tretinoin topical
  • benzoyl peroxide/clindamycin topical
  • apremilast
  • antivenins, centuroides (scorpion)
  • bamlanivimab and etesevimab
  • vilobelimab
  • gadobenate
  • pentosan polysulfate sodium
  • methylsalicylate/menthol/camphor topical
  • antivenin, black widow spider
  • benzoyl peroxide and hydrocortisone
  • clindamycin topical
  • isometheptene, dichloralphenazone and acetaminophen
  • acetaminophen and phenyltoloxamine
  • erythromycin topical
  • erythromycin ophthalmic
  • alpha hydroxy acids, topical
  • buprenorphine transdermal
  • butalbital/acetaminophen/caffeine
  • buprenorphine/samidorphan
  • buprenorphine subdermal implant
  • celecoxib/tramadol
  • drospirenone/ethinyl estradiol
  • resorcinol/sulfur
  • eflornithine
  • rifampin/isoniazid/pyrazinamide
  • tofersen
  • devil’s claw
  • ticarcillin/clavulanate
  • atropine/pralidoxime
  • aprepitant
  • suramin
  • phenelzine 
  • artichoke
  • american dogwood
  • attapulgite
  • atlantic cedar
  • axalimogene filolisbac
  • sodium thiosulfate & sodium nitrite
  • ataluren
  • omidubicel-onlv
  • capsicum
  • ginger
  • cryoprecipitate
  • bictegravir/emtricitabine/tenofovir DF
  • emtricitabine/tenofovir DF
  • fo-ti
  • siberian ginseng
  • granulocytes
  • zinc substituted heme C
  • zinc trihydroxide
  • ashwagandha 
  • cat’s claw
  • glandular products
  • SAMe
  • shark cartilage
  • altovis
  • feverfew
  • horse chestnut
  • magnesium aspartate
  • octacosanol
  • pleurisy root
  • star anise
  • butterbur
  • elderberry
  • licorice (Suppl/herb)
  • aconite
  • pentetate zinc trisodium
  • menthol topical/zinc oxide topical
  • corn-starch/kaolin/zinc oxide topical
  • 5-htp
  • butcher’s broom
  • articulin
  • bearberry
  • goldenrod
  • progesterone, natural
  • black cohosh
  • wild yam
  • cranberry
  • dong quai
  • phytoestrogens
  • norethindrone
  • false Unicorn Root
  • raspberry Leaf
  • asafoetida
  • turmeric
  • dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA)
  • hyaluronan
  • aliskiren/amlodipine
  • octreotide (Antidote)
  • tranexamic acid injection
  • duocal
  • neocate infant formula
  • pediatric Eo28
  • aloe
  • red clover
  • propolis
  • androstenedione
  • heartsease
  • comfrey
  • bilberry
  • chamomile
  • eyebright
  • calendula
  • sage
  • yucca
  • polypody
  • odevixibat
  • vinpocetine
  • olanzapine/samidorphan
  • creatine
  • yerba mate
  • spesolimab
  • azficel-T
  • tiludronate
  • estetrol and drospirenone
  • pseudoephedrine/fexofenadine
  • lincomycin
  • neomycin oral
  • fluocinolone acetonide, otic
  • tretinoin/ hydroquinone/ fluocinolone
  • halobetasol topical
  • hydrocortisone/​iodoquinol
  • penicillin G procaine /penicillin G benzathine
  • hydrocortisone probutate topical
  • colistin/neomycin/hydrocortisone/thonzonium otic
  • ebola zaire vaccine
  • hepatitis a/​b vaccine
  • vibegron
  • lindane
  • nystatin topical
  • respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) vaccine
  • chikungunya vaccine
  • tenecteplase
  • reteplase
  • anthrax vaccine adsorbed, adjuvanted
  • meningococcal ABCWY pentavalent vaccine
  • eculizumab
  • cholestyramine
  • tinzaparin
  • taurolidine/​citrate/​heparin
  • protein C concentrate
  • antithrombin alfa
  • antithrombin III
  • multivitamins, vision
  • ibuprofen/​chlorpheniramine/​pseudoephedrine
  • acetaminophen/ibuprofen
  • ibuprofen/pseudoephedrine
  • paclitaxel protein-bound
  • acetic acid vaginal
  • acetic acid otic
  • hydrocodone/ ibuprofen
  • methyl salicylate / isopropanol/ citronellyl acetate/ citric acid
  • ibuprofen and phenylephrine
  • acetylcysteine (Antidote)
  • iron/​folic acid/​vitamin/​mineral
  • iobenguane I-131
  • dolutegravir/rilpivirine
  • chlorhexidine topical
  • chlorhexidine oral
  • thyroid desiccated
  • proparacaine ophthalmic
  • podophyllum resin
  • phendimetrazine
  • phenoxybenzamine
  • polidocanol
  • phentermine and topiramate
  • piflufolastat F18
  • piperacillin/tazobactam
  • prednisolone and gentamicin ophthalmic
  • promethazine and codeine
  • poractant alfa
  • protamine sulfate
  • aflibercept intravitreal
  • prednicarbate
  • promethazine/dextromethorphan
  • codeine, phenylephrine, and promethazine
  • potassium phosphate
  • glatiramer acetate
  • gentamicin (Ophthalmic)
  • leniolisib
  • rezafungin
  • fluorometholone
  • dalfampridine
  • hydrocortisone topical 
  • empagliflozin and linagliptin
  • triamcinolone topical
  • minocycline topical
  • minocycline dental
  • ketotifen ophthalmic
  • darunavir and cobicistat
  • lidocaine topical
  • neomycin/polymyxin B/bacitracin/lidocaine (OTC)
  • lidocaine/ hydrocortisone
  • lidocaine anesthetic
  • lidocaine ophthalmic
  • lidocaine/tetracaine
  • desonide
  • dabigatran
  • fexofenadine
  • fluoride
  • decitabine and cedazuridine
  • dasiglucagon
  • hydroxypropyl cellulose ophthalmic
  • epoetin alfa
  • ibritumomab tiuxetan
  • trimethobenzamide
  • dexamethasone/ tobramycin
  • tafasitamab
  • valacyclovir
  • mebendazole
  • levoleucovorin
  • flaxseed
  • germanium
  • glutathione
  • lycopene
  • pygeum
  • horseradish
  • ziv-aflibercept
  • micafungin
  • trofinetide
  • taliglucerase alfa
  • tildrakizumab
  • sulopenem (Pending FDA Approval)
  • thyrotropin alfa
  • birch
  • thrombin, topical
  • tivozanib
  • tafluprost
  • methohexital
  • urea and hydrocortisone
  • unoprostone ophthalmic
  • trihexyphenidyl
  • ezetimibe
  • evolocumab
  • trifluridine and tipiracil
  • methenamine
  • misoprostol
  • miltefosine
  • rimantadine
  • maralixibat
  • coenzyme Q10
  • chlorella
  • garlic
  • forskolin
  • zavegepant
  • menotropins
  • margetuximab
  • meprobamate
  • melarsoprol
  • evening primrose oil
  • lemongrass
  • molindone
  • fenugreek
  • phytosterols
  • red yeast rice
  • uridine triacetate
  • tropicamide
  • incobotulinumtoxinA
  • Grape Seed Extract
  • carbachol ophthalmic
  • cosyntropin
  • cyclopentolate and phenylephrine
  • carteolol ophthalmic
  • pentazocine/naloxone
  • pentazocine/acetaminophen
  • casimersen
  • carisoprodol, aspirin, and codeine
  • carisoprodol
  • carboprost tromethamine
  • flurandrenolide
  • brinzolamide/brimonidine
  • betamethasone topical
  • omaveloxolone
  • bardoxolone
  • allogeneic processed thymus tissue
  • fluocinolone topical
  • tacrolimus topical
  • ruxolitnib topical
  • pimecrolimus topical
  • sofosbuvir, velpatasvir and voxilaprevir
  • sofosbuvir/velpatasvir
  • mitotane
  • elbasvir/​grazoprevir
  • wheat dextrin
  • vanadium
  • iron/folic acid/vitamin/mineral
  • molybdenum
  • sparsentan
  • velmanase alfa-tycv
  • pegcetacoplan
  • ferrous sulfate
  • cyclosporine ophthalmic
  • ferric pyrophosphate
  • ammonium lactate
  • etelcalcetide
  • iodoquinol
  • sucroferric oxyhydroxide
  • doxercalciferol
  • terconazole vaginal
  • cortisone
  • pyronaridine
  • tetrahydrozoline, ophthalmic
  • tenapanor
  • tesamorelin
  • benazepril/hydrochlorothiazide
  • nadolol and bendroflumethiazide
  • spironolactone and hydrochlorothiazide
  • COVID-19 Vaccine, mRNA
  • atosiban
  • bisoprolol and hydrochlorothiazide
  • ephedrine/guaifenesin
  • clonidine/chlorthalidone
  • captopril/hydrochlorothiazide
  • amlodipine/valsartan/hydrochlorothiazide
  • hydrochlorothiazide and irbesartan
  • candesartan/hydrochlorothiazide
  • ciclesonide intranasal
  • cromolyn sodium ophthalmic
  • methyldopa/hydrochlorothiazide
  • valsartan/hydrochlorothiazide
  • hydrochlorothiazide and triamterene
  • moexipril/hydrochlorothiazide
  • mometasone/intranasal
  • ofloxacin ophthalmic
  • cysteamine
  • metoprolol/hydrochlorothiazide
  • amlodipine/olmesartan
  • eprosartan/hydrochlorothiazide
  • amlodipine/telmisartan
  • hydrochlorothiazide/aliskiren
  • betamethasone/clotrimazole
  • telmisartan/hydrochlorothiazide
  • benazepril/amlodipine
  • bezlotoxumab
  • propranolol/hydrochlorothiazide
  • bupropion/naltrexone
  • burosumab
  • acetylcholine chloride intraocular solution
  • bupivacaine and meloxicam
  • budesonide and formoterol (inhalation)
  • valerian
  • entacapone/levodopa/carbidopa
  • carbidopa/levodopa
  • calaspargase pegol
  • cabotegravir
  • cefixime
  • calfactant
  • brinzolamide
  • daprodustat
  • brimonidine and timolol
  • brodalumab
  • buprenorphine and naloxone
  • hydrocortisone acetic acid otic
  • butorphanol
  • butoconazole
  • adapalene and benzoyl peroxide
  • acrivastine and pseudoephedrine
  • neomycin/polymyxin B/bacitracin topical
  • midodrine
  • baloxavir marboxil
  • bacitracin, neomycin, polymyxin B, and hydrocortisone topical
  • avatrombopag
  • glucagon
  • atenolol/chlorthalidone
  • adefovir
  • activated charcoal
  • avalglucosidase alfa
  • aclidinium and formoterol
  • iclaprim (Pending FDA Approval)
  • ampicillin/sulbactam
  • quinupristin/dalfopristin
  • lamivudine/zidovudine/abacavir
  • acetaminophen and caffeine
  • acetaminophen/pamabrom
  • abacavir and lamivudine
  • anifrolumab
  • elacestrant
  • anidulafungin
  • acetohydroxamic acid
  • alogliptin/pioglitazone
  • anthralin
  • pirtobrutinib
  • gabapentin
  • galsulfase
  • gadoterate meglumine
  • ferric gluconate
  • ferric derisomaltose
  • ethanolamine oleate
  • eteplirsen
  • vasopressin
  • desmopressin
  • meropenem/vaborbactam
  • ecallantide
  • econazole topical
  • dornase alfa
  • aspirin/dipyridamole
  • dipyridamole
  • difenoxin and atropine
  • diflorasone
  • difluprednate ophthalmic
  • eptinezumab
  • diethylpropion
  • dexchlorpheniramine
  • dexmethylphenidate
  • serdexmethylphenidate/​dexmethylphenidate
  • bexagliflozin
  • galcanezumab
  • fremanezumab
  • tapinarof topical
  • darifenacin
  • dalbavancin
  • darbepoetin alfa
  • azilsartan
  • colestipol
  • corticorelin
  • crotamiton
  • crofelemer
  • allogeneic cultured keratinocytes/fibroblasts in bovine collagen
  • tapentadol
  • cyclopentolate
  • polymyxin B/bacitracin topical
  • ketoconazole topical
  • tavaborole
  • tagraxofusp
  • crisaborole
  • crizanlizumab
  • satralizumab
  • spinosad
  • sacubitril/valsartan
  • sargramostim
  • sebelipase alfa
  • regadenoson
  • ribociclib/letrozole
  • ragweed allergen extract
  • radium-223 dichloride
  • secnidazole
  • setmelanotide
  • polycarbophil
  • plecanatide
  • sacituzumab govitecan
  • pertuzumab
  • pertuzumab/trastuzumab/hyaluronidase
  • pamidronate
  • halcinonide
  • glecaprevir/​pibrentasvir
  • glucarpidase
  • golodirsen
  • dextrose (antidote)
  • hexaminolevulinate
  • iohexol
  • ferric citrate
  • elapegademase
  • emicizumab
  • erenumab
  • danaparoid
  • dantrolene
  • eflapegrastim
  • edaravone
  • amcinonide
  • carglumic acid
  • alcaftadine ophthalmic
  • agalsidase beta
  • afamelanotide
  • fosdenopterin
  • lidocaine and chlorhexidine
  • levorphanol
  • calcifediol
  • factor VIIa, recombinant
  • triheptanoin
  • peanut oral allergen powder
  • teprotumumab
  • poly-L-lactic acid/carboxymethylcellulose/mannitol
  • xenon Xe 129 hyperpolarized
  • ublituximab
  • anacaulase
  • glatiramer
  • peginterferon beta-1a
  • interferon beta-1a
  • onabotulinumtoxinA
  • cycloserine
  • ethionamide
  • cabotegravir and rilpivirine
  • vericiguat
  • omidenepag isopropyl
  • azelastine/fluticasone intranasal
  • benzyl peroxide
  • vutrisiran
  • brimonidine
  • testosterone topical
  • lenacapavir
  • tebentafusp
  • mosunetuzumab
  • faricimab
  • ganirelix
  • nadofaragene firadenovec
  • ozenoxacin
  • guaifenesin
  • adagrasib
  • guselkumab
  • adalimumab-aacf
  • nonoxynol-9
  • nifurtimox
  • nusinersen
  • nitazoxanide
  • mavacamten
  • calcipotriene
  • bimatoprost
  • obinutuzumab
  • amifostine
  • oxycodone/​aspirin
  • oxycodone/ibuprofen
  • oteseconazole
  • oxychlorosene
  • porfimer
  • pramoxine /hydrocortisone topical
  • podofilox
  • quinapril/hydrochlorothiazide
  • acetaminophen/pamabrom/pyrilamine
  • levobunolol
  • paregoric
  • idursulfase
  • lesinurad and allopurinol
  • latanoprost/​netarsudil ophthalmic
  • lactase enzyme
  • bioadherent oral
  • latanoprost and timolol
  • latanoprostene bunod
  • ledipasvir/sofosbuvir
  • imipenem/cilastatin/relebactam
  • imipenem/cilastatin
  • hemin
  • deucravacitinib
  • house dust mite allergen extract
  • halobetasol topical/tazarotene
  • remimazolam
  • somatropin
  • remifentanil
  • ethotoin
  • etidronate
  • empagliflozin, linagliptin, and metformin
  • elvitegravir/cobicistat/emtricitabine/tenofovir AF
  • empagliflozin/​linagliptin
  • evinacumab
  • finasteride and tadalafil
  • flortaucipir (18F)
  • proparacaine/ fluorescein ophthalmic
  • fluorescein/benoxinate ophthalmic
  • fluphenazine
  • alogliptin/​metformin
  • alogliptin/pioglitazone
  • alitretinoin topical
  • dextrose/ sodium citrate/fructose
  • dasabuvir
  • ombitasvir​/paritaprevir/​ritonavir
  • hydrocodone/​chlorpheniramine/​pseudoephedrine
  • hydroxyamphetamine/​tropicamide
  • acamprosate
  • gadobutrol
  • teclistamab
  • tremelimumab
  • futibatinib
  • etranacogene dezaparvovec
  • olutasidenib
  • naproxen and diphenhydramine
  • naratriptan
  • gadopiclenol
  • gadoxetate
  • gadoversetamide
  • naphazoline/pheniramine
  • naphazoline
  • nalbuphine
  • vosoritide
  • vitamin K1 (phytonadione)
  • moxidectin
  • basiliximab
  • fecal microbiota, live-jslm
  • ibuprofen/famotidine
  • famotidine
  • raxibacumab
  • omalizumab
  • measles, mumps, rubella, and varicella vaccine, live (Rx)
  • senna/docusate
  • dinoprostone
  • measles mumps and rubella vaccine, live
  • immune globulin IM (IGIM)
  • dyclonine
  • doravirine, lamivudine, and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate
  • elexacaftor/tezacaftor/ivacaftor
  • ivacaftor/tezacaftor
  • treosulfan
  • tranexamic acid
  • norethindrone acetate/​estradiol/​elagolix
  • artesunate
  • trientine
  • trifarotene
  • ziconotide
  • vonoprazan/amoxicillin/clarithromycin
  • pyrithione zinc
  • zinc oxide topical
  • naphazoline/​zinc sulfate/​glycerin ophthalmic
  • voretigene neparvovec
  • nirmatrelvir/ritonavir
  • bebetelovimab
  • sodium chloride
  • relugolix/​estradiol/​norethindrone
  • defibrotide
  • prothionamide
  • liraglutide
  • etilfrine
  • alpha-lipoic acid
  • ramosetron
  • olodaterol/tritropium
  • cimetropium
  • umeclidinium
  • itopride
  • secretin
  • naftopidil
  • trimeprazine
  • benperidol
  • chlormethiazole
  • multivitamins
  • secukinumab
  • glycopyrrolate inhaled and formoterol
  • amitriptyline and chlordiazepoxide
  • tirzepatide
  • relugolix/estradiol/norethindrone
  • mupirocin
  • alvimopan
  • chlordiazepoxide
  • insulin regular human
  • insulin aspart protamine/​insulin aspart
  • insulin isophane human/​insulin regular human
  • insulin degludec/insulin aspart
  • teplizumab
  • chlordiazepoxide/clidinium
  • aspirin, sodium bicarbonate, and citric acid
  • aluminum hydroxide, magnesium hydroxide, and simethicone
  • glycopyrrolate inhaled
  • olodaterol/tiotropium
  • umeclidinium bromide
  • timolol/dorzolamide
  • travoprost ophthalmic
  • loxapine
  • eptifibatide
  • hydrocodone/acetaminophen
  • omega 3 fatty acids
  • trandolapril/​verapamil
  • abciximab
  • artificial saliva
  • diphtheria, hepatitis B, pertussis (acellular), polio, and tetanus vaccine
  • diphtheria, haemophilus B, pertussis, polio, tetanus vaccine
  • haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine/hepatitis b vaccine
  • butalbital/aspirin/caffeine 
  • colchicine/probenecid
  • atovaquone and proguanil
  • ursodiol
  • chenodiol
  • casirivimab/imdevimab
  • tixagevimab/cilgavimab
  • molnupiravir
  • bebtelovimab
  • calcium, magnesium, potassium and sodium oxybate
  • sodium oxybate
  • diphtheria, polio, pertussis acellular, tetanus vaccine
  • pseudoephedrine loratadine
  • sodium chloride nasal
  • hydroxychloroquine sulfate
  • atorvastatin and ezetimibe
  • teriparatide
  • alendronate and cholecalciferol
  • alprostadil (IV)
  • romosozumab
  • risedronate
  • alendronate
  • glyburide/metformin
  • clorazepate
  • rosuvastatin/​ezetimibe
  • paclitaxel/encequidar
  • valsartan/amlodipine
  • enalapril/hydrochlorothiazide
  • enalapril and felodipine
  • amiloride/hydrochlorothiazide
  • triamterene/hydrochlorothiazide
  • lisinopril/hydrochlorothiazide
  • tegaserod
  • rhein
  • ritanserin
  • sulfaphenazole
  • sulconazole
  • taurursodiol
  • bromeperidol
  • carbapenems
  • fotemustine
  • difelikefalin
  • bromopride
  • alizapride
  • olopatadine
  • oxomemazine
  • paraldehyde
  • oxcarbazepine
  • kratom
  • elexacaftor
  • oritavancin
  • miocamycin
  • curcumin sulfate
  • seproxetine
  • clotrimazole
  • remacemide
  • piperine
  • ditiocarb
  • danoprevir
  • oxetacaine
  • topiroxostat
  • indisulam
  • tofisopam
  • noscapine
  • thiopental
  • tioconazole
  • nicotinamide
  • rutin
  • mequitazine
  • somatostatin
  • vapreotide
  • econazole
  • saracatinib
  • lestaurtinib
  • efonidipine
  • zimelidine
  • indalpine
  • desvenlafaxine
  • benidipine
  • dapoxetine
  • tesmilifene
  • pergolide
  • sitaxentan
  • resveratrol
  • bifonazole
  • tildipirosin
  • solithromycin
  • selamectin
  • imiquimod topical
  • fluorouracil topical
  • peginterferon alfa-2b
  • interferon alfa-2b
  • alteplase
  • tanshinone I
  • rosmarinic acid
  • caryophyllene
  • ursolic acid
  • cepharanthine
  • veliflapon
  • mirikizumab
  • cp-96345
  • famprofazone
  • peoniflorin
  • fepradinol
  • licofelone
  • polmacoxib
  • ebselen
  • taxifolin
  • betulinic acid
  • flurbiprofen axetil
  • talniflumate
  • morniflumate
  • nitroaspirin
  • firocoxib
  • ns-398
  • cimicoxib
  • robenacoxib
  • sc-236
  • imidazole salicylate
  • trolamine salicylate
  • pirprofen
  • benorilate
  • ethenzamide
  • mofebutazone
  • proquazone
  • carbaspirin calcium
  • guacetisal
  • proglumetacin
  • propyphenazone
  • pranoprofen
  • bendazac
  • tenidap
  • lonazolac
  • nifenazone
  • flunoxaprofen
  • difenpiramide
  • feprazone
  • bufexamac
  • alminoprofen
  • suxibuzone
  • fentiazac
  • tinoridine
  • tepoxalin
  • indobufen
  • flunixin
  • propacetamol
  • clonixin
  • droxicam
  • epirizole
  • etofenamate
  • ibuproxam
  • indoprofen
  • kebuzone
  • felbinac
  • zaltoprofen
  • azapropazone
  • zomepirac
  • niflumic acid
  • magnesium salicylate
  • suprofen
  • nepafenac
  • bromfenac
  • ciprofloxacin and hydrocortisone (otic) (Rx)
  • hydrocortisone/neomycin/polymyxin otic (Rx)
  • vigabatrine
  • valproate
  • tezepelumab (Rx)
  • triamcinolone acetonide/nystatin
  • triamcinolone suprachoroidal (Rx)
  • triamcinolone, intranasal
  • ciclesonide inhaled
  • diosmin
  • tirbanibulin
  • padeliporfin
  • roxadustat
  • aminosalicylic acid
  • rasburicase
  • tetracaine
  • articaine
  • ropivacaine
  • nitrous oxide
  • sulfapyridine
  • sulfanilamide
  • mafenide
  • isometheptene
  • amyl nitrite
  • antipyrine
  • isosorbide dinitrate
  • prilocaine
  • nitroglycerin
  • tobacco
  • batefenterol
  • hexoprenaline
  • pf-00610355
  • racepinephrine
  • protokylol
  • doxofylline
  • phenylpropanolamine
  • isoetharine
  • ephedra sinica root
  • dipivefrin
  • arbutamine
  • norepinephrine
  • fenoterol
  • clenbuterol
  • pirbuterol
  • epinephrine
  • ritodrine
  • procaterol
  • orciprenaline
  • bitolterol
  • abediterol
  • fluticasone furoate, umeclidinium and vilanterol
  • fluticasone furoate and vilanterol
  • mometasone and formoterol
  • pramoxine topical (OTC)
  • menthol/pramoxine (topical)
  • tetrastarch
  • plasma protein fraction
  • hetastarch
  • rokitamycin
  • ridaforolimus
  • oleandomycin
  • patupilone
  • mitemcinal
  • midecamycin
  • mirvetuximab soravtansine
  • lorvotuzumab mertansine
  • kitasamycin
  • flurithromycin
  • eprinomectin
  • epofolate
  • epothilone D
  • coltuximab ravtansine
  • dirithromycin
  • doramectin
  • cethromycin
  • carbomycin
  • paramethasone
  • dexamethasone isonicotinate
  • quinupristin
  • sarilumab
  • dalfopristin
  • curcumin
  • luliconazole
  • procaine
  • chloroprocaine
  • phencyclidine
  • tenocyclidine
  • profenamine
  • halothane
  • lfenprodil
  • calcium levulinate
  • agmatine
  • calcium pangamate
  • calcium glubionate
  • edodekin alfa
  • beloranib
  • aflibercept
  • endostar
  • volociximab
  • roquinimex
  • anecortave acetate
  • squalamine
  • brolucizumab
  • trebananib
  • semaxanib
  • endostatin
  • halofuginone
  • resveratol
  • ranibizumab
  • fumagilin
  • bevacizumab
  • hyperforin
  • aminohippuric acid
  • opicapone
  • pafolacianine
  • bempedoic acid
  • belantamab mafodotin
  • prasterone
  • glecaprevir
  • levomenol
  • parachlorophenol
  • gadoxetic acid
  • cholecystokinin
  • caspofungin
  • ouabain
  • rifampicin
  • taurocholic acid
  • methylphosphinic acid
  • revefenacin
  • isoprenaline
  • posiphen
  • acotiamide
  • triflupromazine
  • pegvisomant
  • pipecuronium
  • regramostim
  • phenserine
  • diethylcarbamazine
  • cinchocaine
  • pancuronium
  • bambuterol
  • hexafluronium
  • aprotinin
  • tyrothricin
  • decamethonium
  • ipidacrine
  • tubocurarine
  • paraoxon
  • ginkgo biloba
  • methanesulfonyl fluoride
  • dichlorvos
  • fenthion
  • metrifonate
  • coumaphos
  • huperzine A
  • distigmine
  • neostigmine
  • isoflurophate
  • tasosartan
  • fimasartan
  • methylthioninium
  • minaprine
  • gallamine triethiodide
  • ambenonium
  • abiraterone
  • mibefradil
  • hydrocortisone (systemic)
  • cetirizine (systemic)
  • Talimogene Laherparepvec
  • Diacerein
  • Magnesium glucoheptonate
  • acyclovir and hydrocortisone
  • acyclovir (ophthalmic)
  • acyclovir (topical)
  • docosanol cream
  • camphor and phenol
  • dolutegravir, abacavir, and lamivudine
  • peramivir
  • lisdexamfetamine
  • ergoloid mesylates
  • memantine/donepezil
  • tranylcypromine
  • isocarboxazid
  • methenamine/sodium salicylate/benzoic acid
  • mometasone topical (Rx)
  • Esketamine intranasal
  • Oracit
  • Shohls Solution
  • sodium lactate
  • sodium citrate
  • lecanemab
  • donepezil (Rx)
  • donepezil transdermal
  • sodium thiosulfate
  • ciclopirox
  • undecylenic acid
  • butenafine
  • calcium and vitamin D
  • zoledronic acid
  • calcitonin salmon
  • pizotifen
  • indoramin
  • salicylic acid acne
  • minoxidil topical
  • adapalene
  • orlistat
  • COVID-19 subunit vaccine
  • amoxicillin /vonoprazan
  • levamlodipine (Rx)
  • Omeprazole, amoxicillin, and clarithromycin
  • simvastatin/ezetimibe
  • amlodipine/atorvastatin
  • amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium
  • lansoprazole, amoxicillin, and clarithromycin
  • noradrenaline
  • carbaryl
  • botulinum toxin
  • atropine
  • artemether/lumefantrine
  • ergonovine
  • bunazosin (Not available in the United States)
  • ibalizumab
  • dolutegravir
  • hydrocodone/pseudoephedrine
  • cetirizine/pseudoephedrine
  • acetaminophen/dextromethorphan/pseudoephedrine/guaifenesin
  • acetaminophen IV/ibuprofen IV (Pending FDA Approval)
  • medroxyprogesterone
  • acetaminophen/caffeine
  • Acetaminophen/magnesium salicylate/pamabrom
  • megestrol
  • pyridoxine (vitamin B6)
  • folic acid-cyanocobalamin-pyridoxine
  • L-methylfolate-pyridoxal 5′-phosphate-methylcobalamine
  • estropipate
  • betamethasone (systemic)
  • dolutegravir and lamivudine
  • zidovudine and lamivudine
  • mineral oil (oral/rectal)
  • regular insulin
  • dextromethorphan/bupropion
  • diphenhydramine/ibuprofen
  • enfuvirtide
  • doxapram
  • methamphetamine
  • dextroamphetamine
  • ephedrine
  • brompheniramine, dextromethorphan and phenylephrine
  • aspirin, chlorpheniramine, and phenylephrine
  • acetaminophen, pheniramine, and phenylephrine
  • chlorpheniramine and phenylephrine
  • guaifenesin and phenylephrine
  • rivastigmine
  • pyridostigmine
  • arecoline
  • physostigmine
  • abobotulinumtoxinA
  • echothiophate iodide
  • malathion
  • glibenclamide
  • rimabotulinumtoxinB
  • pioglitazone
  • daxibotulinumtoxinA
  • prabotulinumtoxinA
  • mepenzolate
  • trospium
  • modafinil
  • budesonide (oral inhalation)
  • budesonide (nasal)
  • budesonide (Topical)
  • vedolizumab
  • hydrocodone and homatropine
  • homatropine ophthalmic
  • methscopolamine
  • oxandrolone
  • nandrolone
  • fluoxymesterone
  • procyclidine
  • biperiden
  • benztropine
  • oxymetholone
  • ipratropium
  • belladonna/opium
  • pilocarpine
  • nicotine intranasal
  • succinylcholine
  • cromolyn sodium
  • mepolizumab
  • palivizumab
  • reslizumab
  • dupilumab
  • potassium iodide
  • beclomethasone (nasal)
  • tetrahydrozoline nasal
  • fluticasone (topical)
  • tecovirimat
  • entacapone
  • vaccinia immune globulin intravenous (Rx)
  • smallpox (vaccinia) vaccine, live
  • terazosin
  • labetalol 
  • smallpox and monkeypox vaccine (live, nonreplicating) (US: Availability limited to health department/CDC expanded access protocol) (Rx)
  • oxymetazoline
  • xylometazoline
  • meclizine
  • prazosin
  • belinostat
  • nabilone
  • tripelennamine
  • bismuth subcitrate, metronidazole and tetracycline
  • levalbuterol
  • rifaximin
  • cotrimoxazole
  • ethacrynic acid
  • senna
  • bisacodyl
  • sodium picosulfate, citric acid, and magnesium oxide
  • kaolin
  • anastrozole
  • docusate
  • cascara
  • dichlorphenamide
  • bismuth subsalicylate
  • methylcellulose
  • magnesium sulfate 
  • talazoparib
  • diphenoxylate/atropine
  • bacillus clausii
  • psyllium
  • bifidobacterium
  • lactobacillus
  • saccharomyces boulardii
  • lanreotide
  • cyproterone
  • ramucirumab (Rx)
  • fidaxomicin
  • tobramycin (systemic)
  • dacomitinib
  • pembrolizumab
  • amikacin (systemic)
  • panitumumab
  • blinatumomab
  • durvalumab
  • olaratumab
  • necitumumab
  • moxetumomab pasudotox
  • mogamulizumab
  • inotuzumab
  • dinutuximab
  • pentamycin
  • dibekacin
  • cemiplimab
  • gemtuzumab
  • demeclocycline
  • omadacycline
  • tobramycin (ophthalmic)
  • sarecycline
  • cefiderocol
  • valrubicin
  • plicamycin
  • denileukin diftitox
  • decitabine
  • niraparib
  • methacholine
  • carbachol
  • bethanechol
  • acetylcholine
  • atezolizumab
  • raloxifene
  • avelumab
  • leucovorin
  • cladabrine
  • pralatrexate
  • meclofenamate
  • pemetrexed
  • ustekinumab
  • diroximel fumarate
  • daratumumab
  • coccidioidin skin test
  • candida albicans extract
  • brewer’s yeast
  • poliovirus vaccine, live, trivalent
  • elotuzumab
  • trimetrexate
  • l-methyl folate
  • methyclothiazide
  • Influenza virus vaccine
  • acitretin
  • tafamidis
  • sapropterin
  • Pidotimod
  • nitisinone
  • mipomersen
  • levetiracetam
  • Inebilizumab
  • Diethylamine salicylate
  • COVID-19 vaccine
  • Cephalothin
  • alitretinoin
  • Alitretinoin
  • methotrexate
  • verteporfin
  • omacetaxine
  • methyl aminolevulinate topical
  • efgartigimod alfa
  • aminolevulinic acid
  • cetuximab
  • streptozocin
  • zoster vaccine recombinant
  • lyme disease vaccine
  • human papillomavirus vaccine
  • daclizumab
  • lomustiine
  • amitriptyline
  • triptorelin
  • Tedizolid
  • rituximab
  • darolutamide
  • altretamine
  • Varicella-zoster vaccine
  • topotecan
  • ajmaline
  • pneumococcal vaccine
  • poliovirus vaccine
  • adenovirus vaccine type 7
  • adenovirus vaccine type 4
  • brincidofovir
  • lenograstim
  • ofatumumab
  • doxorubicin
  • thioguanine
  • tetanus toxoid
  • primidone
  • lipegfilgrastim
  • pegaspargase
  • monomethyl fumarate
  • ibritumomab
  • dimethyl fumarate
  • varicella-zoster vaccine (recombinant)
  • influenza virus vaccine, h5n1, live
  • carmustine
  • influenza virus vaccine (h5n1), adjuvanted
  • influenza a (h5n1) vaccine
  • eluxadoline
  • influenza virus vaccine quadrivalent, adjuvanted
  • idecabtagene vicleucel
  • adenovirus types 4 and 7 live, oral
  • thiotepa
  • tocilizumab
  • levodopa inhaled
  • efalizumab
  • canakinumab
  • aminoglutethimide
  • ado-trastuzumab emtansine
  • adenovirus vaccine
  • zoster vaccine live
  • typhoid vaccine, live
  • influenza virus vaccine, live, trivalent
  • influenza virus vaccine, h1n1, live
  • delavirdine
  • paclitaxel
  • siltuximab
  • miconazole
  • fludarabine
  • epirubicin
  • vinblastine
  • lomustine
  • risankizumab
  • rilonacept
  • pacritinib
  • linezolid
  • griseofulvin
  • vincristine
  • rufinamide
  • phenobarbital
  • nelarabine
  • mitoxantrone
  • mitomycin
  • mitapivat
  • letermovir
  • lasmiditan
  • idarubicin
  • filgrastim
  • elagolix
  • daunorubicin
  • daclatasvir
  • carfilzomib
  • anakinra
  • alefacept
  • thalidomide
  • teriflunomide
  • rubella virus vaccine
  • ozanimod
  • mumps virus vaccine
  • measles virus vaccine
  • golimumab
  • etanercept
  • certolizumab
  • adalimumab
  • etoposide
  • mechlorethamine
  • adenovirus type 7 vaccine
  • melphalan
  • palifermin
  • pimecrolimus
  • ropeginterferon alfa 2b
  • tacrolimus
  • tofacitinib
  • amphotericin B cholesteryl sulfate
  • amphotericin B deoxycholate
  • amphotericin B liposomal
  • amphotericin B phospholipid complex
  • anthrax vaccine adsorbed
  • denosumab
  • diphtheria & tetanus toxoids
  • echinacea
  • haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine
  • hepatitis A vaccine inactivated
  • hepatitis a/b vaccine
  • hepatitis b vaccine
  • HIV vaccine
  • human papillomavirus vaccine, quadrivalent
  • hydroxyurea
  • influenza virus vaccine (H5N1)
  • influenza virus vaccine trivalent
  • influenza virus vaccine trivalent, adjuvanted
  • influenza virus vaccine trivalent, recombinant
  • meningococcal A C Y and W-135 diphtheria conjugate vaccine
  • meningococcal A C Y and W-135 polysaccharide vaccine combined
  • meningococcal group B vaccine
  • ofatumumab SC
  • pneumococcal vaccine 13-valent
  • pneumococcal vaccine heptavalent
  • pneumococcal vaccine polyvalent
  • poliovirus vaccine inactivated
  • rabies vaccine
  • sipuleucel-T
  • trastuzumab
  • trastuzumab deruxtecan
  • eslicarbazepine acetate
  • vitamin A
  • rifampin
  • belzutifan
  • belimumab
  • belatacept
  • armodafinil
  • amobarbital
  • alemtuzumab
  • ocrelizumab
  • nivolumab
  • natalizumab
  • fingolimod
  • desogestrel
  • butalbital
  • brexanolone
  • zoster vaccine
  • yellow fever vaccine
  • varicella virus vaccine
  • smallpox vaccine
  • rotavirus vaccine
  • rubella vaccine
  • influenza virus vaccine quadrivalent
  • atracurium
  • dengue vaccine
  • tisagenlecleucel
  • lisocabtagene maraleucel
  • ciltacabtagene autoleucel
  • brexucabtagene autoleucel
  • axicabtagene ciloleucel
  • chlorambucil
  • ethinyl estradiol
  • dicumarol
  • atenolol
  • anisindione
  • penicillin G benzathine
  • sequelerin
  • chloramphenicol
  • heparin
  • enoxaparin
  • dalteparin
  • bivalirudin
  • argatroban
  • willow bark
  • bazedoxifene/conjugated estrogens
  • aspirin rectal
  • aspirin/citric acid/sodium bicarbonate
  • aspirin
  • ganaxolone
  • erythromycin stearate
  • erythromycin lactobionate
  • erythromycin ethylsuccinate
  • elbasvir/grazoprevir
  • daridorexant
  • cholera vaccine
  • lumacaftor/ivacaftor
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  • zafirlukast
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  • ferrous bisglycinate
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  • ferrous fumarate
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  • tipranavir
  • chlorpropamide
  • ferrous gluconate
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  • ferrous succinate
  • lubiprostone
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  • ferrous sulfate anhydrous
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  • flecainide
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  • potassium acetate
  • tolfenamic acid
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  • chromium nicotinate
  • flibanserin
  • magnesium chloride
  • potassium bicarbonate
  • tolmetin
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  • floctafenine
  • magnesium citrate
  • potassium cation
  • tolterodine
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  • magnesium gluconate
  • potassium chloride
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  • magnesium hydroxide
  • potassium citrate
  • topiramate
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  • cilazapril
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  • magnesium oxide
  • potassium nitrate
  • adefovir dipivoxil
  • cilostazol
  • flucloxacillin
  • magnesium silicate
  • potassium perchlorate
  • torasemide
  • adenosine
  • cimetidine
  • fluconazole
  • potassium sulfate
  • toremifene
  • agomelatine
  • cinacalcet
  • flucytosine
  • magnesium trisilicate
  • tositumomab
  • albendazole
  • cinnarizine
  • fludeoxyglucose (18f)
  • mangafodipir
  • pralidoxime
  • trabectedin
  • albiglutide
  • cinoxacin
  • fludrocortisone
  • manidipine
  • pralsetinib
  • tramadol
  • albutrepenonacog alfa
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  • fluindione
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  • pramipexole
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  • clarithromycin
  • flunitrazepam
  • mecamylamine
  • praziquantel
  • tretinoin
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  • clemastine
  • fluocinolone acetonide
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  • alimemazine
  • clevidipine
  • fluocinonide
  • meclofenamic acid
  • prednisolone acetate
  • triamterene
  • aliskiren
  • clindamycin
  • fluocortolone
  • medrogestone
  • prednisolone phosphate
  • triazolam
  • allopurinol
  • clobazam
  • fluorouracil
  • medroxyprogesterone acetate
  • prednisone (Rx)
  • trichlormethiazide
  • almasilate
  • clobetasol propionate
  • fluoxetine
  • mefenamic acid
  • prednisone acetate
  • triclabendazole
  • almotriptan
  • clofarabine
  • flupentixol
  • mefloquine
  • pregabalin
  • triethylenetetramine
  • alogliptin
  • clofazimine
  • fluprednisolone
  • megestrol acetate
  • pregnenolone
  • trifluoperazine
  • alosetron
  • clofibrate
  • flurazepam
  • melatonin
  • prenylamine
  • trifluridine
  • alpelisib
  • clomipramine
  • flurbiprofen
  • meloxicam
  • pretomanid
  • trilaciclib
  • alprazolam
  • fluspirilene
  • memantine
  • primaquine
  • trilostane
  • clonidine
  • flutamide
  • menthyl salicylate
  • probenecid
  • trimebutine
  • aluminium phosphate
  • clopidogrel
  • fluticasone (nasal)
gliclazide + 

tranylcypromine

may increase the hypoglycaemic effect

isocarboxazid

may increase the hypoglycaemic effect

phenelzine

may increase the hypoglycaemic effect

rasagiline

may increase the hypoglycaemic effect

safinamide

may increase the hypoglycaemic effect

phenindione

may enhance the anticoagulant effect

phylloquinone

may enhance the anticoagulant effect

warfarin

may enhance the anticoagulant effect

acenocoumarol

may enhance the anticoagulant effect

fluindione

may enhance the anticoagulant effect

levalbuterol

beta-Blockers may enhance the hypoglycemic effect of sulfonylureas

acebutolol

beta-Blockers may enhance the hypoglycemic effect of sulfonylureas

betaxolol

beta-Blockers may enhance the hypoglycemic effect of sulfonylureas

bisoprolol

beta-Blockers may enhance the hypoglycemic effect of sulfonylureas

carvedilol

beta-Blockers may enhance the hypoglycemic effect of sulfonylureas

hydrochlorothiazide

may decrease the therapeutic effect

metolazone

may decrease the therapeutic effect

quinethazone

may decrease the therapeutic effect

trichlormethiazide

may decrease the therapeutic effect

alpha-lipoic acid 

it increases the effect of hypoglycemia of antidiabetic agents

nisoldipine 

may enhance the serum concentration of CYP2C9 inhibitors

acebutolol 

may increase the hypoglycemic effect of beta blockers

hydrochlorothiazide/aliskiren 

may diminish the therapeutic effect of thiazide and thiazide like diuretics

carteolol ophthalmic 

may enhance the hypoglycemic effect of beta blockers

levalbuterol

may enhance the effect of sulfonylureas

acebutolol

may enhance the effect of sulfonylureas

penbutolol

may enhance the effect of sulfonylureas

pindolol

may enhance the effect of sulfonylureas

propranolol

may enhance the effect of sulfonylureas

acarbose

may enhance the hypoglycemic effect

miglitol

may enhance the hypoglycemic effect

alogliptin

dipeptidyl peptidase-IV inhibitors increase the effect of hypoglycemia of sulfonylureas

sitagliptin

dipeptidyl peptidase-IV inhibitors increase the effect of hypoglycemia of sulfonylureas

 

Dosage forms & Strengths 

Modified-release tablet 

30mg 

60mg 

Immediate-release tablet 

80 mg 

Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 

For immediate-release tablet-
40-80 mg orally once daily with breakfast
Dose Modification Increase the dose by 40-80 mg every 1-4 weeks if required to establish glycemic goals
Maintenance dose- 40-160 mg/day
Do not exceed more than 320 mg/day
For a dose more than 160 mg/day, administer it in a couple of divided doses

For modified-release tablet-
Initially 30 mg once daily with breakfast
Dose Modification
Increase the dose by 30 mg every 1-4 weeks if required to establish glycemic goals
Maintenance dose- 30-60 mg/day
Do not exceed more than 120 mg/day



 

Not suitable for pediatrics 

 

Refer to the adult dosing 

Frequency defined 

>10% 

Hypoglycemia 

1-10% 

Hypertension 

Nausea  

Headache  

Diarrhea  

Vomiting  

Dermatitis  

Injection site pruritus  

Dizziness  

Injection site erythema  

Constipation  

Urinary tract infection 

Viral infection 

Frequency not defined 

Increased creatinine in serum 

Increased lactate dehydrogenase 

Black Box Warning: 

gliclazide does not have a black box warning in the United States. However, it is important to note that gliclazide, like other sulfonylurea medications, may increase the risk of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) and may not be suitable for all patients, particularly those with advanced age, impaired liver or kidney function, or other medical conditions. 

Hypoglycemia can be a serious condition that may result in seizures, loss of consciousness, and even death in severe cases. Patients taking gliclazide should be advised to monitor their blood sugar levels regularly and to report any symptoms of hypoglycemia to their healthcare provider immediately. 

Furthermore, gliclazide may also cause allergic reactions or skin rashes in some patients. If any signs of an allergic reaction or skin rash occur, patients should discontinue the medication and seek immediate medical attention. 

Contraindication/Caution: 

gliclazide is contraindicated in patients with a history of hypersensitivity to gliclazide or other sulfonylurea medications. It should not be used in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus, diabetic ketoacidosis, or severe liver or kidney dysfunction. 

Caution should be exercised in patients with a history of hypoglycemia, as gliclazide may increase the risk of low blood sugar. It should also be used with caution in patients with adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, as well as in patients with severe infections, fever, or trauma, as these conditions may increase the demand for insulin and increase the risk of hypoglycemia. 

gliclazide should be used with caution in elderly patients, as they may be more susceptible to hypoglycemia and may require lower doses of the medication. 

Pregnancy consideration:  

It is not secure to administer gliclazide during pregnancy. 

Breastfeeding warnings:  

No data is available about the excretion of gliclazide in human breastmilk. Avoid using in lactating women. 

Pregnancy category: 

  • Category A: Satisfactory and well-controlled studies show no risk to the fetus in the first or later trimester. 
  • Category B: No evidence of risk to the fetus is found in animal reproduction studies, and there are not enough studies on pregnant women. 
  • Category C: Adverse effects on the fetus found with evidence in animal reproduction studies and no adequate evidence for a human product; Pregnant women must take care of the potential risks. 
  • Category D: There is adequate data with sufficient evidence of human fetal risk from various platforms. However, despite potential dangers may be used only in emergencies for potential benefits. 
  • Category X: Drugs listed in this category outweigh the risks over benefits. The drug is not for pregnant women. 
  • Category N: No data is available for the drug under this category. 

Pharmacology: 

gliclazide is an oral antidiabetic medication that belongs to the sulfonylurea class. It works by stimulating the release of insulin from the beta cells in the pancreas, leading to increased uptake and utilization of glucose by peripheral tissues such as muscle and adipose tissue. This helps to lower blood sugar levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. 

Gliclazide also has some additional beneficial effects, such as improving endothelial function and reducing oxidative stress, which may contribute to its cardiovascular protective effects. 

The onset of action of gliclazide is rapid, with peak effects seen within 2-4 hours of administration. The duration of action is also relatively long, with a half-life of approximately 10 hours, allowing for once or twice-daily dosing. 

Pharmacodynamics: 

gliclazide is an antidiabetic medication that belongs to the sulfonylurea class. It acts primarily by stimulating the release of insulin from the beta cells of the pancreas, leading to increased uptake and utilization of glucose by peripheral tissues such as muscle and adipose tissue. This helps to lower blood sugar levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. 

gliclazide also has additional beneficial effects, such as improving endothelial function, reducing oxidative stress, and decreasing platelet aggregation. These effects may contribute to the cardiovascular protective effects observed with gliclazide therapy. 

The hypoglycemic effect of gliclazide is dose-dependent and may persist for up to 24 hours after a single dose. It is important to note that the risk of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) increases with higher doses of gliclazide and may be more common in elderly patients or those with impaired liver or kidney function. 

Pharmacokinetics: 

Absorption 

It is rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract, with peak plasma concentrations achieved within 2-4 hours. 

Distribution 

gliclazide is extensively bound to plasma proteins (up to 95%) 

Metabolism 

It is primarily metabolized in the liver by cytochrome P450 enzymes, primarily CYP2C9 and CYP3A4. The metabolites are inactive and are excreted in the urine and feces 

Elimination and Excretion 

The elimination half-life of gliclazide is approximately 10 hours, allowing for once or twice-daily dosing. The dose of gliclazide may need to be adjusted in patients with impaired liver or kidney function, as these conditions may affect the metabolism and elimination of the medication. 

gliclazide does not significantly affect the metabolism of other medications and has a low potential for drug interactions. However, caution should still be exercised when using gliclazide in combination with other medications, and any potential drug interactions should be discussed with a healthcare professional. 

Administration: 

gliclazide is an oral medication that is typically taken once or twice daily with a meal. It is important to follow the dosing instructions provided by the healthcare provider, as the dose may need to be adjusted based on individual patient factors such as age, weight, kidney or liver function, and other medications being taken. 

It is important to take gliclazide at the same time each day to maintain consistent blood levels of the medication. If a dose is missed, it should be taken as soon as possible, unless it is close to the time for the next dose. In that case, the missed dose should be skipped, and the regular dosing schedule should be resumed. 

gliclazide should be taken with food to reduce the risk of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar), as food helps to slow the absorption of the medication and can reduce the likelihood of a rapid drop in blood sugar levels 

Patient information leaflet 

Generic Name: gliclazide 

Pronounced: glic-lae-zide 

Why do we use gliclazide? 

gliclazide is used to treat type 2 diabetes mellitus, which is a condition characterized by high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood due to the body’s inability to properly use insulin or produce enough insulin. 

gliclazide belongs to a class of medications known as sulfonylureas, which work by stimulating the release of insulin from the beta cells of the pancreas. This helps to increase the uptake and utilization of glucose by peripheral tissues such as muscle and adipose tissue, leading to a lowering of blood sugar levels. 

gliclazide is typically used in combination with diet and exercise to improve blood sugar control in patients with type 2 diabetes. It may be used alone or in combination with other antidiabetic medications, such as metformin or insulin, depending on individual patient factors and the severity of the diabetes. 

ADVERTISEMENT 

gliclazide

Brand Name :

Diamicron [DSC], Gliclazide-80 [DSC], Sandoz Gliclazide MR, TARO-Gliclazide MR, MINT-Gliclazide MR

Synonyms :

gliclazidum, gliclazida

Class :

Antidiabetics, Sulfonylureas




No data available for drug.

Dosage forms & Strengths 

Modified-release tablet 

30mg 

60mg 

Immediate-release tablet 

80 mg 

diabetes mellitus type 2 

For immediate-release tablet-
40-80 mg orally once daily with breakfast
Dose Modification Increase the dose by 40-80 mg every 1-4 weeks if required to establish glycemic goals
Maintenance dose- 40-160 mg/day
Do not exceed more than 320 mg/day
For a dose more than 160 mg/day, administer it in a couple of divided doses

For modified-release tablet-
Initially 30 mg once daily with breakfast
Dose Modification
Increase the dose by 30 mg every 1-4 weeks if required to establish glycemic goals
Maintenance dose- 30-60 mg/day
Do not exceed more than 120 mg/day



Not suitable for pediatrics 

Refer to the adult dosing 

DRUG INTERACTION

gliclazide

&

  • interferon beta 1b
  • tetracaine/oxymetazoline intranasal
  • benzocaine oropharyngeal
  • benzalkonium chloride/menthol/petrolatum topical
  • inamrinone
  • alpha 1 proteinase inhibitor
  • potassium bicarbonate/potassium citrate
  • potassium phosphate/sodium acid phosphate
  • asparaginase Erwinia chrysanthemi recombinant
  • motixafortide
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  • reltecimod (pending FDA approval)
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  • sulfacetamide topical
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  • sirolimus topical
  • glycopyrronium tosylate topical
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  • acetaminophen/caffeine/pyrilamine
  • fentanyl transmucosal
  • bacitracin topical
  • buprenorphine,long-acting injection
  • buprenorphine buccal
  • nalmefene intranasal
  • sulbactam/durlobactam
  • metronidazole topical 
  • daratumumab/hyaluronidase
  • glofitamab
  • rituximab-hyaluronidase
  • drospirenone/ethinyl estradiol/levomefolate
  • loncastuximab tesirine
  • ingenol mebutate topical
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  • umbralisib
  • eflornithine/sulindac
  • cytarabine/daunorubicin liposomal
  • doxorubicin liposomal
  • epcoritamab
  • lanadelumab  
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  • tacrolimus ointment
  • mechlorethamine topical
  • donislecel
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  • rabies immune globulin, human (RIG)
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  • C1 inhibitor human
  • lifitegrast ophthalmic
  • prednisolone/sulfacetamide ophthalmic
  • mannitol inhalation
  • ofloxacin otic
  • petrolatum & mineral oil topical
  • clascoterone topical
  • gefapixant (Pending FDA Approval)
  • colesevelam
  • technetium Tc 99m succimer
  • nebivolol/valsartan
  • ciprofloxacin/fluocinolone acetonide, otic
  • finafloxacin otic
  • magnesium hydroxide/mineral oil
  • phenylephrine/mineral oil/petrolatum rectal
  • carbamide peroxide oral
  • atropine ophthalmic
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  • sulfacetamide ophthalmic
  • lucinactant
  • benzonatate
  • besifloxacin ophthalmic
  • benzhydrocodone/acetaminophen
  • beractant
  • trimagnesium citrate anhydrous
  • vitamin b2
  • carbamide peroxide otic
  • mineral oil topical
  • ethyl alcohol intranasal
  • boric acid/alcohol otic
  • absorbable gelatin compressed sponge, USP
  • absorbable gelatin sponge, USP
  • vincristine liposomal
  • technetium Tc 99m albumin aggregated injection
  • metaproterenol
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  • epinephrine racemic
  • umeclidinium bromide/vilanterol inhaled
  • indacaterol, inhaled/glycopyrrolate inhaled
  • betaine  
  • laronidase 
  • estrogens esterified/methyltestosterone            
  • cerliponase alfa
  • ertugliflozin/sitagliptin
  • hawthorn
  • shepherd’s purse
  • thiamine
  • naphazoline/glycerin ophthalmic
  • oxymetazoline ophthalmic
  • dorzolamide
  • dexamethasone intraocular
  • dexamethasone/ciprofloxacin
  • dexamethasone ophthalmic
  • metipranolol ophthalmic
  • timolol ophthalmic
  • boron
  • fezolinetant
  • pegunigalsidase alfa-iwxj
  • biotin
  • pantothenic acid
  • silicon
  • sodium acid phosphate
  • hypochlorous acid topical
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  • glucagon intranasal
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  • bai ji
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  • chasteberry
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  • parsley
  • rose hips
  • tongkat ali
  • horny goat weed
  • damiana
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  • aprocitentan
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  • green tea
  • sea cucumber
  • wheat germ extract
  • fenofibrate micronized 
  • rogisen
  • danshen
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  • dextroamphetamine transdermal
  • amphetamine/dextroamphetamine
  • hoodia
  • kolanut
  • boswellia
  • opuntia ficus indica
  • lavender
  • nadh
  • tea tree oil
  • metformin/sitagliptin 
  • dapagliflozin/ metformin/saxagliptin  
  • antihemophilic factor recombinant
  • inclisiran
  • bempedoic acid/ezetimibe
  • volanesorsen  
  • omega 3 carboxylic acids
  • pericyazine
  • levomepromazine (methotrimeprazine)
  • betaxolol ophthalmic
  • respiratory syncytial virus vaccine, adjuvanted
  • phenylephrine hydrochloride and tropicamide ophthalmic
  • alirocumab
  • neomycin/polymyxin B/gramicidin ophthalmic
  • factor IX
  • gentamicin topical
  • ansofaxine (Pending FDA Approval)
  • zuranolone (Pending FDA Approval)
  • factor IX, recombinant
  • factor IX complex
  • factor XIII A-subunit, recombinant
  • factor X, human
  • mesalamine rectal
  • etrasimod
  • anti-inhibitor coagulant complex
  • factor IX, recombinant/albumin fusion protein
  • fibrinogen, human
  • aminocaproic acid
  • metyrosine
  • nonoxynol-9 vaginal
  • progesterone intravaginal gel
  • ipecac syrup
  • botulinum antitoxin, heptavalent
  • pentetate calcium trisodium
  • crotalidae polyvalent immune FAB (ovine)
  • dehydrated alcohol injection 
  • gold sodium thiomalate (Discontinued)
  • lactic acid/citric acid/potassium bitartrate vaginal
  • von Willebrand factor, recombinant
  • luspatercept
  • digoxin immune FAB (Antidote)
  • crotalidae immune FAB (equine)
  • magnesium (Antidote)
  • pyridoxine (Antidote)
  • edetate calcium disodium
  • albumin IV
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  • obiltoxaximab
  • anthrax immune globulin
  • nitroglycerin topical
  • dextrose
  • nesiritide
  • estradiol vaginal
  • bazedoxifene/conjugated estrogens
  • botulism immune globulin iv
  • amoxicillin/omeprazole/rifabutin
  • synthetic human angiotensin II
  • nitroglycerin IV
  • nitroglycerin translingual
  • nitroprusside sodium
  • tetrahydrozoline/zinc sulfate/hypromellose ophthalmic
  • sodium citrate/citric acid
  • pemetrexate
  • methicillin
  • plasminogen 
  • acai
  • american ginseng
  • cordyceps
  • tramadol/acetaminophen
  • belladonna alkaloids/phenobarbital
  • erythromycin topical/benzoyl peroxide
  • glucosamine sulfate
  • panax ginseng (suppl/herb)
  • tolnaftate
  • sulopenem etzadroxil/probenecid (Pending FDA Approval)
  • sulfur hexafluoride
  • sotrovimab
  • arbaclofen
  • rifampin/isoniazid
  • clindamycin /tretinoin topical
  • benzoyl peroxide/clindamycin topical
  • apremilast
  • antivenins, centuroides (scorpion)
  • bamlanivimab and etesevimab
  • vilobelimab
  • gadobenate
  • pentosan polysulfate sodium
  • methylsalicylate/menthol/camphor topical
  • antivenin, black widow spider
  • benzoyl peroxide and hydrocortisone
  • clindamycin topical
  • isometheptene, dichloralphenazone and acetaminophen
  • acetaminophen and phenyltoloxamine
  • erythromycin topical
  • erythromycin ophthalmic
  • alpha hydroxy acids, topical
  • buprenorphine transdermal
  • butalbital/acetaminophen/caffeine
  • buprenorphine/samidorphan
  • buprenorphine subdermal implant
  • celecoxib/tramadol
  • drospirenone/ethinyl estradiol
  • resorcinol/sulfur
  • eflornithine
  • rifampin/isoniazid/pyrazinamide
  • tofersen
  • devil’s claw
  • ticarcillin/clavulanate
  • atropine/pralidoxime
  • aprepitant
  • suramin
  • phenelzine 
  • artichoke
  • american dogwood
  • attapulgite
  • atlantic cedar
  • axalimogene filolisbac
  • sodium thiosulfate & sodium nitrite
  • ataluren
  • omidubicel-onlv
  • capsicum
  • ginger
  • cryoprecipitate
  • bictegravir/emtricitabine/tenofovir DF
  • emtricitabine/tenofovir DF
  • fo-ti
  • siberian ginseng
  • granulocytes
  • zinc substituted heme C
  • zinc trihydroxide
  • ashwagandha 
  • cat’s claw
  • glandular products
  • SAMe
  • shark cartilage
  • altovis
  • feverfew
  • horse chestnut
  • magnesium aspartate
  • octacosanol
  • pleurisy root
  • star anise
  • butterbur
  • elderberry
  • licorice (Suppl/herb)
  • aconite
  • pentetate zinc trisodium
  • menthol topical/zinc oxide topical
  • corn-starch/kaolin/zinc oxide topical
  • 5-htp
  • butcher’s broom
  • articulin
  • bearberry
  • goldenrod
  • progesterone, natural
  • black cohosh
  • wild yam
  • cranberry
  • dong quai
  • phytoestrogens
  • norethindrone
  • false Unicorn Root
  • raspberry Leaf
  • asafoetida
  • turmeric
  • dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA)
  • hyaluronan
  • aliskiren/amlodipine
  • octreotide (Antidote)
  • tranexamic acid injection
  • duocal
  • neocate infant formula
  • pediatric Eo28
  • aloe
  • red clover
  • propolis
  • androstenedione
  • heartsease
  • comfrey
  • bilberry
  • chamomile
  • eyebright
  • calendula
  • sage
  • yucca
  • polypody
  • odevixibat
  • vinpocetine
  • olanzapine/samidorphan
  • creatine
  • yerba mate
  • spesolimab
  • azficel-T
  • tiludronate
  • estetrol and drospirenone
  • pseudoephedrine/fexofenadine
  • lincomycin
  • neomycin oral
  • fluocinolone acetonide, otic
  • tretinoin/ hydroquinone/ fluocinolone
  • halobetasol topical
  • hydrocortisone/​iodoquinol
  • penicillin G procaine /penicillin G benzathine
  • hydrocortisone probutate topical
  • colistin/neomycin/hydrocortisone/thonzonium otic
  • ebola zaire vaccine
  • hepatitis a/​b vaccine
  • vibegron
  • lindane
  • nystatin topical
  • respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) vaccine
  • chikungunya vaccine
  • tenecteplase
  • reteplase
  • anthrax vaccine adsorbed, adjuvanted
  • meningococcal ABCWY pentavalent vaccine
  • eculizumab
  • cholestyramine
  • tinzaparin
  • taurolidine/​citrate/​heparin
  • protein C concentrate
  • antithrombin alfa
  • antithrombin III
  • multivitamins, vision
  • ibuprofen/​chlorpheniramine/​pseudoephedrine
  • acetaminophen/ibuprofen
  • ibuprofen/pseudoephedrine
  • paclitaxel protein-bound
  • acetic acid vaginal
  • acetic acid otic
  • hydrocodone/ ibuprofen
  • methyl salicylate / isopropanol/ citronellyl acetate/ citric acid
  • ibuprofen and phenylephrine
  • acetylcysteine (Antidote)
  • iron/​folic acid/​vitamin/​mineral
  • iobenguane I-131
  • dolutegravir/rilpivirine
  • chlorhexidine topical
  • chlorhexidine oral
  • thyroid desiccated
  • proparacaine ophthalmic
  • podophyllum resin
  • phendimetrazine
  • phenoxybenzamine
  • polidocanol
  • phentermine and topiramate
  • piflufolastat F18
  • piperacillin/tazobactam
  • prednisolone and gentamicin ophthalmic
  • promethazine and codeine
  • poractant alfa
  • protamine sulfate
  • aflibercept intravitreal
  • prednicarbate
  • promethazine/dextromethorphan
  • codeine, phenylephrine, and promethazine
  • potassium phosphate
  • glatiramer acetate
  • gentamicin (Ophthalmic)
  • leniolisib
  • rezafungin
  • fluorometholone
  • dalfampridine
  • hydrocortisone topical 
  • empagliflozin and linagliptin
  • triamcinolone topical
  • minocycline topical
  • minocycline dental
  • ketotifen ophthalmic
  • darunavir and cobicistat
  • lidocaine topical
  • neomycin/polymyxin B/bacitracin/lidocaine (OTC)
  • lidocaine/ hydrocortisone
  • lidocaine anesthetic
  • lidocaine ophthalmic
  • lidocaine/tetracaine
  • desonide
  • dabigatran
  • fexofenadine
  • fluoride
  • decitabine and cedazuridine
  • dasiglucagon
  • hydroxypropyl cellulose ophthalmic
  • epoetin alfa
  • ibritumomab tiuxetan
  • trimethobenzamide
  • dexamethasone/ tobramycin
  • tafasitamab
  • valacyclovir
  • mebendazole
  • levoleucovorin
  • flaxseed
  • germanium
  • glutathione
  • lycopene
  • pygeum
  • horseradish
  • ziv-aflibercept
  • micafungin
  • trofinetide
  • taliglucerase alfa
  • tildrakizumab
  • sulopenem (Pending FDA Approval)
  • thyrotropin alfa
  • birch
  • thrombin, topical
  • tivozanib
  • tafluprost
  • methohexital
  • urea and hydrocortisone
  • unoprostone ophthalmic
  • trihexyphenidyl
  • ezetimibe
  • evolocumab
  • trifluridine and tipiracil
  • methenamine
  • misoprostol
  • miltefosine
  • rimantadine
  • maralixibat
  • coenzyme Q10
  • chlorella
  • garlic
  • forskolin
  • zavegepant
  • menotropins
  • margetuximab
  • meprobamate
  • melarsoprol
  • evening primrose oil
  • lemongrass
  • molindone
  • fenugreek
  • phytosterols
  • red yeast rice
  • uridine triacetate
  • tropicamide
  • incobotulinumtoxinA
  • Grape Seed Extract
  • carbachol ophthalmic
  • cosyntropin
  • cyclopentolate and phenylephrine
  • carteolol ophthalmic
  • pentazocine/naloxone
  • pentazocine/acetaminophen
  • casimersen
  • carisoprodol, aspirin, and codeine
  • carisoprodol
  • carboprost tromethamine
  • flurandrenolide
  • brinzolamide/brimonidine
  • betamethasone topical
  • omaveloxolone
  • bardoxolone
  • allogeneic processed thymus tissue
  • fluocinolone topical
  • tacrolimus topical
  • ruxolitnib topical
  • pimecrolimus topical
  • sofosbuvir, velpatasvir and voxilaprevir
  • sofosbuvir/velpatasvir
  • mitotane
  • elbasvir/​grazoprevir
  • wheat dextrin
  • vanadium
  • iron/folic acid/vitamin/mineral
  • molybdenum
  • sparsentan
  • velmanase alfa-tycv
  • pegcetacoplan
  • ferrous sulfate
  • cyclosporine ophthalmic
  • ferric pyrophosphate
  • ammonium lactate
  • etelcalcetide
  • iodoquinol
  • sucroferric oxyhydroxide
  • doxercalciferol
  • terconazole vaginal
  • cortisone
  • pyronaridine
  • tetrahydrozoline, ophthalmic
  • tenapanor
  • tesamorelin
  • benazepril/hydrochlorothiazide
  • nadolol and bendroflumethiazide
  • spironolactone and hydrochlorothiazide
  • COVID-19 Vaccine, mRNA
  • atosiban
  • bisoprolol and hydrochlorothiazide
  • ephedrine/guaifenesin
  • clonidine/chlorthalidone
  • captopril/hydrochlorothiazide
  • amlodipine/valsartan/hydrochlorothiazide
  • hydrochlorothiazide and irbesartan
  • candesartan/hydrochlorothiazide
  • ciclesonide intranasal
  • cromolyn sodium ophthalmic
  • methyldopa/hydrochlorothiazide
  • valsartan/hydrochlorothiazide
  • hydrochlorothiazide and triamterene
  • moexipril/hydrochlorothiazide
  • mometasone/intranasal
  • ofloxacin ophthalmic
  • cysteamine
  • metoprolol/hydrochlorothiazide
  • amlodipine/olmesartan
  • eprosartan/hydrochlorothiazide
  • amlodipine/telmisartan
  • hydrochlorothiazide/aliskiren
  • betamethasone/clotrimazole
  • telmisartan/hydrochlorothiazide
  • benazepril/amlodipine
  • bezlotoxumab
  • propranolol/hydrochlorothiazide
  • bupropion/naltrexone
  • burosumab
  • acetylcholine chloride intraocular solution
  • bupivacaine and meloxicam
  • budesonide and formoterol (inhalation)
  • valerian
  • entacapone/levodopa/carbidopa
  • carbidopa/levodopa
  • calaspargase pegol
  • cabotegravir
  • cefixime
  • calfactant
  • brinzolamide
  • daprodustat
  • brimonidine and timolol
  • brodalumab
  • buprenorphine and naloxone
  • hydrocortisone acetic acid otic
  • butorphanol
  • butoconazole
  • adapalene and benzoyl peroxide
  • acrivastine and pseudoephedrine
  • neomycin/polymyxin B/bacitracin topical
  • midodrine
  • baloxavir marboxil
  • bacitracin, neomycin, polymyxin B, and hydrocortisone topical
  • avatrombopag
  • glucagon
  • atenolol/chlorthalidone
  • adefovir
  • activated charcoal
  • avalglucosidase alfa
  • aclidinium and formoterol
  • iclaprim (Pending FDA Approval)
  • ampicillin/sulbactam
  • quinupristin/dalfopristin
  • lamivudine/zidovudine/abacavir
  • acetaminophen and caffeine
  • acetaminophen/pamabrom
  • abacavir and lamivudine
  • anifrolumab
  • elacestrant
  • anidulafungin
  • acetohydroxamic acid
  • alogliptin/pioglitazone
  • anthralin
  • pirtobrutinib
  • gabapentin
  • galsulfase
  • gadoterate meglumine
  • ferric gluconate
  • ferric derisomaltose
  • ethanolamine oleate
  • eteplirsen
  • vasopressin
  • desmopressin
  • meropenem/vaborbactam
  • ecallantide
  • econazole topical
  • dornase alfa
  • aspirin/dipyridamole
  • dipyridamole
  • difenoxin and atropine
  • diflorasone
  • difluprednate ophthalmic
  • eptinezumab
  • diethylpropion
  • dexchlorpheniramine
  • dexmethylphenidate
  • serdexmethylphenidate/​dexmethylphenidate
  • bexagliflozin
  • galcanezumab
  • fremanezumab
  • tapinarof topical
  • darifenacin
  • dalbavancin
  • darbepoetin alfa
  • azilsartan
  • colestipol
  • corticorelin
  • crotamiton
  • crofelemer
  • allogeneic cultured keratinocytes/fibroblasts in bovine collagen
  • tapentadol
  • cyclopentolate
  • polymyxin B/bacitracin topical
  • ketoconazole topical
  • tavaborole
  • tagraxofusp
  • crisaborole
  • crizanlizumab
  • satralizumab
  • spinosad
  • sacubitril/valsartan
  • sargramostim
  • sebelipase alfa
  • regadenoson
  • ribociclib/letrozole
  • ragweed allergen extract
  • radium-223 dichloride
  • secnidazole
  • setmelanotide
  • polycarbophil
  • plecanatide
  • sacituzumab govitecan
  • pertuzumab
  • pertuzumab/trastuzumab/hyaluronidase
  • pamidronate
  • halcinonide
  • glecaprevir/​pibrentasvir
  • glucarpidase
  • golodirsen
  • dextrose (antidote)
  • hexaminolevulinate
  • iohexol
  • ferric citrate
  • elapegademase
  • emicizumab
  • erenumab
  • danaparoid
  • dantrolene
  • eflapegrastim
  • edaravone
  • amcinonide
  • carglumic acid
  • alcaftadine ophthalmic
  • agalsidase beta
  • afamelanotide
  • fosdenopterin
  • lidocaine and chlorhexidine
  • levorphanol
  • calcifediol
  • factor VIIa, recombinant
  • triheptanoin
  • peanut oral allergen powder
  • teprotumumab
  • poly-L-lactic acid/carboxymethylcellulose/mannitol
  • xenon Xe 129 hyperpolarized
  • ublituximab
  • anacaulase
  • glatiramer
  • peginterferon beta-1a
  • interferon beta-1a
  • onabotulinumtoxinA
  • cycloserine
  • ethionamide
  • cabotegravir and rilpivirine
  • vericiguat
  • omidenepag isopropyl
  • azelastine/fluticasone intranasal
  • benzyl peroxide
  • vutrisiran
  • brimonidine
  • testosterone topical
  • lenacapavir
  • tebentafusp
  • mosunetuzumab
  • faricimab
  • ganirelix
  • nadofaragene firadenovec
  • ozenoxacin
  • guaifenesin
  • adagrasib
  • guselkumab
  • adalimumab-aacf
  • nonoxynol-9
  • nifurtimox
  • nusinersen
  • nitazoxanide
  • mavacamten
  • calcipotriene
  • bimatoprost
  • obinutuzumab
  • amifostine
  • oxycodone/​aspirin
  • oxycodone/ibuprofen
  • oteseconazole
  • oxychlorosene
  • porfimer
  • pramoxine /hydrocortisone topical
  • podofilox
  • quinapril/hydrochlorothiazide
  • acetaminophen/pamabrom/pyrilamine
  • levobunolol
  • paregoric
  • idursulfase
  • lesinurad and allopurinol
  • latanoprost/​netarsudil ophthalmic
  • lactase enzyme
  • bioadherent oral
  • latanoprost and timolol
  • latanoprostene bunod
  • ledipasvir/sofosbuvir
  • imipenem/cilastatin/relebactam
  • imipenem/cilastatin
  • hemin
  • deucravacitinib
  • house dust mite allergen extract
  • halobetasol topical/tazarotene
  • remimazolam
  • somatropin
  • remifentanil
  • ethotoin
  • etidronate
  • empagliflozin, linagliptin, and metformin
  • elvitegravir/cobicistat/emtricitabine/tenofovir AF
  • empagliflozin/​linagliptin
  • evinacumab
  • finasteride and tadalafil
  • flortaucipir (18F)
  • proparacaine/ fluorescein ophthalmic
  • fluorescein/benoxinate ophthalmic
  • fluphenazine
  • alogliptin/​metformin
  • alogliptin/pioglitazone
  • alitretinoin topical
  • dextrose/ sodium citrate/fructose
  • dasabuvir
  • ombitasvir​/paritaprevir/​ritonavir
  • hydrocodone/​chlorpheniramine/​pseudoephedrine
  • hydroxyamphetamine/​tropicamide
  • acamprosate
  • gadobutrol
  • teclistamab
  • tremelimumab
  • futibatinib
  • etranacogene dezaparvovec
  • olutasidenib
  • naproxen and diphenhydramine
  • naratriptan
  • gadopiclenol
  • gadoxetate
  • gadoversetamide
  • naphazoline/pheniramine
  • naphazoline
  • nalbuphine
  • vosoritide
  • vitamin K1 (phytonadione)
  • moxidectin
  • basiliximab
  • fecal microbiota, live-jslm
  • ibuprofen/famotidine
  • famotidine
  • raxibacumab
  • omalizumab
  • measles, mumps, rubella, and varicella vaccine, live (Rx)
  • senna/docusate
  • dinoprostone
  • measles mumps and rubella vaccine, live
  • immune globulin IM (IGIM)
  • dyclonine
  • doravirine, lamivudine, and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate
  • elexacaftor/tezacaftor/ivacaftor
  • ivacaftor/tezacaftor
  • treosulfan
  • tranexamic acid
  • norethindrone acetate/​estradiol/​elagolix
  • artesunate
  • trientine
  • trifarotene
  • ziconotide
  • vonoprazan/amoxicillin/clarithromycin
  • pyrithione zinc
  • zinc oxide topical
  • naphazoline/​zinc sulfate/​glycerin ophthalmic
  • voretigene neparvovec
  • nirmatrelvir/ritonavir
  • bebetelovimab
  • sodium chloride
  • relugolix/​estradiol/​norethindrone
  • defibrotide
  • prothionamide
  • liraglutide
  • etilfrine
  • alpha-lipoic acid
  • ramosetron
  • olodaterol/tritropium
  • cimetropium
  • umeclidinium
  • itopride
  • secretin
  • naftopidil
  • trimeprazine
  • benperidol
  • chlormethiazole
  • multivitamins
  • secukinumab
  • glycopyrrolate inhaled and formoterol
  • amitriptyline and chlordiazepoxide
  • tirzepatide
  • relugolix/estradiol/norethindrone
  • mupirocin
  • alvimopan
  • chlordiazepoxide
  • insulin regular human
  • insulin aspart protamine/​insulin aspart
  • insulin isophane human/​insulin regular human
  • insulin degludec/insulin aspart
  • teplizumab
  • chlordiazepoxide/clidinium
  • aspirin, sodium bicarbonate, and citric acid
  • aluminum hydroxide, magnesium hydroxide, and simethicone
  • glycopyrrolate inhaled
  • olodaterol/tiotropium
  • umeclidinium bromide
  • timolol/dorzolamide
  • travoprost ophthalmic
  • loxapine
  • eptifibatide
  • hydrocodone/acetaminophen
  • omega 3 fatty acids
  • trandolapril/​verapamil
  • abciximab
  • artificial saliva
  • diphtheria, hepatitis B, pertussis (acellular), polio, and tetanus vaccine
  • diphtheria, haemophilus B, pertussis, polio, tetanus vaccine
  • haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine/hepatitis b vaccine
  • butalbital/aspirin/caffeine 
  • colchicine/probenecid
  • atovaquone and proguanil
  • ursodiol
  • chenodiol
  • casirivimab/imdevimab
  • tixagevimab/cilgavimab
  • molnupiravir
  • bebtelovimab
  • calcium, magnesium, potassium and sodium oxybate
  • sodium oxybate
  • diphtheria, polio, pertussis acellular, tetanus vaccine
  • pseudoephedrine loratadine
  • sodium chloride nasal
  • hydroxychloroquine sulfate
  • atorvastatin and ezetimibe
  • teriparatide
  • alendronate and cholecalciferol
  • alprostadil (IV)
  • romosozumab
  • risedronate
  • alendronate
  • glyburide/metformin
  • clorazepate
  • rosuvastatin/​ezetimibe
  • paclitaxel/encequidar
  • valsartan/amlodipine
  • enalapril/hydrochlorothiazide
  • enalapril and felodipine
  • amiloride/hydrochlorothiazide
  • triamterene/hydrochlorothiazide
  • lisinopril/hydrochlorothiazide
  • tegaserod
  • rhein
  • ritanserin
  • sulfaphenazole
  • sulconazole
  • taurursodiol
  • bromeperidol
  • carbapenems
  • fotemustine
  • difelikefalin
  • bromopride
  • alizapride
  • olopatadine
  • oxomemazine
  • paraldehyde
  • oxcarbazepine
  • kratom
  • elexacaftor
  • oritavancin
  • miocamycin
  • curcumin sulfate
  • seproxetine
  • clotrimazole
  • remacemide
  • piperine
  • ditiocarb
  • danoprevir
  • oxetacaine
  • topiroxostat
  • indisulam
  • tofisopam
  • noscapine
  • thiopental
  • tioconazole
  • nicotinamide
  • rutin
  • mequitazine
  • somatostatin
  • vapreotide
  • econazole
  • saracatinib
  • lestaurtinib
  • efonidipine
  • zimelidine
  • indalpine
  • desvenlafaxine
  • benidipine
  • dapoxetine
  • tesmilifene
  • pergolide
  • sitaxentan
  • resveratrol
  • bifonazole
  • tildipirosin
  • solithromycin
  • selamectin
  • imiquimod topical
  • fluorouracil topical
  • peginterferon alfa-2b
  • interferon alfa-2b
  • alteplase
  • tanshinone I
  • rosmarinic acid
  • caryophyllene
  • ursolic acid
  • cepharanthine
  • veliflapon
  • mirikizumab
  • cp-96345
  • famprofazone
  • peoniflorin
  • fepradinol
  • licofelone
  • polmacoxib
  • ebselen
  • taxifolin
  • betulinic acid
  • flurbiprofen axetil
  • talniflumate
  • morniflumate
  • nitroaspirin
  • firocoxib
  • ns-398
  • cimicoxib
  • robenacoxib
  • sc-236
  • imidazole salicylate
  • trolamine salicylate
  • pirprofen
  • benorilate
  • ethenzamide
  • mofebutazone
  • proquazone
  • carbaspirin calcium
  • guacetisal
  • proglumetacin
  • propyphenazone
  • pranoprofen
  • bendazac
  • tenidap
  • lonazolac
  • nifenazone
  • flunoxaprofen
  • difenpiramide
  • feprazone
  • bufexamac
  • alminoprofen
  • suxibuzone
  • fentiazac
  • tinoridine
  • tepoxalin
  • indobufen
  • flunixin
  • propacetamol
  • clonixin
  • droxicam
  • epirizole
  • etofenamate
  • ibuproxam
  • indoprofen
  • kebuzone
  • felbinac
  • zaltoprofen
  • azapropazone
  • zomepirac
  • niflumic acid
  • magnesium salicylate
  • suprofen
  • nepafenac
  • bromfenac
  • ciprofloxacin and hydrocortisone (otic) (Rx)
  • hydrocortisone/neomycin/polymyxin otic (Rx)
  • vigabatrine
  • valproate
  • tezepelumab (Rx)
  • triamcinolone acetonide/nystatin
  • triamcinolone suprachoroidal (Rx)
  • triamcinolone, intranasal
  • ciclesonide inhaled
  • diosmin
  • tirbanibulin
  • padeliporfin
  • roxadustat
  • aminosalicylic acid
  • rasburicase
  • tetracaine
  • articaine
  • ropivacaine
  • nitrous oxide
  • sulfapyridine
  • sulfanilamide
  • mafenide
  • isometheptene
  • amyl nitrite
  • antipyrine
  • isosorbide dinitrate
  • prilocaine
  • nitroglycerin
  • tobacco
  • batefenterol
  • hexoprenaline
  • pf-00610355
  • racepinephrine
  • protokylol
  • doxofylline
  • phenylpropanolamine
  • isoetharine
  • ephedra sinica root
  • dipivefrin
  • arbutamine
  • norepinephrine
  • fenoterol
  • clenbuterol
  • pirbuterol
  • epinephrine
  • ritodrine
  • procaterol
  • orciprenaline
  • bitolterol
  • abediterol
  • fluticasone furoate, umeclidinium and vilanterol
  • fluticasone furoate and vilanterol
  • mometasone and formoterol
  • pramoxine topical (OTC)
  • menthol/pramoxine (topical)
  • tetrastarch
  • plasma protein fraction
  • hetastarch
  • rokitamycin
  • ridaforolimus
  • oleandomycin
  • patupilone
  • mitemcinal
  • midecamycin
  • mirvetuximab soravtansine
  • lorvotuzumab mertansine
  • kitasamycin
  • flurithromycin
  • eprinomectin
  • epofolate
  • epothilone D
  • coltuximab ravtansine
  • dirithromycin
  • doramectin
  • cethromycin
  • carbomycin
  • paramethasone
  • dexamethasone isonicotinate
  • quinupristin
  • sarilumab
  • dalfopristin
  • curcumin
  • luliconazole
  • procaine
  • chloroprocaine
  • phencyclidine
  • tenocyclidine
  • profenamine
  • halothane
  • lfenprodil
  • calcium levulinate
  • agmatine
  • calcium pangamate
  • calcium glubionate
  • edodekin alfa
  • beloranib
  • aflibercept
  • endostar
  • volociximab
  • roquinimex
  • anecortave acetate
  • squalamine
  • brolucizumab
  • trebananib
  • semaxanib
  • endostatin
  • halofuginone
  • resveratol
  • ranibizumab
  • fumagilin
  • bevacizumab
  • hyperforin
  • aminohippuric acid
  • opicapone
  • pafolacianine
  • bempedoic acid
  • belantamab mafodotin
  • prasterone
  • glecaprevir
  • levomenol
  • parachlorophenol
  • gadoxetic acid
  • cholecystokinin
  • caspofungin
  • ouabain
  • rifampicin
  • taurocholic acid
  • methylphosphinic acid
  • revefenacin
  • isoprenaline
  • posiphen
  • acotiamide
  • triflupromazine
  • pegvisomant
  • pipecuronium
  • regramostim
  • phenserine
  • diethylcarbamazine
  • cinchocaine
  • pancuronium
  • bambuterol
  • hexafluronium
  • aprotinin
  • tyrothricin
  • decamethonium
  • ipidacrine
  • tubocurarine
  • paraoxon
  • ginkgo biloba
  • methanesulfonyl fluoride
  • dichlorvos
  • fenthion
  • metrifonate
  • coumaphos
  • huperzine A
  • distigmine
  • neostigmine
  • isoflurophate
  • tasosartan
  • fimasartan
  • methylthioninium
  • minaprine
  • gallamine triethiodide
  • ambenonium
  • abiraterone
  • mibefradil
  • hydrocortisone (systemic)
  • cetirizine (systemic)
  • Talimogene Laherparepvec
  • Diacerein
  • Magnesium glucoheptonate
  • acyclovir and hydrocortisone
  • acyclovir (ophthalmic)
  • acyclovir (topical)
  • docosanol cream
  • camphor and phenol
  • dolutegravir, abacavir, and lamivudine
  • peramivir
  • lisdexamfetamine
  • ergoloid mesylates
  • memantine/donepezil
  • tranylcypromine
  • isocarboxazid
  • methenamine/sodium salicylate/benzoic acid
  • mometasone topical (Rx)
  • Esketamine intranasal
  • Oracit
  • Shohls Solution
  • sodium lactate
  • sodium citrate
  • lecanemab
  • donepezil (Rx)
  • donepezil transdermal
  • sodium thiosulfate
  • ciclopirox
  • undecylenic acid
  • butenafine
  • calcium and vitamin D
  • zoledronic acid
  • calcitonin salmon
  • pizotifen
  • indoramin
  • salicylic acid acne
  • minoxidil topical
  • adapalene
  • orlistat
  • COVID-19 subunit vaccine
  • amoxicillin /vonoprazan
  • levamlodipine (Rx)
  • Omeprazole, amoxicillin, and clarithromycin
  • simvastatin/ezetimibe
  • amlodipine/atorvastatin
  • amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium
  • lansoprazole, amoxicillin, and clarithromycin
  • noradrenaline
  • carbaryl
  • botulinum toxin
  • atropine
  • artemether/lumefantrine
  • ergonovine
  • bunazosin (Not available in the United States)
  • ibalizumab
  • dolutegravir
  • hydrocodone/pseudoephedrine
  • cetirizine/pseudoephedrine
  • acetaminophen/dextromethorphan/pseudoephedrine/guaifenesin
  • acetaminophen IV/ibuprofen IV (Pending FDA Approval)
  • medroxyprogesterone
  • acetaminophen/caffeine
  • Acetaminophen/magnesium salicylate/pamabrom
  • megestrol
  • pyridoxine (vitamin B6)
  • folic acid-cyanocobalamin-pyridoxine
  • L-methylfolate-pyridoxal 5′-phosphate-methylcobalamine
  • estropipate
  • betamethasone (systemic)
  • dolutegravir and lamivudine
  • zidovudine and lamivudine
  • mineral oil (oral/rectal)
  • regular insulin
  • dextromethorphan/bupropion
  • diphenhydramine/ibuprofen
  • enfuvirtide
  • doxapram
  • methamphetamine
  • dextroamphetamine
  • ephedrine
  • brompheniramine, dextromethorphan and phenylephrine
  • aspirin, chlorpheniramine, and phenylephrine
  • acetaminophen, pheniramine, and phenylephrine
  • chlorpheniramine and phenylephrine
  • guaifenesin and phenylephrine
  • rivastigmine
  • pyridostigmine
  • arecoline
  • physostigmine
  • abobotulinumtoxinA
  • echothiophate iodide
  • malathion
  • glibenclamide
  • rimabotulinumtoxinB
  • pioglitazone
  • daxibotulinumtoxinA
  • prabotulinumtoxinA
  • mepenzolate
  • trospium
  • modafinil
  • budesonide (oral inhalation)
  • budesonide (nasal)
  • budesonide (Topical)
  • vedolizumab
  • hydrocodone and homatropine
  • homatropine ophthalmic
  • methscopolamine
  • oxandrolone
  • nandrolone
  • fluoxymesterone
  • procyclidine
  • biperiden
  • benztropine
  • oxymetholone
  • ipratropium
  • belladonna/opium
  • pilocarpine
  • nicotine intranasal
  • succinylcholine
  • cromolyn sodium
  • mepolizumab
  • palivizumab
  • reslizumab
  • dupilumab
  • potassium iodide
  • beclomethasone (nasal)
  • tetrahydrozoline nasal
  • fluticasone (topical)
  • tecovirimat
  • entacapone
  • vaccinia immune globulin intravenous (Rx)
  • smallpox (vaccinia) vaccine, live
  • terazosin
  • labetalol 
  • smallpox and monkeypox vaccine (live, nonreplicating) (US: Availability limited to health department/CDC expanded access protocol) (Rx)
  • oxymetazoline
  • xylometazoline
  • meclizine
  • prazosin
  • belinostat
  • nabilone
  • tripelennamine
  • bismuth subcitrate, metronidazole and tetracycline
  • levalbuterol
  • rifaximin
  • cotrimoxazole
  • ethacrynic acid
  • senna
  • bisacodyl
  • sodium picosulfate, citric acid, and magnesium oxide
  • kaolin
  • anastrozole
  • docusate
  • cascara
  • dichlorphenamide
  • bismuth subsalicylate
  • methylcellulose
  • magnesium sulfate 
  • talazoparib
  • diphenoxylate/atropine
  • bacillus clausii
  • psyllium
  • bifidobacterium
  • lactobacillus
  • saccharomyces boulardii
  • lanreotide
  • cyproterone
  • ramucirumab (Rx)
  • fidaxomicin
  • tobramycin (systemic)
  • dacomitinib
  • pembrolizumab
  • amikacin (systemic)
  • panitumumab
  • blinatumomab
  • durvalumab
  • olaratumab
  • necitumumab
  • moxetumomab pasudotox
  • mogamulizumab
  • inotuzumab
  • dinutuximab
  • pentamycin
  • dibekacin
  • cemiplimab
  • gemtuzumab
  • demeclocycline
  • omadacycline
  • tobramycin (ophthalmic)
  • sarecycline
  • cefiderocol
  • valrubicin
  • plicamycin
  • denileukin diftitox
  • decitabine
  • niraparib
  • methacholine
  • carbachol
  • bethanechol
  • acetylcholine
  • atezolizumab
  • raloxifene
  • avelumab
  • leucovorin
  • cladabrine
  • pralatrexate
  • meclofenamate
  • pemetrexed
  • ustekinumab
  • diroximel fumarate
  • daratumumab
  • coccidioidin skin test
  • candida albicans extract
  • brewer’s yeast
  • poliovirus vaccine, live, trivalent
  • elotuzumab
  • trimetrexate
  • l-methyl folate
  • methyclothiazide
  • Influenza virus vaccine
  • acitretin
  • tafamidis
  • sapropterin
  • Pidotimod
  • nitisinone
  • mipomersen
  • levetiracetam
  • Inebilizumab
  • Diethylamine salicylate
  • COVID-19 vaccine
  • Cephalothin
  • alitretinoin
  • Alitretinoin
  • methotrexate
  • verteporfin
  • omacetaxine
  • methyl aminolevulinate topical
  • efgartigimod alfa
  • aminolevulinic acid
  • cetuximab
  • streptozocin
  • zoster vaccine recombinant
  • lyme disease vaccine
  • human papillomavirus vaccine
  • daclizumab
  • lomustiine
  • amitriptyline
  • triptorelin
  • Tedizolid
  • rituximab
  • darolutamide
  • altretamine
  • Varicella-zoster vaccine
  • topotecan
  • ajmaline
  • pneumococcal vaccine
  • poliovirus vaccine
  • adenovirus vaccine type 7
  • adenovirus vaccine type 4
  • brincidofovir
  • lenograstim
  • ofatumumab
  • doxorubicin
  • thioguanine
  • tetanus toxoid
  • primidone
  • lipegfilgrastim
  • pegaspargase
  • monomethyl fumarate
  • ibritumomab
  • dimethyl fumarate
  • varicella-zoster vaccine (recombinant)
  • influenza virus vaccine, h5n1, live
  • carmustine
  • influenza virus vaccine (h5n1), adjuvanted
  • influenza a (h5n1) vaccine
  • eluxadoline
  • influenza virus vaccine quadrivalent, adjuvanted
  • idecabtagene vicleucel
  • adenovirus types 4 and 7 live, oral
  • thiotepa
  • tocilizumab
  • levodopa inhaled
  • efalizumab
  • canakinumab
  • aminoglutethimide
  • ado-trastuzumab emtansine
  • adenovirus vaccine
  • zoster vaccine live
  • typhoid vaccine, live
  • influenza virus vaccine, live, trivalent
  • influenza virus vaccine, h1n1, live
  • delavirdine
  • paclitaxel
  • siltuximab
  • miconazole
  • fludarabine
  • epirubicin
  • vinblastine
  • lomustine
  • risankizumab
  • rilonacept
  • pacritinib
  • linezolid
  • griseofulvin
  • vincristine
  • rufinamide
  • phenobarbital
  • nelarabine
  • mitoxantrone
  • mitomycin
  • mitapivat
  • letermovir
  • lasmiditan
  • idarubicin
  • filgrastim
  • elagolix
  • daunorubicin
  • daclatasvir
  • carfilzomib
  • anakinra
  • alefacept
  • thalidomide
  • teriflunomide
  • rubella virus vaccine
  • ozanimod
  • mumps virus vaccine
  • measles virus vaccine
  • golimumab
  • etanercept
  • certolizumab
  • adalimumab
  • etoposide
  • mechlorethamine
  • adenovirus type 7 vaccine
  • melphalan
  • palifermin
  • pimecrolimus
  • ropeginterferon alfa 2b
  • tacrolimus
  • tofacitinib
  • amphotericin B cholesteryl sulfate
  • amphotericin B deoxycholate
  • amphotericin B liposomal
  • amphotericin B phospholipid complex
  • anthrax vaccine adsorbed
  • denosumab
  • diphtheria & tetanus toxoids
  • echinacea
  • haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine
  • hepatitis A vaccine inactivated
  • hepatitis a/b vaccine
  • hepatitis b vaccine
  • HIV vaccine
  • human papillomavirus vaccine, quadrivalent
  • hydroxyurea
  • influenza virus vaccine (H5N1)
  • influenza virus vaccine trivalent
  • influenza virus vaccine trivalent, adjuvanted
  • influenza virus vaccine trivalent, recombinant
  • meningococcal A C Y and W-135 diphtheria conjugate vaccine
  • meningococcal A C Y and W-135 polysaccharide vaccine combined
  • meningococcal group B vaccine
  • ofatumumab SC
  • pneumococcal vaccine 13-valent
  • pneumococcal vaccine heptavalent
  • pneumococcal vaccine polyvalent
  • poliovirus vaccine inactivated
  • rabies vaccine
  • sipuleucel-T
  • trastuzumab
  • trastuzumab deruxtecan
  • eslicarbazepine acetate
  • vitamin A
  • rifampin
  • belzutifan
  • belimumab
  • belatacept
  • armodafinil
  • amobarbital
  • alemtuzumab
  • ocrelizumab
  • nivolumab
  • natalizumab
  • fingolimod
  • desogestrel
  • butalbital
  • brexanolone
  • zoster vaccine
  • yellow fever vaccine
  • varicella virus vaccine
  • smallpox vaccine
  • rotavirus vaccine
  • rubella vaccine
  • influenza virus vaccine quadrivalent
  • atracurium
  • dengue vaccine
  • tisagenlecleucel
  • lisocabtagene maraleucel
  • ciltacabtagene autoleucel
  • brexucabtagene autoleucel
  • axicabtagene ciloleucel
  • chlorambucil
  • ethinyl estradiol
  • dicumarol
  • atenolol
  • anisindione
  • penicillin G benzathine
  • sequelerin
  • chloramphenicol
  • heparin
  • enoxaparin
  • dalteparin
  • bivalirudin
  • argatroban
  • willow bark
  • bazedoxifene/conjugated estrogens
  • aspirin rectal
  • aspirin/citric acid/sodium bicarbonate
  • aspirin
  • ganaxolone
  • erythromycin stearate
  • erythromycin lactobionate
  • erythromycin ethylsuccinate
  • elbasvir/grazoprevir
  • daridorexant
  • cholera vaccine
  • lumacaftor/ivacaftor
  • dienogest/estradiol valerate
  • zafirlukast
  • urofollitropin
  • tralokinumab
  • torsemide
  • tazarotene
  • pseudoephedrine
  • propoxiphene napsylate
  • propoxiphene hydrochloride
  • oxyphencyclimine hydrochloride
  • oxymetazoline hydrochloride
  • naxitamab
  • nandrolone decanoate
  • methylphenidate
  • methocarbamol
  • idoxuridine
  • hyaluronidase
  • hyaluronic acid
  • gonadoreline hydrochloride
  • glycopyrrolate
  • ganirelix acetate
  • gallium citrate
  • fulvestrant
  • fexofenadine hydrochloride
  • fenefluramine hydrochloride
  • febuxostat
  • famciclovir
  • ergocalciferol
  • divalproex sodium
  • diclorfenamide
  • dezocine
  • desmopressin acetate
  • demeclocycline hydrochloride
  • defibrotide sodium
  • deferiprone
  • deferasirox
  • daunorubicin hydrochloride
  • darunavir
  • darifenacin hydrobromide
  • daptomycin
  • dapsone
  • dantrolene sodium
  • danazol
  • dalafampridine
  • dalbavancin Hydrochloride
  • daclatasvir dihydrochloride
  • dactinomycin
  • dacitabine
  • cefiderocol sulfate tosylate
  • butoconazole nitrate
  • benralizumab (Rx)
  • albuterol
  • acetylcysteine
  • acebutolol
  • acam2000
  • abrocitinib
  • abatacept
  • abametapir
  • abaloparatide
  • chloroquine
  • ferric maltol
  • lorlatinib
  • piracetam
  • timolol
  • chlorothiazide
  • ferric pyrophosphate citrate
  • lornoxicam
  • piretanide
  • tinidazole
  • chloroxylenol
  • ferric sulfate
  • lorpiprazole
  • pirfenidone
  • tiopronin
  • chlorpheniramine
  • ferrous bisglycinate
  • losartan
  • piroxicam
  • tiotropium
  • chlorpromazine
  • ferrous fumarate
  • lovastatin
  • pitavastatin
  • tipranavir
  • chlorpropamide
  • ferrous gluconate
  • loxoprofen
  • pitolisant
  • tirofiban
  • chlorprothixene
  • ferrous succinate
  • lubiprostone
  • pivampicillin
  • tisotumab vedotin
  • chlorthalidone
  • ferrous sulfate anhydrous
  • lumateperone
  • pivmecillinam
  • tixocortol
  • chlorzoxazone
  • ferumoxides
  • lumefantrine
  • plazomicin
  • tizanidine
  • abiraterone
  • cholecalciferolc
  • ferumoxsil
  • lumiracoxib
  • plerixafor
  • tobramycin (oral inhalation)
  • acalabrutinib
  • choline c 11
  • ferumoxytol
  • lurasidone
  • polatuzumab vedotin
  • tocainide
  • acarbose
  • choline magnesium trisalicylate
  • fesoterodine
  • lurbinectedin
  • polythiazide
  • tocofersolan
  • aceclofenac
  • choline salicylate
  • fexinidazole
  • lynestrenol
  • pomalidomide
  • tocopherol
  • acemetacin
  • chondroitin sulfate
  • finasteride
  • macimorelin
  • ponatinib
  • acenocoumarol
  • chromic chloride
  • finerenone (Rx)
  • macitentan
  • ponesimod
  • tolazamide
  • acetaminophen
  • chromic nitrate
  • fish oil
  • magaldrate
  • posaconazole
  • tolbutamide
  • acetazolamide
  • chromium
  • flavoxate
  • magnesium
  • potassium
  • tolcapone
  • acetohexamide
  • chromium gluconate
  • flecainide
  • magnesium carbonate
  • potassium acetate
  • tolfenamic acid
  • acetylsalicylic acid
  • chromium nicotinate
  • flibanserin
  • magnesium chloride
  • potassium bicarbonate
  • tolmetin
  • acipimox
  • chromous sulfate
  • floctafenine
  • magnesium citrate
  • potassium cation
  • tolterodine
  • aclidinium
  • ciclesonide
  • florbetaben (18f)
  • magnesium gluconate
  • potassium chloride
  • tolvaptan
  • acrivastine
  • cidofovir
  • florbetapir (18f)
  • magnesium hydroxide
  • potassium citrate
  • topiramate
  • acyclovir
  • cilazapril
  • floxuridine
  • magnesium oxide
  • potassium nitrate
  • adefovir dipivoxil
  • cilostazol
  • flucloxacillin
  • magnesium silicate
  • potassium perchlorate
  • torasemide
  • adenosine
  • cimetidine
  • fluconazole
  • potassium sulfate
  • toremifene
  • agomelatine
  • cinacalcet
  • flucytosine
  • magnesium trisilicate
  • tositumomab
  • albendazole
  • cinnarizine
  • fludeoxyglucose (18f)
  • mangafodipir
  • pralidoxime
  • trabectedin
  • albiglutide
  • cinoxacin
  • fludrocortisone
  • manidipine
  • pralsetinib
  • tramadol
  • albutrepenonacog alfa
  • ciprofibrate
  • fluindione
  • mannitol
  • pramipexole
  • trametinib
  • alclofenac
  • cisapride
  • flumazenil
  • maprotiline
  • pramlintide
  • trandolapril
  • aldesleukin
  • cisplatin
  • flumethasone
  • maraviroc
  • prasugrel
  • trastuzumab emtansine
  • alectinib
  • citalopram
  • flunarizine
  • maribavir
  • pravastatin
  • trazodone
  • alendronic acid
  • cladribine
  • flunisolide
  • mebeverine
  • prazepamb
  • treprostinil
  • alfentanil
  • clarithromycin
  • flunitrazepam
  • mecamylamine
  • praziquantel
  • tretinoin
  • alfuzosin
  • clemastine
  • fluocinolone acetonide
  • mecasermin
  • prednisolone
  • triamcinolone
  • alimemazine
  • clevidipine
  • fluocinonide
  • meclofenamic acid
  • prednisolone acetate
  • triamterene
  • aliskiren
  • clindamycin
  • fluocortolone
  • medrogestone
  • prednisolone phosphate
  • triazolam
  • allopurinol
  • clobazam
  • fluorouracil
  • medroxyprogesterone acetate
  • prednisone (Rx)
  • trichlormethiazide
  • almasilate
  • clobetasol propionate
  • fluoxetine
  • mefenamic acid
  • prednisone acetate
  • triclabendazole
  • almotriptan
  • clofarabine
  • flupentixol
  • mefloquine
  • pregabalin
  • triethylenetetramine
  • alogliptin
  • clofazimine
  • fluprednisolone
  • megestrol acetate
  • pregnenolone
  • trifluoperazine
  • alosetron
  • clofibrate
  • flurazepam
  • melatonin
  • prenylamine
  • trifluridine
  • alpelisib
  • clomipramine
  • flurbiprofen
  • meloxicam
  • pretomanid
  • trilaciclib
  • alprazolam
  • fluspirilene
  • memantine
  • primaquine
  • trilostane
  • clonidine
  • flutamide
  • menthyl salicylate
  • probenecid
  • trimebutine
  • aluminium phosphate
  • clopidogrel
  • fluticasone (nasal)
gliclazide + 

tranylcypromine

may increase the hypoglycaemic effect

isocarboxazid

may increase the hypoglycaemic effect

phenelzine

may increase the hypoglycaemic effect

rasagiline

may increase the hypoglycaemic effect

safinamide

may increase the hypoglycaemic effect

phenindione

may enhance the anticoagulant effect

phylloquinone

may enhance the anticoagulant effect

warfarin

may enhance the anticoagulant effect

acenocoumarol

may enhance the anticoagulant effect

fluindione

may enhance the anticoagulant effect

levalbuterol

beta-Blockers may enhance the hypoglycemic effect of sulfonylureas

acebutolol

beta-Blockers may enhance the hypoglycemic effect of sulfonylureas

betaxolol

beta-Blockers may enhance the hypoglycemic effect of sulfonylureas

bisoprolol

beta-Blockers may enhance the hypoglycemic effect of sulfonylureas

carvedilol

beta-Blockers may enhance the hypoglycemic effect of sulfonylureas

hydrochlorothiazide

may decrease the therapeutic effect

metolazone

may decrease the therapeutic effect

quinethazone

may decrease the therapeutic effect

trichlormethiazide

may decrease the therapeutic effect

alpha-lipoic acid 

it increases the effect of hypoglycemia of antidiabetic agents

nisoldipine 

may enhance the serum concentration of CYP2C9 inhibitors

acebutolol 

may increase the hypoglycemic effect of beta blockers

hydrochlorothiazide/aliskiren 

may diminish the therapeutic effect of thiazide and thiazide like diuretics

carteolol ophthalmic 

may enhance the hypoglycemic effect of beta blockers

levalbuterol

may enhance the effect of sulfonylureas

acebutolol

may enhance the effect of sulfonylureas

penbutolol

may enhance the effect of sulfonylureas

pindolol

may enhance the effect of sulfonylureas

propranolol

may enhance the effect of sulfonylureas

acarbose

may enhance the hypoglycemic effect

miglitol

may enhance the hypoglycemic effect

alogliptin

dipeptidyl peptidase-IV inhibitors increase the effect of hypoglycemia of sulfonylureas

sitagliptin

dipeptidyl peptidase-IV inhibitors increase the effect of hypoglycemia of sulfonylureas

Actions and Spectrum: 

The actions of gliclazide include the stimulation of insulin secretion from the beta cells in the pancreas and an increase in the sensitivity of target tissues, such as adipose tissue and muscle, to insulin. This results in increased glucose uptake and utilization in these tissues, which helps to lower blood sugar levels. 

gliclazide also has some additional beneficial effects, such as improving endothelial function and reducing oxidative stress, which may contribute to its cardiovascular protective effects. 

The spectrum of activity of gliclazide is primarily limited to the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. It is not effective for the treatment of type 1 diabetes mellitus, a condition in which the body does not produce insulin at all, and it is not recommended for use in patients with diabetic ketoacidosis. 

Frequency defined 

>10% 

Hypoglycemia 

1-10% 

Hypertension 

Nausea  

Headache  

Diarrhea  

Vomiting  

Dermatitis  

Injection site pruritus  

Dizziness  

Injection site erythema  

Constipation  

Urinary tract infection 

Viral infection 

Frequency not defined 

Increased creatinine in serum 

Increased lactate dehydrogenase 

Black Box Warning: 

gliclazide does not have a black box warning in the United States. However, it is important to note that gliclazide, like other sulfonylurea medications, may increase the risk of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) and may not be suitable for all patients, particularly those with advanced age, impaired liver or kidney function, or other medical conditions. 

Hypoglycemia can be a serious condition that may result in seizures, loss of consciousness, and even death in severe cases. Patients taking gliclazide should be advised to monitor their blood sugar levels regularly and to report any symptoms of hypoglycemia to their healthcare provider immediately. 

Furthermore, gliclazide may also cause allergic reactions or skin rashes in some patients. If any signs of an allergic reaction or skin rash occur, patients should discontinue the medication and seek immediate medical attention. 

Contraindication/Caution: 

gliclazide is contraindicated in patients with a history of hypersensitivity to gliclazide or other sulfonylurea medications. It should not be used in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus, diabetic ketoacidosis, or severe liver or kidney dysfunction. 

Caution should be exercised in patients with a history of hypoglycemia, as gliclazide may increase the risk of low blood sugar. It should also be used with caution in patients with adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, as well as in patients with severe infections, fever, or trauma, as these conditions may increase the demand for insulin and increase the risk of hypoglycemia. 

gliclazide should be used with caution in elderly patients, as they may be more susceptible to hypoglycemia and may require lower doses of the medication. 

Pregnancy consideration:  

It is not secure to administer gliclazide during pregnancy. 

Breastfeeding warnings:  

No data is available about the excretion of gliclazide in human breastmilk. Avoid using in lactating women. 

Pregnancy category: 

  • Category A: Satisfactory and well-controlled studies show no risk to the fetus in the first or later trimester. 
  • Category B: No evidence of risk to the fetus is found in animal reproduction studies, and there are not enough studies on pregnant women. 
  • Category C: Adverse effects on the fetus found with evidence in animal reproduction studies and no adequate evidence for a human product; Pregnant women must take care of the potential risks. 
  • Category D: There is adequate data with sufficient evidence of human fetal risk from various platforms. However, despite potential dangers may be used only in emergencies for potential benefits. 
  • Category X: Drugs listed in this category outweigh the risks over benefits. The drug is not for pregnant women. 
  • Category N: No data is available for the drug under this category. 

Pharmacology: 

gliclazide is an oral antidiabetic medication that belongs to the sulfonylurea class. It works by stimulating the release of insulin from the beta cells in the pancreas, leading to increased uptake and utilization of glucose by peripheral tissues such as muscle and adipose tissue. This helps to lower blood sugar levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. 

Gliclazide also has some additional beneficial effects, such as improving endothelial function and reducing oxidative stress, which may contribute to its cardiovascular protective effects. 

The onset of action of gliclazide is rapid, with peak effects seen within 2-4 hours of administration. The duration of action is also relatively long, with a half-life of approximately 10 hours, allowing for once or twice-daily dosing. 

Pharmacodynamics: 

gliclazide is an antidiabetic medication that belongs to the sulfonylurea class. It acts primarily by stimulating the release of insulin from the beta cells of the pancreas, leading to increased uptake and utilization of glucose by peripheral tissues such as muscle and adipose tissue. This helps to lower blood sugar levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. 

gliclazide also has additional beneficial effects, such as improving endothelial function, reducing oxidative stress, and decreasing platelet aggregation. These effects may contribute to the cardiovascular protective effects observed with gliclazide therapy. 

The hypoglycemic effect of gliclazide is dose-dependent and may persist for up to 24 hours after a single dose. It is important to note that the risk of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) increases with higher doses of gliclazide and may be more common in elderly patients or those with impaired liver or kidney function. 

Pharmacokinetics: 

Absorption 

It is rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract, with peak plasma concentrations achieved within 2-4 hours. 

Distribution 

gliclazide is extensively bound to plasma proteins (up to 95%) 

Metabolism 

It is primarily metabolized in the liver by cytochrome P450 enzymes, primarily CYP2C9 and CYP3A4. The metabolites are inactive and are excreted in the urine and feces 

Elimination and Excretion 

The elimination half-life of gliclazide is approximately 10 hours, allowing for once or twice-daily dosing. The dose of gliclazide may need to be adjusted in patients with impaired liver or kidney function, as these conditions may affect the metabolism and elimination of the medication. 

gliclazide does not significantly affect the metabolism of other medications and has a low potential for drug interactions. However, caution should still be exercised when using gliclazide in combination with other medications, and any potential drug interactions should be discussed with a healthcare professional. 

Administration: 

gliclazide is an oral medication that is typically taken once or twice daily with a meal. It is important to follow the dosing instructions provided by the healthcare provider, as the dose may need to be adjusted based on individual patient factors such as age, weight, kidney or liver function, and other medications being taken. 

It is important to take gliclazide at the same time each day to maintain consistent blood levels of the medication. If a dose is missed, it should be taken as soon as possible, unless it is close to the time for the next dose. In that case, the missed dose should be skipped, and the regular dosing schedule should be resumed. 

gliclazide should be taken with food to reduce the risk of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar), as food helps to slow the absorption of the medication and can reduce the likelihood of a rapid drop in blood sugar levels 

Patient information leaflet 

Generic Name: gliclazide 

Pronounced: glic-lae-zide 

Why do we use gliclazide? 

gliclazide is used to treat type 2 diabetes mellitus, which is a condition characterized by high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood due to the body’s inability to properly use insulin or produce enough insulin. 

gliclazide belongs to a class of medications known as sulfonylureas, which work by stimulating the release of insulin from the beta cells of the pancreas. This helps to increase the uptake and utilization of glucose by peripheral tissues such as muscle and adipose tissue, leading to a lowering of blood sugar levels. 

gliclazide is typically used in combination with diet and exercise to improve blood sugar control in patients with type 2 diabetes. It may be used alone or in combination with other antidiabetic medications, such as metformin or insulin, depending on individual patient factors and the severity of the diabetes. 

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