The American Society of Clinical Oncologists and the American Cancer Society have estimated some alarming statistics about cancer patients in the United States.
According to the estimates, around 3.4 million US residents will be diagnosed with skin cancer by the end of this year. The estimates also show that most individuals will develop basal cell carcinoma this year, and about 99,000 people will develop melanoma, the rarer but more dangerous condition, as reported by the Washington Post.
About 20% of US residents develop skin cancer at some point in their lives. While men are more potent to develop skin cancer, women develop skin cancer at an early age. Also, all individuals are susceptible to skin cancer, regardless of their skin color and race.
In most cases, skin cancer is developed because of overexposure to UV rays. This can be either from the natural source, i.e., the sun, or from artificial sources like sun lamps or tanning beds. The ultraviolet rays cause the formation of abnormal cells by damaging skin cells. It further rapidly divides and spreads the cells.
In the United States, skin cancer is the most common type of cancer among people. But, at the same time, it is the most preventable cancer as well.
The prevention of skin cancer starts with protecting your skin from harmful UV rays. The American Academy of Dermatology says that indoor tanning should be avoided and whenever outside for longer periods, we must seek shade wherever possible. Also, wearing accessories like sunglasses, brimmed hats, and applying water-resistant sunscreen with a sun protection formula of 30 or higher can help.
The American Academy of Dermatology also suggests that even tanning can cause skin cancer, without the presence of sunburn and blisters, reported by the Washington Post.
The treatment of skin cancer varies on the cancer type and stage. The most common method is surgery to cut away the cancerous tissue or freeze it to destroy it.