New Drug Mounjaro hailed as game-changer for diabetes and obesity treatment - medtigo



New Drug Mounjaro hailed as game-changer for diabetes and obesity treatment

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According to new research published in The New England Journal of Medicine, Eli Lilly’s new drug, Mounjaro (Tirzepatide), is a promising breakthrough for diabetes and obesity treatment. This medication belongs to a class of drugs called incretin mimetics, which regulate blood sugar levels by mimicking the actions of gut hormones. Unlike its predecessor, Semaglutide, Tirzepatide targets GLP-1 and GIP receptors simultaneously, making it a ‘twincretin.’ This dual action has shown superiority to Semaglutide in reducing HbA1c levels and body weight in clinical trials. 

Participants were able to reduce their HbA1c levels by up to 2.4% and their weight by up to 11.4kg in less than a year. Tirzepatide is the first medication that targets two hormone receptors and has shown significant weight loss results. Doctors are excited about Tirzepatide because weight loss usually translates into better control of blood sugar levels. 

Although Tirzepatide is currently approved only for treating diabetes, doctors have started prescribing it off-label for weight loss, and it is likely to receive approval for obesity treatment in the future. Tirzepatide reduces complications related to hypoglycemia and has mild gastrointestinal side effects like nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and stomachache, which are common to most drugs in this class.

However, doctors caution against considering Tirzepatide as a magic bullet for weight loss. It is crucial to continue with lifestyle modifications such as eating healthy and exercising regularly. Tirzepatide can potentially reduce the need for weight-loss surgery and transform the treatment of diabetes and obesity. 

Obesity is a global epidemic affecting over 650 million people worldwide and nearly half of Americans. Limited treatment options have been available until now. A recent study evaluated Tirzepatide for the treatment of obesity. The study enrolled 2,539 participants who were overweight or obese and had at least one weight-related condition but did not have diabetes. 

The co-primary endpoints were a percent change in body weight from baseline and a greater percentage of participants achieving body weight reductions of at least 5% compared to the placebo. The findings indicate that Tirzepatide may be a potential therapeutic option for individuals living with obesity, with participants losing between 16% and 22.5% of their starting weight. Tirzepatide had an overall safety and tolerability profile similar to other incretin-based therapies approved for treating obesity. The most commonly reported adverse events were gastrointestinal-related and generally mild to moderate in severity, usually occurring during the dose-escalation period. 

In conclusion, Tirzepatide is a promising new medication for diabetes and obesity treatment. Its dual action of targeting GLP-1 and GIP receptors together makes it superior to its predecessor Semaglutide. Moreover, it has shown significant weight loss results without any severe side effects. These findings are encouraging and could potentially provide more effective therapeutic options for those living with obesity. 


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