According to The Washington Post, a sleep study (also known as a polysomnogram) is required to detect snoring and other symptoms associated with Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA), which is more frequent in overweight persons with short necks.
Obstructive sleep apnea is caused by extra fat in the patient’s upper respiratory tract (typically the pallet or the airway from the nose to the throat). A sleep apnea diagnosis is obtained when the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) is more than 35, suggesting that breathing has stopped for 10 seconds or more at least five times per hour during sleep. Despite this, it is conceivable that 20% of OSA patients are not overweight (AHI).
“The presence of moderate to severe OSA raises the risk of resistant hypertension, heart failure, coronary heart disease, and stroke,” says Dr. Rajeev, DNB (Cardiology), Interventional Cardiologist. They are more likely to develop atrial fibrillation (an irregular heartbeat) and die quickly. Sleep apnea affects around 30% of persons with hypertension and 80% of those with resistant hypertension.
These diseases can take up years of treatment which can be pretty expensive to humanity. For some years, sleep apnea, a condition in which breathing regularly stops and begins during sleep, has been associated with an elevated risk of dementia and cognitive decline.
The previous study has examined the relationship between sleep deprivation and cognitive decline. Australian scholars have now contributed to these prior findings. Despite epidemiological statistics demonstrating a relationship between hypoxia and dementia, “it’s tough to sort out the comorbidities,” according to Elizabeth J. Coulson, Ph.D., dean of the School of Biomedical Sciences at the University of Queensland’s Faculty of Medicine and co-author of the research.
When arterial blood oxygen levels fall below a specific threshold, a condition known as hypoxia occurs. According to her, current research indicates that sleep apnea “may accelerate neuronal death of cells that we know die in dementia.” This would have allowed us to “identify a technique for a known danger.”
Some medical experts recommend various lifestyle changes and medical interventions for patients suffering from obstructive sleep apnea, including losing weight, engaging in moderate exercise, abstaining from alcohol and tobacco, reducing sedative use, and using a CPAP machine to provide positive airway pressure through a face mask.
Doctors also claim that the CPAP machine would keep your airway free all night, allowing you to sleep easily. Patient-specific characteristics influence the feasibility of surgical therapy for OSA. To establish the severity of their heart condition, patients will require further diagnostics such as an ECG, echocardiography, stress test, Holter monitor test, coronary angiography, pulmonary function test, and blood test. 7 to 8 hours of sleep every night is suggested for best health.
Different diets have been shown to provide positive benefits in several research. Recent research on individuals who followed a Mediterranean diet rich in fish, whole grains, vegetables, and foods high in unsaturated fats found improvements in sleep apnea, insomnia, and daytime weariness.