cosyntropin is a synthetic form of adrenocorticotropic hormone produced by the pituitary gland. It acts on the adrenal cortex to stimulate the production and release of cortisol.
This steroid hormone regulates various physiological processes, including metabolism, immune function, and stress response. cosyntropin is a diagnostic tool to assess adrenal function, particularly in patients with suspected adrenal insufficiency or Addison’s disease.
cosyntropin also has some anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects, which may benefit its therapeutic benefits in certain conditions like multiple sclerosis and rheumatoid arthritis. However, its primary action is stimulating cortisol production in the adrenal glands.