potassium iodide is a chemical compound composed of potassium and iodine. It has various actions and applications and a broad spectrum of effects on the human body. Here are some of the actions and uses of potassium iodide:
Radiation protection: potassium iodide can protect the thyroid gland from absorbing radioactive iodine, which can be released during nuclear accidents or radiation therapy. The recommended dose for radiation protection is typically 130 milligrams (mg) per day for adults and children over 18 years of age.
Treatment of hyperthyroidism:potassium iodide can be used to treat an overactive thyroid gland (hyperthyroidism) by reducing the production of thyroid hormones.
Contrast agent: potassium iodide can be used as a contrast agent for medical imaging studies such as CT scans and X-rays.
Antibacterial agent: potassium iodide has antibacterial properties and can treat infections caused by bacteria and fungi.
Nutritional supplement: potassium iodide is an essential nutrient necessary for the proper function of the thyroid gland and the production of thyroid hormones.